Henxmen Names
Personal Names of Serving Henxmen


This page provides a colour-coded table of all known names of the mediaeval Henxmen, plus the associated posts of Masters & Yeomen of Henxmen, and Schoolmasters of Henxmen.  These names cover only a small proportion of the total number of postholders who are known to have existed, and it is expected that more of their personal names will yet be discovered.

Names
From early times until 1565 AD, when the post was abolished, the word Henxman (and related spellings) appears to have been solely used as a job title, not a surname.

All of the Henxmen would have possessed separate personal names, which became supplemented with inherited surnames as these phased into use.  The Henxmen came from a wide range of genteel and aristocratic families, over a period of more than 200 years.  Their names therefore bear no consistent family patterns or traditions: they are essentially a small, random cross-section of male names from well-to-do, Late Mediaeval and Renaissance families.

Records

The individual names of the Henxmen were rarely recorded in official documents, which usually referred to them just as ‘the Henxmen’.  So only a small minority of their personal names are now known.  All of those so far discovered, from a wide range of sources, are published here.  The difficulties of access to, and translation of, mediaeval documents mean there are almost certainly further records of Henxmen waiting to be discovered.  New name finds will be added to this overview as they become available.

Masters & Yeomen of Henxmen
It is not yet clear whether there was any significant difference between the responsibilities of a Master of Henxmen and a Yeoman of Henxmen, but probably not.  The two posts appear to have been interchangeable, and rarely – if ever – existed simultaneously.  Unlike the central post of Henxman, these posts do not appear to have existed continuously throughout the Henxman period (c.1345-1565), and they seem to have been restricted purely to the Royal Household. 
A webpage giving more information about these posts is proposed.

Illustration:  Henxmen walking beside the King, 19 Feb 1546/47.
Henxmen and the King at the centre of a 4-hour procession, shown here passing the Eleanor Cross in Westcheap (now Cheapside), London, England.

Schoolmasters of Henxmen
The post of Schoolmaster to the Henxmen appears to have existed only occasionally.  The duties would have varied under different monarchs, and at least sometimes included what is now called practical skills training, such as schooling in horsemanship, and courtly manners, as well as more theoretical studies.  A webpage giving more information about this post is also proposed.

Henxman to HINXMAN
It seems that only the very last generation of the Henxmen – and quite possibly none of those named on this list – had the opportunity to adopt the title as a surname.  Regulations probably limited the use of the title to those actively serving, until the post was abolished in 1565.  So the related family names almost certainly come from founding fathers (whose precise identities are at present unknown) who were some of the last serving Henxmen - or possibly a Master of Henxmen.  It seems unlikely that a Schoolmaster of Henxmen would have adopted the title as a surname.


Table:  Known Henxmen Names
  • All known Henxman-related posts are shown.  These are colour-coded for ease of reference: Henxmen, Masters & Yeomen of Henxmen, and Schoolmasters of Henxmen.
  • Only incumbents with known names are shown, and all of their known names are listed.  The names are shown in chronological order.
  • The original spelling of the names is retained in this table.  Where more than one original spelling occured in a year, alternative spellings are shown in (brackets).
  • The sixth column, headed 'Service', provides additional details about the nature of the role:
    • For Henxmen, this column identifies the head of the household where the named Henxman was employed.  Although most served the English monarch, occasionally some were also retained by the queen or one of the great lords.  
    • For Masters & Yeomen of Henxmen, this column identifies which of these job titles applies to that person.

 

Monarch

(Dates of Reign)

 


Date Recorded

 

HENXMEN

 

MASTERS & YEOMEN

OF HENXMEN

 

SCHOOLMASTERS

OF HENXMEN

 

Service

 

 

Comments

Edward III

(1327-1377)

c.1347

"


"


1351

"

1360

1360

1368

John Fyge or Fige

Richard of Yatesley

(aka Richard Vergous)

Richard Mercer

(aka Richard Vynegre)

Nicholas

Maak

Mustardo

Garleck

Hans Henxstman

---

---


---


---

---

---

---

---

---

---


---


---

---

---

---

---

Monarch

Monarch


Monarch


Prince

Prince

Monarch

Monarch

Monarch

 ---

Yatesley: origin &/or name?

Jokey nickname (Verjuice)

 ---

Jokey nickname (Vinegar)

Henxman of the Black Prince

Henxman of John of Gaunt

Jokey nickname (Mustard)

Jokey nickname (Garlic)

Henxstman: job title.

Same man as below?

Richard II

(1377-1399)

c.1378

1392

"

1393

Hans Wynsele

Bernard Tylman

Henry Tylman

Nikill (Nikell) Henxtman

---

---

---

---

---

---

---

---

Monarch

Lord

Lord

Monarch

Same man as 1368?

Brother/cousin to Henry?

Brother/cousin to Bernard?

Henxtman: job title.

Henry IV

(1399-1413)

1402

"

1411

Albert Blake

Peter Stake

Thomas Waryn

called Henxstman

---

---

---

---

---

---

Monarch

Monarch

Lord

 ---

 ---

 ---

Henxstman: job title.

Henry V

(1413-1422)

1414

1420

"

"

"

"

William Henxman

William Bourghchere

Richard Vere

Thomas Beauchamp

John Norbury

Baptist St. John

---

---

---

---

---

---

---

---

---

---

---

---

Monarch

Queen

Queen

Queen

Queen

Queen

Henxman: job title.

---

---

---

---

---

Henry VI

(1422-1461

+ 1470-1471)

c.1452

"

"

"

"

??? Roos

??? Hungerford

??? Isham

??? Thorp

??? Wentworth

---

---

---

---

---

---

---

---

---

---

Monarch

Monarch

Monarch

Monarch

Monarch

Surname only.

Surname only.

Surname only.

Surname only.

Surname only.

Edward IV

(1461-1470

+1471-1483)

1461-1483

1465-1468

1480

Thomas Howard

Richard of Gloucester

---

---

---

John Cheyne

---

---

---

Monarch

Lord

Master

Later 3rd Duke of Norfolk.

From 1483, King Richard III.

---

Richard III

(1483-1485)

1483

1483

"

"

"

"

"

"

---

Lord Morley

Thomas Dacre

John Beaumont

John Barkley

Edward Welles

Thomas Paton

John Croft

Sir James Tyrell

---

---

---

---

---

---

---

---

---

---

---

---

---

---

---

Master

Monarch

Monarch

Monarch

Monarch

Monarch

Monarch

Monarch

 ---

Sir Henry Lovell (c.1466-1489).

Later Lord Dacre (1467-1525).

 ---

---

---

---

---

Henry VII

(1485-1509)

---

1509

---

---

---

John Pultney

---

---

Yeoman

Henxmen exist; no known names.

Same man as below.

Henry VIII

(1509-1547)

1513

1517

1532-1534

1538

1539

1539

1540

1541

1541

1542

1542

1543

1545

1545

---

---

Peter Carew

??? Turwith

---

---

---

---

---

---

---

---

---

---

John Pulteney (Pultney)

Sir Henry Gulford

---

---

Wm. Armorer

---

Wm. Armorer

Wm. Armorer

---

Wm. Armorer

---

Wm. Armer

Wm. Armurer

---

---

---

---

---

---

Ralph Stanmowe

---

---

Ralph Stanowe

---

Ralph Stannowe

---

---

Ralph Stannowe

Yeoman

Master

Monarch

Monarch

Yeoman

---

Yeoman

Yeoman

---

Yeoman

---

Yeoman

Yeoman

---

Same man as 1509.

 ---

Knighted in 1545.

Surname only.

Same man as below.

Same man as below.

Same man as 1539.

Same man as 1539.

Same man as 1539.

Same man as 1539.

Same man as 1539.

Same man as 1539.

Same man as 1539.

Same man as 1539.

Edward VI

(1547-1553)

1547

"

1549

 

1550

---

---

Edward Henxman,

alias Le Henchman

---

William Armar (Armer)

Sir Percival Bryant

---

 

---

---

---

---

 

William Buckley

Yeoman

Master

Monarch

 

---

Same man as 1539.

At the Riding from the Tower.

Granted coat of arms.

 

Master of Arts.

Mary I

(1553-1558)

---

1555

---

---

---

---

---

Clement Adams

---

---

Henxmen exist; no known names.

---

Elizabeth I

(1558-1603)

1558

c.1565

---

William Hynkesman

Sir Gawen Carowe

---

---

---

Master

Monarch

---

Hynkesman: job title.



Table:  Common Henxman Names
The following table shows the most common personal names, for Henxmen only, based upon the number of individuals (not mentions) in the table above:

 

Ranking

 

 

1=

 

2

 

3

 

4=

 

Personal Name

 

John

Thomas

 

Richard

 

William

 

Edward

Henry

Peter

 

 

Frequency

 

 

17% (5/29)

 

14% (4/29)

 

10% (3/29)

 

  7% (2/29)



HINXMAN Names
The Henxmen personal names are a potential source of modern HINXMAN baby names.  It is difficult to assess how often this transfer has happened in the past, as many Henxman and HINXMAN personal names are naturally popular in the general population.  But there is little evidence they have been used in this way to date. 

This has been due to a range of factors, but primarily to the lack of accessible knowledge about the Henxman names until now: they are published together here for the first time ever.  In addition, the lack of consistent Henxman naming traditions; the probability that HINXMAN ancestors sprang from only the last generation of serving Henxmen; and the lack of a proven link from a specific Henxman, have all worked against any HINXMAN adoption of Henxman first names so far.

Edward Henxman
The sole but reasonably certain exception to this is the name of Edward Henxman, alias Le Henchman, Gentleman.  His name is an obvious one to celebrate, as he is by far the best known in modern times of all the original Henxmen.  This is due to the grant of arms to him in 1549, which brought additional credit, recognition and status to the role of Henxman – and by association, to the name of HINXMAN. 

There is evidence that Edward and his coat of arms have been widely known across the HINXMAN family for centuries.  So it is no surprise that we find the name of Edward has been popular amongst the HINXMAN family: this is one Henxman/HINXMAN personal name which seems likely to keep on recurring.

References
This page draws on content from a range of original sources, which for the sake of simplicity are not listed here.  However, all of them are in the process of being published in detail on a companion website, Henxmen Sources.

Next . . .
  • Click on Best of Henxmen to discover more about Edward Henxman, the only serving Henxman to receive a grant of arms.
Webpage version 2017.1.  First version 2015.
Webpage copyright © Richard HINXMAN, 2015.

Illustrations

1.  Henxmen walking beside the King, on their way to the Coronation of Edward VI, 19 Feb 1546/47
Five of the six armed Henxmen can be seen just to the left of the Cross, walking beside the King (who is mounted on the white stallion, under the canopy).
 
This 1809 engraving was copied from part of a much larger 1787 engraving, itself copied from an original 16th century mural at Cowdray House, Sussex (now destroyed).


Original:  Detail from
a m
onochrome copperplate engraving.  Cheapside Cross (as it appeared in the Year 1547) With part of the procession of Edw. VI to his Coronation at Westminster.  Engraving p
ublished 01 Jan 1809 by William HERBERT (Lambeth) & Robert WILKINSON (58 Cornhill), London, England.  Also published in 'Theatrum Ilustrata Graphic And Historic Memorials, Ancient Playhouses, Modern Theatres, Other Places Of Public Amusement In The Cities And Suburbs Of London & Westminister With Scenic And Incidental Ilustrations From The Time Of Shakspear To The Present Period'.  Editor Robert WILKINSON.  First published 1825.  This engraving is from the second edition, 1834.  London, England.  Collection of Richard HINXMAN.  Copyright © Richard HINXMAN 2015.

2.  Known Henxman Names
Tabulated data.  Richard HINXMAN.  2015.  Table of Known Henxman Names, c.1350-1565Collection of Richard HINXMAN.  Copyright © Richard HINXMAN 2015.

3.  Common Henxman Names
Tabulated data.  Richard HINXMAN.  2015.  Table of Common Henxman Names, c.1350-1565.  Collection of Richard HINXMAN.  Copyright © Richard HINXMAN 2015.