Added: June 29, 2005 – Last updated: April 11, 2015

TITLE INFORMATION


Authors: Helga Amesberger, Katrin Auer, and Brigitte Halbmayr

Title: Sexualisierte Gewalt im Kontext nationalsozialistischer Verfolgung

Subtitle: -

Translation: Sexualised Violence within the Context of National-Socialist Persecution

Journal: Zeitschrift für Genozidforschung. Strukturen, Folgen, Gegenwart kollektiver Gewalt

Volume: 5

Issue: 1

Year: 2004

Pages: 40-65

ISSN: 1438-8332 – Find a Library: WordCat

Language: German

Keywords: 20th Century | German History



FULL TEXT


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ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


Authors:

Helga Amesberger, Institut für Konfliktforschung, Wien – Wikipedia

Katrin Auer, Museum Arbeitswelt Steyr

Brigitte Halbmayr, Institut für Konfliktforschung, Wien – Wikipedia

Abstract:

»This article focuses on women and girls who were persecuted by the National Socialist regime and therefore were imprisoned in jails and concentration camps, and who experienced or witnessed sexualised violence (meant in a broader sense than sexual violence, i.e. not only direct and personal violence against men and women referring to their sexuality but also including hurting the sense of shame, verbal humiliation or psychical constraint doing sexual action etc.).
This article discusses the intersections between national-socialist ideology on the one hand and anti-Semitism, racism, eugenics, heterosexism, and anti-feminism on the other hand. The question is whether these connections lead to a specific form or quality of sexualised violence against victims of National Socialism.
The discussion is based on a feminist perspective on violence against women in general, i.e. that (sexualised) violence against women during the time of National Socialism has to be seen within a continuum of civic everyday life and wartime. Nevertheless the specific context has to be taken into account which is in this case the particular hierarchy between perpetrators and victims during the NS-time, the social structure within the society/community of NS-perpetrators as well as the concrete places where these forms of sexualised violence had happened (Gestapo-prisons, ghetto, concentration camp etc.).
Considering all these factors the continuity of sexualised violence against women is obvious but nevertheless got a specific quality (and also quantity) during the period of National Socialism which is caused by the linking of different ideological aspects. This shift in quality can be explained by the referring to the »gesunde Volksempfinden« (»proper feeling of a people«) and the definition of the »Gemeinschaftsfremden« (»alien to the community«) during National Socialism.
Sexualised violence is often not only an aggressive action against women as individuals but also an action against the social group the person is representing. Therefore sexualised violence is always a political action, too.« (Source: Zeitschrift für Genozidforschung)

Contents:

  Vorbemerkung (p. 40)
  Der Begriff sexualisierte Gewalt: Definition, Abgrenzung, Differenzierung (p. 42)
  Kontextuelle Gegebenheiten (p. 45)
    Geschlechterideologie / Genderkonzeptionen (p. 45)
    Sexualpolitik und Bevölkerungspolitik (p. 46)
    Kontext Verfolgung und KZ-Haft (p. 50)
  Sexualisierte Gewalt und ihre ideologischen Verknüpfungen (p. 54)
  Sexualisiert-frauenfeindliche Gewalt (p. 55)
    Methoden und Zielsetzungen (p. 55)
    Funktion und Motive (p. 56)
  Sexualisiert-rassistische und sexualisiert-antisemitische Gewalt (p. 57)
    Funktion und Motive (p. 59)
    Sexualisiert-eugenische Gewalt (p. 59)
    Zielsetzungen und Methoden (p. 59)
    Funktion und Motive (p. 60)
    Sexualisiert-heterosexistische Gewalt (p. 61)
    Zielsetzungen und Methoden (p. 61)
    Funktion und Motive (p. 63)
  Resümee (p. 64)
  Abstract (p. 65)

Note: Part of the study: Amesberger, Helga, et al. Sexualisierte Gewalt. Weibliche Erfahrungen in NS-Konzentrationslagern. Vienna 2004.