INDIA’S CONTRIBUTION TO THE WORLD’S MINERAL PRODUCTION

India is the world’s largest producer of mica blocks and mica splittings. With the recent spurt in world demand for chromite. India has stepped up its production to rech the second rank among the chromite producers of the world. Besides, India ranks, 3rd in production of coal & lignite, 2nd in barites, 4thin iron ore, 5th in bauxite and crude steel, 7th in manganese ore and 8th in aluminium.
The total value of mineral production was Rs. 568070 million in 2000-2001, of which the value of minerals other than petroleum and natural gas was Rs. 306751 million. The metallic production is accounted for by iron-ore, copper-ore, chromite and/or zinc concentrates, gold, manganese ore, bauxite, lead concentrates. Amongst the non-metallic minerals, more than 90 percent of the aggregate value is shared by limestone, magnesite, dolomite, barytes, kaolin, gypsum, apatite & phosphorite, steatite and fluorite.

Life Indices: Some Important non-fuel Minerals

SL. No.

Minerals

Unit

Total Resources as per UNFC, 1.4.2005

Life Index*

(Years)

1.

Bauxite

000’ tonnes

3289817

204

2.

Copper

000’ tonnes

Ore :                              1394426

Metal:                          11417.72

220**

3.

Lead & Zinc

000’ tonnes

Ore :                              522580

Lead Metal:                  7207.25

Zinc Metal:                 24259.68

Lead & Zinc Metal:       118.45

82**

4.

Gold

Tonnes

Ore (Primary)              90289237

Metal(Primary)               491.12

Ore (Placer)                 26121000

Metal(Placer)                     5.86

240**

5.

Iron Ore

000’ tonnes

Haematite                   14630388

Magnetite                   10619481

104

6

Chromite

000’ tonnes

                                       213063

47

7.

Magnesite

000’ tonnes

337882

603

8.

ManganeseOre

000’ tonnes

378569

113

9.

Lime Stone

000’ tonnes

175328914

364

10

Rock Phosphate

Tonnes

305308576

94

11

Sillimanite

Tonnes

74339869

Very large

12

Garnet

Tonnes

57655633

61

13

Kyanite

Tonnes

102613223

Very large

14.

Dolomite

000’ tonnes

7533108

522

15

Diamond

Carats

4581913

41


* Resources under UNFC categories(111) to (332) only have been considered for calculation of life index of minerals.
** Based on ore resources

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