Added: June 3, 2017 – Last updated: June 3, 2017


Author: G. Vasishta Bhargavi

Title: The Marxist analysis of Manjula Padmanabhan’s “Lights Out

Subtitle: -

Journal: International Journal for Intersectional Feminist Studies: The Journal of Project Monma Research Centre

Volume: 3

Issue: 1

Year: April 2017

Pages: 56-69

eISSN: 2463-2945 – Find a Library: WordCat

Language: English

Keywords: Modern History: 20th Century | Asian History: Indian History | Representations: Literary Texts / Manjula Padmanabhan; Types: Gang Rape



Project Monma (Free Access)

UC Research Repository: Digital Repository of the University of Canterbury (Free Access)


Abstract: »The societal rules have been largely shaped by the male-dominated legislators and forces where there is a limited right to exist for a woman. The woman though married or unmarried or a prostitute the way the society looks at her is not changing though we are globalized. Indian women, in some ways, have also made some strides. Millions of women have joined the workforce. Leaders like the Prathibha Singh Patel, Sushma Swaraj, Anandiben are role models who show that women can rise to great heights. But one of the greatest tragedies in our country is that women are on their own when it comes to their safety. According to many studies, it’s understood that most of the rape cases of rape are never reported because of the stigma surrounding gang rape. Considering this wide scenario, this article touches on Indian women’s vulnerability with a Marxist approach. I have applied the Marxist approach to analyse literary text, Lights Out by Manjula Padmanabhan in Indian English Theatre. In her work, the author proposes the urgent need to address women’s subordinated position as they are subjected to different forms of discrimination. In this article, I have focused on difference issues such as gender discrimination, injustice, and fear of the law, police and judicial apathy. I conclude by suggesting recommendations for the improvement of women’s situation in India.« (Source: International Journal for Intersectional Feminist Studies)


  Abstract (p. 56)
  Introduction (p. 56)
  The concept of Marxism and its debate (p. 57)
  Marxism and women (p. 59)
  A brief introduction of Manjula Padmanabhan (p. 61)
  Analysis of the play (p. 62)
  Conclusion (p. 66)
  References (p. 67)

Wikipedia: History of Asia: History of India / History of the Republic of India | Literature: Indian literature / Indian English literature | 20th-century Indian writers: Manjula Padmanabhan | Sex and the law: Gang rape | Violence against women in India: Rape in India