Added: November 11, 2006 – Last updated: August 1, 2015


Author: Tommaso BarisTranslator: Celia Filipetto

Title: Entre historia y memoria

Subtitle: Las violaciones en masa a lo largo de la Linea Gustav en 1944

Translation: Between History and Memory: Mass Rapes along the Gustav Line in 1944

Journal: Historia, Antropología y Fuentes Orales: Revista Semestral del Seminario de Historia Oral del Departamento de Historia Conntemporánea de la Universidad de Barcelona

Volume: -

Issue: 33

Year: 2005

Pages: 81-103

ISSN: 1136-1700 – Find a Library: WordCat

Language: Spanish

Keywords: 20th Century | French History, Italian History, Moroccan History | Types: Wartime Rape / Second World War


Link: JSTOR (Restricted Access)


Author: Tommaso Baris, Dipartimento di Scienze Politiche e delle relazioni internazionali DEMS, Università degli Studi di Palermo

Abstract: »After the German defenses along the Gustav Line (on the Cassino front in southern Latium) were broken in May 1944, the French expeditionary corps, with the consent of the Allied military authorities, was responsible for a terrifying sequence of acts of violence on the civilian population, in which thousands of women were raped. After the war was over, these women had to confront the inability of local culture and of national institutions to face the fact of mass rape and understand its implications. There was no collective understanding of this massive sexual violence; all the state was able to provide was scattered and contradictory forms of assistance. This "hellish passage" (of colonial troops) has left fragmented and suppressed memories that are nonetheless deeply rooted in personal recollections.« (Source: Historical Abstracts)

Wikipedia: Wartime sexual violence: French Expeditionary Corps (1943–44), Marocchinate, Moroccan Goumier, World War II