Added: May 7, 2016 – Last updated: May 7, 2016


Author: Cindy Lorena Acosta Hernández

Title: Violencia basada en el género y guerra

Subtitle: Mujeres, violencia sexual, desplazamiento forzado y restitución de tierras en el departamento del Magdalena entre 1999 a 2012

Translation: Gender-based violence and war: women, sexual violence, forced displacement and land restitution in the Magdalena department between 1999-2012

Journal: Criterios: Cuadernos de Ciencias Jurídicas y Política Internacional

Volume: 8

Issue: 2

Year: July-December 2015 (Received: October 28, 2015, Accepted: November 4, 2015)

Pages: 207-258

ISSN: 2011-5733 – Find a Library: WordCat

Language: Spanish

Keywords: Modern History: 20th Century, 21st Century | American History: Colombian History | Types: Wartime Rape / Colombian Conflict


Link: Universidad de San Buenaventura (Free Access)


Abstract: »This article analyzes the relationships between gender-based violence and war in the Department of Magdalena during the period from 1999 to 2012. For the effect looks at the transformation of gender roles, sexual violence, the differential effects of the repertoires of violence in men and women and the ways in which genres are defined and treated in the times of restitution, repair and justice. In the Department, the sexual violence by paramilitaries of the Bloque Norte and the Frente Resistencia Tayrona of the «Autodefensas Unidas de Colombia» (AUC) was a systematic and strategic weapon to generate forms of control over behavior, clothing, communications, femininity, masculinities and sexualities, generating relationships between gender-based violence and war. The work shows how during the period from 1999 to 2012 years of expansion, control, demobilization and creation of groups posdesmovilizados, was used or threatened with sexual violence to generate forced displacements, to uproot families and communities, to establish forms of terror and to instrumentalize the body. Also seen how even after demobilization, these relations continue affecting women claimants of land and justice, because the peace processes and the laws do not contain a space or paragraph that attack or eliminate the structural violence of gender. For this reason, this article want to give answer to the question: how to relate and characterized the gender-based violence and war in the Department of Magdalena during the period from 1999 to 2012?« (Source: Criterios)


  Resumen (p. 207)
  Abstract (p. 208)
  Introducción (p. 209)
  Género, sexo y cuerpo: masculinidad, feminidad, roles y relaciones (p. 212)
    Estructuras de poder, género, sexo y cuerpo (p. 215)
  Cuerpos marcados, violentados, políticos y resistentes: características de la violencia sexual en el Magdalena (p. 217)
    Mujeres cuerpos jurídicos, proceso de desmovilización y justicia transicional (p. 222)
  Mujeres y desplazamiento forzado: las relaciones existentes entre la violencia de género y la guerra (p. 224)
    De 1999 a 2012 desplazamiento forzado: expansión, dominación, consolidación, desmovilización y violencia sexual de los paramilitares en el Magdalena (p. 227)
  Desplazamiento forzado departamento del Magdalena 1999-2012 (p. 229)
  Casos de delitos contra la integridad y la libertad sexual en el departamento del Magdalena 1999-2012 (p. 231)
  Mujeres desplazadas, acceso, propiedad y restitución de tierras (p. 239)
  Conclusiones (p. 243)
  Referencias bibliográficas (p. 251)
  Webgrafía (p. 252)

Wikipedia: History of the Americas: History of Colombia | Types of rape: Wartime sexual violence | War: Colombian conflict