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Satiah, Wife Thutmosis III


Queen Satiah (sometimes given as Sitioh) was the first known wife of Pharaoh Tuthmosis III.





Sitiah's titles include:
King’s Wife (hmt-nisw), Great King’s Wife (hmt-niswt-wrt) and God’s Wife (hmt-ntr).



Her  name is sometimes written as Sit-Iah or Sat-Iah. Her name means "daughter of Iah", where Iah is a moongod. This is the same deity referred to in names like Ahmose. Iah (or Yah) is associated with the god Thoth as well. 

Sitiah was the daughter of the chief royal nurse Ipu and an unknown father. Ipu was also given the title "one who raised the king" [Studies on Ancient Egypt in honour of H.S. Smith]. This may mean that Ipu was part of the royal household responsible for raising the young prince Tuthmosis.
If so, then Ipu would have possibly been part of the household of Queen Isis - the mother of Tuthmosis. In this case Sitiah would have been roughly the same age as Tuthmosis and she would have been born during the later years of Tuthmosis II.
Another King's nurse from that time period is Taonet - wife of Amenemhet - mother of the High Priest of Amun Menkheperreseneb.

Sitiah may have married Tuthmosis III at a relatively young age. A stela (see below) shows the name of Satiah replacing that of another royal woman. The inscription identifies Satiah as a God's Wife, and this may indicate that Sitiah replaced Neferure. But the exact order of events is not clear.

Sitiah is known form a hand ful of inscriptions. Her mother is named on an offereing table from Abydos, Queen Sitiah is mentioned on some stela and scenes form a temple.

It is not clear if she had children, and if so, how many. She is sometimes thought to be the mother of Prince Amenemhet.
Sitiah vanishes sometime during the second decade of Tuthmosis' reign.


 

Items and inscriptions mentioning Queen Sitiah

Offering table from Abydos:
The textmentions her mother, the “nurse of the god” Ipu. The offering table was dedicated by the lector priest Therikiti. [PM]

Bronze votive axe-head(?)
(Cairo Museum) from Abydos.
The axe-head is inscribed with the name of Queen Sitiah  [PM]

Temple of Monthu (Tod):
Statue of Queen Sitiah dedicated by Tuthmosis III after her death (now in the Cairo Museum JE 37638)[PM]

Pillar in the tomb of Tuthmosis III (KV 34)



Queen Sitiah is depicted behind Queen Merytre and Tuthmosis III. Queen Sitiah's cartouche is followed by "maa kheru", hence she was likely already deceased when de inscription was drawn. Behind Queen Sitiah we see the King's Wife Nebtu and the King's Daughter Nefertari.


Depiction of Satiah in Karnak


The Great Royal Wife Satiah, may she live!
Followed by Menkheperre (Tuthmosis III)
Photo courtesy of Dirk Lagall (click on image to see a larger image)

This block shows the great royal wife Sitiah behind the figure of Thutmosis III and followed by another image of the good god Menkheperre (Tuthmosis III). It is interesting to note that Sitiah is depicted at the same size as her husband. She seems to be carrying a scepter in her right hand and what looks like some type of club in her left hand. She is depicted with the vulture cap with a uraeus, but she does not wear a modius or plumes.





A stela in the Cairo Museum (CG 34015) showing Queen Satiah behind Tuthmosis III.
The cartouche shows signs of being reinscribed. A faint trace of the Ra glyph is visible.
Photo courtesy of Dirk Lagall

  

This scene is thought by some to be recarved for Sitiah. The vague remains of the Ra glyph at the top has lead some to speculate that the stela may have originally depicted Neferure, the king's sister. The queen has the title god's wife, which is a standard title for Neferure, the daughter of Queen Hatshepsut.

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