Benedetti 2014 Court

Title Information

Authors: Fanny Benedetti, Karine Bonneau, and John L. Washburn

Title: Negotiating the International Criminal Court

Subtitle: New York to Rome, 1994-1998

Place: Leiden

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

Year: 2014

Pages: 276pp.

ISBN-13: 9789004209299 (hbk.) – Find a Library: Wikipedia, WorldCat | ISBN-13: 9789004260603 (ebook) – Find a Library: Wikipedia, WorldCat

Language: English

Keywords: 20th Century | Prosecution: Trials / International Criminal Court

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Additional Information


  Preface (p. xi)
  Acknowledgements (p. xiii)
  List of Abbreviations (p. xv)
  List of Interviewees (p. xvii)
  Introduction (p. 1)
    I. The Story (p. 1)
    II. Period Covered (p. 2)
    III. Methods, Processes, and Techniques of the Negotiations (p. 4)
  1. Why a Court, and How (p. 7)
    I. The Internal Politics of the ICC Negotiations (p. 10)
    II. The Place of Victims and Gender in the Negotiations (p. 11)
      1. Victims' Rights (p. 11)
      2. Gender-Related Crimes (p. 12)
  2. Negotiating the International Criminal Court (p. 15)
    I. Historic Background (p. 15)
    II. The Influence of the United Nations (p. 16)
    III. Negotiating Styles and Strategies (p. 18)
    IV. The Meeting Halls (p. 20)
    V. The Ad Hoc Committee (1995) (p. 22)
      1. First AHC Session (3-13 April 1995) (p. 24)
      2. Trends in Government Positions at the First AHC Session (p. 29)
      3. Second AHC Session (14-25 April 1995) (p. 31)
    VI. The Sixth Committee (p. 34)
    VII. The Preparatory Committee (1996-1998) (p. 39)
      1. First Session (25 March - 12 April 1996) (p. 39)
      2. Second Session (12-30 August 1996) (p. 41)
      3. Third and Fourth Sessions (11-21 February, 4-15 August 1997) (p. 43)
      4. Fifth Session (1-12 December 1997) (p. 45)
      5. Sixth Session (p. 16 March - 3 April 1998) (p. 47)
    VIII. The Draft Text for Rome (p. 49)
  3. The Main Actors of the Negotiations (p. 57)
    I. The United Nations Secretariat (p. 57)
      1. Key Actors in the UN Secretariat (p. 59)
      2. Kofi Annan (p. 63)
    II. Governments and their Delegations (p. 64)
    III. Civil Society (p. 68)
      1. Key NGO Actors of the Negotiations (p. 68)
      2. The Ottawa Process (p. 74)
    IV. The Growth of the CICC (p. 75)
      1. William R. Pace (p. 76)
    V. The Like-Minded Group's Partnership with NGOs (p. 79)
      1. Intersessional Regional Meetings (p. 82)
      2. Like-Minded Group Leadership (p. 83)
      3. Common Ground (p. 84)
  4. The Rome Diplomatic Conference (p. 87)
    I. The Final Preparations (p. 87)
      1. The FAO Building (p. 88)
    II. A New Chairman at Rome (p. 90)
    III. Conference Procedures (p. 91)
    IV. Opening Statements (p. 94)
    V. The Committee of the Whole: 'The Substantive Work'
      1. Outstanding Issues in the Draft Statute (p. 97)
      2. Working Groups (p. 98)
    VI. The Drafting Committee (p. 100)
      1. Cherif Bassiouni (p. 101)
    VII. The First Stages of Negotiations (p. 103)
    VIII. David Scheffer and the Position of the United States (p. 106)
    IX. The French Delegation (p. 109)
    X. The Canadian Delegation and Conference Leadership (p. 112)
    XI. NGOs (p. 114)
    XII. The UN Secretariat and Support Staff (p. 116)
  5. The Drama of the Final Days (p. 119)
    I. Final Breakthrough (p. 121)
      1. The First Set of Questions (p. 126)
      2. The Second Set of Questions (p. 128)
    II. The Final Vote (p. 136)
      1. The Complex Implications of the U.S. Defeat (p. 140)
  6. Major Results of the Negotiations and the Evolution of International Criminal LAw (p. 145)
    I. Definitions of Crimes (p. 145)
      1. Genocide and Crimes against Humanity (p. 145)
      2. War Crimes (p. 148)
    II. Crimes of Sexual Violence and Gender Balance (p. 148)
      1. Crimes of Sexual Violence (p. 148)
      2. Gender Balance and Expertise in the Court (p. 151)
    III. Victims' Rights (p. 152)
      1. The Right to Participation (p. 152)
      2. The Right to Reparation (p. 154)
    IV. The Debate on Penalties and the Death Penalty (p. 160)
    V. ICC Jurisdiction (p. 162)
      1. States' Consent and Trigger Mechanisms (p. 162)
      2. An Independent Prosecutor (p. 164)
      3. The Role of the Security Council (p. 165)
    VI. The Key Role of States (p. 167)
  Afterword (p. 169)
    I. The Rapid Entry into Force of the Statute (p. 169)
    II. The Work of the Preparatory Commission (p. 170)
    III. The CICC Evolution (p. 171)
    IV. The United States: From Aggressive Opposition Toward Cooperation (p. 172)
    V. As of Today (p. 173)
  Concluding Remarks: Toward a New Multilateral Diplomacy (p. 177)
  A Note on Sources and Research Methods (p. 179)
  Appendix A. Tables (p. 191)
    I. Drafting the International Criminal Court Treaty (p. 191)
    II. UN Authorizations and Resolutions (p. 195)
    III. Last Two Weeks of the Rome Diplomatic Conference (p. 198)
  Appendix B. SADC Principles (p. 203)
  Appendix C. Dakar Declaration (p. 205)
  Appendix D. NGO Basic Principles (p. 207)
  Bibliography (p. 211)
    I. Books and Nonperiodic Materials (p. 211)
    II. Articles and Periodical Materials (p. 218)
    III. Other Sources (p. 240)
  Index (p. 241)


»This is the story and analysis of the unforeseen and astonishing success of negotiations by many countries to create a permanent international court to try atrocities. In 1998, 120 countries astounded observers worldwide and themselves by adopting the Rome Statute for an International Criminal Court. From this event began important and unprecedented changes in international relations and law.
This book is for those who want to know and understand the reasons and the story behind these historic negotiations or for those who may wonder how apparently conventional United Nations negotiations became so unusual and successful. This book is both for those who seek detailed legislative history, scholars or practitioners in international law and relations and those simply curious about how the Court came about.« [Source: Brill]

Wikipedia: International Criminal Court

Added: December 14, 2013 | Last updated: January 18, 2014