Vocabulary

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Vocab 1: Due September 
11th/12th
FFA Mission Statement - The FFA mission is to make a positive difference in the lives of students by developing their potential for premier leadership, personal growth and career success through agricultural education.







 
SAE -
 supervised agricultural experience (to gain work experience) 








Legume
Asset
Liability
Tack

Adjourn
Amend
Hernia
Bloat

Vocab 2: Due September 25th/26th
Body of speech-main part of a speech
Conclusion of speech- the ending of a speech that brings everything together
Capon-capon is a rooster or cockerel that has been castrated to improve the quality of its flesh for food.















Second the motion-
agreeing to the original motion






Net-worth-
is a concept applicable to individuals and buisnesses as a key measure of how much an entity is worth.








Parliamentary Procedure-
the proper way to speek in a court setting or to discuss a movement you would like to make






Beri-beri-
is a thymine deficiency










antiseptic- a substance that destroys and prevents bacteria and disease.







breech-
 
the part of a cannon behind the bore






Cud-
 the food that an animal brings back up from its stomach to be chewed again


Vocab 3: Due October 9th/10th








Breed-
breed is a specific group of domestic animals having homogeneous appearance 










Embryo-
an unborn or unhatched offspring in the process of development






Egg candling-
 "Candling" an egg is the process of holding a light or candle near the egg to see the inner contents. It is used to see whether the egg is fertile or not.









Poult-
a young domestic chicken, turkey, pheasant, or other fowl being raised for food.









Job
 interview- an event in which you share your reasons for wanting a job






Flock-
a bunch of birds that travel together







Bro
oder-a heated house for chicks or piglets









Silky-
of or resembling silk, especially in being soft, fine, and lustrous







Albumen-
egg white, or the protein contained in it.









Stag-
a male deer

Vocab 4: Due October 23rd/24th







Zoology-
 is the branch of biology that relates to the animal kingdom, including the structure, embryology, evolution, classification, habits, and distribution of all animals, both living and extinct









Aviary-
a large cage, building, or enclosure for keeping birds in.









Phylogeny-
 the evolution of a genetically related group of organisms as distinguished from the development of the individual organism







Nocturnal-
done, occurring, or active at night






Dorsal-
of, on, or relating to the upper side or back of an animal, plant, or organ






Lethargy-
a lack of energy and enthusiasm





Pharmacology-
is the branch of medicine and biology concerned with the study of drug action, where a drug can be broadly defined as any man-made, natural, or endogenous molecule which exerts a biochemical and/or physiological effect on the cell, tissue, organ, or organism.







Taxonomy-
the branch of science concerned with classification, especially of organisms; systematics.









Phylum-
a principal taxonomic category that ranks above class and below kingdom






Farrier-
a person who shoes horses

Vocab 5: November 13 th/14th






Crest-
 a group of decorative feathers at the top of a bird's head; also a decorative bunch of hair on the head of another animal







Gilt- 
 a young female swine






Cow-
the mature female of cattle, the mature female of various usually large animal





Castration-
to remove the testis of an animal







Ewe-
a female sheep






Equine-
 of or relating to horses, resembling a horse







Pullet-
a young chicken and especially one that is less than a year old







Parturition-
the action or process of giving birth to offspring






Animal By-product-
any material derived from the body of an anima






Tripe-
 the stomach of an animal (such as a cow or ox) that is eaten as food

Vocab 6: November 24th/25th







Transgenic
-Transgenic organisms are able to express foreign genes because the genetic code is similar for all organisms





Toxemia-   A condition in pregnancy, also known as pre-eclampsia (or preeclampsia) characterized by abrupt hypertension (a sharp rise in blood pressure), albuminuria (leakage of large amounts of the protein albumin into the urine) and edema (swelling) of the hands, feet, and face.






Prehensile-
capable of grasping






Viviparous- 
bringing forth live young that have developed inside the body of the parent.







Gavel-
a small mallet with which an auctioneer, a judge, or the chair of a meeting hits a surface to call for attention or order.







Equity-
the quality of being fair and impartial







Float (horses)-
a vehicle for transporting horses





Borborygmi-
a rumbling or gurgling noise made by the movement of fluid and gas in the intestines.






Ossification-
natural process of bone creation




Gait-
 pattern of movement of the limbs of animals

Vocab 7: December 4th/5th









Rooster-
A rooster also known as a cockerel or cock is a male gallinaceous bird






Hen-
A female chicken that has lain eggs









Zoonosis-
A zoonosis is any disease or infection that is naturally transmissible from vertebrate animals to humans.






Angus-
a breed of bovine that is black and is mainly used for beef






Hereford-
a breed of bovine that has a redbody and a white face





Bull-
a male bovine who has its testicles






Duroc-
a swine breed with a reddish body







Atrophy- 
Atrophy is the partial or complete wasting away of a part of the body






Kindling-
the birthing of a rabbit









Resume-
a document you use to apply to a job with

Vocab 8: December 18th/19th




Ruminant-
Ruminants are mammals that are able to acquire nutrients from plant-based food by fermenting it in a specialized stomach prior to digestion, principally through bacterial actions






Broiler-
Broiler chickens are a gallinaceous domesticated fowl, bred and raised specifically for meat production





Inventory-
Inventory or stock refers to the goods and materials that a business holds for the ultimate purpose of resale 









Methane-
Methane is a chemical compound with the chemical formula CH 4. It is the simplest alkane and the main component of natural gas.






Stage presence-
the ability to command the attention of a theater audience by the impressiveness of one's manner or appearance





Emaciation-
the state of being abnormally thin or weak.






Adipose-
 body tissue used for the storage of fat.







Gander-
a male goose






Feral-
A feral animal is an animal living in the wild but descended from domesticated individuals





Dress-
Dressed weight (also called carcass weight) refers to the weight of an animal after being partially butchered, removing all the internal organs and oftentimes the head as well as inedible (or less desirable) portions of the tail and legs.

Vocab 9: January 15th/16th







Teat-
a nipple of the mammary gland of a female mammal, from which the milk is sucked by the young 





Oral Reasons-
Oral reasons are a brief oral presentation given to an official at a judging contest explaining why you placed a class of animals a certain way.






Hock-
The hock, or gambrel, is the joint between the tarsal bones and tibia of a digitigrade or unguligrade quadrupedal mammal, such as a horse, cat, or dog.






Poll (anatomy)-
The poll is a name of the part of an animal's head, alternatively referencing a point immediately behind or right between the ears. This area of the anatomy is of particular significance for the horse.









Tail head-
the base of an animals tail





Flank
-
the side of a person's or animal's body between the ribs and the hip









Ribs-
 One of the 12 paired arches of bone that form the skeletal structure of the chest wall 





Loin-
The portion of the lower back from just below the ribs to the pelvis







Benign-
a tumor not of cancer origin






Heparin
-
a compound occurring in the liver and other tissues that inhibits blood coagulation. A sulfur-containing polysaccharide, it is used as an anticoagulant in the treatment of thrombosis

Vocab 10: January 29th/30th








Stifle
-
The stifle joint (often simply stifle) is a complex joint in the hind limbs of quadruped mammals such as the sheep, horse or dog. It is the equivalent of the human knee and is often the largest synovial joint in the animal's body. The stifle joint joins three bones: the femur, patella, and tibia.



Switch
-
a tuft of long hairs at the end of the tail of an animal




Heterozygous-
 a pair of genes where one is dominant and one is recessive — they're different. Like all words with the prefix hetero, this has to do with things that are different — specifically genes.








Shoulder-
  The joint connecting the arm with the torso.
Pin bones-the hipbone, especially in a four-footed animal








Ham-meat from the upper part of a pig's leg salted and dried or smoked.





Evaluation-
the making of a judgment about the amount, number, or value of something; assessment.







Caudal-
of or like a tail






Pastern-
The pastern is a part of the leg of a horse between the fetlock and the top of the hoof. It incorporates the long pastern bone and the short pastern bone , which are held together by two sets of paired ligaments to form the pastern joint .






In vitro-
 performed or taking place in a test tube, culture dish, or elsewhere outside a living organism

Vocab 11: February 12th/13th







Organic-
of, relating to, or derived from living matter





Mitosis-
 The process in cell division by which the nucleus divides, typically consisting of four stages, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase, and normally resulting in two new nuclei, each of which contains a complete copy of the parental chromosomes









Vertical Integration-
the combination in one company of two or more stages of production normally operated by separate companies.







Cockerel-
a young domestic cock.






Abomasum-
The abomasum, also known as the maw, rennet-bag, or reed tripe, is the fourth and final stomach compartment in ruminants. It secretes rennet, which is used in cheese creation







Conformation-
the shape or structure of something, especially an animal.






Pedigree-
the record of descent of an animal, showing it to be purebred.








Heifer-
a young female cow that has not borne a calf





Marbling-
Marbled meat is meat, especially red meat, that contains various amounts of intramuscular fat, giving it an appearance similar to a marble pattern.




Fescue-
any of a number of narrow-leaved grasses

Vocab 12: February 26th/27th




Famine-
extreme scarcity of food.

Starvation-suffering or death caused by hunger
Cytoplasm-Cytoplasm is a thick solution that fills each cell and is enclosed by the cell membrane. It is mainly composed of water, salts, and proteins. In eukaryotic cells, the cytoplasm includes all of the material inside the cell and outside of the nucleus
Gene-A gene is the molecular unit of heredity of a living organism. It is used extensively by the scientific community as a name given to some stretches of deoxyribonucleic acids (DNA) and ribonucleic acids (RNA) that code for a polypeptide or for an RNA chain that has a function in the organism.
Genetic Engineering-the deliberate modification of the characteristics of an organism by manipulating its genetic material
Chromosome-In the nucleus of each cell, the DNA molecule is packaged into thread-like structures called chromosomes. Each chromosome is made up of DNA tightly coiled many times around proteins called histones that support its structure.
Oogenesis-Oogenesis, ovogenesis, or oögenesis /ˌoʊ.əˈdʒɛnɨsɪs/ is the creation of an ovum (egg cell). It is the female form of gametogenesis; the male equivalent is spermatogenesis. It involves the development of the various stages of the immature ovum.
Paunch-a large or protruding abdomen or stomach.
Posterior-
Postpartum-

Vocab 13:  March 12th/13th







Gonad-
an organ that produces gametes; a testis or ovary.









Bull-
a male beef animal that has its testies








Follicle-
a small secretory cavity, sac, or gland, in particular.




Pituitary-
the major endocrine gland. A pea-sized body attached to the base of the brain, the pituitary is important in controlling growth and development and the functioning of the other endocrine glands.








Sow-
a grown female pig









Gonadotropin-
Gonadotropins are protein hormones secreted by gonadotrope cells of the anterior pituitary of vertebrates. 



Laminitis-
inflammation of sensitive layers of tissue (laminae) inside the hoof in horses and other animals. It is particularly prevalent in ponies feeding on rich spring grass and can cause extreme lameness.







Subcutaneous-
situated or applied under the skin.






Vasectomy-
a surgical procedure for male sterilization and/or permanent birth control. During the procedure, the male vasa deferentia are severed and then tied/sealed in a manner so as to prevent sperm from entering into the seminal stream (ejaculate) and thereby prevent fertilization from occurring.






Zygote-zygote, fertilized egg cell that results from the union of a female gamete (egg, or ovum) with a male gamete (sperm). In the embryonic development of humans and other animals, the zygote stage is brief and is followed by cleavage, when the single cell becomes subdivided into smaller cells.

Vocab 14:  March 25th/26th








Colostrum- 
Colostrum (also known as beestings or first milk) is a form of milk produced by the mammary glands in late pregnancy and the few days after giving birth






Hybrid Vigor-
the improved or increased function of any biological quality in a hybrid offspring.







Estrus-
a recurring period of sexual receptivity and fertility in many female mammals; heat.






Gestation- 
the process of carrying or being carried in the womb between conception and birth.









Crossbreeding-
To produce (an organism) by the mating of individuals of different breeds, varieties, or species.





Epinephrine-
Treats severe allergic reactions (including anaphylaxis) in an emergency situation.






Copulation-
sexual intercourse







Grading Up-Grading up is the sequential use of pure-bred animals with grade animals over a series of generations to provide a "nearly purebred" result. 









Lactation-
the secretion of milk by the mammary glands.




Line Breeding-
the selective breeding of animals for a desired feature by mating them within a closely related line

Vocab 15: April 16th/17th








Abomasum-  
fourth stomach in a rumanent animal






Regurgitate-
bring (swallowed food) up again to the mouth.









osmosum-
3 rd compartment of stomach in a mumanent





Reticulum-
The reticulum is the first chamber in the alimentary canal of a ruminant animal. Anatomically it is considered the smaller portion of the reticulorumen along with the rumen.





Rumen-The rumen, also known as a paunch, forms the larger part of the reticulorumen, which is the first chamber in the alimentary canal of ruminant animals. It serves as the primary site for microbial fermentation of ingested feed








Crop-a cultivated plant that is grown as food, especially a grain, fruit, or vegetable.





Weaning-
Weaning is the process of gradually introducing a mammal infant to what will be its adult diet and withdrawing the supply of its mother's milk. The process takes place only in mammals, as only mammals produce milk.






Gizzard-
a muscular, thick-walled part of a bird's stomach for grinding food, typically with grit.







Palatable-
a preferred habitat of an animal









Vent (chicken)-
the opening to a female avian reproduction system

Vocab 16: April 3oth/May 1st






Sheath-
the protective covering of a penis






Spawning-
release or deposit eggs






Scrotum-
a pouch of skin containing the testicles







Papilla-
a small rounded protuberance on a part or organ of the body.






Epididymis-
a highly convoluted duct behind the testis, along which sperm passes to the vas deferens




Soybean Meal-
Soybean meal also known as soyabean oil cake is a solid residue by-product, flour, created after grinding the soybean to extract soybean oil. It is widely used as a filler and source of protein in animal diets, including pig, chicken, cattle, horse, sheep, and fish feed.








Fetus-
an unborn offspring of a mammal, in particular an unborn human baby more than eight weeks after conception







Fish Meal-
ground dried fish used as fertilizer or animal feed.



Lipid-
Lipids are a group of naturally occurring molecules that include fats, waxes, sterols, fat-soluble vitamins (such as vitamins A, D, E, and K), monoglycerides, diglycerides, triglycerides, phospholipids, and others






Calorie-
a unit of heat used to indicate the amount of energy that foods will produce in the human body

Vocab 17: May 14th/15th
Ear Tagging
Ear Notching
Diurnal
Tattooing
Branding
Pheremone
Clutch
Eructate
Jaundice
Chronic
Comments