Highlands Apiary Farm

the honey bee

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 Honey Bees - a brief description

Life cycle  生活

 A  bee colony generally contains one breeding female, or "queen";  up to a few thousand males, or "drones"; and a large  variable population of sterile female workers.

Eggs are laid singly and the Larvae are initially fed with royal jelly produced by worker bees, later switching to honey and pollen. The exception is a larva fed solely on royal jelly, which will develop into a queen bee.

Young worker bees clean the hive and feed the larvae. After this, they begin building comb cells.

Virgin queens go on mating flights away from their home colony, and mate with multiple drones before returning. The drones die in the act of mating.

Queen bee. Yellow dot is added to aid beekeeper.
Queen bee. Yellow dot is added to aid beekeeper.

Bee colonies are established not by solitary queens, but by groups known as "swarms" which consist of a mated queen and a large contingent of workers.

Communication  交 際

Worker bees (left) emerging from hive to push away a group of drones (right)
Worker bees (left) emerging from hive to push away a group of drones (right)

Honey bees are known to communicate through many different chemicals and odors, as is common in insects, but also using specific behaviors that convey information that  vary from species to species

Products  製 品


Honey is the complex substance made when the nectar and sweet deposits from plants and trees are gathered, modified and stored in the honeycomb by honey bees.  

 Bees wax   

Worker bees of a certain age will secrete beeswax from a series of glands on their abdomens. They use the wax to form the walls and caps of the comb.

Pollen  花粉

Bees collect pollen in the pollen basket and carry it back to the hive. In the hive, pollen is used as a protein source necessary during brood-rearing.

Propolis  蜂 胶

Propolis (or bee glue) is created from resins, balsams and tree saps. Those species of honey bees which nest in tree cavities use propolis to seal cracks in the hive. Propolis is also used in some cosmetic application.

Royal Jelly  蜂 皇 漿

It is a special product rich in protein and is the substance secreted by bees after digesting pollen and nectar. It is also a special food for the Queen Bee. Royal Jelly prevents many diseases and is used as a  beauty product by many ladies