Added: February 14, 2015 – Last updated: April 4, 2015


Author: Ardith M(atilda) Allen

Title: The Deradicalization of Columbus, Ohio’s Antirape Movement, 1972-2002

Subtitle: -

Thesis: Ph.D. Thesis, Ohio State University

Year: 2008

Pages: viii + 163pp.

Language: English

Keywords: 20th Century, 21st Century | U.S. History | Society: Anti-Rape Movement


Link: OhioLINK (Free Access)


Abstract: »The purpose of this dissertation is to demonstrate how both the structural process of institutionalization and the internal processes of identity conflicts have a deep and perhaps irrevocable impact on the deradicalization of the antirape social movement. I studied this issue by conducting two case studies of antirape social movement organizations in Columbus, Ohio during the time period of 1972-2002. I expected to find in this research that the deradicalization of the antirape social movement has led both to a stronger focus on the delivery of crisis and intervention services, as well as to a decreased emphasis on the broad (i.e., social change) goals of the radical feminist movement as conceived in the early 1970s. While much work on the antirape social movement thus far has tended to focus either on the effects that the external political context has on the institutionalization of rape crisis centers or on the successes of rape crisis centers that are already institutionalized, this dissertation takes that work a step further. Rather than focusing solely on institutional-level processes within antirape organizations, I also analyze both individual- and societal-level contexts. By assessing longitudinally the relative importance of these factors in influencing the lifecycles of antirape social movement organizations, as well as by incorporating a feminist methodological perspective throughout the analysis, I explicitly link the bodies of literature on gender and social movements. I show in this dissertation how identity conflicts within antirape social movement organizations (over issues of racial/ethnic, sexual, and feminist identity) occur not just because of individual-level conflicts, but also because of the external social, cultural, and political contexts in which rape crisis centers are situated at different points in time. The major finding of the dissertation, which I discuss as being contrary to my hypothesis, is that these identity conflicts were as a whole both more salient and more devastating in the institutionalized antirape organization than they were in the grassroots antirape organization that I analyzed.« (Source: Thesis)


  Abstract (p. ii)
  Acknowledgements (p. iv)
  Vita (p. v)
  Introduction (p. 1)
    Description (p. 1)
    Outline (p. 2)
  Chapter 1. Literature Review and Research Questions (p. 8)
    Historical Background of Feminist and Antirape Social Movements in the United States (p. 8)
      The National Feminist and Antirape Social Movements of the 1970s (p. 8)
      The Antirape Social Movements in Columbus, Ohio (p. 15)
    Purpose of Study (p. 18)
      Causes of the Deradicalization of the Antirape Social Movement (p. 20)
        Institutionalization (p. 20)
        Identity Conflicts (p. 24)
      Consequences of the Deradicalization of the Antirape Social Movement (p. 30)
      Significance of Study (p. 32)
  Chapter 2. Methodologies, Methods, and Data (p. 36)
    Introduction (p. 36)
    A Feminist Methodological Perspective (p. 38)
    Methods (p. 44)
    Data (p. 50)
  Chapter 3. An Early History of WAR and SARNCO as Social Movement Organizations (p. 56)
    Formation of and Services Provided by WAR and SARNCO (p. 56)
      Women Against Rape (p. 56)
      Sexual Assault Response Network of Central Ohio (p. 60)
    Comparison of Social Movement Organization Components within WAR and SARNCO (p. 67)
      Ideology (p. 67)
      Goals (p. 68)
      Organizational Structure (p. 70)
      Strategies (p. 73)
      Tactics (p. 77)
  Chapter 4. Institutionalization and Identity within the Antirape Social Movement Organizations WAR and SARNCO (p. 82)
    Institutionalization (p. 82)
    Identity (p. 96)
      Organizational Membership and Collective Identity (p. 96)
    Identity Conflicts (p. 102)
      Talking about Identity (p. 104)
      Racial/Ethnic Identity Conflicts (p. 107)
      Sexual Identity Conflicts (p. 117)
      Feminist Identity Conflicts (p. 127)
  Chapter 5. Conclusion and Reflection on the Antirape Social Movement in Columbus, Ohio (p. 136)
    Summary of Findings (p. 136)
      Institutionalization (p. 136)
      Identity Conflicts (p. 140)
    Contributions to the Field (p. 145)
    Options for Future Study (p. 147)
      Successes and Problems (p. 147)
      Future Research (p. 148)
    Feminist Methodological Perspective Components (p. 150)
      Self-reflection (p. 150)
      Advocating for Social Change (p. 152)
    The Future of the Antirape Social Movement in Columbus (p. 153)
  Bibliography (p. 156)

Wikipedia: Feminist movement: Anti-rape movement