Berger 2013 Gewalt

Title Information


Authors: Ernst Berger and Tamara Katschnig

Title: Gewalt in Wiener Heimen zwischen 1945 und 1990

Subtitle: Eine retrospektive Studie aus psychotraumatologischer Perspektive

Journal: neuropsychiatrie

Volume: 27

Issue: 4

Year: December 2013

Pages: 188-195

ISSN: 0948-6259 – Find a Library: WordCat | eISSN: 2194-1327 – Find a Library: WordCat

Language: German

Keywords: 20th Century | Austrian History | Types: Child Abuse; Victims: Trauma



Full Text


Link: SpringerLink [Restricted Access]



Additional Information


Authors:

Ernst Berger: Wikipedia

Tamara Katschnig, Institut für Bildungswissenschaft, Universität Wien

Abstract:

»Background information
Commissioned by the victims-organisation ‘Weißer Ring’, we conducted 130 interviews (34% female, 66% male, medium age of 53.6 years) during a period of 12 months (March 2011–March 2012). All of them reported that they had been traumatised children in residential care (1946–1975: 70%, 1976–1990: 25%). The interviews primarily aimed at providing expert estimates of the consequences of individual traumas in order to establish a valid basis for compensation. The later evaluation of the interviews allows insight in to forms and quantity of subjective experiences of trauma and of their consequences for later life; although—due to the sampling procedures—no reliable generalisations about the entire system of Social Pedagogy of the City of Vienna are possible. All 130 one-hour long, clinical-biographic interviews were conducted by the same expert (who has qualifications in general and in adolescent psychiatry).
Results
98.5% report experiences of psychic, 96.2% of bodily and 46.9% of sexual violence. 45.5% also report some positive experiences (independent of the form of experienced violence). There are significantly more reports about the frequency of physical violence during 1946–1975, however not about other forms of violence than from the later years. Problems in later life emerge more frequently after experiences of sexual violence, such as instable career trajectories, instable partnerships, psychopathological symptoms and severe turbulences in one’s life history. The experiences of physical violence correlate significantly higher with instable career trajectories and (not significantly) with criminal tendencies. The frequency of later psychiatric care is related to the length of time spent in residential care (but not significantly).« [Source: neuropsychiatrie]

Contents:

  Einleitung (p. 189)
  Das Interviewprojekt (p. 190)
    Kontext der Datenerhebung und Interviewmethodik (p. 190)
    Oral history – das Spannungsfeld zwischen subjektiven Berichten und historischer Wahrheit und die Gefahr der Retraumatisierung (p. 190)
    Fragestellungen (p. 191)
  Methodik (p. 191)
  Ergebnisse (p. 191)
    Meldemotive (p. 191)
    Heime (p. 191)
    Aufenthaltsdauer, Herkunftsfamilien, Gewalterlebnisse (p. 192)
    Auffälligkeiten des späteren Lebensweges (p. 193)
    Zusammenhänge zwischen Trauma und Lebensweg (p. 193)
  Diskussion (p. 194)
  Interessenkonflikt (p. 195)
  Literatur (p. 195)

Added: September 21, 2013 | Last updated: January 25, 2014