Added: March 4, 2017 – Last updated: March 4, 2017


Author: Fardowsa Abdullahi

Title: Rape as a Weapon of War in Darfur Conflict

Subtitle: -

Thesis: M.A. Thesis, University of San Francisco

Advisor: Olivier Bercault

Year: 2016

Pages: 75pp.

Language: English

Keywords: Modern History: 21st Century | African History: Sudanese History | Types: Wartime Sexual Violence / War in Darfur


Link: USF Scholarship Repository: Digital Repository of the University of San Francisco (Free Access)


Abstract: »In the Darfur conflict the Sudanese government forces and the Janjaweed have used rape as a weapon of war, in the ethnic cleansing of non-Arab tribes in the region. Rape as a weapon of war was also used to degrade, terrorize women and destroy families and communities. In Darfur women and girls were raped in front of their family members. Victims ranging as young as eight years were raped in Darfur. This research investigates rape as a weapon of war. I took a qualitative approach by examining how rape was used as a weapon of war in Darfur and by revealing race and religion factors that was used to rape the African women. I concluded the consequences of rape as a weapon of war on the victims and communities.« (Source: Thesis)


  Abbreviations and Acronyms (p. 5)
  Abstract (p. 6)
  Acknowledgements (p. 7)
  Chapter 1: Introduction (p. 8)
    History of rape as a weapon of war (p. 9)
    Rape as a weapon of war in Darfur conflict (p. 12)
    Background of Darfur (p. 12)
    Theoretical Framework (p. 15)
    Research Questions (p. 18)
    Methodological Approach (p. 19)
    Fieldwork (p. 20)
    Recruitment (p. 21)
    Limitations (p. 21)
    Significance of the Study (p. 22)
  Chapter 2: Literature Review (p. 24)
    I. Rape as a weapon of war (p. 24)
    II. The Gendered Effects of Power Formations (p. 27)
    III. Race and Religion (p. 32)
    Summary (p. 35)
  Chapter 3: Rape, Race and Religion Analysis (p. 37)
    1. The political and strategic use of rape as a weapon of war in Darfur (p. 37)
    1.1 Who were the victims (p. 41)
    2. Race (p. 49)
    3. Religion (p. 52)
    Summary (p. 55)
  Chapter 4: Consequences of rape as a weapon of war (p. 56)
    1. Ostracism and stigma towards survivors of rape (p. 56)
    2. Pregnancy as a result of rape and children born of war (p. 58)
    2.1 Pregnancy as result of rape (p. 58)
    2.2 Children born of war (p. 60)
    3. Social and economic consequences of rape as a weapon of war (p. 62)
    4. Long-term consequences of rape as a weapon of war on the victims (p. 64)
    5. Consequences on the victims’ community (p. 66)
    Summary (p. 68)
  Chapter 5: Conclusion (p. 70)
  Reference (p. 72)

Wikipedia: History of Africa: History of Sudan / History of Sudan (1986–present) | Sex and the law: Wartime sexual violence | War: War in Darfur / Rape during the Darfur genocide