Epilepsy is a disorder affecting 1.3% of Canadians.
Epilepsy is defined as paroxysmal and temporary disturbance of brain characterized by loss of consciousness and muscle tic or abnormal sensation, emotion and behavior.
Clinical manifestations of epilepsy vary greatly.
There may be grand mal, petit mal, rolandic mal and infantile spasms.
1 The grand mal is characterized by sudden loss of consciousness, general titanic spasm with apnea, cyanosis and foam in the mouth, which usually last for 1~5min.
The patients may then fall into sleep and become conscious a few hours later.
2 The petit mal is characterized by sudden, short loss of consciousness without aurae and muscle tic, accompanied with interruption of speech and action which usually persist for 2~10 seconds.
The patent usually comes to consciousness rapidly.
3 Seizure: The patients may fell unwell or become very cranky before seizure occurs, unresponsive during seizure and fell down, head turns to one side, eyes deviate to same side of head, muscle jerking to same side arm and leg; may look like shaking or shivering, that side may become limp, lips or face turn blue in colour, loses bladder control, may vomit during a seizure, which usually last for 1~5min.
The patients may then fall into sleep and become conscious half to a few hours later.
3 猝發作痙攣: 有時或會有先兆如不適或煩燥,發作時意識喪失倒地,頭身轉向一側,吊眼向同側,同側手足不斷抽搐跳動且僵硬,唇面發紫,失禁,或會嘔吐,一般持續1~5分鐘.