Queens of Egypt‎ > ‎

Merytre-Hatshepsut, Wife Thutmosis III

Merytre- Hatshepsut was a great royal wife of Tuthmosis III. She lived during the later part of his reign and she was the mother of Amenhotep II. She was the daughter of the Divine Adoratrix Huy. She was a prominent queen honored by both her husband and her son.
Her titles include: Hereditary Princess (iryt-p`t), Sole One, Great of Praises (wrt-hzwt-w’tit), King’s Mother (mwt-niswt), Lady of The Two Lands (nbt-t3wy), King’s Wife (hmt-nisw), Great King’s Wife (hmt-niswt-wrt), God’s Wife (hmt-ntr), God’s Hand (djrt-ntr)
  
Biography
Merytre Hatshepsut must have been born during the early years of the co-regency between Thutmosis III and Queen Hatshepsut. It is interesting to note that her mother Huy was a Divine Adoratrix and as such was associated with the worship of the God Amun. The only female priestess who would have a higher standing would have been the God's Wife herself. It is not clear if Huy's service as Divine Adoratrix would have coincided with that of the God's Wife Hatshepsut, or the latter's daughter Neferure.



Statue of the Huy, Favorite Loved one of the Lord of the Two Lands,
Superior of the harem in the Temple of [Amen], Superior of the harem in the Temple of Re,
Divine adoratrix of [Amen], Divine adoratrix in the Temple of Atum,
She Who Bore the God's Wife and the King's Principal Wife, Huy”

The name of Merytre Hatshepsut's mother is known from a (partial) seated statue depicting Huy with Princess Nebetiunet on her lap. On the side we see several more children: The King's Son Menkheperre, The King's Daughter Isis (depicted at a smaller scale than the others), The King's Daughter Meritamon (name in a cartouche), The King's Daughter, Meritamon (without cartouche).

Many of Merytre Hatshepsut's representations were reused by her daughter in law Tiaa. Her disgrace under her grandson is suggested  by the apparent non-use of her tomb in the Valley of the Kings (KV 42).





Scene from a tomb in Ab-del-Qurna. The scene seems to depict a statue of Merytre Hatshepsut.
Lepsius Abt III, Band 5, Bl. 63


Images and inscriptions referring to Merytre-Hatshepsut.

Temple of Tuthmosis III in Medinet Habu:
 

Merytre Hatshepsut depicted in the temple of Tuthmosis III in Medinet Habu.
Lepsius Abt III, Band 5, Bl. 38


Merytre Hatshepsut is depicted behind her husband. She's depicted in full Queenly regalia, including the vulture cap, modius with double plumes and the fly-whisk. She is called "great royal wife".

Tomb of Tuthmosis III (KV43):

Merytre is depicted behind Tuthmosis III on a pillar.

Monument of Amenhotep II in Karnak

Tomb of Ra (TT72) in Thebes:

Depicted next to her son Amenhotep II.




Scene from a tomb in Ab-del-Qurna showing Merytre with her son Amenhotep II.
Lepsius Abt III, Band 5, Bl. 62




A statue holding a stela. Queen Merytre-Hatshepsut is shown before Menkheperre (Tuthmosis III)
Photo courtesy of Dirk Lagall (Cairo Museum)


Tomb: KV 42. This tomb was never used for her burial. Her name appears on items from the foundation deposit though.
The Theban Mapping Project gives the following information:
"Since the discovery of the foundation deposits bearing the name of Hatshepsut-Meryet-Ra in 1921, there is no doubt concerning the original owner of KV 42. The tomb was not finished or used by the queen, the wife of Thutmes III. Instead, she might have been buried in KV 35, the tomb of her son, Amenhetep II. KV 42 may have been reused by Sennefer, mayor of Thebes, Senetnay, his wife, and Baketra, the "king's adornment," during the reign of Amenhetep II or used as a cache for materials from their burials elsewhere. The tomb was plundered in antiquity."  (TMP KV42)
Comments