Added: October 25, 2014 – Last updated: April 18, 2015


Authors: Muhammad Amin, Mohammad Rahim, and Geshina Ayu

Title: A Trend Analysis of Violent Crimes in Malaysia

Subtitle: -

Journal: Health and the Environment Journal

Volume: 5

Issue: 2

Year: 2014

Pages: 41-56

ISSN: 2180-1126 – Find a Library: Open Access Journal

Language: English

Keywords: 21st Century | Malaysian History | Prosecution: Statistics


Link: Universiti Sains Malaysia (Free Access)


Abstract: »The mass and social media depict rising crime rates, especially violent crime; subsequently illustrating an uncivil, dangerous and unsafe environment. The focus of this study was on determining whether these portrayals are reflective of actual crime occurrences and provide information beyond prevalence rates. Based on the lack of structured information, this trend analysis sought to discern longitudinal patterns underlying the incidences of violent crimes throughout Malaysia between the years 2004 and 2013. An archival time series analysis from police records was performed. Relevant information was obtained with permission, from the Royal Malaysia Police (RMP); regarding various types of violent crimes. For the analysis, all reported cases of violent crime were taken into consideration. In total, 314,675 cases were reported in the ten year duration throughout Malaysia. From the RMP records, the categories of violent crime for this study were: murder, rape, burglary and battery. In general, violent crimes in Malaysia occurred in a fluctuating pattern. Unlike media depictions, violent crime rates are not steadily increasing. The highest number of violent crimes were recorded in the year 2009 (42,365 cases) followed by the year 2008. Three highest type of violent crimes recorded were gang robbery without fire arm, robbery without fire arm and battery. Selangor had the highest recorded cases (91,962 cases) followed by Kuala Lumpur and Johor whilst Perlis had the lowest recorded cases (1,240 cases). In order to formulate effective strategies to reduce the risk of violent crime, the extent and nature of such crimes need to be understood. For that, a trend analysis is vital as it detects significant variations of violent crimes over time. Therefore, the results of this present study may be beneficial for many key personnel such as policy makers and criminal justice figures. These in turn could be used as a diagnostic tool for the prevention of violent crimes.« (Source: Health and the Environment Journal)


  Introduction (p. 42)
  Materials and Methods (p. 43)
  Results (p. 44)
  Discussion (p. 50)
  Conclusion (p. 53)
  Acknowledgements (p. 54)
  References (p. 54)