Added: January 7, 2017 – Last updated: January 7, 2017


Author: Mihyang Ahn

Title: Revitalizing Movement Identity

Subtitle: The Case of the Korea Sexual Violence Relief Center in South Korea, 1991-2006

Thesis: M.A. Thesis, University of Hawai'i

Advisor: Patricia G. Steinhoff

Year: December 2007

Pages: vii + 78pp.

OCLC Number: 748593789 – Find a Library: WorldCat

Language: English

Keywords: Modern History: 20th Century, 21st Century | Asian History: Korean History | Society: Women's Movement


Link: ScholarSpace: Digital Repository of the University of Hawai'i at Manoa (Free Access)



Abstract: »This study examines the revitalization of a feminist organization's movement identity while the organization is cooperating with the state in institutional politics. Through a case study of the Korea Sexual Violence Relief Center in South Korea, this study analyzes why and how the organization revitalized its movement identity in institutional politics, and which strategies facilitated the revitalization of its movement identity, as well as which challenges the organization faced in the process of its revitalization. The findings show that a series of conflicts with state agencies in the implementation process of sexual violence law led the organization to revitalize its political and cultural activities. The findings also show that this revitalization of activism was possible while the organization has continually recovered its movement, identity in several ways, but the organization faced external challenges.( e.g., state control) and internal challenges (e.g., lack of financial independence). I discuss the theoretical and empirical implications of this study.« (Source: Thesis)


  Abstract (p. iv)
  List of Tables (p. vii)
  Chapter 1: Introduction (p. 1)
    Previous Research (p. 3)
    Theoretical Framework (p. 6)
      Feminist Movement and its Institutionalization (p. 6)
      Feminist Perspective on the State (p. 9)
    Method and Date (p. 10)
      Written Documents (p. 10)
      Interviews (p. 11)
    Structure of Thesis (p. 13)
  Chapter 2: The Anti-Sexual Violence Movement, 1980s-1990s (p. 15)
  Emerging and Growing the Anti-Sexual Violence Movement (p. 15)
    The Sexual Violence Matter in the 1980s (p. 15)
      Emergence (p.1 5)
      Perspective, Sexual Violence Incidents, and Activities (p. 16)
    Growth and Targets of the Anti-Sexual Violence Movement in the 1990s (p. 18)
      Critical Factors in its Growth (p. 18)
        The Emergence of Civilian Regimes and Citizens' Movement (p. 18)
        Changes in the Progressive Women's Movement (p. 20)
        The Role of Women's Studies (p. 21)
      Perspective and Sexual Violence Incidents (p. 22)
      Targets and Characteristics (p. 23)
        Legal Change (p. 24)
        Cultural Change (p. 25)
  Founding and Transforming the Korea Sexual Violence Relief Center (p. 26)
    Early Period: 1991-1993 (p. 26)
      Emergence (p. 26)
      Characteristics and Activities (p. 27)
      Relationship with the State (p. 29)
    Transformational Period: 1994-2000 (p. 30)
      Beginning of the State Intervention (p. 30)
      Organizational Change and Characteristics (p. 32)
      Relationship with the State (p. 34)
  Chapter 3: Revitalizing Movement Identity: 2001-2006 (p. 36)
  Conflicts and Political Activism (p. 36)
    State Intervention Strengthens (p. 36)
    Relationship with the State: Conflicts in Cooperation (p. 39)
      Government Agency (p. 40)
      Police and Court (p. 41)
      Revitalizing Political Activism (p. 44)
      Activities for Change of Legal Institutions and Law (p. 45)
      Cultural Activities (p. 47)
  Strategies to Revitalize Movement Identity (p. 49)
    Reducing the Service Aspects (p. 49)
      Reducing the Scope of Service Works and the Organizational Scale (p. 49)
      Developing Feminist Counseling (p. 51)
    Enhancing the Movement Aspects (p. 52)
      Maintaining Feminist Culture (p. 52)
      Nurturing Activists (p. 54)
      Establishing the Coalition (p. 55)
      Striving for the Financial Independence (p. 57)
  External and Internal Challenges (p. 59)
    External Challenges (p. 59)
      State Control (p. 59)
      Unstable Identity of a National Coalition (p. 61)
    Internal Challenges (p. 63)
      Lack of Financial Independency (p. 63)
      Challenges in the Movement (p. 65)
  Chapter 4: Conclusion (p. 68)
    A Summary of Findings (p. 68)
    Implications (p. 70)
  References (p. 73)

Wikipedia: History of Asia: History of Korea / History of South Korea