ZHOU GENEALOGY
(Eastern Zhou Dynasty
)
 

771 – 720 Zhōu Píng-wáng Yíjiù, Thirteenth Emperor of Zhou. He was heir to his father’s throne, but was deposed in favour of his newborn brother in 779. However, in 771, when his maternal grandfather sacked the capital and killed his father, he was made Emperor, so that official sacrifices could continue. He moved the capital east to Luoyang, to protect Zhou from further nomadic incursions. He died in 720, but had issue:

  • 1) Xièfù. He predeceased his father but had issue:
    •   a) Zhōu Huán-wáng Lín, Fourteenth Emperor of Zhou (see below)

720 – 697 Zhōu Huán-wáng Lín, Fourteenth Emperor of Zhou. He lost control of the State of Zhèng, and was defeated when he attempted to recapture it in 707. He married as a concubine . He died in 697, but left issue:

  • 1) Zhōu Zhuāng-wáng  Tuó, Fifteenth Emperor of Zhou (see below).
  • 2) . The Duke of Zhōu conspired to place him on the throne in 693, but was discovered. Ke fled to the State of Yàn.
  • ?) T, Eighteenth Emperor of Zhou (see below) (son of ).

697 – 682 Zhōu Zhuāng-wáng  Tuó, Fifteenth Emperor of Zhou. He defeated a conspiracy by the Duke of Zhōu and died in 682. He had issue:

  • 1) Zhōu -wáng Húqí, Sixteenth Emperor of Zhou (see below).

682 – 677 Zhōu -wáng Húqí, Sixteenth Emperor of Zhou. By his time China had dissolved into a multitude of States, only nominally subject to the Emperor, who was no longer even the most powerful figure in China (that was Duke Huán of the State of Qí). He died in 677, but left issue:

  • 1) Zhōu Huì-wáng Làng, Seventeenth Emperor of Zhou (see below)
  • ?) Jī Yu(pg 93 n.62). He was given Zhèng, conquered from the nomads by the State of Qin in 687, as a fief.

677 – 675 Zhōu Huì-wáng Làng, Seventeenth Emperor of Zhou. He was overthrown in 675 by the States of Wei and Yen and restored in 673 by the States of Zhèng and Guó. In 672 he acknowledged Duke Huán of the State of Qí as Hegemon of China. He married Huì. He died in 652, but had issue:

  • 1) Zhōu Xiāng-wáng Zhèng, Nineteenth Emperor of Zhou (see below).
  • 2) Shū-Dài, Twentieth Emperor of Zhou (see below) (son of Huì).

675 – 673 T, Eighteenth Emperor of Zhou. His vassals overthrew the Seventeenth Emperor of Zhou and placed him on the throne as a puppet. He was overthrown and killed in 673 by the States of Zhèng and Guó.

673 – 652 Zhōu Huì-wáng Làng, Seventeenth Emperor of Zhou (Restored).

652 – 636 Zhōu Xiāng-wáng Zhèng, Nineteenth Emperor of Zhou. He prevented a revolt by his brother, punished the State of Cheng with the help of the Dí nomads. He married a lady of the Dí, but later dismissed her, leading the Dí to invade and replace him with his brother. He fled to Cheng, only to be reinstated in 635 by the States of Jin and Qin. The Duke of Qin became Hegemon of China and treated the Emperor as one of his vassals. He died in 619, but had issue:

  • 1) Zhōu Qǐng-wáng Rénchén, Twenty-First Emperor of Zhou (see below).

636 – 635 Shū-Dài, Twentieth Emperor of Zhou. Born in 672, he plotted against the Nineteenth Emperor in 649, but was discovered and fled to the Hegemon in the State of Qí. He was rehabilitated in 640, but in 635 the invading Dí nomads overthrew his brother and made him Emperor. He married the lady of the Dí, who had been married to the Nineteenth Emperor and based himself at Wēn. He was killed in 635 by the forces of the States of Jin and Qin.

635 – 619 Zhōu Xiāng-wáng Zhèng, Nineteenth Emperor of Zhou (Restored).

619 – 613 Zhōu Qǐng-wáng Rénchén, Twenty-First Emperor of Zhou. He died in 613, but had issue:

  • 1) Zhōu Kuāng-wáng Bān, Twenty-Second Emperor of Zhou (see below)
  • 2) Zhōu Dìng-wáng , Twenty-Third Emperor of Zhou (see below)

613 – 607 Zhōu Kuāng-wáng Bān, Twenty-Second Emperor of Zhou. He died in 607.

607 – 586 Zhōu Dìng-wáng , Twenty-Third Emperor of Zhou. In his reign, the State of Cheng was destroyed and the State of Chu arose as a great power. He died in 586, but had issue:

  • 1) Zhōu Jiǎn-wáng , Twenty-Fourth Emperor of Zhou (see below).

586 – 572 Zhōu Jiǎn-wáng , Twenty-Fourth Emperor of Zhou. He died in 572, but had issue:

  • 1) Zhōu Lìng-wáng Xièxīn, Twenty-Fifth Emperor of Zhou (see below).

572 – 545 Zhōu Lìng-wáng Xièxīn, Twenty-Fifth Emperor of Zhou. He died in 545, but had issue:

  • 1) Zhōu Jǐng-wáng Guì, Twenty-Sixth Emperor of Zhou (see below)

545 – 520 Zhōu Jǐng-wáng Guì, Twenty-Sixth Emperor of Zhou. He died in 520, but had issue:

  • 1) A Son, who died before his father.
  • 2) Měng, Twenty-Seventh Emperor of Zhou (see below).
  • ?) Zhōu Dào-wáng Zǐ-cháo, Twenty-Eighth Emperor of Zhou (see below).
  • ?) Zhōu Jìng-wáng Gài, Twenty-Ninth Emperor of Zhou (see below).

520 Měng, Twenty-Seventh Emperor of Zhou. He was enthroned by the people after the death of his father, but was killed the same year by his brother, the Twenty-Eighth Emperor.

520 – 516 Zhōu Dào-wáng Zǐ-cháo, Twenty-Eighth Emperor of Zhou. He was his father’s preferred successor, and killed his brother in order to become Emperor in 520. He was overthrown by his brother, the Twenty-Ninth Emperor, who was the preferred candidate of the Qin in 516. He briefly regained the throne in 504, but the Qin dethroned him in 503.

520 – 504 Zhōu Jìng-wáng Gài, Twenty-Ninth Emperor of Zhou. He was the State of Qin’s preferred candidate for Emperor and with their help he became Emperor in 520, but he was not able to recapture the Capital from his brother in 516. His brother drove him out of the capital in 504, but he recaptured it with the help of the Qin. He died in 478 or, more probably, 477. He had issue:

  • 1) Zhōu Yuán-wáng Rén, Thirtieth Emperor of Zhou (see below).

504 – 503 Zhōu Dào-wáng Zǐ-cháo, Twenty-Eighth Emperor of Zhou (Restored).

503 – 477 Zhōu Jìng-wáng Gài, Twenty-Ninth Emperor of Zhou (Restored).

477 – 469 Zhōu Yuán-wáng Rén, Thirtieth Emperor of Zhou. He died in 469, but had issue:

  • 1) Zhōu Dìng-wáng Jī Jiè, Thirty-First Emperor of Zhou (see below)