Plains

I previously did some work on the Pawnee Indians with my class. We were a group together. I did my research on the Pawnee Indians’ food. The reason I chose the Pawnee Indians for this site is because I wanted to learn more about things they did. For example shelter, clothing, climate, and their cultural traditions. The Pawnee are a part of the Native American tribes.

 

 

Location

 

The Pawnee Indians lived in part of Nebraska and Kansas. The Pawnee tribe was forced to move to a reservation in Oklahoma during the 1800’s. Most Pawnee Indians are still living in Oklahoma. They also lived near the Rocky Mountains. The Plains Indians lived near the Rocky Mountains. The Plains Indians live on long flat land in a central area of the United States. They lived near a lot of water.

 

 

Shelter
Most Pawnee Indians lived in settled villages of round earthern lodges. The lodges were made from wooden frames covered with packed earth. When the Pawnee tribe went hunting, they used tipis (or teepees)
as temporary shelter, similar to camping tents. To make a tipi is to take buffalo skin and stretch it, and cover the poles. The poles needs to be imagined as coned. At the top, end of the poled crossed and stuck out of the covering. After that open two flaps “ears” opened at the top to let out smoke from the campfire. The tent was pegged to the ground all around the bottom. The front had a slit partly closed with wooden pins to farm an entrance. In modern days, Pawnee Indians now live in up to date houses and apartment buildings.
 

 

Food

 

Pawnee women raised corn, beans, squash, and sunflowers. The men worked together to hunt buffalo and antelope. Once they acquired horses, they hunted from horseback. The Spaniards from Mexico came to the Plains in search for gold. The horses escaped from the expedition and went near a tribe. They started taking in horses and using it in war. They road horses by neck to protect themselves from overhead attack. They also use it to give to the person you want to marry. Other foods they ate were elk, fish, nuts, and berries. Corn was mostly what they ate. It was like their main food.
 
 
 

Clothing

Pawnee women wore deerskin and poncho-like blouses. Pawnee men wore breechcloths and leather leggings. Men barely wore shirts, but sometimes wore special buckskin war shirts. In the winter, they wore moccasins. In the summer they went barefoot. They wore long buffalo-hide robes. A Pawnee woman’s dress or warrior’s shirt was often decorated with beads and painted designs. Sometimes they fringed their clothing. Later on, Pawnee people adapted European costume such cloth dresses and vests. The Pawnee men shaved their heads except for a scalplock (which is one long lock of hair in the back). Pawnee women wore their hair either loose of braided. The Pawnee painted their faces for special occasions. They used different patterns for war, religious ceremonies, and festive decoration.

 
 
Culture/Unique Info

 

Religion played an important role in Pawnee life. The Pawnee regarded corn as a sacred gift, and all of their religious ceremonies are centered with corn. Other ceremonies involved buffalo hunting and war. They say one ceremony involved human sacrifice, but in 1838, opposition from within the tribe ended the practice.

 

The Pawnee told lots of traditional legends and fairytales. They say storytelling was very important to the Pawnee Indian culture. Pawnee artists are famous for their pottery, woven baskets, and hide paintings. They used a lot of tools. Pawnee hunters used bows and arrows. In war, Pawnee men fired bows and fought with war clubs and spears. Pawnee men were hunters and sometimes went to war so they could protect their families. Pawnee women were farmers. They also had to take care of their children and even cook. Only Pawnee men became chiefs, but both men and women took part in storytelling, artwork, music, and traditional medicine. I bet you’re wondering what the children did. They did the same things that we children do today. They played, went to school, and helped around the house. Lots of Pawnee children liked to hunt and fish with their fathers. In the past, Indian kids had chores and less time to play.

 
 
 Resources
 

http://www.bigorrin.org/pawnee_kids - for Shelter, clothing, location, and food

The World Book Encyclopedia 1990 Edition Volume 15 (P) p.203: Pawnee for their culture/unique info

 

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Angela Willis,
Mar 25, 2011, 11:18 AM
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