http://eemaata.com/indic2latin.php Give the web address of the site with indian scripts to be transformed into Latin Script with Diacritics
Four states agree on 3 river linking projects (Feb. 28, 2008)
Baalu Committee Report, Chapters 9 and 10
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Department of Physics, Manipur University, Canchipur
Imphal – 795 003 (INDIA)
The Indian sub-continent is characterized by host of natural hazards like earthquake, tsunami, cyclones, floods, landslides / mudflows. It is necessary to build-up a database of historical / pre-historical natural hazards for planning scenarios for emergency response to various them. In short, there is a vast scope of providing chronology to hazardous events by using known techniques of dating including luminescence dating which has an excellent window span down from few hundred years to one hundred thousand years. In this work we report the dates of some historical / pre-historical natural hazards of India. In particular we focus on three kinds of natural hazards namely, earthquakes, tsunami, and mudflows. For example of earthquake we cover a historical earthquake of Manipur that created two massive fissures at Kumbi, 25 Km from the state capital, Imphal. For pre-historical ones, we cover Assam-Shillong area known for its highest levels of seismicity in India. We demonstrate the evidence of a paleo-tsunami that devastated Mahabalipuram near Chennai. Incidentally, Mahabalipuram was badly affected by the great tsunami of 26th Dec 2004. Finally, luminescence dating technique has been applied to some historical / pre-historical mudflows of Manipur. A recent mudflow on 10th July 2004 damaged more than 90 houses, block National Highway-39, the life-line of Manipur for more than a fort-night.
“Proceedings of the third International Conference on Luminescence and its Applications” published by Macmillan India Ltd., 2008 as Advanced Research Series (ISBN 10: 0230-63468-0 ; ISBN 13: 978-0230-63468-8)
* E-mail: <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Maritime, riverine civilization: ancient Sarasvati Civilization boats (Potsherd with inscribed sail boat, Mohenjodaro)
Kumudam webtv interview. (Register and log in at kumudam.com)
May 26, 2007 Update
Rama Setu: Marine bioreserve and Setu canal
Marine bioreserve in Gulf of Mannar and Setusamudram Channel Project -- a cartographic and pictorial essay (26 May 2007)
May 25, 2007 Updates to http://hinduthought.googlepages.com
http://www.slideshare.net/kalyan97/ramasetu-tulasidas-hindi/ Rama Setu in Tulasidas Ramacharitamaanas (Hindi)
http://www.slideshare.net/kalyan97/ramasetu-tamil/ Rama Setu in Naalaayira Prabandham and Kamba Ramayanam (Tamil)
Rama Setu: Valmiki Ramayanam (Sanskrit)
http://www.slideshare.net/kalyan97/ramasetu-thuglak-may-2007-1/ Rama Setu: A report in Thuglak Part 1 (Tamil)
Rama Setu: 315 page e-book (5.2mb)
The book presents multiple facets of the Setu Samudram Channel Project and evidences for Rama Setu as a monument of international importance.
Rama Setu: Powerpoint 36 slides (6 mb)
36 slides on Rama Setu and Setu Samudram Channel Project, a plea for realignment without cutting through Rama Setu which should be protected as a monument of international importance.
Scientfic facts about Adams bridge (or Ramar Setu) - need for UNESCO, Greenpeace to intervene
Adam's bridge, also popularly known as "Ramar bridge" or 'Sethu bridge' believed to have been constructed by Lord Rama with the support of Lord Hanuman at Rameswarm is under destruction hurriedly, against all protests. The Indian Government argues that there is no documentary evidence to prove the heritage.
In this exclusive podShow, Dr S Kalyanaraman, an eminent researcher on Indian heritages produces all documentary evidences for the existence of a man made bridge. He also warns that if the bridge is destroyed, it would cause damage to ecology and also create a greater risk to western India, if next Tsunami occurs.
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Rama Setu, Nala Setu in ancient maps Alternate alignments: alignment 4 is land-based canal (can replace a mid-ocean channel passage cutting through Rama Setu) (May 16, 2007)
Rama Setu: intersection of tradition and progress (11 May 2007) Listen to the audio (mp3) of Periya tirumozhi referring to Tiruppullaani divyades'am
Save Rama Setu: Appeal by Dr. S.R. Rao, Founder of Marine Archaeology Society in India
Rameswaram Ram Setu Protection Movement is privileged to publish this letter of 30 March 2007 from Dr. S.R. Rao addressed to Hon'ble Minister for Shipping and Transport, Govt. of India.
Dr. S.R. Rao is Former Advisor, Marine Archaeology Centre, National Institute of Oceanography, Goa, Member of UNESCO-sponsored International Committee for Underwater Cultural Heritage (ICUCH) and President of Society for Marine Archaeology ( Goa).
In this remarkable letter, Dr. SR Rao earnestly request the Hon'ble Union Minister to save the traditionally-known Rama Setu mentioned in various Puranas as a bridge built by the legendary Hero of Ramayana. He notes that it is of great emotional value as a sacred tirtha. He argues that both from marine archaeological and traditional points of view Rama Setu deserves to be declared as an UNDERWATER WORLD HERITAGE SITE.
Dr. Rao sites the archaeological and technological criteria for recommending Rama Setu to be a World Heritage site consistent with the criteria listed on page 77 of the Journal of Marine Archaeology 1997-98 for structures of archaeological as well as memorial significance (copy of the excerpt attached).
Dr. Rao requests the Hon'ble Union Minister to see that the cutting of the rock or any kind of damage to the rock is avoided and adds, "It is no less important than Swami Vivekananda Rock where a memorial is built. Alternate routes suggested by experts (vide Route 4 in Fig. 1 enclose) may kindly be considered in the interest of saving the Underwater Cultural Heritage of India namely Rama Setu or Adam's Bridge. My study of the submergence of Poompuhar shows that most of the ancient sites on east coast are being swallowed by the sea. The latest victim is the shore temple at Tarangambadi. During my two visits to Sri Lanka, as a member of the ICUCH I visited the Rama Setu site and had discussions with Commander Devendra Somasiri, another member of ICUCH from Sri Lanka about its importance as a Heritage site."
The copy of Dr. S.R. Rao's letter with attachments is downloadable from http://rapidshare.com/files/29786224/srrao.ZIP.html
Powerpoint 28 slides on Setusamudram Channel Project: security implications (4 May 2007) : Download from http://rapidshare.com/files/29326989/pressmeet17april2007.ppt.html
Textual evidences for Rama's bridge or Setubandha (3 May 2007)
Download video from: http://rapidshare.com/files/28863150/TRBaalu30april07.MPG.html
Rama Setu issue in Parliament, report in Tamil (4 May 2007)
Scandal related to Rama Setu Attempt by TR Baalu to destroy evidence: Condemnation by L. Ganesan (30 April 2007)
Rama Setu or Setu Bandha through the Ages
The monograph is an answer to the question: why should Rama Setu be deemed to be an ancient monument of national and international significance?
Mirrored in 7 parts:
Download entire document from http://rapidshare.com/files/28349264/Ramasetuhistory.doc.html
Rama Setu Channel passage in Gulf of Mannar is an invitation for disaster. If another tsunami strikes, the passage will absorb the tsunami energy and devastate Tamilnadu and Kerala coastline just the same way the Alaska 1964 tsunami did through Alberni Canal. The plea is that the channel passage should become a canal across Dhanushkodi without desiccating Rama Setu which had saved the coastline from tsunami of Dec. 26, 2004.
Channel passage through Setu (Adam’s Bridge) adversely impacts National sovereignty, integrity and Safety
http://rapidshare.com/files/26279488/pressmeet17april2007.ppt.html (Download ppt presentation) A Parliamentary Enquiry Committee should be constituted to review and re-evaluate the alignments with the assistance of multi-disciplinary expert teams.
Thorium placer deposits: how formed (Source: http://www.iaea.org/inis/aws/fnss/fulltext/0412_1.pdf )
Conference Article: An overview of world thorium resources, incentives for further exploration and forecast for thorium requirements in the near futureJayaram, K.M.V. (Department of Atomic Energy, Hyderabad (India). Atomic Minerals Div.)
Thorium occurs in association with uranium and rare earth elements in diverse rock types. It occurs as veins of thorite, uranothorite and monazite in granites, syenites and pegmatites. Monazite also occurs in quartz-pebble conglomerates, sandstones and fluviatile and beach placers. Thorium occurs along with REE in bastnaesite, in the carbonatites. Present knowledge of the thorium resources in the world is poor because of inadequate exploration efforts arising out of insignificant demand. But, with the increased interest shown by several countries in the development of Fast Breeder Reactors using thorium, it is expected that the demand will increase considerably by the turn of the century. The total known world reserves of Th in RAR category are estimated at about 1.16 million tonnes. About 31% of this (0.36 mt) is known to be available in the beach and inland placers of India. The possibility of finding primary occurrences in the alkaline and other acidic rocks is good, in India. The other countries having sizeable reserves are Brazil, Canada, China, Norway, U.S.S.R., U.S.A., Burma, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Turkey and Sri Lanka. Considering that the demand for thorium is likely to increase by the turn of this century, it is necessary that data collected so far, globally, is pooled and analysed to identify areas that hold good promise.
- Proceedings of a technical committee meeting on utilization of thorium-based nuclear fuel: current status and perspectives held in Vienna, 2-4 December 1985
- International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria)
- IAEA-TECDOC--412, pp:8-21
- International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria)
Realignment of Sethusamudram Channel
According to Muslim legend, Adam crossed on the bridge to Adam's Peak. Read more on the imperative of protecting the ancient monument and realignment of the channel passage What started as a canal has turned out to be a mid-ocean passage and creation of a de facto international maritime boundary between Bharatam and Srilanka.
Mirrored at http://hinduthought.googlepages.com/realignramasetu Letter of Hon’ble V.R. Krishna Iyer (Former Judge, Supreme Court) to Hon’ble Prime Minister of India.
Paper attached to Hon’ble VR Krishna Iyer’s letter http://rapidshare.com/files/26060268/pilsupremecourtramsethu1.doc.html
Powerpoint Show (89 slides)
http://docs.google.com/Doc?id=ajhwbkz2nkfv_642dbmt75 (Document in 36 pages with illustrations, justifying realignment Sethusamudram Channel) Download from: http://rapidshare.com/files/25998749/impacttsunami.doc.html
Executive summary -- Realign Sethusamudram Channel for coastline security
Part 1. Realignment of Sethusamudram Channel closer to Tamilnadu coastline;
Part 2. Continued policy of treating Gulf of Mannar and Palk Straits as Historic, internal waters;
Part 3. Protection and development of thorium/titanium placer deposits; and
Part 4. Declaration of Rama Setu (Adam’s bridge) as a protected monument of national importance, based on textual and scientific evidences.
Part 1 The choice of a channel alignment for Sethusamudram Channel Project (SSCP) should be done only after a detailed multi-disciplinary evaluation of the impact of tsunami of the type which struck the coastline of Bharatam on Dec. 26, 2004. Ramsethu in fact saved the coastline of Bharatam reducing the impact of the last tsunami. If the work is continued on the present alignment is continued, an enormous energy of the next tsunami will be absorbed through this channel and result in the destruction of Kerala and significant parts of Tamilnadu coastline.
On 8 March 2005, Prime Minister’s Office raised 16 objections including the observations of the world-renowned tsunami expert, Prof. Tad S. Murthy of Canada who has been enaged as an expert by the Govt. of Inda to set up a tsunami-warning system in the country. Prof. Murthy is firmly of the opinion that this present alignment will destroy Kerala and most of the coastline of southern Bharatam. These concerns and the impact of a tsunami should be subjected to detailed, multi-disciplinary evaluation before work on a channel is resumed using any one of the other five alternative channels available (including the one recommended by GOI steering committee 1996) which will NOT involve destruction of Ramasethu.
Part 2 The creation of an artificial boundary between Srilanka and India in the Indian Ocean will adversely impact the livelihood of coastal people, particularly the fishing community, who will be prevented from crossing the channel boundary.
Part 3 There is also the issue of thorium and other rich mineral deposits close to the Ramsethu in Kerala thorium sands. The entire region should be subjected to geological exploration to utilize these mineral resources which will have a profound impact on the country’s nuclear program according to the website of Bhabha Atomic Research Centre.
Part 4 Declaration of Rama Setu as a Protected Monument of national importance. The proposed channel alignment involving the destruction of Ram Sethu, hurts the sentiments of millions of people who look upon Ram Sethu as Sethumandir, a pilgrimage site, a sacred monument, a temple. This age-old Setubandhan, this age-old temple, should be declared as a World Heritage Site, citing textual, epigraphic and scientific evidences of Dept. of Earth Sciences (March 2007) pointing to ancient human activity.
S. Kalyanaraman, Ph.D.,Director, Sarasvati Research Centre,Former Sr. Exec., Asian Development Bank,3 Temple Avenue, Chennai 600015 Tel. 044 22350557 email@example.com 15 April 2007
Save Rama Setu: a Video (34 min.) Download from:
The Geological and geophysical survey of the Sethusamudram Project clearly reveal that the so-called Adams Bridge (Rama's Bridge) appears to be a major Geological feature. The surveys reveal that to the north of Adams Bridge on the Palk Bay side, the formation have undergone down faulting and the Adams Bridge came up as an up thrown block. This geomorphic feature is seem to be continuous and verified both by bathymetry survey and NASA land image (enclosed NHO chart and NASA picture). One could clearly see that this is but a continuous feature with minor depressions upto about 100 m width. In consonance with these things there are inter tidal marine sandy islands. These depressions and the islands appear to be neotectonic feature resulting in changes in bathymetry.
It is a well established scientific phenomenon that there has been a major glaciation period (ice age) with glacial maxima at about 18,000 years BP. This feature has been observed and studied in several parts of the world with the help of submerged Corals. During the glacial Maxima, the sea level was about 130 m lower than what is today. This is evidenced both on the east and west coast of India, where submerged Corals occur around 1 to 2m water depths and they are clear indicators of near coastal zone.
The Adams bridge ridge is a major marine divide. It separates the furious Bay of Bengal sea and sediments in the Palk bay and the very calm placid waters of the Gulf of Mannar. This ridge like feature is similar to the "Allaband" that was formed after a major earthquake in Arabian Sea in the early 19th century. In the Allaband, a long stretch of about 90km length and about 0.5 to 4km wide zone got uplifted because of a major tectonic event that was responsible for the earthquake. Since this event occurred in the recent past and such huge track of land was raised, people called that it is happened due to the will of Alla and named it Allaband.
The Adams Bridge is a similar feature but formed much earlier due to tectonic causes that were prevalent in these areas. However, during the last ice age (18,000 year BP) the entire area from India to Sri Lanka and further south and southeast were contagious land due to the highly lowered sea level. As and when there were major melting of glaciers both from the mountains as well as from the Antarctic area, the sea level was rising. These features were well recorded and studied by several submerged Coral formations all over the world. About 7,300 years BP the sea level in the southern part of India was about 3.5 m above the present level. This has been deciphered by Dr.P.K.Banerjee, who studied Corals that found in the land part as of Pamban, Rameswaram, and Tuticorin etc. Subsequently the sea level went down and rose +2m above than what is today between 5000 to 4000 years B.P.
The Geological logging of the bore holes drilled by NIOT in the inter tidal areas of Adams bridge reveals very interesting details. In all the bore holes the top portion is seen to be occupied by recent marine sands. In almost of all the boreholes between 4.5 and 7.5m the borehole intersected hard formations, which have been found to be calcareous sand stones and corals. It is to be pointed out here that Corals are comparatively less dense, compact and somewhat easy to carry. The Corals normally grow atop compact to hard formations for the purpose of stability, and as the sea level rises, the Coral colony grows up vertically to maintain water depth of 1 to 2 m, which is essential for their survival. It is always observed that these Corals have continuous vertical growth like Lakshadweep, Andaman's, and Gulf Of Mannar Natural Park. These have always been found to grow on hard rock bottom. In the case of Adams bridge area we observe that the Coral formations hardly occur 1 to 2.5m in length and resting on loose marine sands. Most of these coral rock pieces are seem to be rounded pebbles of corals. These things appear to point these coral rock pieces and pebbles have been transported and placed in these areas.
Since the calcareous sand stones and Corals are less dense than normal hard rock and quite compact, probably these were used by the ancients to form a connecting link to Sri Lanka, on the higher elevations of the Adams bridge ridge and this is analogous to modern day causeway.
In support of these observations there are many archaeological and geoarchaeological evidences on the south east coast of India around Rameswaram, Tuticorin and the western coast of Sri Lanka. There are raised Teri formations that supported a rich assemblage of mesolithic – microlithic tools indicating the presence of strong human habitation and activity in these areas as early as 8000 to 9000 years B.P and as recent as 4000 years B.P. On Sri Lanka side there are indications of human habitation extending to late Pleistocene (about 13,000 B.P) based on bone and fossils of human and animal form.
All these point to a flourishing human activity on both side of Adams Bridge and probably when the sea levels were just right the link between India and Sri Lanka could have been established.
Source: Dept. of Earth Sciences, Govt. of India (March 2007)
Save Rama Setu, Save Kerala: a Public Interest Litigation petition to the Supreme Court of India
Resolution of 11 March 2007 of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, Akhila Bharatiya Pratinidhi Sabha, Lucknow
BJP asks PM to protect Ram Setu
PTI | New Delhi 26 March 2007
The BJP today sought Prime Minister Manmohan Singh's intervention to suspend Setusamudram Shipping Canal Project that it alleged would destroy an undersea Palk Strait bridge linked to Lord Ram.
In his letter to the Prime Minister, which followed a March 10 RSS resolution opposing the project, BJP veteran Murli Manohar Joshi said the bridge, instead, should be declared a world heritage site.
"Participating in the destruction of this age-old temple (Setumandir), which should be declared a world heritage site, is adharma and an affront to Bharatiya traditions," the former union minister remarked.
The bridge, made of a chain of shoals, is believed to have been built between India and the Sri Lankan coast under the supervision of Lord Ram.
The senior BJP leader maintained that he did not oppose to the project, but wanted that it should be realigned to save Ram Setu, also called Adam's bridge, and also provide protection from tsunamis.
The BJP leader accused the Government of arbitrarily choosing the alignment location near the international water boundary to serve the interests of the United States that, he insisted, does not recognise New Delhi's claims on its historic waters.
March 26, 2007
Press Statement issued by Dr. M.M. Joshi
SAVE RAMASETU, SAVE INDIA'S CULTURAL
HERITAGE SAVE KERALA
The Bharatiya Janata Party had appointed a Committee to ascertain that facts about the wide spread apprehensions and resentment among the people at the impending destruction of a sacred monument - the bridge - which is revered by millions of people, Hindus, Muslims and Christians, as Setu Mandir, Rama Setu, Adisetu Adam's Bridge etc. and is a unique structure known as a symbol of Ancient Indian Heritage and an extra-ordinary feat of engineering skill. The existence of the bridge is well established by the Maps of 1747, 1788 and 1804 and records show that it really joined Ceylon to India until 1480 and people used to travel on foot on it. The NASA pictures have also established the existence and antiquity of the bridge. The Logo of Survey of India is Asetu Himachalam (i.e. from the Setu to Himalayas). The major cause of the resentment arises from the fact that the UPA government is insisting on the proposed alignment of the canal which will destroy the bridge.
The issue in question is not the Project but the alignment and the reasons for selecting it arbitrarily and starting the work without proper studies which has resulted in hurting the sentiments of not only Hindus but of other communities as well. Crores of Hindus believe that this under waterbridge was constructed at the command of Sri Rama. The Committee is also not opposed to SSCP but is certainly concerned with the preservation of this most ancient cultural heritage of our country which infact should be declared as a World Heritage Site.
The committee was told that the operations at the bridge which were stymied by the breakdown of the machines are about to start now within a couple of days. Obviously this would result in destroying the great cultural heritage which could be and should be saved by choosing an alternative route which is available and was suggested by the Steering Committee. There is no explanation as to why this alignment was rejected. I had, therefore, written a letter to the Prime Minister requesting him to order for immediate suspension of the project work on Rama Setu on the following grounds :
1. The project should have been designed to incorporate tsunami protection structure along India's Coast line which was impacted by the devasting tsunami.
2. The alignment has been determined without any serious consultation regarding environmental and security impacts.
3. Ignoring the concerns raised by Prof. Tad S. Murthy, world's foremost tsunami expert, who categorically stated the disastrous consequences of this alignment on Kerala coastal region (which perhaps was saved due to the existing bridge), the alignment was not changed.
4. NEERI's report which forms the basis of the alignment was pre-tsunmi. The impact of tsunami on the bathymetry was never analysed by NEERI.
5. India's strategic and maritime interests have been ignored. There is nothing to show that before inaugurating the project the Indian Navy was consulted on the full implications of the present canal.
6. The implications of the tsunami on the placer deposits and the implications of the natural radioactivity from the blck thorium sands of Kerala have not been taken in to account.
7. Several queries raised by the PMO on 8th March, 2005 were responded to by the Chairman, Tuticorin Port Trust only on 30th June 2005 (as seen from the Government website) without any consultations from experts including NEERI. And within two days, thereafter, without any detailed review, the project was inaugurated.
This raises serious concerns of the absence of due diligence and utter disregard for the concerns expressed about the destruction of Kerala if present alignment is maintained. What is strange is that even the PMO failed in applying their mind to get the re-evaluation of the project by experts and accepted blindly the causal reply by the Chairman TPT. What was the reason for this haste.
8. The government of India has failed to protect the rights of India in historic waters in Gulf of Mannar. The UPA government has succumbed to U.S. interests by an arbitrary choice of an alignment running very close to the international water boundary.
9. The UPA government by choosing this alignment has deliberately ignored the sentiments of not only Hindus but of all communities who hold Ram Setuas a symbol of cultural heritage. The UPA government has rather considered US interests more important than the national sentiments and interests.
While the BJP is not opposed to the SSCP, the party on the other hand is certainly and seriously concerned with the preservation and protection of this most ancient cultural heritage of our country. The BJP believes that the preservation of our rich and unique heritage is as important as the economic development of our country. And by selecting an alternative alignment this can be achieved.
The work on the bridge site should be immediately stopped and re-evaluation of the Project with ref. to the concerns raised by experts should be immediately undertaken.
Cross and four dots on 2-rupee coin (See: Louis the Pious coin of 9th cent.) (See: two-rupeecoins.jpg)
Women in Hindu dharma, a tribute by Vishal Agarwal (Mirror)
Thirty American proselytizers in Thanjavur in the guise of AIDS awareness workers (March 2007): Report in Tamil English translation
Does it help the family? Contrast this view with an evil called EVR's rationalism:
Evil in the name of rational thinking poisoning Hindu Thought: Some ideas for 'Periyar' film based on EVR's speeches/writings (courtesy: Thuglak)
"With financial assistance of Rs. 95 lakhs from Tamilnadu government, Periyar film is being produced. We hope that his emphatic published views will find a place in the film. As examples of such views, some excerpts from his speeches and works are published here. Apart from helping the producers, we have no other motive." (Thuglak, Nov. 29, 2006)
- Part 1 (Original Tamil pages: 1, 2)
- Part 2
- Part 3
- Part 4
- Part 5
- Part 6
- Part 7 (10 January 2007 Thuglak)