TIPS - ON - SAFE PRACTICES - FOR SURFACE MINING EQUIPEMENTS
(Heavy Earth Moving Equipment)
To ensure that the authorized operators are trained, competent, physically and mentally fit.
To ensure that the equipment is in safe operating condition and must stop if any undsafe condition is found.
The ground crew should be capable to recongnize the hazards and signal the operator to avoid them instantly.
To ensure that the supervisor is also assigned the job of safety.
Assign specific people to co-ordinate and direct the service, maintain, repair and inspection teams during each shift.
Assign qualified crew with proper tools for specific maintenance jobs.
To ensure that adequate lighting is provided.
Operators who have the requirements of operatonal tests as well as physical and mental condition are only to be qappointed for operating the earth moving equipments.
Operators should have basic knowledge regarding maintenance and its importance in running the machine.
The employer should conduct a test for all the operators to evaluate their performance and then only should authorize them to operate the machine.
The operator must be able to read, write and understand operator’s manual.
Safety must be the Operator’s main concern. He should consult with his supervisors when safety is in doubt.
He must be alert, free from influence of alcohol or drugs.
Operator must ensure that unauthorised people, equipments and materials are kept out of the danger zone.
Operators Shovels, Draglines and Excavators must never operate with dipper / drag bucket over people.
Before starting the equipment a warning signal to be given by the operator.
Operator should check and ensure that all gauges and indicators are in working condition.
Test all controls and brakes before machine starts working
During the operation of the machine the operator should be alert for unusal sounds, vibrations, smoke / smell of fire and must stop the equipment immeditely and check for any such irregularity.
Operator must make a safety checks before starting the quipment in each shift. The emphasis should be on lockout tags, warnings, equipment guards etc.
RESPONSIBILITIES OF MAINTENANCE CREW
All the platforms, staircases, walkways, ladders are to be checked regularly for their proper fitment.
All the steel wire ropes are to be inspected daily for cracks or damages. Loose or missing hardware are to be replaced immediately.
Do not lubricate when the machine is working.
Use of proper lifting slings is must while lifting heavy loads.
Before the service is start is has to be ensured that the machine is on level ground.
While working on equipment ensure that all controls are neutral and brakes are set.
Especially while working on shovels and excavators bucket is palced on the ground and counter weights are supported.
While working on pressurised systems (oil and air) ensure that pressure is released from the system before starts of the work.
In addition to above safety tips discussed, operators, maintenance crews and whosoever concerned with equipment should follow the instructions / guidelines provided by equipment manufacturers for particular type of equipment.