Cervical cancer is the eleventh most frequently diagnosed cancer among Canadian women.
Some women at greatest risk are those who have contracted genital warts (human papilloma virus HPV).
Other aspects of sexual activity that increase risk include starting sexual intercourse before age 18, having multiple sexual partners, and undergoing more than 5 pregnancies, infection with genital herpes and HIV,AIDS.
Cervical cancer begins with an overgrowth of abnormal cells may cover much or all of the cervix, and then begin to invade the surrounding tissue.
Bleeding unrelated to menstruation; abnormally heavy periods; painful intercourse; watery, malodorous vaginal discharge, as the cancer advances, pelvic and lower abdominal pain.
Bleeding and pain develop as untreated cervical cancer spreads to the vagina, pelvic wall and bones, colon, and bladder; cells that invade the pelvic lymph nodes can travel to distant organs.