Papers: Distributed by HEAR, Inc.

Human Educational Alternatives Research, Inc.
(HEAR, Inc.)
A Michigan Non-Profit 501c(3) Educational Research Corporation, founded May 13, 1969.

(Please go to the bottom of this page to download copies of papers)

Volume 1:
Continuity versus Creative Response to Challenge:
The primacy of resilience and resourcefulness in life and therapy
Marek J. Celinski and Kathryn M. Gow, Editors

Title of Chapter:
The Trials of Personality in Culture:
Individual personality uniqueness within cultural conformity
Frank J. Lucatelli, Principal, Personal Intelligence, LLC

File: Book 1 - Trials of Personality in Culture - FJ Lucatelli - Review Copy - 26 Sept 2010 - Corrections 7 Nov 2010.pdf
     Submitted for publication on 3 May 2010

Culture and individual character shape personality expression. Character operates according to Aristotelian principles and
personality operates according to Platonic principles. Choice has ethical consequences for culture and character consequences
for individuals. Pain and pleasure are among fundamental motivators for individual development, both of which evolve from
physical expression to subtler emotional, intellectual, and spiritual expression as individuals mature. There are always
difficulties in removing obstacles and achieving progress. Historically, culture has preserved the past while inhibiting the future,
but the promotion of personality expression works against that trend. Striving against the resistance of obstacles is the
mechanism whereby growth occurs both individually and culturally.  Difficulties are unlikely to ever disappear, because
overcoming them is the engine of progress toward more just cultures as well as more resourceful and resilient personalities. 
Recognizing this, cultures should strive for progress by focusing its citizens upon difficulties that are inherent in nature,
circumstances and in the individual personality rather than allowing generalized obstacles to maintain the status-quo.

Key Words
Personality, Culture, Character, Resilience, Resourcefulness, Difficulties, Motivation

Volume 2:
Wayfinding through Life's Challenges:
Coping and Survival

Marek J. Celinski and Kathryn M. Gow, Editors

Title of Chapter 25:
Personality Modes Drive Growth in Living and Learning
Frank J. Lucatelli, Principal, Personal Intelligence, LLC

File: Book 2 - Personality Modes Drive Growth in Living and Learning - FJ Lucatelli - Review Copy - 30 May 2010.pdf
     Submitted for publication on 3 May 2010

A new model articulates the importance of resourcefulness and resilience, respectful of the complementary philosophical
contributions of Aristotle and Plato for understanding how the world works. Positing three fundamental modes of personality
--Doing, Feeling, and Thinking -- as factors that combine to generate sixteen related personality modes, produces eight paired
initiating and overseeing effects of personality expression. Each combinatorial mode has access to a unique set of personal
resources for coping with resistance, and the depth of those resources give the individual the resilience to see the way
through major obstacles. The more that people learn to resiliently operate according to their own unique personality-grounded
resourcefulness, the more rapidly society advances. As education learns to help students draw from these personal resources,
the student's self-knowledge strengthens their resilience, which correspondingly enlightens their respective cultures.

Key Words
Personality types, Model, Resourcefulness, Resilience, Character, Societal growth, Individual

Why We Disagree: Modal Conflicts among Religion, Art and Science
A discussion of the structural interrelationships among Science, Art and Religion by Frank J. Lucatelli


    Religion Art and Science Final Publication format Rev 8Nov08.pdf
      (Corrected current version of paper)
    Science and Religion Paper jirrs_nr_1_integral.pdf:
      Paper as it appeared in the inaugural edition of the Journal for Interdisciplinary Research on Religion and Science (JIRRS)  Summer 2007
      Also available at: <>

Two preliminary levels of logic are assumed as evolutionary stages allowing important questions concerning Religion, Art and Science to be
addressed at a third logical level. These levels of logical complexity are defined by APMA (A-Priori Modal Analysis), a new method for clarifying
the complexity of any topic. Religion, Art and Science are examined as alternative modal views of reality at this logical scale. This method
demonstrates that within a third level logical context there is no contradiction for an individual to concurrently accept all three viewpoints as
reasonable although each is uniquely subjective. Religion, Art and Science are consequences of the comprehensively universal human qualities
of "Doing", "Feeling" and "Thinking." When disagreement is found among these approaches to understanding it is an indication of a need for
reexamination of all viewpoints to find the point of truth, not a justification for the elimination of any one of the three.

An Analysis of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) in relation to the Personal Styles Matrix

Frank J. Lucatelli, John L. Gedye
Prepared for presentation at the Great Lakes Association for Psychological Type (GLAPT) Conference, “Unlocking the Mysteries of Personality,” Lisle, Illinois, September, 2000

File: MBTI-Personal Styles Final.PDF - on Nov 8, 2008 6:10 PM by Frank Lucatelli (version 1)


This paper shows how a new method of qualitative analysis, A-Priori Modal Analysis (APMA), one of the purposes of which is to determine the
degree of completeness of any qualitative system, can be applied to the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI). APMA can specify the missing
components, and thus guide further investigation, if any conceptual incompleteness is discovered.

A natural by-product of the study reported here is a comparison of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator with a learning styles assessment instrument:
The Personal Styles Matrix. The APMA analysis reveals the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator to be an instrument constructed from two unlike concepts
presented in an incompletely differentiated way. The first concept includes Feeling and Thinking as traits in a three-member set, but omits the first
member -- Doing. The second concept includes three pairs of traits: Judging-Perceiving, Introvert-Extravert and Sensing-iNtuition, which are a
complete set of secondary traits, created by combining all possible pairs of four primary traits. The primary traits are those referred to in the Personal
Styles Matrix as Intrapersonal (Processes), Interpersonal (Structures), Social (Systems) and Cultural (Models). These primary traits are not directly
expressed in the MBTI instrument, making precise specification and identification of types problematic in most cases.

Correspondence among the Number of Angles in a Digit and the Numerical Value of the Digit

Unpublished Manuscript
Frank J. Lucatelli
A new design of the digits zero through 9 as a graphic font

File: Correspondence among the Number of Angles in a Digit and the Numerical Value of the Digit - Version 4.pdf


Using the analytical principle that the digits one through nine may be constructed by straight line segments with angular relationships between segments,
each number
's symbol may then be expressed as a configuration that embodies the same number of angles as the value of the number itself. This paper
presents a new design for a solution of this concept.

A Proof of Hilbert's Plane "Axiom" of Group II

Unpublished Manuscript
Frank J. Lucatelli

File: A Proof of Hilberts Axiom of Group II -2013.pdf


A neglected postulate of Eucild's leads to a new proof of Hilbert's plane "axiom" of Group II. The proof demonstrates that at least one of Hilbert's "axioms" is a provable theorem.

A Correction of the Structure of Euclid's Postulates and Common Notions

Unpublished Manuscript - Work in progress
Frank J. Lucatelli

File: Euclids APMA Version 8 Third Draft.pdf


An examination of the organization of Euclid's Postulates and Common Notions, with a proposed reorganization of them that clarifies the proper relationship between axioms and postulates.
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