Mogadishu from Revoil in 1882
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Al-Sakhawi: Al-Daw' al-lami li ahli al-Qarni al-Tasi:
(The Light Shining upon the People of the Ninth Century)
(d1497) Egypt

Taken from:

                      الموسوعة الشاملة - الضوء اللامع by السخاوي


In 1441-2 a Kasif (government official) from South Egypt got killed in the High Said when in battle against the Zanj.

(Somewhere in Nubba).


Ali ibn Yusuf ibn 'Umar ibn Anwar, who the Sheikh mentioned in his sermon, the ruler of our time in Mekdhoh; is known as  Muayad

-bin-Muzaffar ibn Mansur. He died in the year thirty-six.


Muhammad ibn Ishaq ibn Muhammad Qadi of Lamu town - one of the cities on the Sea of Zinj in Barbara about twenty stages

west of the city of Mekdhoh – the people of this city have been defeated by the sand which is several fathoms high in the city -….

Maqrizi said …. And told us that the monkeys got a hold of the Mekdhoh city around the year eight hundred and so harassed

people in their homes and their markets and take food from the pots, and other attacks on the people they take the first vessel

they find so that the owner of that house follows the monkey and be kind to them to get the vessel back after eating when there

is a single woman they have intercourse with her.

It is a habit of the king, to call the important people of the state to stand under the palace window, after prostrating themselves

they look up to find the King giving them orders, and one day they noticed that their supervisor was a monkey.

The sea often throws pieces of gray Amber. It is always taken by the king. Once a piece weighing 1,200 ratls was found. There

are very large banana trees. These are of different kinds, and some of them bear fruit a cubit long.


(805AH)Muhammad ibn Abi Qasim Jamal Abu Abdullah Al-Makdashi ; Imam Sheikh in Yemen. Protégé of Shaykh

Ahmed bin Omar Almnakec. And died of the first of Rabi, forty-five years old.


Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn Ahmad Almekdci. Our Sheikh said in the his Mu'jam: Born in 714AH, was a true Muslim,

Ali Abu-Faraj ibn Abd al-Hadi heard of an event, that he had such a worship and the peace was his friend that people tell him:

Pray for so and so, he says: and hopefully let the justice be in power, the judges had all heard of him; he died on the sixth of

the month of Rajab and was ninety.


Muhammad ibn Yusuf al-Maqdisi Aljmal;  Mekdhoh judge. He died in Mecca in May at forty-four years


The letter: qaf…

Abu;… Muhammad ibn Abu Almekdci lead a mosque energetiqually, and was sought by those seeking

a blessing by praying, said Afif al-Nashiri and his death was at about the same time as ibn Abu Bakr.


Taken from: Richard T. Mortel: Ribats in Mecca during the Medieval. Period

The khawaja Badr al-Din Hasan ibn Muhammad ibn Qasim al Tahir (d1466-7) travelled extensively

in Egypt, the Yemen, East Africa and India and gradually became the acknowledged leader of the

Meccan mercantile community. In addition he held a Mamluk appointment as supervisor of the Great



Al-Sakhawi, al-Maqasid al-Hasanah (The purposes of good) (1497)


Taken from:


About the Monkeys taking over the state, recounted by Al-Muhammad ibn Ishaq ibn Muhammad Qadi of the city of Lamu

about Mekdcoh (Mogadishu) and he described it with worship and asceticism, when I met him in Mecca in the year eight

hundred thirty-nine. He said: The monkeys got the Mekdcoh from around the year eight hundred and so harassed the people

in their homes and their markets and they take food out of the pots, and attack people and steal what they can find from

the vessels so that the owner of that house has to follow the monkey and be kind to him so as to get back the vessel after

they have eaten from it, if there is a woman in the house they keep her company, it is a habit of the king, to call the important

people of the state to stand under the palace window, after prostrating themselves they look up to find the King giving them

orders, and one day they noticed that their supervisor was a monkey.

Al-Sakhawi:  Kitab al-tibr al-masbuk fi dhayl al-suluk. (Supplement to al-suluk) (d1497)




A very strange event occurred in this year. A large group of black slaves (abid) assembled in the plain of Giza during the days of spring  pasturage and  appointed a Sultan from among them-selves. They set up a pavilion for him and furnished it with carpets. Inside it, they put up a platform (dikka) and other things [related to] what is put in place for a king in all his doings. They cut in half at the waist a number of black slaves who opposed them. Their Sultan appointed one of them to [rule over] the domain of Syria and another to [rule over] the domain of Aleppo. It happened that a black slave belonging to one of the Sultan’s mamluks ran away. His master went outlooking for him and was guided to him. When he [the mamluk] came to them [the slaves], permission was requested for him to enter the sitting place of the leaders, permission was granted to him and he entered. He saw such a dreadful and awe inspiring presence that he was afraid. When he stood before that abd [the slave Sultan], the [slave Sultan] said to him: What do you seek, oh mamluk? He responded: I seek a black slave of mine here. He has entered your army. The [slave Sultan] said to someone who was standing there to serve him, Bring this one his slave. So they brought in the black slave in chains. The [slave Sultan] said to the [mamluk],Is this your black slave? The [mamluk] responded, Yes. Then, he [al-Ayni] said that they cut him [the black slave] into two pieces. His master was overcome by fear and he asked permission to depart. Then the [slave Sultan] said to him: What is the price of your slave? He [the mamluk] said, I bought him for twenty five dinars. [The slave Sultan] then lifted up the corner of the cushion on which he was sitting and there was a pile of gold. He then measured out for him [the mamluk] the amount that he had specified and said to him: Take this sum and buy yourself a black slave to replace him. When he had taken the money, [the mamluk] requested from him [the slave Sultan] that he would send someone with him to bring him to a place where he would be safe. So he [the slave Sultan] sent someone with him [the mamluk] who brought him to the tents set up for the spring pasturage. Then he left him. This mamluk then went up to the Sultan [Jaqmaq, r. 842/1438-852/1453] and told him what had happened. The Sultan said: Have they disturbed anyone from amongst the subjects? The mamluk said: No. So the Sultan said, Leave them to kill one-another. My opinion is that their deed is done on a whim and I consider their affair to be of little consequence. I [al-Sakhawi] say, that if it were not for the killing, then it would be a simple matter, despite my hesitation concerning the affair of the master of the black slave. But this is what al-Ayni narrates. And he [al-Ayni] says that it was something the likes of which has never happened and that a king like him [the black slave Sultan] has never been heard of. Then he [al-‘Ayni] is silent.