THE HAYDON FAMILY GENEALOGY AND HISTORY FROM DEVON, ENGLAND
As first published in London in 1888 by Jabez Haskell Hayden
Some content and dates corrected by Thomas Garner Keys
(A descendant of the William Haydon/Hayden Family)
This document is meant to be used with other publications, not as a substitute for them. I hope to clarify obvious errors, find some previous-unknown connections, and stimulate further research. I assume that some of my analyses and conclusions may be wrong, so readers are encouraged to provide me with any data that proves errors.
In many different ancient reports the name for the same identical person and/or his family name and his estate is often spelled Heydon/Haydon/ and once in a while as Hayden so don't get confused. In some instances a son or a brother would change the spelling in order to keep the legal property records separated from others of the same family. Remember, there were no government identity numbers then to keep things straight and chase you down. There are also cases when an ancient recorder did not enter the correct name in the legal books.
Only direct line ancestor's names, from father to eldest son and the mother's names are in bold text and/or underlined.
In the United States, The Connecticut and Massachusetts branches now use the Americanized spelling of HAYDEN. The Maryland branch from Watford at first used the HEYDON spelling, but soon after arriving in Maryland, also changed their spelling to HAYDEN. The Irish Haydens are not related to any of us.
1. Thomas de Heydon (First old original spelling -“de” is not a title. It simply translates“of”) of Heydon, in South Erpingham, Justice Itinerant (travelling Judge) in Norfolk County. He was born about A.D. 1185 and died abt 1250, age 65. King Richard the Lionhearted was on the throne 1189-1199. During the year 1221, Sir Thomas was given the office of “Justice of Eyre”, a commission held directly from then King Henry III, having appellate jurisdiction of superior cases, so litigants would not have to travel by horse up to Westminster. One of the five provisions of Magna Carta forcibly signed by the former King John in 1215 was that such local justices should be appointed in the counties. This was not fulfilled, however, until after the death of King John, during the minority years (age 9) of his son who became Henry III, and under the regency of Herbert de Burgh. (Please see the English History section in Volume # 2 and the typed Magna Carta of 1215 during the reign of King Henry III. This Thomas de Heydon therefore, was the very first judge in Norfolk appointed by the King under Magna Carta. From him, the several family lines have all proceeded. The principal branch, in the persons of his eldest son, William de Heydon, (Sr.) remained in Norfolk, and today is called The Norfolk Line, creating the estates at Heydon, Baconsthorpe, and elsewhere, while another family branch, in the line of a younger, second son by the name of Johannes de Heydon, (John) settled in Devon, now referred to as the Devon Line in the reign of King Edward I, 1273; and another branch, a few generations later, under King Edward III, about 1373, moved to Watford, (called the Watford Branch and/or Hertfordshire Branch) near London, in the county of Hertford. There are separate reports enclosed along with pictures on the Heydon Norfolk Line (Baconsthorpe) and the Watford Line, which are both distant cousins. Those other family lines mostly retained the spelling of HEYDON.
Note that from this point forward you are now reading the Devon Line report that started with the 1st father Thomas de Heydon listed above but who was in Norfolk in the land and area called Heydon. This report here does not follow that eldest son of Thomas genealogy. Read about those descendants and Baconsthorpe in the other Norfolk Line report, which is also located in the left sidebar . From this point forward I now follow only the genealogy of the younger son who is the father of the Devon line.
Johannes de Heydon (John) was the younger son of #1 Thomas de Heydon according to the authorities. This younger son Johannes (John) is called the father and ancestor of the Devon Line.
John was born ca 1244/45 in Heydon, Norfolk, according to the Devon authorities. (Another report says born 1230. In the 1st case that would make his father, Thomas age 59 and if born in 1230, then his father Thomas would have been 45. Take your pick.) “John became The Judge and flourished in the reign of King Edward I, 1273”. (Edward I was King from 1272-1307.) Record taken out of the Tower of London by Henry St. George Richmond. “This gentleman (John) was a younger branch of a knightly stock, so called, which flourished in the eastern parts of England (Norfolk)” “He married abt 1259 (age 15-?) And had issue among others:”
Robertus (Robert) Haydon de Boughwood, (son of Johannes/John) born ca. 1260, died abt 1291 (age 31.) In Woodbury, Devon, in some accounts called Robert de Haydon, who appears to have been the first to change the spelling of the first syllable by inserting an a instead of an e which thence forward distinguishes the Devon Line from the Norfolk Line and all other Heydon lines. He settled at Boughwood, an estate in the parish of Harpford, (see photo) near Ottery St. Mary, County of Devon, near which the family afterwards continued. He lived at Boughwood in the 19th year of King Edward I. (verified and that is precisely 1291) His wife’s name was Johanna (Joane) born about 1262-from Woodbury. Robert deeded this estate to his new infant son Henry (#4) born in 1291. Robert also died in 1291.This deed is attested by "Thomas Frances, Ralph de Todwill, and several others." (Another report names 2 other sons, Peter born ca 1280 whose son John died of plague; Roger born ca 1282 plus a daughter Meraud b.1285.
The Bubonic Plague "Black Death" is again beginning to rule and devastate all Europe, which will destroy entire dynasties and kill up to 1/2 of the population along with small pox, cholera, measles and a host of other deadly diseases.
Haydon/(Bowood or Boughwood, Epford and Cadhay, Co. Devon; Robert Haydon, Esq., of Bowood, tenth in descent from Robert Haydon, of Boughwood living 19 Edward I, 1290. This is listed in the Visitations of Devon County records of 1620. Argent three bars, gemels Azure; on a chief gules a fess barrulet dancette Or Crest-A lion ar. Seizing on a bull courant sa.
Also much earlier by the seal of Peter de Heydon A.S. Edward II (in the year 1315) and with the motto,
I go always to pray and to die. (?)
In Prince(1810) it is given as JEO AY PRIS ET MORIER. The Haydon tomb at Ottery St Mary has the same arms but the Haydon motto there underneath says: FIRM.EN.FOY.
These arms are also above John Haydon’s tomb. However this is a very ancient French and Latin mix and so a different old scholar of French/Latin claims that the translation is “Here may I have honor and death.” Take your choice.
That painting code translation has now been verified to me by the College of Arms, U.K., as follows:
“A shield with a red horizontal band at the top with a zigzag yellow line horizontally through the center. Under the red band are three thick blue horizontal lines, spaced evenly below each other on a silver background. The crest is a silver lion attacking a black bull.” For coloring purposes, argent=silver or color white if silver not available; azure=blue; gules=red.
There are no fixed shades for heraldic colors. If the official description of a coat of arms gives its tinctures as Gules (red), Azure (blue) and Argent (silver or white) then, as long as the blue is not to light and the red is not to orange, purple or pink, it is up to the artist to decide which particular shades they think are appropriate.
So, the coloring of the Haydon Blazon and arms with crest, on the next page is approved. You can make yourself a needlepoint or woodcarving or copy the photo and hang it on your wall as a bit of family history. It took almost a year and the cooperation of friends in the U.S., Australia, and England to put this ancient puzzle all together. My friends at Cadhay even had searched for me in the Ottery St. Mary Cathedral to see if any colored paint was left on our old Haydon family arms that are high up on the walls
IE AY PRISE MON PROYE or,
JEO AY PRIS ET MORIER
I go, (always) to pray and to die.
orHere may I have Honor and Death.
also another shows
FIRM EN FOY
#4. Henry Haydon above born 1291, in Woodbury, Devon. Henry Haydon appears to have married in 1314 at age 22 or 23, in Woodbury his own cousin, or a near relation, as his wife Julian Haydon who was born abt 1293 is stated to be “daughter and heir of Haydon of Ebford”; which made Henry “possessor of several thousands per annum." Somewhere in time, a Pope finally outlaws first cousin marriages.
Their 2 surviving children are William b. 1315/16 and Amica, b.1317. (Amica married William Fitzwarren in 1341)
#5 William Haydon de Boughwood, eldest and heir, born 1315/16, in Woodbury, Devon, died -? (During the reign of King Edward II) Married Sibilla about 1336 in Woodbury. Wife, Sabilla b.ca 1316. This William inherited Boughwood and other estates. He and Sabilla had 8 children: Robertus/Robert, (heir) born 1339; Thomas-b.1341 who died young, Margaret-b.1346/56, Sibilla-b.1348/58; Thomas (again) b. 1350/60; Galfrid-b.1352/62; Henry-b.1356/66 died 1386; John-b.1358/68; died of plague..
English Great Helmet ca 1340
#6 Robertus Haydon de Boughwood, born.1339 (during reign of King Edward III) eldest son and heir of Woodbury and Boughwood, Devon; (no other family info.) Records only show 1 son Johannes (John) born ca 1363 to 1375, records differ on dates. Johannes (John) inherited.
#7 Johannes(John) Haydon de Boughwood born abt. 1363/64 of above same, (reign of King Edward III) Woodbury and Boughwood, (no other information) who had 2 children; Henry born about 1384 who inherited, and John, born 1386.
#8. Henreus(Henry) Haydon de Boughwood et Ebford born abt. 1384,died ca 1407 ,age 23, of Boughwood and Ebford seems to have been the first to come into full possession of both estates in 1397 at approx. age of 13 from date of birth forward as my records do show that King Richard II had been king for exactly 20 years at that time; i.e.; 1397! (20 R II) Just two children are listed: Johannes(John), (heir) born in 1403,father was 19, and William born in 1405. My Latin record also shows 2 filias (girls) no names listed.
#9. Johannes(John) Haydon de Boughwood et Ebford, born 1403, of Boughwood and Ebford, who came into possession the 8th year of Henry IV, (8H4), in 1407 (correct, he was only 4, father died in 1407) John married and had issue, but which did not live to inherit; so John was succeeded by his younger brother William (who is then still a generation # 9.)
This next generation also #9 of William is completely missing from my Latin genealogy and also missing from Haydon Page 458 of “The Visitations of the County of Devon.” Those other records both jump from #9 John to #10 Richard for heirs so some one long ago has missed the generation line of younger brother William which is also # 9.
#9. ALSO William Haydon born 1405 of Lymston, who married and had issue, Richard, born 1446 died young, then Jeffrey, born 1448; John, born 1450; Richardus/Richard (Sr.) born 1452 (father is now age 47) and as you see, we have then the youngest son, Richardus who lived and inherits the estates. and a William. (Jr.) also born in 1452. These names of Jeffrey, John and William Jr. are from a different genealogy source other than the Hayden report.
#10. Richardus Haydon (Senior) de Boughwood et Ebford, born abt. 1452, died in 1504, age 52, the 4th son of the above #9 William (Sr.), was living on the estates the 15th year of King Edward IV, i.e.; in 1476. (15ED) Married Elizabeth Kimbre or Kymber, She was born 1457. (ok, records check) They had 2 sons as follows: Richardus (Jr.) #11, who became heir, born 1484 and John a younger son, born abt 1476,(?) and 2 daughters, Jane, born ca 1478 who married Robert Gilbert of Powderham and daughter Joan (?).
#11. Richardus/Richard Haydon (Jr.), born ca 1484, died Oct. 16, 1533, age 49, of Boughwood, Ebford, Lympston, and Woodbury (and buried at Woodbury) who was living there in the 13th year of King Henry VIII, in 1522.(13-IH8,ok) Richard Jr. had 3 wives. He married in 1504, (age 20) wife #1, Joan/Joane Trent, born ca. 1488. She married at age 16. She was daughter of (Maurice) Morice Trent of Ottery St. Mary. (She died between 1514 and 1516) They had 5 children, as follows:
Child 1, Joan Haydon b 1506, (My Latin record says, Jhonna uxor (wife) of Johannes Cerau,/John Curham,vide Coram); child #2, Peter Haydon born about 1508; married Joan Treville: (The Haydon “Poltimore Line starts with Peter”; # 12 Thomas Haydon (Sr.), who inherited the estates. He was born in 1510, (was 23 at the death of his father), died June 27, 1576 and was buried at Woodbury on July 17th. "Thomas Sr. is eldest son and heir of Boughwood and Ebford, Woodbury and Harpford. Child # 4; whom I shall call John, #1 born 1512, died March 9, 1587/8 (buried in Ottery); This John #1 (younger brother to Thomas) later married Johanna/Joan Grenville in 1527,(she died Dec. 19, 1592) she was heiress of lands of Cadhay, daughter of Robt./Hugh Grenville, Gent, and son John (# 1) came into possession of the lands of Cadhay. (See historical data on Cadhay Manor in the sidebar) Child # 5 by the mother Joan Trent listed is George, (born abt 1514, died Aug. 28, 1588) of Hornesseys (Hornseis) in the parish of Farway; who later married Susan Parke of London. They had 1 son, Edward Haydon who died May 12, 1562.) “Susan was named in the Inquiry or Inquest taken on her husband’s death. She remarried Richard Yorke; and both were named in the ‘Inq’. taken on the death of her son Robert in 1562.” (Devon County Records)
After his 1st wife Joan Trent died (between 1514 and 1516), # 11 Richard married 2nd wife (Agneta) Agnes Merifield . 1st son John born 1517 died young, a 2nd son whom they then also named John born in 1522 This son, John later married Martha Rose, daughter of Nicholas Rose of London. (Historical data follows later.)
#11 Richardus/Richard Haydon,(Jr) same as above, tomb inscription reads as follows: Here lieth Richard Haydon Esquier, and Eliza his (3rd) wife, the which Richard dyed 26 day of October, an'o dom'i 1533, on whose soules God have mercy. No information on 3rd wife Eliza. See Tomb Photo in Ottery Church. My old Latin genealogy and also the Cadhay records state that he had 2 wives but his tomb inscription says "Eliza, 3rd wife."
To stay true to the very old original manuscript, there are a few pages of historical content that must be inserted here since they relate to their 4th child, John #1, the son of Richard Jr.#11 and mother Joan Trent and then also John # 2 who is the son of Richard by his second wife Agnes Merifield. This is just good "cousin" history reading and if you get a little lost, just enjoy the history. We will afterwards then continue with the genealogy starting with the heir #12 Thomas Haydon. (Sr.) Remember if a name is NOT in bold type and underlined, it’s not your distant grandfather or distant grandmother but just a distant relation,at least for my own personal family line.
“A younger, 4th child of Richard # 11 and Joan Trent was John (#1). He (John) later married Johanna/Joan Grenville in 1527, and she was heiress of lands of Cadhay, daughter of Robt./Hugh Grenville, Gent, and they came into possession of the lands of Cadhay at that time, where “John #1, now builded the Cadhay Manor home, (started construction about 1545), and made it a very fair and gentile dwelling, and enlarged the demises thereof.” with many alterations. This John #1 was a highly successful and wealthy lawyer. He was Steward to Bishop Veysey and legal adviser to the Exeter City Council. John (#1) Haydon, second son of #11 Richard (Jr.) Haydon, died in 1587, and is the first Haydon buried in Ottery St Mary Church.” (See photo of John's tomb in Ottery St. Mary Church and another descendant, William Haydon was also buried with him in 1722.) See Ottery St. Mary Church Sidebar.
“This John, (#1 by mother Joan Trent) (1512-1587-age 75) “whose genius,” says Prince “ inclining him to the study of the Common Law, he became eminent for his skill and knowledge therein. He was first a member, and after that a bencher, of Lincoln’s Inn. He obtained from Henry VIII a charter for incorporating the (Roman Catholic) parish of Ottery St. Mary in this county that was on the transfer from the Romanists to the Protestants, and was the first governor of that corporation himself. He procured, 1536, (at age 24) that King’s letters patent for the founding of a grammar school in that town also, and was very instrumental in getting it well endowed, a matter of much greater use and advantage than most may apprehend, there being nothing more beneficial to the common wealth than to have the youth thereof well instituted in learning and morality; whereby they become the more serviceable to their country, and more useful in their generations.
At Exeter is the old Guild Hall, and on a ponderous roll of parchment, grants of property in real estate by King Henry VIII to John Haydon (#1) of Cadhay, dated 1545, (at age 33) bearing the king's sign manual. Also, conveyances by this John Haydon of portions of this property at that early day. An important fact that they noticed is that in these legal documents the name is spelled in several different ways, viz.; Haidon, Haydon, Heydon and Hayden. Thus showing that those different names were then regarded as one and the same.”
“This John, continues Prince, “also rebuilt or repaired the porch (a wing) of Ottery St. Mary Church of that town as an argument of his faith and piety towards God. But as to his charity towards man, he was a liberal benefactor of the poor, not to those only who lived within the confines of his own parish, but in other places; witness his benefactions to the poor of the city of Exeter, to whom he left, by deed dated the 6th of March, 30th of Elizabeth, the yearly sum of forty shillings and eight pence to be bestowed in bread at Christmas and Easter for ever.” He performed, further, a piece of more general charity, where in rich and poor are equally concerned unto this day. A little below his house at Cadhay, the two rivers of Tale and Otter meet; where, especially upon great rains and floods, they made a rapid stream, and yielded a dangerous passage to the traveler that way. This current, was this gentleman pleased at his own proper charges, to crown with a fair stone bridge of several arches, which stands there as a lasting monument of his worth and merit unto this day.”
“This bridge, the scene of a battle in one of the civil wars, remained until 1845, when a great flood swept it away. An iron bridge of similar size and appearance now fills its place. At Ottery we saw a picture of the old one, still held in grateful remembrance there”
“Although ‘his profession was the law,’ says Prince, which is a kind of vocal war and tongue combat, yet his practice was peace, whereof he was a studious conservator among his neighbors. He did not blow the coal of discord for his own private advantage, and to warm his hands thereby, as some mean sneaking spirits often do, but his business was to extinguish contention and prevent its growing into a flame. All which excellent and desirable qualifications rendered his death the ground of a general lamentation among all his neighbors when that time came.”
“Mr. Elihu Burritt, in his ‘Walk from London to Land’s End,’ page 143, thus speaks of Ottery and its church, which lie eleven miles northeast of Exeter. “I now faced directly southward, and walked down a beautiful valley to Ottery St. Mary, a most unique and acute angular town. Indeed, the streets make a very maze of angles, if that term may be applied to any other lines than circles. Ottery St. Mary is one of the most beautiful churches (See photo) in the kingdom, internally. It is really a bijou (a jewel) of a cathedral, worth a long journey to see. Still it is better to see it without expectation, to come upon it accidentally as I did, without knowing beforehand of such an edifice in an out-of-the-way village like Ottery. The interior embellishment is as full an illustration of what modern taste, art, and wealth can effect as anything you will find in England outside of the Temple Church in London. It has a long and interesting history, including a century or two when it was the appanage (Land or property set aside to support the younger children or vassals of kings, princes, or other royalty) of the hierarchy of Normandy, and belonged to the Church of Rouen. Oliver, the cathedral bruiser, smote its monumental statuary and interior sculpture with some bad blows in his day, and it has run the gauntlet of 500 years of peril and difficulty. But it has come up out of the ashes of its former self a very phoenix of broad and beautiful plumage.”
“The other books speak in a similar strain, and a quarto volume has been published elaborately describing the church and its monuments. Underneath the chancel in Ottery St. Mary is the old family vault of the Haydons, containing fifteen coffins. The monuments of the family are on the northern side of the chancel, and are still kept in thorough repair. The arms, also, are still freshly blazoned, (Three silver or white bars alternating with 3 blue bars with a red band across the top and a yellow zig zag stripe through the red stripe. The crest on top is a silver or white lion attacking a black bull.)”Argent three barrs, gemells Azure; on a chief gules a barrulet dancette Or. Crest, the white or silver lion attacking the black bull; which was the ancient impress or cognizance of this family, as appears by the seal of Peter de Heydon, A.S. Edward II (1315), where round the edge was the motto, I eo ay,Pris et Morier.” (I go ‘always’ to pray and to die.) On the monuments, The Granville arms, three clarions are quartered with the Haydons.” See earlier color picture of Haydon arms. (The only Peter Haydon I find is born in 1280, son of Robert # 13.)
“The present guide book says, The original door in the southern porch, which was built by John Haydon, (#1) still remains, and the iron key bears the initials “J.H. 1571” We saw the old door and the old key bearing the John Haydon initials.” (See photo)
Cadhay Manor, (see photos) –“the old Haydon family seat or mansion, lies about a mile from the church. Speaking of the “Ancient Mansions in the Parish,”Rev. Dr. Cornish, in his notes on the church and parish, says, “Cadhay, from its position and importance, claims our first notice.” Then, after giving an account of its previous history, and of John Haydons acquiring and rebuilding it, continues, “The Haydons continued at Cadhay many descents; and it is fortunate, in these days, in having fallen into the hands of an owner who takes a laudable interest in the maintenance of his inheritance. The mansion is kept in perfect repair and habitable condition, and if only the bad taste of a bygone generation could be reversed by the careful and judicious restoration of those portions, which were unfortunately modernized about the middle of the last century, few houses of its class and antiquity would bear a comparison with it. The quaint quadrangle, or (Court of the Kings, as it is called from the effigies of King Henry VIII and his three sovereign children, which stand one over each of the entrances in the centre of the sides of the quadrangle) is readily shown to strangers, and is well worth a visit.”
“The present owner, referred to above, is Sir Thomas Hare, (and Stow(?) Bardolph Norfolk. old lettering, hard to decipher) who has inherited it from the person to whom it passed after the Haydons had it, some time in the last century. Although non-resident, he also keeps in repair the Haydon monuments in the church, We visited the old mansion in April, 1877 and were kindly shown through not only the “Court of the Kings,” but as soon as the reason of our visit became known, all the other apartments also, from drawing-room to kitchen. The long picture gallery, the open square court, the large banqueting halls together with the general plan arrangement and style of architecture reminded us strongly of Haydon Hall though modified in particulars, and on a much reduced scale. The domain consists of 400 acres.”
This John Haydon, second living son of Richard Sr. and Joan Trent, and first owner of Cadhay, died in 1587, and is the first Haydon buried in Ottery St Mary Church. Being without children, he left Cadhay to his grand nephew, Robert Haydon, #14 the son of his nephew, Thomas #13, who was the son of his oldest brother, also named Thomas. #12 (e.g. John’s older brother was Thomas #12, whose son was Thomas # 13, whose son was Robert # 14 who inherited Cadhay from Uncle John.) Besides his monument, on the north side of the altar, there is also over the south porch, (wing) inside the church, a large tablet, bearing a long inscription to his memory; in Latin verse: which Rev. Dr. Bayley, of Palace Gardens Church, London, has very kindly put into English verse for me as follows:
ELEGY ON THE DEATH OF THAT MOST GLORIOUS MAN, NOW DEPARTED THIS LIFE.
JOHN HAYDON, KNIGHT
Say mortals, Who departs from earth
And bears its fruits away?
Say, can the rich boast o’er the poor
In death’s tremendous day?
All, all are dust, and frail, and weak,
And vanish like a shade;
Our tears, the loss proclaims to all
Our Haydon’s death has made.
Thy virtuous deeds will still remain
Thy charity to prove;
And ages long to come will gain
Thy gifts of generous love.
Sanctioned by Royal Henry’s care
Thy courts of learning stand,
Our earnest youth thy labors share;
A strong yet playful band.
You goodly bridge, thy noble gift,
Shall spread thy fame around;
This porch shall tell, to all who come,
Where faith in God was found.
Studious of law, loved by the poor,
To peace a constant friend;
Come boys, and youth, and aged men,
And mourn with me his end.
Render to him the heartfelt praise,
To constant goodness due;
Bid envy hide nor dare to stain
The noble and the true.
May Haydon’s spirit long be felt
Midst scenes his virtue blest;
He who on earth to Christ was true,
In Heaven with Christ shall rest.
“After his 1st wife Joan Trent died (year unknown), # 11Richard married 2nd wife Agneta/Agnes Merifield and they had only 1 child listed, a son whom they also named John (#2, nice confusion) This son John (#2) married Martha Rose, daughter of Nicholas Rose of London. John (#2) was the Sheriff (1582-83, and he died in 1583) and Alderman of London, by vocation a mercer (a dealer in silks, velvets and other expensive cloths) and he was a wealthy and influential man. As he had no children, he therefore left legacies of more than 3000 pounds for the relief of the poor, also money to be loaned to enterprising young men at a low rate of interest,” besides many other benefactions. This John #2 is most likely buried in the church of St. Michael, London “
"Martha Rose, The John (#2) Sheriff's widow, gave by will a charity for the relief of the poor to the Company of Haberdashers in London; and in ‘the minories’ just to the east of Aldgate, there are now, 1877,”Haydon Square” and “Haydon Street” which possibly may commemorate his administration.
I NOW RESUME THE DIRECT DEVON LINE CONTINUING FROM GENERATION # 11 RICHARD.
Generation: #12 Thomas Haydon, Esq. Sr. born 1510 (during reign of Henry VIII) died June 27, 1576,(during reign of Queen Elizabeth I) buried on July 17th, at Woodbury, (parish register) Ebford, he married Johanna/Joan Weeks, daughter of Richard Weeks of Honi Church, (Latin,:Johanna filia et hores,[daughter and heir of] Ricardi Weeks). She was born about 1514, and they have 4 children on parish records:
Thomas (Jr.) #13 born 1534 who succeeded him.
Mary, born 1548 married Walter Leigh
Jane, born 1550 married #1 Richard Williams; married #2 on Feb 11,1588/89 at Woodbury to John Grove; married #3 Oct. 13,1602, to John Towel at Woodbury. Jane came into later possession of Cadhay Manor; See later page on Jane Grove.
Margaret, born 1552 married Thomas Browning.
(Edward, born 1540; Walter born 1544; Leigh, born 1546; these are not on parish records but from another report)
13. Thomas Haydon (Jr.) (heir of #12) born 1534, (during reign of Henry VIII) in Ebford, Ottery St. Mary died Sept 25, 1589, age 55, buried October 6 at Woodbury,(during reign of Queen Elizabeth I), of Hills, in Killmiston, Boughwood, and Ebford, and nephew of John (#1) Hayden by Joan Trent of Cadhay. Thomas # 13 was married in 1559 to Christina Tidersleigh ,she at age 23,who was born about 1536, buried on Oct 30 1600, at age 64, in Woodbury (parish register). She was daughter and heir ("filia et Hores") of Robert (Titherly)Tidersleigh of Tidersleigh, (Titherly) in Dorset/Dorsetshire, leaving issue at his death, two sons and several daughters:
Robert #14 born 1560; the elder and next heir,
Thomas III. born in 1562,Buried Jan 20, 1609/10 at Ottery St. Mary. He married Grace Collins at Offwell in Nov.1581. According to custom Thomas the younger did however, become heir to his mother's estate at Titherly/Tidersleigh Hall located not far from Charmouth, listed in Dorset/Dorsetshire survey) and moved there and settled there. Other children are:
Amy born 1562/64; married to Edmund Huntly/Hunter of Milborne St. Andrew, Co. Dorset
Jane born 1568; Married Feb. 5, 1589/90 to Erasmus Broughton at Woodbury
(Bridget born 1569, married John Sherman; not on church records)
Margarita/Margaret (Virgo/Maiden,) born on Feb 5, Bap. Feb.7th ,1578/9.(died as baby?)
Petrus/Peter born1581, of Netherbury, Co. Dorset His will was dated June 18, 1627 probated Oct. 4th He had 2 children, Anna,(uxor/wife of Edmund Wheatley or Huntley no dates and another son,named -?)
14. Robert Haydon, Esq, (above) born 1560, (during reign of Queen Elizabeth I)
Robert Haydon #14 was also Justice of the Peace. He moved his family to his great uncle John's Cadhay Manor and resided there. In 1585 at age 25 he married Joane Paulet. (during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I) "Joane was born about 1564 in Gatehurst, Somersetshire, eldest daughter of Sir Amias (Amyas) Paulet (Johanna filia [daughter of] Maxima Aurius Paulet Militus) and Margaret Harvey of George Hinton, Somerset." Joane was buried Oct 21, 1630 ,age 66, at Ottery St. Mary. Robert # 14 added the "Long Gallery" to Cadhay, and is responsible for much of the interior decoration of the house. Their surviving children were: Gideon (Sr.) #15 born abt. 1585/86) in Cadhay Manor; Amias, born abt 1588 (Latin:had 2sons ,died); Drew, born abt 1590, living in 1621, had 3 sons; and one daughter, Margaret, born abt 1592 living in 1635, she married William Everye. Registry lists also a child Sara, born abt 1594, buried April 25, 1602 at Ottery. Sara is buried at Ottery with this inscription on a stone, now utterly decayed:
Sara Haydon, filia Roberti Haydon, Armigeri, quae obiit 24 Aprilis, An' Dom' 1602.
Apollo moist this tomb with tears,
For such great loss in tender years,
Virtue's hope now is dead.
And fro' earth to heaven fled,
Wits perfection with pure spirit,
Doth an Angel's place inherit,
Stay in that celestial skie,
Where thou shalt live, and never die.
There is a visitor’s booklet in the sidebar along with color photographs of Cadhay Manor,
all through the courtesy of : Mr. O. William-Powlett of Cadhay Manor.
Historical entry at this point about Sir Amyas Paulet (above): It is at this time in history, that Queen Elizabeth appointed Sir Amyas Paulet and he was Robert Hayden's #14 new father-in law) to be the last jailer for the Catholic Mary, Queen of Scots who then took over his new task at Tutbury. On Amyas Paulet is stated, "His Puritanism was of that rigid stamp which, based on repression, finds outlet in harshness, cruelty and bigotry. He was as impervious to charm and graciousness as he himself was uncharming and ungracious. In his regime, captivity reached for Mary a galling intensity. Her instant antipathy to her new keeper can be understood when we read he informed her at their first interview that he would not be diverted from his duty for hope of gain, for fear of loss or any other respect whatsoever." His own reports to Queen Elizabeth state, "The Scottish Queen is certainly in great pain, having defluxions (inflamed swellings) from rheumatic gout in her shoulder, her arm and her heel, "and, "The Scottish Queen is getting a little strength, and is sometimes carried, in a chair, to one of the adjoining ponds to see the diversion of duck-hunting; but she is not able to walk without support on each side." And, "The lady is ill in one of her knees, but that is no new thing." Time went on and it was Protestants versus Catholics, Catholics versus Protestants. The victory of one meant the extermination of the other rival Queen, and Mary must have desired the death of Queen Elizabeth even more heartily than Elizabeth desired that of her captive Mary. On the orders of Elizabeth, Mary's room and her bed were draped in black, to signify that already she was a dead woman. Further the canopy of her bed (the mark of royalty) was knocked down, that she be denied the honors and any dignity of a Queen. Amyas Poulet covered his head while in her presence and only referred to her as 'this lady.' Elizabeth wrote bitter letters to Mary's guardians, complaining that "they had not rid the world of their charge by having her secretly murdered". " The Puritan Poulet refused to make so foul a wreck of his conscience as allowing any such thing to happen." Queen Elizabeth therefore, 3 months later in 1587, finally signed her name to the warrant for execution of Mary, Queen of Scots.
#15. Gideon Haydon, Esq., (Senior), above, born, 1585/86, in Cadhay Manor, (reign of Queen Elizabeth I) died 1634/5, age 49-50 of Ebford and Cadhay Manor, Ottery St. Mary, Devon, “a very worthy, honest gentleman.” Devon records state as follows: “Admon.granted Jan. 27, 1634/5 to Margaret his widow, Act Book P.C.C. Devon..” Old Jabez Hayden records listing 1662/63 as his death date are wrong.) He married at age 17-18 on June 18, 1603 to Margaret Davy or Davie, (she, about age 21) in Ottery St. Mary. She was born abt. 1583, in Ottery St. Mary, the daughter of John Davy Esq., of Creedy and Margaret Southcote. (Latin says) Gideon Haydon filius et Hores [son and heir] superbes [married] 1603 Margarita Davy de Creedy Ar---?? filia [daughter of] the rest is rotted paper but looks like Ottery with a magnifying glass) and had 15 children with their names and dates as follows: with a lot of rotted away paper and some names missing completely.
This following data is all retyped from my copy of the ancient records of pages 458-459 of “The Visitation of the County of Devon, Haydons of Cadhay” received in my hands, Oct. 2002. I have included these photo pages for you to view with a magnifying glass. I have marked the direct father to son family lines on these 2 documents to make your search easier. The family line of William's family Line # 9 is missing from their page 458 which I have included on my previous genealogy pages.
My Devon County records are almost 400 years old.
Originally and even up until quite recently, it was claimed by Haydons/Haydens worldwide, including myself, that William and John Haydon who immigrated to New England were 2 brothers and part of the 15 children of Gideon Haydon Senior and Margaret Davy of Cadhay Manor in Devon. I had no reason to believe otherwise and I even saw a line of succession on the Internet with all the corresponding dates of their 15 children. So, I had even originally published this same information as part of my 1st Heydon/ Haydon/ Hayden/ Keys genealogy history publication. Several of the other Hayden family researchers, myself included, had also heard for years, that Gideon Haydon Senior never even had a son named William. Further, Gideon’s son John who did exist and at the proper time in history, never immigrated to Massachusetts, but stayed in England and raised a family there. Not one single person nor genealogical society in America and England could provide me with written proof either way until just in 2002. FINALLY, after years of searching and trying to prove the existence of the MAYBE brothers William and John, and after I had already published the family history in July of 2002, I received just 3 months later, October 2002, the actual photo copies of the church parish/county records of the Visitations of Devon County and the Haydons of Cadhay. So, here is the actual hard copy PROOF that Gideon Haydon (Senior) of Cadhay NEVER had a son William at all. His son, John is indeed the perfect age for being the Massachusetts immigrant but was not. My other documents elsewhere show John, (son of Gideon, Sr). married with family and he stayed in England and was married and buried in England.
Pages 458-459 Visitations of the County of Devon follow next.
Use your magnifying glass
My black line means that these are the direct father to eldest son heir. Red lines are other children.
So, just what is the definition of that word “Visitation?”
“A Bishop is in charge of a Diocese and the term “Visitation” was used when the Bishop called on (visited) each Parish church within his Diocese to make sure all was in order. One can’t be sure that he (the Bishop) went himself every time but I think I am correct in saying that the general idea was to keep a check on the priests and make sure they were sticking to the correct (at that time) form of worship and Religion. In England all the rectors, vicars, **etc. had to make copies of their parish registers i.e. the baptisms, marriages and burials, each year (I think this dates from about 1538) and these copies had to be handed to the Arch Deacon (or his representative for five years and for some reason in the 6th year it was handed to the Bishop (or his representative). From this come the terms Arch Deacons transcripts and Bishops Transcripts. These are simply copies from the registers but sometimes the parish registers are not available and the AT's and BT's are the next best thing. Like everything that dates from the 16th century there are huge gaps but then if everything was neatly recorded forever where would the likes of you and I get our “kicks” trying to figure out our genealogy? ”
*** Here is the difference between a rector and a vicar:
A rector is the parish priest/minister and the vicar acts as a replacement priest/minister in place of the actual rector.
The Visitations of the County of Devon
Haydon of Cadhay
As retyped from pages 458-459. Here are the 15 children of Gideon Haydon, Senior
ii: John Haydon; (a twin to Johanna # iii) baptized November 2, 1606 in Ottery St. Mary,(Ottery St. Mary Parish Register) Devon,(named in the will of his great uncle Peter Haydon, living 1627.
iii. Johanna Hayden, 1st daughter and a twin to above John) born November 2, 1606 married June 13, 1629 at Ottery St. Mary to John Cooke of St. Erme, Cornwall. (Ottery parish register)
iv. Maria/Mary Haydon,2nd daughter, baptized Sept. 17, 1607 at Ottery St. Mary (parish register), Married May 1, 1624 at Woodbury to George Raleigh, (Woodbury parish register).She died 1634.
v. Margarita/Margaret Haydon,3rd daughter, baptized August 7, 1608 at Sandford, (parish register) buried June 13, 1634 at Woodbury(parish register).
vi Gideon Haydon II, 3rd son, baptized June 25, 1609 at Sandford; (parish register) Heir also to his brother Robert. Buried August 20, 1680 at Ottery St. Mary (parish register). Married Eleanor Cater at Woodbury abt. 1636; he is buried Jan 29, 1690-91 at Ottery St. Mary. Their record lists 3 sons and 5 daughters. See children’s names/dates on photo page 459 of Devon records at beginning of this article. The English records state that this specific Gideon II was “living still in 1669 and inherited and in possession of the estates of Boughwood, Ebford and Cadhay
vii Frances Haydon, daughter # 4 baptized September 1, 1612 at Woodbury (parish register)
viii Thomas Haydon,4th son, baptized June 23, 1611 at Sandford; parish register.
(became a barrister-?)
ix George Haydon of Houndsbeare, son # 5, baptized Sept. 11, 1614, died Feb. 26, 1685 at Ebford;
age 71, Woodbury,(parish register)
x. Dorothy Haydon,5th daughter, baptized, May 9, 1616 at Woodbury
xi Amias Haydon,6th son, baptized April 30, 1618 at Woodbury(parish register)
xii James Haydon, 7th son, baptized, May 17,1619, buried July 18, 1619, 2 mos.old,
at Ottery St. Mary, (parish register)
xiii Nicholas Haydon 8th son, baptized, May 19, 1620. His Tomb inscription says “Here lieth the body of Nicholas Haydon, 8th son of Gideon Haydon of Cadhay who departed this life the 26th day of January, 1676, age 56 years.” He is buried in the old church in Woodbury; Woodbury Parish Register. He married Anne Trosse of Exeter, she died Feb. 7, buried Feb 16, 1652-3 at Ottery St. Mary (parish register). Their children’s names are Nicholas ,Rebecca, Anne, and Walter.(See their children’s children details on page 459 of the Visitations.
xiv Elizabeth Haydon, born/baptized August 3, 1621 at Woodbury (Parish Register), buried Nov 12, 1644 at Ottery St. Mary(,Parish Register)
xv. Richard Haydon, 9th son, baptized, May 22, 1623 at Woodbury, married Elizabeth Ware June 1658 at Ottery St. Mary.(Parish Register)
Their mother, Margaret Davy/Davie was born in 1583. Married June 18, 1603. She had 1st child at age of 21 and had 15 children in 19 years and outlived her husband, Gideon, Sr. With this last child, she is exactly 40 years old.
Cadhay Manor has passed from father to son to a series of 5 Gideon Haydons until 1736. See record on page 459 of Devon County enclosed. It was later sold to a John Brown and re-sold many times since.
A William Haydon of some unknown Haydon family probably in Devon is Generation #1 starting for the American descendants of the Connecticut Line. The Connecticut museum copy has his name signed Haydon, not Hayden. He was born ca.1602/05 (during reign of King James I) and immigrated to America on the ship Mary and John in 1630, and is called the Father of the Connecticut Haydons/Haydens. ( See the continuation of William Hayden descendants in a separate file entitled The American Hayden Line report 1630-2006.) He was historically and incorrectly reported as being a son of Gideon Haydon, Sr. above. He is probably from this Devon line of worthies but both he and an unrelated John Hayden (Massachusetts branch) are maybe through the line of succession of one of those previously listed as Thomas. However, DNA tests performed as recently as 2006 among various descendants show no DNA linkage between the descendants of the Connecticut and Massachusetts lines. I have entered well over 2000 British Haydons in the Family History database and all of the Devon Line branches and twigs are each spelled HAYDON without exception. Only those of the Norfolk Line and the Watford Line I find are spelled HEYDON.
The search still goes on for our 2 immigrant “young Haydon/Hayden men” who went to Massachusetts and Connecticut in 1630. In all of my many other records with dates of Haydon families from England, there are 15 John Haydons listed in the late 1500’s to early 1600’s but only 6 of these would be of the proper age for the boat sailing in 1630. I will list those under the John Haydon section below. For the same time frame, there are only 2 William Haydons listed who will fit in that time frame. I list these now as follows:
A William Haydon, baptized April 2, 1608 at Plymouth, father Thomas. He would be 22 at the time the Mary and John sailed. No further info.
A William Haydon, baptized January 5, 1616 at Ottery St. Mary, father John. He would be 14 at the time of the boat sailing. His father would NOT be the John, the son of Gideon because of the 1616 date and I cannot even locate this specific John.
All of the other distant cousins without exception listed in all records that spell their name HEYDON are traced from the Norfolk line, Watford/Hertfordshire and other branches.
Insert: From the State Papers, Domestic Series in the British Museum; the Devonshire Haydons were engaged in shipping: On April 5, 1628, Letters of Marque (official government permission) were issued to the ship “Phoenix” of Dartmouth, owned by Captain Ramley Gilbert, but commanded by a John Haydon.
John Haydon: (for years people thought incorrectly that this John was also the son of Gideon Haydon, Senior. An unknown John Haydon went to America either aboard his own ship Phoenix (he was the ship’s Captain) or aboard the ship Mary and John with a William Haydon. Died July 26, 1682(age 76) in Braintree Massachusetts, married in 1634 at Dorchester, Norfolk County, Mass. To Susannah Pullen. She was born 1614 in England and she died Oct 31, 1684, Braintree, Mass. DNA tests performed in 2006 on the descendants of William and John Haydon prove them to be definitely NOT brothers and at best, very distant relations.
On January 16,1632/33, the town records of Dorchester show this John Haydon/Hayden among those who were to have “their great lotts of 16 acres a peece, next the great lotts that are all redy layde out towards Naponsett.” This entry is the first mention of Hayden in New England. An additional eight acres were granted him on December 1, 1634, which he had evidently disposed of before January, 1635/36, and an acre and a half of swamp land (dried, used for hay and for cattle grazing) was granted him in April, 1635. On March 18, 1637/38, John Hayden was allotted four acres and twelve rods in the division of land in the neck, and something more than three acres in the cow pasture. He was made a freeman on May 14, 1634. In 1634 he married Susannah Pullen.
( Now figure this next one out, as follows and I have NO church records on this one. A John Haydon from someplace born about 1610, married a Susanna Pullen (also) in 1633 at Ottery St. Mary/Hinton Blewett. He stayed in England and they had a son, Tobyas/Tobias Haydon baptized June 8, 1634 at Ottery St. Mary.
There is a different John Haydon/Hayden of the same Devon family line who never arrived in America and actually was drowned at sea in 1635. I do not know (I’ve tried and can’t locate any records) if he is that same John Haydon of the Devon Line who on June 18, 1635, appeared before the Court of High Commission in England on a “charge of high treason and other charges”. He petitioned them for clemency on condition that “ he be expelled to the Virginia colonies.”
I have the Haydon records from the 1500-1600’s time frame with all the Haydon families including The Devon Branch, the Tiverton Branch, The Poltimore Branch, the Coylton Branch and others. There are 15 John Haydons in the very late 1500 to early 1600’s of which only 5 will fit the age we need for being a “reportedly young man” in 1630 for the Mary and John boat ride. I have listed these for you and you may select your own immigrant grandfather as follows:
1. John Haydon, would be 35 at sailing, baptized June 25, 1595 at Exeter, father Edmond. No other info.
2. John Haydon, would be 29 at sailing, baptized Sept 25, 1601, Sidmouth, father, Thomas Haydon. No other info.
3. John Haydon , would be 27 at sailing, baptized April 8, 1603 at Tamerton, Cornwall, near Plymouth, Parents unknown.
4. John Haydon, would be 25 at sailing, baptized April 1605 at Swimbridge, Father Harry No other info
5.John Haydon, would be 22 at sailing, baptized July 19, 1608 at Soke Teignhead, Father Phillip, no other info.
6. John Haydon, would be 20 at sailing, born about 1610, stayed in England, married Suzanne Pullen in 1633 at Ottery St. Mary. Son Tobias was baptized June 8, 1634 at Ottery St. Mary. Interesting-----There is also a John Haydon who went to Massachusetts and also married a Suzanne Pullen in Massachusetts.
Five months after the ship Phoenix sailed, Letters of Marque were issued Sept 28, 1628, to Gideon Haydon (Sr.) and others, owners of the ship Dove of Lineston (Lymston), 80 tons, commanded by Gideon Haydon Sr. These issues occur at the time the Massachusetts Bay Company is forming. Dartmouth and Lymston are in close proximity to the Hayden homes in Devonshire.
For just the sole purpose of advising you as to who continued with the land ownership of the estates in the Devon Line, we return to the son (vi) Gideon Haydon, II who remained in England..
vi. Gideon Haydon II b. June 25, 1609 and died Aug 20, 1680 of Boughwood, Ebford, and Cadhay, Esq., a worthy man, whom Prince speaks of as living at that time on/in possession of the Cadhay estates, in 1669. His wife was Eleanor Cator. She was buried Jan 29, 1690-91 at Ottery St. Mary; parish registers. They had 8 children: Jane, Elizabeth, Margaret, Eleanor, Katherine, Robert, William and Gideon III.
(vi A) William Haydon,( son of Gideon II), Gent of Cadhay, born in 1642, who died April 7, 1722, in the 80th year of his age, and is buried in the church in Ottery, where the inscription on his monument is still plain. His wife was Dorothy Lee, the widow of -?- Lee, marriage license June 25, 1680, Exeter. See photos enclosed from 1883 and 1991 and he is now buried in (looks like) the same tomb with John Haydon who died in 1587. See new tomb engraving. Next person who inherited is:
Gideon Haydon III: No birth date is given on the Ottery St. Mary, Devon County Records for Gideon III. This Gideon III whose parish and Devon County record shows died at Cadhay and that he was buried on March 2, 1702 inside Ottery St. Mary Church in the 41st year of his age. He GAVE the Cadhay property to his son Gideon IV in the year 1677 as per copy of
a Haydon family document in my hands in 2002. (Tom Keys)
Gideon Haydon, Esq.,IV of Cadhay, son and heir of Gideon III , born in 1665/66, baptized July 26, 1666, died in Cadhay Manor and buried in Ottery St Mary Church, where the inscription on his monument is still plain. His father who was Gideon III whose Ottery St. Mary parish record shows buried on March 2, 1702. Further, this son Gideon IV, died just 4 years after his own father on March 17, 1706 at age of 40. Cadhay Manor was later sold in 1736 so no more descendants were actually born inside Cadhay Manor.
1708 (7 Ann.)
(I have no idea how that bit all ties in.)
Gideon Haydon V: He was baptized on Oct 6, 1696, Ottery St, Mary Parish Register so another genealogy report that he was born in 1699 is in error. The old Jabez Haskell Hayden genealogy files of 1887 merely stated that this 5th Gideon was living at Cadhay Manor in the year 1699, so was also his father Gideon IV, and other misguided people therefore assumed that he was born in that year of 1699. This Gideon # V died in Reading, England, in 1748, and not in Cadhay as Cadhay had been sold off in 1736. Gideon's wife, Ann Handbury also died in Reading in 1748.
The 1887 booklet on the area of Ottery says: "Some years ago, there was at Cadhay a curious picture of a John Haydon and his wife Joan, where John is represented on one side of an altar, together with his sons kneeling, and Joan with her daughters on the other side, all in the attitude of prayer." This inscription is most likely wrong, as "John died without issue." This is one of the latter Gideons, (-but not Gideon V, as he also died “without issue”).
Cadhay was sold in 1736. Sometime about 1750, Cadhay came into the possession of William Peere Williams, Esq., Barrister-at-Law, and author of the Reports, who died there in 1766. He probably inherited Cadhay by virtue of being a descendant of Richard Williams, whose wife was Jane Haydon, daughter of Thomas Haydon Esq Sr, Generation #12; and niece of John Hayden and sister of the #13 Thomas (Jr.) to whom John, (1) by Joan Trent, originally bequeathed the estate. If this conjecture is correct, Cadhay has not changed hands, except by inheritance for the past 342 years. Haydons have lived there for approximately 191 years, from 1545 to 1736. Sir Thomas Hare having received it, through the female line, from the Williams, as he himself believes. See bottom of Page 13 booklet on Cadhay, regarding Jane Hayden and Cadhay Manor.
The famous painter, Benjamin Robert Haydon 1786-1846, a native of Plymouth, and London is descended from Gideon Haydon IV through Robert Haydon.-See sidebar
Mr. O. William-Powlett, Cadhay Manor, England
A book titled: Haydon of Woodbury and Ottery St. Mary by W. H. Hamilton Rogers, F.S.A. 1901;
Visitations of the County of Devon comprising The Heralds Visitations of 1531,1564, and 1620 with additions by Lieut.Col. J. L. Vivian, London 22nd October, 1895.
Jabez Hayden manuscript, 1885-1888 (Many new modifications)
William Hayden Manuscript 1885-1888 (Many new modifications)
Additional text and photos have been submitted to me from various records of Haydon/Hayden family members in Canada, England, Australia, and United States.
Myself with 26 years of researching:
END OF DEVON LINE REPORT (almost)
The following data is taken from a book titled:
Visitations in London in 1568
The ‘Devon line’ was established by John de Heydon, second son of William de Heydon of Heydon, Norfolk. John de Heydon appears to have moved to Devon in about 1255.
. One wonders why John de Heydon moved so far from home, but one possibility is that the de Warenne or other close family already owned this land in Devon. Furthermore, how did he get there, either by following the Roman roads to Norwich then across to Watling Street (near Luton) then in to London and out again along the Exeter Road. It is very doubtful if the old Roman roads were still usable at that time; however, a dirt track beside may have survived. Or, and more likely, and possibly quicker and safer in those times, to a Norfolk port, then by ship down around the south coast to Exeter.
The places of residence of the vast majority of the Haydons in Devon are almost
all fairly close to each other in two areas northwest and southeast of Exeter, although none appear to have actually lived in Exeter. These two areas are as follows:
The northwest area, a narrow strip extending about 12 miles from Exeter to Crediton, in approximate order of distance from Exeter are – Poltimore, Shobrooke, Efford, Crediton and Sandford.
The southeast area, 16 miles east by about 8 miles south, with Exeter in the northwest corner are – Ebford, Lymston, Woodbury, Cadhay, Ottery, Farway Sidmouth, Honiton, Offwell, Dalwood, Northleigh and Colyton.
Many of the above places are close together and often the next parish from each other.
A few Haydons have been noted in parishes outside of the above areas, are
Crewkerne (east Devon). Plymouth (southwest on border with Cornwall). Stoke Teignhead (most likely south of Exeter nearer to Newton Abbot). Swimbridge (north Devon, and a long way from the others). Tamerton (just on the north side of Plymouth). Tiverton (north of Exeter).
Place names given in the 1568 Visitations are hard to find nowadays, and those
not mentioned above are as follows:
HEYDON is near Yeovil, Somerset. CADHEY is now known as CADHAY.
STOFORD of STOWFORD also near Yeovil; CREEDY PARK, is at EFFORD; HORNSAYES believed to be at NORTHLEIGH just east of FARWAY; BOUGHWOOD and BOWOOD & EPFORD, cannot be located, but possibly close to EFFORD; However, EBFORD is just south of Exeter, and close to WOODBURY.
The Haydons of Devon are recorded as a branch of the Heydons of Norfolk, who
in turn we believe came from Heydon in northwest Essex and descended from many noble Norman families.
When John de Heydon arrived in Devon in about 1255, he would have found
an area much different from his father's lands in Norfolk. While he was fairly close to Exeter, it seems likely that some of the locals, especially those from the hilly parts, may still have used at least some Celtic words, and of course had a dialect that John may have taken some time to understand.
Exeter had been a “border” Roman City at the southwest edge of the Roman
settled area. The Danes had traveled even further west, but do not seem to have fully integrated the earlier Britons.
The poorest of the poor, were still in early Norman times, very much still
direct descendants of the Celts. However, by 1255, the Norman influence had taken a strong hold even in such areas. Also, everybody would have understood Norman commands, as well as much of the rules of Danelaw.
April 15, 2009
rechecked and visited April, 2012