B. Arunachalam, Manager V.T, Mines Group Vocational Training Society, Hospet
About the Author -
Accident is an unplanned welcome event which interrupts normal activity It is an unwelcome situation when every body gets tensed. Blame game starts .The normal activity is thrown out of gear. Tempers flare. Industrial trauma results in stoppage/slow down or too defensive attitude in performing the same or similar job. Depending upon the magnitude crisis develops. In case of loss of many lives this leads to a disaster to be managed. Crisis management and Disaster Management are post – facto scenarios and do not go in corrective measures. Accidents also lead to guilty conscience stage when we feel that had we analyzed the risk this accident might not have happened.
Many a time we start thinking we could have avoided all this had we taken pro active measures. To get into a proactive stage it is not necessary that we should have come across such an event. Analyzing each work situation and procedures, identifying the hazard, assessing the risk, training, laying down safe operating procedures, are all required
Pro Active approach
Dissect all activities location wise/machine wise and Subject them to critical examination by putting basic questions. This would be needed to identify and eliminate the hazard or to modify the procedure.
When Is it the proper time
Where Is it the proper location or machine
What Is it the correct thing to do
Who Is it done by the proper person ,trained etc
Why Is it necessary to do
How Is it correctly done
Tabulate the results. They would, with unbiased state of mind and approach lead to answers to determine whether an activity is needed, is it done correctly by the proper person, at the proper place and at the proper time.
Another area would be discussions with Workmen inspectors. Thread bare unbiased discussions in the pit safety committee can play quite a pivotal role in Hazard identification. Manager should not try to underplay or suppress any meaningful discussion. Points raised however minor they are need consideration.
Suggestion boxes unfortunately do not get suggestions at all.
With all our proactive system in position still if an accident occurs we need to go in a cool frame of mind and find out ways to ensure that it does not recur. We should need to investigate without bias and creating fear. The purpose should be from a reactive for such an occurrence to proactive for similar occurrences. Hence accident investigation is a tool to be used for improvement of situation and not to punish or create a fear complex.
The Purpose of investigation is
The key result should be to prevent a recurrence of the same accident. An accident investigation should not be with blame game. Management or managers should not use this for settling scores. Unions should not use this as an arm twisting advantage over the management or the vice versa. In fine the approach should be with open mind without bias and in the larger interests
Accidents can be broadly classified into
Such as paper cuts to fingers or dropping a box of materials
More serious accidents that cause injury or damage to equipment or property
Accidents that occur over an extended time frame such as hearing loss or an illness resulting from exposure to hazardous chemicals
Accidents have two things in common
They all have outcomes from the accident
They all have contributory factors that cause the accident
Outcomes of accidents
Inappropriate systems & procedures
We should need to decide the agency who can conduct the investigation. This would be Dependent on severity of the accident
Purpose and Investigation strategy should be specified. This could be
The investigating agency should be impartial & objective. It should
To gain confidence and to get correct information Interviews should be conducted separately. Make it clear the object of the investigation is to avoid recurrence, not to blame. Individuals are concerned about ridicule, punishment, singling out or any humiliation and hence do not open out. It is therefore necessary to gain confidence with the individual. A defensive man may turn hostile defeating the purpose of enquiry altogether.. Then the exercise becomes an eyewash without meeting the basic need that is to prevent recurrence
Investigation team should
Personal protective equipment is often shown as a cause of accident. Personal Protective Equipments (PPE) is the last line of defense. A helmet cannot save a head injury due fall of heavy object or shoes cannot prevent leg injury if a heavy objects falls down on leg while being lifted manually.
Benefits of accident investigation
Whenever we isolate a hazard either Pro active or reactive way and modify a procedure it is necessary to impart training it is necessary that all concerned are made aware of such changes and the necessity of such change. While we might have considered all aspects there could still be some hidden lacuna to surface out. It is therefore a must to monitor health of such changed scenario and further fine tune if need be .When an organization reacts swiftly and positively to accidents and injuries, its actions reaffirm its commitment to the safety and well-being of its employees and a confident system exists.
A pro -active organization prospers
Reactive organization survives and
Inactive organization dooms
N G Nair India. My experiments with Job satisfaction and personality development. Job satisfaction is in regard to one's feelings or state-of-mind regarding the nature of their work. Job satisfaction can be influenced by a variety of factors, eg, the quality of one's relationship with their supervisor, the quality of the physical environment in which they work, degree of fulfillment in their work, etc. Attitudes and Job Satisfaction.