Added: September 5, 2015 – Last updated: January 2, 2016


Author: Marie E. Berry

Title: From Violence to Mobilization

Subtitle: Women, War, and Threat in Rwanda

Journal: Mobilization: An International Quarterly

Volume: 20

Issue: 2

Year: June 2015

Pages: 135-156

ISSN: 1086-671X – Find a Library: WordCat

Language: English

Keywords: Modern History: 20th Century | African History: Rwandan History | Types: Genocidal Rape / Rwandan Genocide


Link: Mobilization (Restricted Access)


Author: Marie Berry, Josef Korbel School of International Studies, University of DenverAuthor's Personal Website,

Abstract: »Theories of social movement emergence posit “threat” as an important concept in explanations of mobilization. This article uses the case of the 1994 Rwandan genocide to investigate whether threats that stem from mass violence can also have a mobilizing effect. Drawing from interviews with 152 women in Rwanda, I reveal how threatening conditions created by the genocide and civil war initiated a grassroots mobilization process among women. This mobilization featured women founding and joining community organizations, engaging in new forms of claims making toward state institutions, and eventually running for political office. Two mechanisms facilitated this process: the social appropriation of feminine values for the reconceptualization of women as legitimate political actors, and the brokerage of connections between individual women, organizations, and government institutions by foreign actors. I conclude by suggesting that this mobilization served as a necessary, but not sufficient, condition for the meteoric rise of women in Rwanda's politics.« (Source: Mobilization)

Wikipedia: History of Africa: History of Rwanda | Genocide: Genocides in history / Rwandan Genocide | Types of rape: Genocidal rape / Rape during the Rwandan Genocide