Why First Aid

1.      To make accident victim comfortable.

2.      To avoid complications till doctor overcharge of injuard.


Rules of First Aid

1.      Do essential tasks first.

2.      If respiration fails, give artificial respiration.

3.      Control bleeding.

4.      Combat shock.

5.      Allay fear ; reassure victim

6.      Do not attempt too much.

7.      Do not allow crowding near the victim

8.      Do not remove clothing unnecessary.

9.      Take victim to the doctor quickly.

First aid Arrangement in Mines

The First Aid arrangement in mines is done according to Rule No 40 to 45 of the Mines Rules 1955, as detailed below:

First Aid outfit

The mine overman, foreman, sirdar, mate, shortfirer, blaster, electrician and machinic should be qualified first aider and should carry the first aid outfit while on duty. It consists  of one large sterilized dressing, one small sterilized dressing and an ampule of tinchture, of iodine or other suitable antiseptic. This is used to dress an wound on the spot to control bleeding and prevent infection of wound.

Fist Aid Box

It contains at least:

1.      A sufficient supplies of large and small sterilized dressings and burn dressings.

2.      A sufficient supply of sterilized cotton wool and of adhesive plaster.

3.      A supply of roller bandages – to keep the dressings in place.

4.      A supply of tincture of iodine or other antiseptic solution.

5.      A tourniquet, scissors and safety pins.

6.      A piece of carbolic soap.

Mine dressings consist of cotton wool pads completely covered with plain absorbent gauze or lint stitched to a roller bandage. These dressings are germ-free if the original outer wrapping is intact. When a wound is covered up with such a germ-free (sterile) dressing, the wound does not become infected and heals quickly.

It should be noted that tincture of iodine or other antiseptic solution is not meant for treating the would, the surrounding skin need only be touched up with a piece of cotton wool soaked in the solution. This checks infection.

Proper use of all items provided in a First Aid Box should be clearly understood. Ask your doctor

These boxes are kept at the First Aid Stations provided in the mine workings. There is one such box for every 150 persons employed.

First Aid Station


These are pre-selected places in the mine where first aid equipment are  provided and injured persons receive first aid treatment.


1.      A stretcher with tow blankets

2.      Sets of splints (1.4 m, 0.9 m and 0.3 m ) with necessary tringular bandages for applying them.

3.      First Aid Boxes, not less than one for every 150 persons employed.




Above ground.


1.      At the top of every shaft or incline where men or material are normally wound hauled.

2.      In every workshop.

3.      At every screening plant and loading place.

4.      At every other place where more than 50 persons are employed at any one time.

Opencast Workings


One first aid station for every 50 persons employed




1.      At the, bottom of every shaft where men or material are normally wound, and at or at or near every plant

2.      Near the drive end of every haulage.

3.      In or at the entrance to every district section of the mine.


First aid Station Incharge


Every first aid station is placed under the charge of a qualified first aider. They are required to be readly available throughout the shift. A list of these persons is displayed at every first aid station, mine office and first aid room.



First aid Room

This is provided on the surface of the mine, at a covenant place, and is used only for first aid work. The first aid room is in charge of a qualified doctor. Usual first aid quipment together with a table large enough to pace the stretcher on, bench, chairs, screen, wash basin, running water supply, artery forceps, eyebath, clinical thermometer, morphine amppules, stove for boiling water, are provided.

It is here  that the doctor attends to an accident victim.

Removal of injured to hospital

Ambulance vans are provided at the mine or for a group of mines for speedy removal of injured persons from the mine to the hospital


Injured person

Only if he is able to do so:

1 Inform Supervisor or foreman

2 Before leaving the mine, report for examination or treatment at first aid room.


1 Immediately inform the supervisor or shift-in-charge.

2 Avoid panic, reassure victim

3 Do not allow injured to see his wounds.

4 Keep injured lying down.

5 Do not allow crowding near victim.

In case of electric shock

1 Cut off power supply, if possible.

2 If power is not cut off; Stand on dry wood and with a dry wooden pole disengage victim from the cable or machine. Or with the help of your cap-lamp cable pull out the victim.

3 Now act as stated before

In case of gas poisoning

1 Do not rush to the victim

2 Inform the supervisor or shift in charge.

Supervisor or shift in charge

1. On receiving information, rush to the site of accident; ascertain condition and act accordingly (see chapter 10 for essential tasks in emergency)

2. Check victim’s conditions, particularly breathing, bleeding and shock. Give proper first aid.

3. Get assistance from other first aiders present in the mine, if necessary.

4. Send message to attendance clerk regarding doctor, ambulance and other assistance needed.

5. Get adequate number of stretcher-bearers, if needed.

6. Send out the victim, on stretcher if condition so demands, straight to the first aid room. Ask a first aider to accompany him.

First aid station Inchage

1. On receiving information,collect sstretcher, blankets, splints, bandages & first aid box from the station; get four other helpers and rush to the site of accidents.

2. Assist the supervisor in rendering first aid to the victim.

3. Collect full particulars of injured and details of his injuary.

4. After first aid is rendered, load the victim on stretcher -`if condition so demands – and carry him along with other helpers, to the first aid room. Watch breathing, pulse and bleeding of victim on the way.
On reaching the first aid room, report to the doctor giving full details of the victim & his injury.

Attendance clerk

On receiving the message from the supervisor about the accidient and assistance needed – like doctor, ambulance etc., immediately send information to the First Aid Room and Manager.

First Aid Room Incharge

1.      On receiving information about victim, prepare the first aid room to receive the causality.

2.      If ambulance is required, contact manager

3.      When the casualty arrives, get full details of the nature of injury and first aid given. Act according.

4.      When the doctor arrives, give him the complete report about the victim

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