Added: December 9, 2006 – Last updated: October 3, 2015


Author: Ludwig Becker

Title: Das Kriegsende 1945 in Herrnhut

Subtitle: -

Translation: The End of the War in 1945 in Herrnhut

Journal: Unitas fratrum: Zeitschrift für Geschichte und Gegenwartsfragen der Brüdergemeine

Volume: -

Issue: 38

Year: 1995

Pages: 7-30

ISSN: 0344-9254 – Find a Library: WordCat

Language: German

Keywords: 20th Century | European History: German History, Russian History | Types: Wartime Rape / Second World War


Link: -


Abstract: »Presents an account of the events in Herrnhut, Germany, in May 1945 and relates them to the larger scenario of military events that took place in the final months of the war. On Sunday, 6 May, the order came to abandon Herrnhut by the evening of Monday, 7 May. Many of Herrnhut's inhabitants left immediately in groups. On 7 May, around seven o'clock in the evening, the Volkssturm, an auxiliary troop consisting of older men and young boys drawn up toward the end of the war, withdrew from Herrnhut. A small group of men from the regular army, however, remained in Herrnhut to resist the approaching Russians, who came on Tuesday, 8 May. By six o'clock on 8 May Herrnhut was occupied by the Russian army. On 9 May the Russians declared the war over and plunder and rape followed. Fires were deliberately started in several places, and the historic center (20% of the whole commune) was burned the ground. Whether this arson committed by the occupation forces was prompted by the last acts of resistance by the German army, or whether there were other causes, is not known.« (Source: Historical Abstracts)

Wikipedia: Wartime sexual violence: Soviet war crimes, World War II