The British files are all in the left side bar.




 Thomas Garner Keys

This site updated again in Jan. 2014



If you wish, skip the introduction and just jump ahead anyplace.








Thomas Garner Keys,  Connecticut Hayden Descendant

    All of this web site is the DNA proven Connecticut Hayden genealogy line and EVERYTHING in it is historically significant to all of you Haydens and the Keys branch who started out from up there and  from England. To all of our Hayden Massachusetts friends, no DNA connection has as yet ever been established between the Connecticut and Massachusetts Haydens.  Therefore only the British History portions in the sidebar may be of interest to you as well as these pictures enclosed below of the ship's model Mary and John. The Maryland and Kentucky Haydens are also in the sidebar. Please enjoy your visit. 


     It has taken countless years of hard research along with much enjoyment and some frustration to finally get this massive collection of data assembled and into print.  I almost used the word "completed" but that will never be the case and for that reason, I have placed this family history and genealogy in a Word Document format to make it easier for all of you to add your own family pages in future years.


    I had heard rumors during my young, tender years in the 1940’s back in Ohio, that our family name was not really Keys at all but that it had been changed during some war "way back when."  The story, Mother finally told me when I was old enough, was that we had a paternal Hayden Grandfather somewhere who had refused to fight for our country and was disowned and kicked out of the family and so took on a different, borrowed name. That was the end of her story, period. This story begged to be investigated further by me in years to come.  In the letter, which follows, you will discover, in fact, that the son, Oliver Hayden, my great-great-grandfather, had refused to fight for the British in our War of 1812 and his Royalist father, David Hayden (Jr.), disowned him and kicked Oliver out of our family. DNA tests results performed in 2006 confirm 100% proof of our Connecticut Hayden/Haydon bloodline. Our Connecticut Hayden branch is not in any DNA way connected to the Massachusetts Hayden line. That John Haydon, who arrived in Boston it is said, in 1630, being made a Freeman May 14, 1634. The Massachusetts Bay Company's Record also spells his name Haydon.   The DNA markers page for the Connecticut, Massachusetts and Maryland Hayden Families are the last item at the end of this page.


    You will also discover how and why we “borrowed” the name of “Keys”.  That "borrowed" last name of Keys still remains with all of us today. It's a good name and I'm proud of it as my father  gave it to me and to all of us children and his father, William Henry Keys, before him and his father, George Washington Keys, before him and his father Oliver (Hayden) Keys before him!  My Dad said that he felt like an illegitimate child using someone else's name yet he never searched out the details and was adamant in not discussing it nor allowing it to ever come into any conversation. This lack of digging into the history was absolutely amazing to me, as it was already in published history around the country and all Dad had to do was to open our own family genealogy/history book in our bookcase and READ IT!  Our father was just not an extensive reader; no fault of his, as he was very busy trying to raise 5 children in the Great Depression and there were more important concerns.   Our own father, having fought in the 1st World War in France, still made it a point of family honor that all of us sons would also do our duty and serve our country in whatever conflict. We did do this and I had 2 brothers in the 2nd World War and another brother and I served during the Korean War.


        Stuck way in the back of our family bookcase in Ohio was our entire family genealogy that had been given to my Dad (Claude Wennelworth Keys) by his brother (my uncle) Haven Hubbell Keys that covered the years from 1630 to 1936 approx.  Our records that had been given to Uncle Haven from cousin Jabez Haskell Hayden covered the Jabez researched years from ca. 1100 AD. in England to ca. 1888 in America.  Jabez published in 1888 and he also included portions of our own Keys family name up to that date. Our change of name occurred way before that back in 1812.   Uncle Haven Hubbell Keys completed further data of our family and inserted extensive letters and research and published his book in 1936.  When Uncle Haven died, there was also an update in the mid -1940's that had been completed by Uncle Haven's daughters which mainly only consisted of the addition of some more children and the index of names and page number locations for each and every person was added.  Our Keys family publishing company in California, Artcraft Press, only printed approximately 100 of these books just for family members and certain libraries in America and this became an extremely rare book entitled the Keys-Davis genealogy which also covered Haven's wife's Davis family as well as our Hayden and Keys side.  There is also 1 outside copy in the CJC Latter Day Saints Family History Library in Salt Lake City.  All of that data has been picked clean and you are about to read it here.


Dad used to refer to his older brother's writings rather unkindly and never ever read them. Sibling rivalry? Had he read them, he would have discovered to his joy that the verbal story that had been whispered along and “screwed up” from other people for now 194 years since that War of 1812 was simply a story of an escape and not a story of desertion.


  I know that our Dad, being a real 1st World War Veteran hero , would have run into City Hall and had our name changed back to Hayden! As you read into the genealogy you will find a copy of the letter as to why our name was really changed from Hayden to Keys during the war of 1812.


            The only time I could read all of that history during my high school years was when Dad was not in the house ever or he probably would have burned the genealogy without bothering to read and discover.  Mom kept it hidden but even she had probably never read it front to back.  Mom had been a school teacher and prized books highly so she still kept it, but hidden, behind all the other books away from Dad. I was a book worm and so I discovered it.


            It's now many years later and I am now 78 in June 2010, so here it is.


            I became "addicted" to this Hayden genealogy research when I discovered in our Dallas, Texas newspaper in 1990 an article concerning a genealogy researcher who was working on a whole mess of "stuff" and there was mentioned a genealogy book called “Keys family who are not Keys.”  That 1st phone call to him has since led me to a lot of new friends and, " I never knew they existed" cousins and partial cousins from Ohio, California, Washington, Kentucky, Colorado, Georgia, Canada, Australia, Delaware, Arkansas, Chicago and back to England. Thank goodness today for Internet e-mail, as the phone calls then were very expensive. One of my contacts was to the Keys family genealogists group in Massachusetts.  They verified what I had already been told in years past and had also read before at home (-about the Hayden to Keys name change and that there really wasn’t a drop of actual Keys blood in our veins and that we were all “Connecticut Yankee Haydens.”) They furnished me with the name of a Keys (Hayden) cousin in Colorado, and also a Hayden researcher in Houston. So the researcher list just grew and grew!


Many thanks to all of the following:


 Primary is: Mrs. Annette Haden Longino, Houston- She has sent me volumes of her research and photos from her trips to England.


Cousin Nancy Keys Fillinger,- Our 2 Keys grandfathers were brothers.  There would be some mighty vacancies throughout this genealogy if it weren't for her persistence and thoroughness in research.


Karla Olmstead, A chance meeting on a Hayden search web site: Fred Olmstead, another ½ cousin, is a Hayden on his mother’s side descended from Oliver Hayden’s family with 1st wife Abigail Cleveland. Karla has provided me with all the genealogy help on that first family of Oliver with Abigail Cleveland.  

 Fred’s ancestral Olmstead family on his father's side (which includes Frederick Law Olmstead) came here on the ship “Lyon” in 1632. I wonder what the odds were of our family of Haydon emigrants from 1630 meeting the other family of Olmstead emigrants from 1632, over 300 years later. They married in 1933 and produced Fred living out in California today. Thank you Karla for all of your kind help.  This Olmstead family is also listed in the book “Dorset Pilgrims” along with William Hayden.

 John Nicholas Keys. We are 3rd cousins, 1 generation removed. Nick's branch is from our mutual great-great-grandfather, Oliver (Hayden) Keys and his 3rd wife Mary Davidson while my branch is from Oliver and the 2nd wife who died, a Pennsylvania Deutsch/German lady, Eliza Funk.  Nick has filled in all the gaps for me in his family branch and has graciously provided me with his own Keys family genealogy. He spent over $400.00 on DNA tests in 2006 to also confirm our Hayden parentage.
Carol Wordingham, England who “lives down the road” from the Heydon, Norfolk Line, Baconsthorpe castle ruins.  Her father-in-law was the head gamekeeper at Baconsthorpe.  She is a super researcher who has ready access to a lot of wonderful, old books that record the entire vicinity and the Heydons and has kindly furnished valuable historical data.


Kimberly Caskey Hankins.  A maternal Keys cousin who provided vital historical data on Lawrence County, Ohio and first class pictures. The wife and I had a super visit with all the relatives and Kim and Darren are 1st rate cooks !


Gayle Hayden Cloud.  PhD of ancient Latin and ancient French.  She has finished deciphering the old Latin inscriptions from family documents and our old family tombs in England of 600 years ago.  She declares that those people couldn't even spell Latin properly back then.


Tom Stevenson - of the Haydon/Drury Line who upon his return from England, set up a beautiful new Hayden/Haydon web site at:   Thanks for letting me share your pictures in my genealogy.


Mr. O. William-Powlett in England: He is the present owner of Cadhay Manor in Devon, England. Very distant Haydon relatives used to own it for over two hundred years.  He sent me a nice personal letter, e-mails, a booklet and new pictures of his beautiful Cadhay home. Many thanks! The front of Cadhay Manor has appeared on many TV shows here in America.  He also alerted me to the now proven fact that BOTH of our New England William and John Hayden/Haydon are absolutely not from the Gideon Haydon (Sr.) Family at Cadhay Manor which no one earlier here in America wanted to believe including me.  Since I have subsequently received the records in 2002, of Ottery St. Mary Church and Devon County with the correct family records from that entire time period, it became obvious that everyone's genealogy records needed revising.


            There are more friends and family researchers involved who all contributed to this mighty effort and all the Haydens and Hayden-Keys thank you: Edward Hayden, James H. Holcombe, The Windsor Historical Society, and Robert G. Hayden in Queensland, Australia who contributed immensely with meticulous British research records. He died in his sleep soon after he had sent his last file to me in October 2001. He was a good man, still quite young.


            I realize that this is a huge family history for you to read and enjoy.  It has taken over 1000 years to create, so, just chew on it one bite at a time.  This is a history of our own massive, terrible, English “Wars of Religion” and killings, even among close relatives, and our long ago grandparents fighting to keep their jobs and food on the table; get the sons who did not inherit anything an education and hopefully a good job, get the daughters married off to a titled family name, keep the King from seizing your property for any number of stupid reasons, get more property, bury countless spouses and babies from terrible diseases, try to pay the King higher taxes, then collect higher taxes from your own villagers whom you controlled, panic if the Roman Catholics or the Protestants were coming to power again next week or next month and  you were going to have to change religions again or lose your estates or your very lives, either hide the religious vestments and the icons or bring them back  out of hiding again and which prayers to pray at what specific time of day and what events by law, under each differing ruling Monarch.  Then a Heydon neighbor and his wife were burned alive at the stake for not converting again to one religion or the other.  I read it! “Well, to heck with it!  Enough is enough!  I just think I'll leave it all and go to America with just the clothes on my back!”  And, so we really did, even as indentured servants!  And so, here we are, all of us, for one reason or another.  May God bless us and protect us every one.


“You will hear of wars and rumors of wars, but see to it that you are not alarmed.”

Matthew 24: 4-14


“God never promised us a pleasant voyage through life, just a safe harbor.”










William and John Hayden arrived on the Mary and John in 1630.

This is a commissioned ship's model of the Mary and John.

Copyright holder: The Mary and John Clearing House, Toledo, Ohio, and

 Craig Spear: This web site has a great artifacts shopping list.

Reprinted by Permission

Copyright Holder: Mary and John Clearing House, Reprinted by permission  

Copyright Holder: Mary and John Clearing House, Reprinted by permission 






Copyright Holder: Mary and John Clearing House, Reprinted by permission 



Copyright Holder: The Mary and John Clearing House. Reprinted by permission 



Copyright Holder: The Mary and John Clearing House. Reprinted by permission  



In case you may not have a magnifying glass, I have taken the picture above and enlarged it as much as possible without making it blur, rotated and split it to fill the frames below.







"Yesterday is only a dream, tomorrow is only a vision but everyday well lived makes every yesterday a dream of happiness and every tomorrow a vision of hope.  This is a salutation of the dawn"

(Mother) Mary Elizabeth Brewer Keys. 1898-1980.


"Remember the days of old; consider the generations long past."
(Deuteronomy 32:7a)


"The principles you live by will create your own world in which you live."


He who careth not from whence he came, careth little whither he goeth”. Daniel Webster


There is no king who has not had a slave among his ancestors, and no slave who has not had a king among his.” ~Helen Keller


To forget one’s ancestors is to be a brook without a source; a tree without a root.


“The history of this country is really the history of countless average families, and we are, all of us, part of it” ~Jeane Eddy Westin


“Some men are born great, some inspire others to greatness, some achieve greatness, and some have greatness thrust upon them.”  William Shakespeare


Great families in England bear date from William the Conqueror; the rest from Adam and Eve.  Anon.


“What we learn about our ancestors, we learn about ourselves. We also learn about history in a most immediate way, as we could not otherwise learn it.... History and genealogy are inseparable.” ~Eugene A. Stratton


“We live in an age that has little respect for the past and shows no inclination to profit by the experience of those who have lived successfully and died in peace.” ~Gilbert H. Doane


Genealogy: An account of one’s descent from a man who did not particularly care to trace his own.  Ambrose Bierce


“Genealogy is indeed the handmaid of history when it leads us into a greater appreciation of what the generations of the earth have accomplished before us. Add to that the thrill of the chase, the satisfaction of solving puzzles, the delight in making new discoveries, and, not least significant, the association with many fine people—for genealogy seems to attract people who are far more than just ordinarily interesting—and, yes, it is worth the candle. With but a little effort, one will get out of genealogy much more than one puts into it.” ~Eugene A. Stratton


“The mind that has only prejudices to rest on will always be unstable, and that current will run with destructive fury when there are no barriers to break its force.”
-Mary Wollstonecraft, English author (1759-1797)


The commitment of our fathers is now, once again, our calling.





1630 –2009




References used are: The History of Ancient Windsor, Connecticut, prior to 1768 and the genealogies of those families which settled within the limits, by Henry R. Stiles, 1859;  The Sketch and Genealogy of the First Three Generations of the Connecticut Haydens by Jabez H. Hayden, 1855: Records of the Connecticut Line of The Hayden Family. By Jabez Haskell Hayden, 1888; Hayden Genealogy, Notes from “Haydens in England”, Records of William Hayden, by Mina Pomeroy, 1915; and The Keys-Davis Genealogy/Hayden-Keys Genealogy Records from 1630-1936 published by Haven Hubbell Keys in 1936 and the 1945 addendum.


I have records of birth/marriage/death dates of some other branches and twigs of the family line but it is too extensive to print here.  I have made many corrections from the old original genealogies and these have been inserted in italics. I will appreciate your additional corrections.  Thomas Keys,Hayden Family.


Grandfather William Hayden’s Sword , Pequot Indian war 1636




Generation 1 in America



(All direct ancestors are in  bold type.)

WILLIAM HAYDON/HAYDEN born ca. 1602/05 probably in St. Albans, Herts, in England. It is now proven that he is not the son of Gideon Haydon, Sr. of Cadhay Manor in Devon.  See the Haydon Devon Line genealogy documents in the sidebar.) He died Sept 27, 1669 in Killingworth, (Clinton?) Middlesex County, Connecticut. He immigrated to America on the ship Mary and John on March 20, 1630 to Dorchester, Mass. (Picture of Mary and John commissioned ship’s model).  He was a hero during the Pequot Indian war of 1637 and his sword is on display with the Connecticut Historical Society still today in 2006. 

 (The Pequot Indian War is listed in the sidebar at the bottom.)


There are many notations concerning him in the book entitled Dorset Pilgrims by Frank Thistlethwaite published in 1989. He was granted a lot in Soldiers Field at Hartford for his services in that war and after his death, the court granted his heirs 50 additional acres.  He therefore became a landowner in 1639 at Hartford, Conn.  By 1642 he had settled at what historically became known as the “Haydens” in Windsor, Hartford, Conn. (See old map) The old map, shows among other places, the locations of William’s land holdings including a stone pit on the west bank of the Connecticut. River.  His first grants from the plantation registered by the end of 1641 show him as owning 358 acres. 


He married his 1st wife (Mary-?) about 1638.  Genealogy records are not absolute about her 1st name but her last name was Birdseye.  Mary Birdseye was the sister to Sarah Birdseye who was the wife of Francis Stiles in Windsor, Hartford, Conn.  William and Mary have three children as listed: Daniel born Sept 2, 1640 in Windsor, who would much later on, marry the daughter of his father’s widowed 2nd wife;  (2) Nathaniel born Feb 2, 1642, he later married Sarah (French) Parmelee, and (3) Mary born June 6, 1648.  William’s Hayden’s first wife Mary died July 17,1655 under sad circumstances as follows:


From Jabez H. Haydens Genealogy, 1887, page 77, par 2. “The public records tell us that she was once frightened by some of her neighbors, and in the death roll of 1655 we learn, “There died the wife of William Hayden.”


“On the records of the Criminal Court at Hartford, under date of Sept. 6, 1655,  “John Griffin, Jacob Drake, and John Bancroft, all for their riotous misdeameanor in William Hayden’s family, and thereby frightening his wife: the court adjudgeth that each find securities in 20 pounds for their good behavior to the next court, and then make appearance, and John Griffin is adjudged to pay 20 pounds to the (illegible) directly.”


 William Hayden’s wife Mary had died July 17th, six or seven weeks before.  “All were young married men who lived very close by and apparently of unblemished characters.  The records give no clue as to what the misdemeanor was that occurred.”  Their little girl Mary was 7 years old, Nathaniel was 13, and Daniel was 15.


In 1663, William was still a resident of Windsor and had purchased another piece of land.  In 1664 he “took up land in Fairfield with the first settlers.”  In 1665 (age 63) he moved with the first settlers to Homonoset later called Killingsworth (Clinton?) with two of his children, Nathaniel (now age 23) and Mary (now age 17).


 Near the time of his moving, he married wife #2, (1664/65) the widow Margaret Wilcockson of Stratford, Conn. She already had a daughter, Hannah. (Hannah much later on would marry Daniel, William’s son).  Margaret Wilcockson’s 1st husband had been William Wilcockson of St. Albans England (1590) who came to New England in 1635.and he later died.  William represented Killingsworth (or Kenilworth) as a deputy (representative) in the general court in 1667 and with 2 others, petitioned to organize a church there.


Under date of May 17, 1669, William (age 67), deeded all of his land in Windsor to his son Daniel (now age 29) with certain conditions: as paying his sister Mary when she would become of age, 30 pounds and provide for the support of his stepmother (Margaret) if she outlived William.


 William died just 4 months later at Kenilworth on Sept 27, 1669 at age 67.  The other son, Nathaniel, later also had lands there and the “grandchildren were numerous”.  Besides his services in the military as “Major and Colonel,” William was a farmer and a stonecutter.


Many of the gravestones in the area came from the Hayden stone pit.  In civil life he was called to fill various town offices and was a useful man in the formation of early Connecticut institutions.  Much later on, Sept. 2, 1885 members of the Hayden family dedicated an engraved flint boulder marker, 5 ft. by 3 1/2 ft on the original Hayden home site land at Windsor, Conn., during a Hayden family reunion, which may be seen today. An oak tree that was raised from an acorn from the old Hayden place was planted next to the marker boulder 2 years later.


William Hayden’s Signature


            The petition for grassland (pastureland) is still on file at the state library in Hartford, Connecticut, and bears the autograph of our ancestor, (see below) the only one yet discovered, but it does not relieve the question of the proper way to spell Hayden, for no copy of his signature is like it, and no one else so wrote it for him.  In 1642 he sold his lands in Hartford; and on the record of the deed his name is copied Heyden.  When he signs as a witness in a deed of Thomas Gilbard’s, 1644, the copy reads Wm. Heydon.  In his deed to Daniel, 1669, no signature appears, but in the body of the deed his name is written Haydon; his children Daniel Hayden and Mary Hayden.  The name on the monument to the first settlers in Hartford is Heyton, copied from the town clerk’s entry of his land, 1639.  In Capt. Mason’s history of the Pequot war, he writes it Heydon.  The first syllable always contains an a or an e by whomever written and William Hayden sometimes uses them both.  His son Daniel’s name was usually written Hayden.  William’s descendants today usually continue to spell their name as Hayden.


Aside from his first name with poor penmanship and spelling that looks like “Nitt” instead of “Will”, please also note an unusual “O” in front of the “A” in the old family Devon Line manner of HAYDON and that same style “O” appears before the final “N”.  HAYDON is the Devon spelling and HEYDON is the Norfolk line spellng.  HAYDEN is mostly the Americanized spelling but is also seen in a few of the various branches off of the Norfolk Line but never in the Devon line in England.  I have recorded 675 Devon families and Tiverton branch and others from my British records into the CJC/LDS genealogy web site, and ALL of them only spell their names HAYDON without exception. As yet, I have found none of this branch spelled HAYDEN.



William Hayden’s actual signature on record with the state library in Hartford, Connecticut.

Magnifying glass needed or if you double click on these it will enlarge.


  First Church in Windsor, Connecticut, Congregational, established in 1630.
The churchyard below has Nathaniel Hayden, Isaac, Daniel and many Haydens buried here.

Inscriptions Copied from the Old Burial Ground, Windsor, CT, 1842;
transcribed by Samuel H. Parsons;
New England Historical & Genealogical Register,
Vol 5, July 1851, p. 366; Oct 1851, p 457 & subsequent.


·        Lt. Daniel HAYDEN b. Spt 2, 1640, d. 22 Mar 1713, Æ 74, son of William Hayden

·        Hannah HAYDEN, w. of Lt. Daniel, d. 19 Apr 1722

·        William HAYDEN, son of Daniel, d. 11 Jun 1675, Æ 2

·        Mary HAYDEN, dau. of Daniel, d. 31 Oct 1708, Æ 22

·        Dea. Nathl. HAYDEN, d. 4 Nov 1803, Æ 94

·        Naomi HAYDEN, w. of Dea. Nathaniel, d. 7 Aprl 1803, Æ 87

·        Naomi HAYDEN, dau. Ensign Nathaniel, d. 14 Aug 1753, Æ 10 months

·        Capt. Nathaniel HAYDEN, d. 17 May 1795, Æ 57

·        Ann HAYDEN, w. of Capt. Nathaniel, d. 16 Jan 1776, Æ 35

·        Levi HAYDEN, d. 24 Aug 1821, Æ 74

·        Margaret HAYDEN, w. of Levi, d. 12 May 1812, Æ 62

·        Ellen HAYDEN, dau. of Levi, d. 2 Feb 1780, Æ 4

·        William HAYDEN, son of Levi, d. 17 Apr 1790, Æ 2

·        Isaac HAYDEN, d. 20 Sep 1777, Æ 72

·        Hannah HAYDEN, w. of Isaac, d. 27 Aug 1750

·        Eunice HAYDEN, w. of Isaac, d. 27 Nov 1804, Æ 98

·        Mariam HAYDEN, d. 24 Mar 1834, Æ 87

·        Isaac HAYDEN d. 23 Jan 1741/2, Æ 2 months

·        Ezra HAYDEN, d. 23 Jan 1742/3, Æ 1 month

·        Lucy HAYDEN, d. 10 mar 1748, Æ 8

·        Ebenezer HAYDEN, d. 20 Feb 1788, Æ 78

·        Mary HAYDEN, w. of Ebenezer, d. 20 Nov 1750, Æ 34

·        Ebenezer HAYDEN, son of Ebenezer, d. 6 May 1746, Æ 6

·        Ebenezer HAYDEN, son of Ebenezer, d. 1753, Æ 6

·        Eli HAYDEN, d. 2 Sep 1753, Æ 2 months

·        Elizabeth HAYDEN, wife of Daniel, d. 2 Sep 1772, Æ 38

·        Elizabeth HAYDEN, wife of Daniel, d. 2 Sep 1772, Æ 35

Thomas HAYDEN, d. 28 Nov 1817, Æ 72





 A portion of the Hayden graveyard section.

 Hayden monument in the above churchyard : Pillar top to bottom is mostly inscribed as follows:

William Hayden A native of - -  one of the first settlers of –removed to - -Killinworth – 16 - - where he died Sept 27, 1669.  His wife died- - .       Daniel Hayden born settled – in- Died - -

Hannah Wilcockson Died April 19, 1722. Samuel hayden born Feb 26, 1677 Removed to Harwinton - - Died Oct 12, 1742.


Generation 2

HAYDEN, DANIEL, (Lieut.) (above) born Sept 2, 1640, in Windsor, Conn., died March 22, 1713, age 74, 1st American born, and Connecticut born Hayden child. Married Hannah Wilcockson on March 17, 1663-4,of Stratford, Conn. (Daniel was 23 or 24) She died April 19, 1722.  She was the daughter of above Margaret Wilcockson from her first marriage before William. , They had 8 children, Daniel (jr.) b. Oct.5, 1666 m. Elizabeth Gibbs; Hannah, b Nov 6 or.9, 1668; m. Jan 4 1693 Wm. Phelps grandson of a 1st settler; Nathaniel, b. Mar 27, 1671 died in infancy; William, Apr.27, 1673, d. June 11, 1675, age 2 yrs., William (again) b. Jan 1, 1675/66, m. Miriam Gibbs;died July 3, 1713 , Samuel b. Feb. 28, 1677/8 and died Oct. 12, 1742 at Harwinton, Conn., married Anne Holcomb;  and EBENEZER,(our line) born Dec 14, 1681.married Mindwell Griswold; and 8th child, Mary. B Sept 28, 1688 d. Oct 31, 1708 age 22. About five years before Daniel died, he distributed his lands (in 1708) among his 4 surviving sons and saw them all settled around him, sole occupants of all the original and later purchases of his father, William and himself, constituting all the north part, and two thirds of all the territory, which now constitutes what is called the Haydens. Daniel had the military title of Lieutenant of the Trainband in 1697, and Deputy in 1695 to-98; in Windsor Company in 1692, and in Windsor Troop of Horse in 1698. A headstone and footstone both mark the grave of “Lieut. Daniel Hayden.” (I have some of these old land listings and tax reports but it’s not needed in this genealogy report.- Tom Keys-2002). Head and foot tombstone pictures next page:


Pictures courtesy of Ruth Hayden Hancock


“Here was buried the body of Lt- Daniel Hayden who Died March ye 22nd A.D. 1713 Aged about 74 years & his wif Mrs. Hannah Hayden & their son & Daughter William & Mary Hayden was buried here by.” 
He is our Generation # 2 in America and our 1st American born Hayden.  He is our grandfather, way-way back.  They are buried in the old Windsor churchyard.



Foot stone:  Daniel was a Lieutenant (Levtenant) and took part in King Phillip’s War.  King Phillip was an Indian chief , name given to him by the British, who tried to kill off all the settlers in New England.  There are many web sites on this war. Ruth Hayden Hancock Picture


Generation 3


EBENEZER (Sr.) above 7th child of Daniel. Born at Haydens Dec 14, 1681, died at Harwinton (date?), had the south part of the home lot, running twenty-nine rods on the street, and extending through to the river.  Under the meadow hill, near the south side of his lot, is a spring of good water and any of his descendants who wish to drink from it will find there a cup to dip from the same fountain Ebenezer drank from long years ago.  He married Mindwell Griswold. On Jan. 12, 1708/09 at Windsor (Daughter of Daniel Griswold and a descendant of another first settler Edward Griswold). Ebenezer and Mindwell had 3 children, Ebenezer (jr.) b. Dec. 9, 1709, grew and married 1- Mary Trumble, and 2 –Dorothy Loomis. ; Mindwell, b. April 4, 1713 who married Aug 4,1736, Rev. Jedediah Dewey who was the 1st pastor at Bennington, Vermont, and 3rd child,  DAVID (Sr.) our line born at Haydens (Hartford) Jan 21, 1715. Married Dorothy Allen, Jan 19, 1737/38.


Later 1777 Revolutionary War note on the Rev. Jedediah Dewey, “ the fighting parson”. He is that same man (now in his 60’s) who adjourned a service in his church and they all went out one Sunday morning to fight the British at the Battle of Bennington, and then returned to his church, took up the sermon where he had left off when interrupted and finished it. 


This unusual flag inspired General John Stark’s militia in a successful defense of the military stores at Bennington, Vermont on August 16, 1777. The original flag is preserved in the museum at Bennington, Vermont.


All of William’s 4 grandsons were born, married and settled and reared their families at “Haydens”.  Ebenezer Sr. received from his father Daniel the south part of the original homestead of Grandfather William. (Map enclosed earlier)  His house was built on the brow of a hill at the foot of which was a spring of excellent water.  Fifteen years before Ebenezer moved to Harwinton, he had built a house and settled his son Ebenezer (Jr., not our lineage) a half mile up the country road.




DAVID (Sr.) our line, born at Haydens, Conn., Jan. 21, 1715/16, died in Harwinton Litchfield County at age 56,in Sept 1772, his will is dated March 24, 1772. He (age 22/23) married Dorothy Allen of Windsor (born ca 1716?).   She was the daughter of Capt. Peletiah Allen and Mary Staughton. They had 9 children, the first was David (Jr.) our line, b. Oct. 8 or18, 1738, born at Haydens, Conn., Elijah, b. July 4, 1741 at Haydens, m. Sarah Phelps; Dorothy, b at Haydens, March 10, 1748; Lucy b. at Haydens Nov. 14, 1749; Allen, b. at Harwinton April 9, 1753 m. widow Anuis Moss Peck; Mindwell, b. at Harwinton May 17, 1755; Jerusha, b. at Harwinton June 24, 1757; Eleanor b. at Harwinton Jan 10, 1759; and Polly.b. at Harwinton Sept. 27, 1762.     David (Sr.) lived at Haydens with his father Ebenezer (Sr.) for 13 years after his marriage and four of his children were born there, At Haydens.  Early in the year 1751 he was in Windsor, Conn., but later in the year, in a deed of his father Ebenezer’s, David (Sr.) took his father with him to Harwinton and the last 5 children were born at Harwinton.

     Nothing appears to show that Ebenezer and David Sr.were not at the time of their moving to Harwinton in prosperous circumstances.  They left some of the best lands in Windsor, the churches, schools, roads, and the general culture and comfort, such as it was then, which had been attained in the river towns in the prior 116 years to go into a new country, where only a beginning had been made, to struggle on with many of the same discomforts experienced by William 108 years before on the very ground that they were now leaving.  We can only surmise that Ebenezer’s “western lands” were supposed to offer a wider field for David’s  (Sr). enterprise than an “old town” so nearly finished as Windsor than was, and where land was cheap. David Sr.’s work in Harwinton was not one of success financially, though he evidently supposed he had property when he made his will, March 24, 1772; (he died in Sept. same year) yet when his estate was settled in 1773, it was declared insolvent! (Bankrupt)  The distributors in 1773 set out to the widow the household furniture and the widow’s dower in the land. (Dower: A widow’s share for life of her dead husband’s property.) On April 8, 1774, it was ordered that the debt to the colony and the “last sickness be paid in full at 57 ½%!”  Only one of the sons, (Elijah). seems to have remained permanently in Harwinton (and Elijah’s sons after him) The others (left town) pushed on to newer fields in the interior of New York. 


This next portion relates to the next son, in our line, my great-great-great- grandfather, who is David Hayden, (Jr.) generation #5, and it’s important that you are aware of his long standing British allegiance during our Colonial period and during the French and Indian wars.  His allegiance even continues on through the Revolutionary War apparently siding with England and into the following War of 1812 again siding with England as a Royalist, and the subsequent disowning of his son, Oliver Hayden, for refusing to fight for/with the British! Thousands upon thousands of Americans were still “British Royalist Sympathizers” even after we defeated the British in the Revolutionary war of 1775 and they again took the British side during this War of 1812 and as a result were burned out, killed and/or forced to run for Canada.  Elsewhere in this genealogy is a report on that War of 1812 and also the list of names of 117 Hayden men who also fought against the British and the names of their military units.

    . From a March 2001, internet record obtained from old Connecticut War Files, we discovered that a David Hayden, (Jr.) born 8 October, 1738, served in Capt. James Stoddards Company, Colonel Noadiah Hookers Regiment. This same birth date may possibly be our David H. Hayden (Jr.).  This makes him a very likely candidate for having been with the British in the French and Indian Wars which were going on violently for over a 10 year period and included the years 1753 to 1764 and this David Jr. would have been exactly 20 by the year 1758 and in mid war. During the Revolutionary War he would have been about 37 years old.  Military service then was from age 16 to age 60. He certainly retained his British allegiance even on into the following massive “War of 1812” with the British as did indeed thousands of other Americans. David H. Hayden Jr. lived through the span of 3 major wars happening on his home ground.


He has an almost unmarked grave.  No inscription was granted him other than just his initials, his age  74 engraved and  the year of his death. Photo below..



Great-Great-Great-Grandfather David H. Hayden, (Jr.) born Oct 8/18, 1738
died Feb. 3, 1813                        Photo by Ruth Hayden Hancock
The cemetery name is “Until The Day Dawns” in  Angelica, New York.  Buried next to David H. Hayden Jr.  is a William Hayden, wife Eunice with several daughters and none of these other names are in my genealogy records. This Cemetery is on County Road 16 (East Main St.) 8/10 mile east of traffic circle.




DAVID H HAYDEN (JR) above; Born at Haydens, Windsor, Hartford, Conn. Oct.8 1738, moved to Harwinton (age 13) with his father (David Sr.) and grandfather (Ebenezer) settled there in 1751. David (Jr.) Died Feb. 3, 1813, near Angelica, Allegheny County, New York, age 74 during the War of 1812. He was 23 when married to Jemima Ellsworth on March 11, 1761, she at age 18, born 1743.  Records show them both as residents of Harwinton. Jemima was born in 1743. She was the daughter of William Ellsworth and Mary Oliver.  Jemima died Feb 13, 1828 in Angelica N.Y. age 85.


David H. Hayden Jr. and Jemima Ellsworth and had 8 children as follows:

 1.David , (the 3rd)b. Dec. 20, 1761,died ca 1835,age 74 (not our line) married 3rd time to Maria Ann Smith, Recvd. Revolutionary War Pension; had son named Bateman.

2.Jemima, b. Feb 25, 1764; died May 27, 1842 married 1, Icabod Patterson; 2,Nehemiah Hubbell Jr.,  (Later in this report, approx. is a historical document entitled “Jemima Hayden.” for your interest.)

3.Newell ,b.. June 14,1766,died 1846 age 80 married Vashti Wright,daughter of Moses Wright and Thankful Norton.

4.Peletiah  b Jan 10,1768; was born in Newington, Harwington, Conn, moved to Pompey, NY 1816   married Hepzibah Case; married daughter is Lucy Childs.

5. Abijah, b. May 13, 1772; at Harwinton, Conn, died June 17,1849; married  Jan 27,1799 to Orinda Shepperd, he died from cholera.

6. Lyman (born ca 1774, at Harwinton, Conn. Died Feb 11, 1813,age 39,Angelica, NY; married Betsy

Fairchild. Lyman died 2 days before his father, David, Jr. (2 stories: One-Hanged by British and/or 2 also was disowned by father and died of unknown causes.)

7. Olive (no dates), married Robert J. Bonham of Painted Post, New York.

The 8th and last child is:

8. Oliver Hayden, was born Feb. 5, 1786;(our line)  He was not born in 1770 as an incorrect CJC/LDS record states from the Jabez Haskell Hayden report. 

 Wife #1, Married Abigail Cleveland;  Wife #2, Married German wife -Eliza Funk.; Wife # 3. Married Mary Davidson. This is my great- great- grandfather Oliver Hayden who later changed his last name to Keys during the War of 1812.  His Mother, Jemima, was 43 when she had Oliver, her last child, and husband David (Jr.) was 48.


1790 Census Hartford County, Farmington, Connecticut with David H. Hayden, (Jr.)

The 1st column is free white males of 16 and over
2nd column is free white males under 16 yea
 Last column is free white females

For this 1790 census, the specific people that would still be living at home would be David Hayden Jr. now 52 as head, son Oliver age 4, daughter Olive–age?,and wife Jemima 47.

Other children had died or married and moved on.


OLIVER HAYDEN  aka GEORGE OLIVER KEYS aka OLIVER HAYDEN KEYS was NOT born on May 24, 1770 as one old wrong record published 117 years later by very distant cousin and genealogist Jabez Haskell Hayden states.  This wrong date has even been carried over into the CJC/LDS Family History Library web site.  Oliver Hayden, (Keys) WAS born Feb 5, 1786  (from the family Bible record in his daughter’s possession,) Julia Maria (Keys) Hoover of Hannah Pa. [two sets of all photographed documented pages are also in the hands, 1934, of Uncle Haven Hubbell Keys family.] Oliver was born in Harrington, Harwinton Township, (or born in Newington, Litchfield County), Connecticut, about 20 miles west of Hartford, moved while very young to Angelica, NY and resided for a time in Alexandria, Huntington County, Pennsylvania.  The following notes from his family Bible: “ Died August 4, 1855, at his residence in Stone Valley, Huntington County, Pa.  Geo, Oliver Keys also known as Oliver Hayden Keys age 69 years, 6 months and 29 days  “A fine and consistent believer in the glorious truths of Christian faith, as he lived, so he died, more than conqueror through our Lord, Jesus Christ.”










All items in italics are my own additions and/or corrections

Thomas Keys


This letter was written on January 15, 1936 and addressed to my Uncle Haven Hubbell Keys, from our 1/2 great uncle, the other George Washington Keys.  Now, this specific G. W. K. was the son of David Steele Keys who was the son of our mutual great-great-grandfather Oliver Hayden/Keys but by his 3rd wife Mary Davidson. Remember now, our own family line also has a great- grandfather G.W.K. (of Rock Camp, Ohio) by Oliver Hayden/Keys and his 2nd wife Eliza Funk who is our great-great-grandfather and great-great-grandmother. Uncle Haven Hubbell Keys was the original author of the very rare manuscript: The Keys-Davis Genealogy for his wife’s Davis family side. This letter first proceeds about his search for various relatives in Washington State, and I have deleted some misc.items and then it goes on as follows word for word: 

 George Washington Keys, writes to this record keeper (to uncle Haven Hubbell Keys,)very interestingly under the date of January 15, 1936 as follows:”


“My Dear Cousin,

     Under separate cover, I am taking the liberty of sending you photographic copies of a Family Bible Record that belonged to my grandfather George Oliver Keys (Hayden),your great grandfather.  I have quoted elsewhere from this letter as to how the writer of this letter received the Family Bible Record. 


 “I regret that I did not follow the matter up then, as she (his Aunt Julia Maria Keys- Hoover) could have answered the many questions I now would like for some one to answer for me.” 


“ The Hayden Genealogy mentions only a first (Abigail Cleveland) and second (Eliza Funk) wife of George Oliver Keys, (=Oliver Hayden) and I think neither one of them was my Father’s mother, I heard my mother (Joanna) mention grandmother’s first name (Mary Davidson) when I was about eight, but I do not recall it now.”  

(He is speaking of his mother Joanna and his father David Steele Keys, 4th child of George Oliver Hayden Keys by Oliver’s 3rd wife Mary Davidson. The Aunt Julia Maria Keys (Hoover) was 5th child of Oliver and Mary that received the actual Bible in question. See note 3 paragraphs upward) Also see sidebar stories and pictures.

    “ Uncle William S.H. Keys, (Rev. William Spring Hubbell Keys:-this is 2nd child of Oliver by his 3rd wife Mary Davidson)from whom you got your name (Haven Hubbell Keys),visited us in Altoona, about 1874 or 1875.  He told me at that time, why Grandfather’s name was changed from Hayden to Keys.  I presume that you know the story, and also how it happened that Uncle Henry Keys Hayden went to New York and took again the name of Hayden.” 

     “About 1887-1890, I corresponded with Uncles Henry and William.  I still have some of their letters, but let the Uncle Henry letters go with the Hayden Genealogy- one of the nieces in Tacoma has it now.” 

     “I thought it might interest you to see the photo of Uncle Henry, and one of Cousin Coleman, and I enclose them; also a letter from Uncle William, and an envelope in which Uncle Henry sent me one of his letters.  I also enclose a brief synopsis of the Hayden Genealogy, so far as it concerns our family.”  

(Continuing the letter here below, we have 1 G.W.K. by Oliver [Hayden] Keys and 3rd wife Mary Davidson referencing our own family line of our G.W.K. by Oliver and the 2nd wife Eliza Funk., Ohio Keys line)

  Your grandfather, (George Washington Keys, by Oliver and his 2nd wife Eliza Funk) was my Uncle or half Uncle, and that is one of the questions I would like to clear up.  I would like to have the names and addresses, where possible, of all of Grandfather’s descendants-children, I mean.  Uncle William was a full brother to my father…. Hoping to hear from you when it is convenient for you to write, I remain,

                                            Your cousin,

                                                                      George W. Keys.


    “ On an enclosure he sent me was the explanation given to him by Rev. William Spring Hubbell Keys in 1874 or 1875 at Altoona, Pa., of why Oliver Hayden changed his name.  I record it here:” 

(Note that“1874” is 14 years before the Jabez, William, and Levi Hayden genealogies were printed in 1888.)

     During the War of 1812, Oliver and an older brother, Lyman, were impressed’ by the British forces, as was their custom during that war, on the theory that once an Englishman always an Englishman. (This means kidnapped and forced to fight for their side or be hanged. One may assume that the Hayden name with its long history was still then identified with being very British Royalist). “However, Oliver’s sympathies were pro-American, and on the eve of a battle, they escaped, making their way to a family by the name of Fulton, in Maryland.” (This is an American viewpoint; but if you were still a British Royalist sympathizer, he deserted as was also reported) “As the British forces were encroaching on the land, the Fultons advised him to go further inland, which he did, going as far as Pittsburgh, Pa. where he fell in with a family by the name of Keys.” (Another document I read states, “Scottish Presbyterian Minister’s family named Keys”. The Scots were also at constant war against the British.).The Keys minister advised him to assume their name temporarily, for greater safety, which he did, adding ‘George,’ and was known as George Oliver Keys.  Mr. Keys told the British searchers that Oliver and his brother were his sons. The older brother, Lyman, died Feb 11, 1813, age 39 at Angelica,N.Y. and was already married to a Betsy Fairchild Lyman died just 2 days before his father David, Jr.   There are two stories.  One: Lyman was captured and hanged by the British and two; Was disowned by father and died of unknown causes.  Oliver’s father, David Hayden (Jr.) whose sympathies were still pro-British, disowned his son Oliver because of his refusal to fight for the British cause and Oliver therefore retained the name of George Oliver Keys, and reared his (second and third) family under the name, KEYS.” (and I’ve also read, disowned his sons,Oliver and Lyman, plural).   This, without question, is the truth—coming as it did from the Reverend gentleman for whom I was named, and a son of George Oliver Keys..

    George Oliver Hayden Keys was only 26 years of age when the War of 1812 was declared.  He was old enough to have been married, and he had married Abigail Cleveland; (and had 2 sons, William Heydon and Oliver Heydon)***see remarks below re HEYDON spelling) he was old enough to have taught school and be regarded as a well-educated man.  He was old enough to know his own mind and resent the impressments by the British forces.  I do not blame him for his action in the least.  My reaction to the matter as a whole is one of resentment against his father-David Hayden  (Jr.) for disowning his son!

End of 1934 Report by Haven Hubbell Keys. 


Note: Due to the date involved, this fight between Oliver and his father David Hayden Jr. had to be during the war, and not after the war. Oliver’s father, my g-g-g-grandfather, David Hayden (Jr.) died on recorded date of Feb. 3, 1813 very shortly after this fight with Oliver, and Oliver was also falsely reported killed in the war in 1812. Oliver’s 1st wife Abigail (Cleveland) Hayden moved away with her 2 baby Hayden/Heydon sons and remarried to a William Wortley after the report that Oliver was killed in the war. There must have been a screaming, yelling, battle royal over this in the David Hayden (Jr.) household!   I have also read elsewhere in another document years ago, If I am no longer your son, than you are no longer my father! Henceforth, my name shall become KEYS. -- So it was and is still to this day. The father David Hayden, (Jr.) died while the war was still going on, Feb. 3, 1813, near Angelica N. Y. at age 74.  I have received and read, March 2001, the old Connecticut war file that lists a David Hayden, (Jr.) born October 8, 1738, in Conn., and served in Capt. James Stoddards Company, Colonel Noadieh Hookers Regiment. This is our David Hayden (Jr). Birthplace and birthday. Assumption: This would make him the right grown-up age for military service in 1755 with the British during the French and Indian war and/ or even in 1775 in the Revolutionary War with the British?? I have tried and tried to locate these old military records with no success. Continuing, finally, therefore with the letter: 

The continuing brief genealogy of these first 2 (spelled as Heydon) boys by the 1st wife, Abigail Cleveland, is continued in full in their family genealogy. This family record continues today through a female line Hayden Branch in Washington State and also another female Hayden Branch and then to the male Olmstead Branch in California and is not a last name Keys family line. (See side tab for Abigail Cleveland Line.)


(***)Oliver had disagreements with his father early in life regarding the correct spelling of their last name and so he began spelling his own name and also his first two sons with Abigail Cleveland as HEYDON. This disagreement, concerning Oliver and his father, is reported in  the original Jabez Haskell Hayden Genealogy of 1888. Those 2 son’s later family tombstone photos also show this spelling as HEYDON (photos in Oliver and Abigail Cleveland section).  Two generations later, that family line are all again spelled HAYDEN.

  All items in Italics are by me, Thomas Garner Keys.  Just short portions of the other 2 separate family genealogies are below of Oliver Hayden/Heydon and his 1st wife Abigail Cleveland; and Oliver (Hayden) Keys and 3rd wife Mary Davidson. Their full genealogy files are located in the sidebars.



With (1st wife) Abigail Cleveland


  The following is just a very small report on Oliver’s first family as there is a very detailed, separate genealogy see sidebar, regarding Oliver Hayden/Heydon and 1st wife Abigail Cleveland. I also have the descendants contact address, phone # and e-mail address.  For direct e-mail contact with their family line, contact:

frogette01@comcast,net   or


             This is NOT a Keys family descent line as it is prior to the war of 1812 and prior to Oliver’s changing his name to Keys. First wife, and family members are all listed under the name spelling of  “Oliver Heydon who married Abigail Cleveland.” She was born Feb.12, 1790 in Tioga, Wyalusing, Bradford County, Pa, and died Jan 25, 1869 in Sandusky, Ohio. (Age 79) They were married in Tioga, Pa. in 1807. (She, age 17, Oliver age 21) The Ontario County, New York census records show them living there in 1810. (See copy next page.) They had 2 children, Oliver Butler Heydon born 1807/08 in Mt. Morris, N.Y. and William C. Heydon, born 1812 also in Mt. Morris, N.Y.   See her head stone photo with name of “Stone” which was her 3rd husband in Ohio.   




Oliver Hayden/Heydon married Abigail Cleveland 1807, Tioga, Pa, Ontario County Census,1810  and also listing Abigail’s father’s Clark Cleveland family. Records show that Oliver Hayden and Clark Cleveland did live next door to each other.

Columns = as follows:   Males  ages:      Females ages:
                                             0-10,  10-16,  16-26,  26-45,  45-up::  0-10,   10-16,  16-26  





These are from  my own personal files.




The now supposed widow Abigail Cleveland Hayden/Heydon therefore, with her 2 sons, moved to Sandusky, Ohio area near to or with her parents, and again married, probably in 1814 (about age 24, believing that she was a legal widow) to a Mr. William Wortley.  They had a daughter, Jemima Cleveland Wortley, born about 1820 in Clyde, Ohio, and they appear on the 1820 census for Clyde, Ohio. The 2 sons were raised with the Heydon name spelling. Later records show the son Oliver B. Heydon married in Clyde Ohio, Sandusky Co. June 1, 1834 (about age 27) to Mary Guinall and the other son William Heydon married in Clyde Township on Oct 12, 1835 (William age 23) to Hannah Cudney. Apparently Abigail’s 2nd husband, William Wortley died as records show that Abigail was married for a 3rd time to a Mr. Christopher Stone on March 13, 1834, (Abigail now age 44) in Sandusky County, Ohio. There is no additional information. Abigail died Jan.25 1869, Sandusky Co., Ohio, (age 79)  See her headstone pictures with name of “Stone” in that genealogy branch file (part of the Abigail Cleveland file:see sidebar)

Abigail’s parents were Clark Cleveland B.3/12/1768, Windham, Conn, married 1789, died 11/14/1831 in Sandusky, Ohio, mother was Jemima Downing B. June 5, 1771, Canterbury, Windham, Conn., married to Clark Cleveland 1789, she died Aug., 19, 1860, Sandusky, Ohio.  Family line traces back to England.










“A Pennsylvania Deutsche (German) woman, who could not speak much, if any English, so we have been told.” (Our KEYS line German great-great-grandmother) of Hanover, Pa. “To this union there were born 2 children, 1st, Henry King Keys, (who later in life changed his own name back again to Hayden) and 2nd George Washington Keys as listed below.   (This is definitely an anti-British name! He is buried in the Keys Cemetery, near Kitts Hill, Rock Camp, Ohio. See tombstone photos) Eliza Funk was born April 28, 1788 (Hanover, Pa.) family bible record, Oliver Hayden Keys and Eliza Funk were married on April 17, 1817.  "She departed this life on August 27, 1822 in Susquehanna, Pa, age 34 years, 3 months and 4 days.” (That would actually work out to being August 1st.)


Oliver’s 1st wife Abigail Cleveland and his 2 boys have disappeared for parts west, to Sandusky, Ohio believing that he was “killed during the War of 1812  somewhere and anyway, Abigail had remarried in 1814.  He was 31 yrs. old, Eliza Funk was 29 and she died age 34.  The 1820 census shows (see below) he and Eliza Funk living in Susquehanna Township. Dauphin County, Penn. Apparently they lived there until Eliza died Aug. 27, 1822.  Henry King Keys was 3 1/2 years old and the baby George Washington Keys was just a little over 16 months old. His 3rd wife, Mary Brown Davidson, then raised the children.


 They had but two children of their own named and recorded in the family bible:

1; Henry King Keys, (Hayden) born Jan 6, 1819 still living in (date on photograph on Nov, 1889 age 71), and 2,George Washington Keys, born 2 years later on April 13, 1821. The Ohio (Hayden)-Keys line)     (Census has him as George O. for George Oliver Keys)


(Row lists husband/wife/ children in age column.) 

The 1st Son was (our great uncle), Henry King Keys  “Passed on to The Great Adventure (died) August 15, 1894. Age 75,” resided temporarily at 104 North 49th St, Seattle, Washington.  An old photograph showed the elder brother, Henry King Keys to have been a well preserved man with a full and long beard; no mustache, broad forehead, long hair and down to the coat in back, expensively dressed, and on the whole a distinguished looking old gentleman, “ Many men, 10 or more years younger, looked older,” On the back of the old photograph is written “Henry Keys Hayden’s father was Oliver Hayden who changed his name to Keys”.  Henry Keys later in life added again the last name of Hayden to his and went to live with the Haydens in New York City and became a journalist. In 1888, he was the editor of the “Dry Goods Chronicle,” a trades magazine devoted to those commodities.  Prior notes are recorded both from his brother, (our great-grandfather) George Washington Keys at about age 69 and also notes from our grandfather William Henry Keys. Which N.Y. Haydens is not known, as the father Oliver had already died about 34-35 years before this in 1855 in Pa.


Generation 7


Son  of Oliver; Great Uncle, Henry King Keys.)

 (We will return in a moment to Generation 6)

The following is the family of Henry King Keys (shown as Henry Keys Hayden in the Jabez Haskell Hayden genealogy record & also verified in our own present day records) He is not our genealogy direct line. He is our great uncle and the older brother to our George Washington Keys.   So, the following is for record only. Great Uncle Henry King Keys, the 1st son of Oliver Hayden Keys and Eliza Funk:

 Married Hannah Allyn Sheffield, she was born in Sheffield, Wayne County,(No dates)  married Dec. 31, 1856 in Wayne County, N.Y.  3 sons listed as follows and all carry the last name of Hayden.

Allen Henry Hayden, Born Jan 6, 1858, (father Henry was age 37) in N.Y., died 3 months later on April 5, 1858 in N.Y.

Frederick Ellsworth Hayden, Born March 7, 1859 in NY. Listed as an Analytical Chemist in 1886 (no other info.)

Howard Sheffield Hayden, born March 28, 1861 in NY. Was with “Southern Dispatch” in 1886.       

References to Oliver (Hayden) Keys and family as published in Aldrich's History of Clearfield County, Pennsylvania later in 1887.
References to his son by Oliver (Heydon/Hayden) Keys and 2nd wife Eliza Funk

Page 171: Henry (King) Keys entered the Army 8/28/1861 and was discharged on a surgeon's certificate Dec. 27,  1862.  (Interesting to note: Why did Uncle Henry join the Army 5 months after his 2nd son was born? Was it for a much needed pay check?)
We have no further information on the Great-uncle Henry Keys Hayden line and so I now end his search here.




With 3rd wife Mary Brown Davidson




Oliver’s 3rd wife, Mary Davidson Keys grave is just barely inside Huntington County and inside Franklin Township across from Centre County. (Ruth Hayden Hancock has seen it.)  It is called Pennsylvania Furnace Cemetery and the plots next to hers are empty or non- recorded or the other stones are missing.  This cemetery is a couple of miles from Stone Valley.


GEORGE OLIVER KEYS AKA OLIVER HAYDEN-KEYS, 3rd wife was Mary (Brown) Davidson and they were married on July 6, Centre County, Penn. (10 months after Eliza Funk Keys died).  Oliver was 37, a widower, with now a 4 yr. old and a now 2 yr old baby, by his 2nd wife Eliza Funk, and Mary was 23 and never married.   Mary was born Sept 18, 1800 and she died June 21, 1874 in Centre County Pa. Mary and Oliver raised a total of 10 children, 2 by Oliver’s second wife, Eliza Funk, plus 8 more of their own children.  George Oliver Hayden Keys spent the rest of his life as a teacher and artist in the tri-county area of Centre, Clearfield, and Huntington, Pa. Oliver died at home in Stone Valley, Huntington County, Pennsylvania on August 4, 1855.  Mary is buried in Centre County, Pa.  Stone Valley is the valley traversed by Stone Creek. It lies north of Huntingdon Borough; the creek begins in Jackson Township, north of the town of  McAlevy's Fort, and flows through Miller, and Oneida Townships before emptying into the Juniata River at Huntingdon.

“He (Oliver) was a scholarly gentleman, a schoolteacher by profession, and an artist of considerable prominence.  He held membership in the Methodist Episcopal Church, and was a pronounced Republican in Politics.”


I also have Oliver Hayden Keys and his 3rd wife Mary (Brown) Davidson with genealogy facts regarding their own eight (8)) children, listed in full elsewhere (SEE SIDEBAR TAB) and not in this listing as they are not of our immediate direct family line.  I am only here listing the bare essentials of their own biological 8 children’s names as follows:

Andrew Jackson Keys, b. Aug 4, 1824, died Sept. 29, 1831, age 7;
William Spring Hubbell Keys, born July 8, 1826,married Susan F. Crownover; He- A.M.; D.D., Presbyterian Minister died age 66. See notes below.and sidebar:
Rebecca Jane Keys ,born Jan. 9, 1828; married George Sharrer.born April 14, 1830, married Joanna Sands Pugh (He also had a son named George Washington Keys)
Julia Maria Keys, born August 10, 1833, married (1st husband) Josia Benn had 1 child Anna Benn; (2nd husband) married Feb. 9, 1872 Samuel Hoover of Hannah PA., had 2 children, Olga

and Linnie. Julia Marie in 1901 was given the family Bible of Oliver Hayden Keys.;  Julia Maria Keys Hoover and Samuel Hoover>>>>>>>>>Picture at right.>>
Almira Frances Keys born Feb. 28, 1835;married Jacob Condo
Harriet Olive Keys, born Aug. 15, 1837,she married Adam Goss on Aug. 1, 1861, had 4 children, George O.Goss, James F. Goss., Joseph H.Goss and William D Goss.; and the 8th and last child of Oliver Hayden Keys and Mary Davidson Keys was:
James Stevens Keys born April 12, 1840.
Oliver and Mary’s daughter, the 5th child, Julia Marie Keys (Hoover), came into possession of Oliver’s family bible in 1901, which contains the name change information, and correct date of birth for Oliver. We also have a 3rd cousin, 1 generation removed, from Oliver Hayden Keys and Mary Davidson living today in Colorado, by name of John Nicholas Keys.


References to Oliver (Hayden) Keys and family as published in
Aldrich's History of Clearfield County, Pennsylvania later in 1887

Page 282: a payment of $14.37 was made May 20, 1828, to George O. Keys
of Lawrence Township. 
(This is 5 years after marrying 3rd wife, Mary Davidson)

Page 287: George O. Keys built a log cabin in Paradise near where the road leading to the Jacob Irvin homestead leaves the Penfield road some time about 1827, and kept a school there. (The time line for this 1827 date; Oliver is now married to his 3rd wife Mary Davidson,  She is raising his 2 previous children by Eliza Funk,  Henry Keys and George Washington Keys, plus they now have 2 of their own and she is “pregnant” with her 3rd.)

Page 453: Reference to a son of George Oliver Keys, nee Oliver Hayden Keys and 3rd wife Mary Brown Davidson as follows:

 Rev. William Spring Hubbell Keys serving in Bradford Township. 

William Spring Hubbell Keys was born on July 8, 1826 and died in 1892 at age 66. 

He was a United Brethren (now part of the United Methodist denomination) preacher licensed in 1844, at age 18, and ordained in 1847, at age 21.  He served in the Allegheny Conference (central and western mountains of Pennsylvania) before transferring in 1862 "to any other conference he may wish to join."  He then joined the Eastern Pennsylvania Conference and served with distinction in Lancaster, Dauphin and Lebanon counties before leaving the ministry in 1878.  He was married to Susan F. Crownover on October 7, 1852 from Miller Township, Stone Valley. She was born abt 1832. He later became a minister in the Congregational Church either in Kansas City or St. Louis and died in 1892 at age 66.






Generation # 7 THE KEYS OHIO LINE


The Children of Oliver Hayden Keys and 2nd wife, Eliza Funk


GEORGE WASHINGTON KEYS, (my great-grandfather), the 2nd son of Oliver Hayden and Eliza Funk. Was born April 13, 1821 in Dauphin/Doughen County, Pennsylvania, died in 1894. (See photos of Rock Camp, Ohio tombstones). After becoming of age, he started from Center County, Pa (From the home of his father Oliver Hayden Keys and 3rd wife Mary Brown Davidson Keys) for the then “West” and came to Lawrence County, Ohio in 1845. At first, he had settled in Pittsburgh and became an engineer on an Ohio River packet (river boat) at the age of 24. A friend of his was another young man named Waller who invited him over to his parent’s home in Lawrence County for dinner where he was also introduced to a sister, Elizabeth. (future wife)He lived his entire life at or near Rock Camp, Ohio, except very briefly in Ashland, Kentucky for the birth of his 1st son. (who was William Henry Keys) Rock Camp is described as “once a beautiful little village about 10 miles east of Ironton, Ohio”.(Picture) The year after arriving in Rock Camp he married Elizabeth Lambert Waller on January 13, 1846. Elizabeth Lambert Waller was born, Aug. 27, 1828 in Charlotte County, East Virginia. She died March 20, 1910 “and there were born to this union thirteen children, seven sons and six daughters. On November 19, 1846, their first son William Henry Keys (this writer's grandfather) was born in Ashland, Kentucky (right across the river).
    Further in this document are stories on the individual lives of: George Washington Keys, his wife, Elizabeth Lambert Waller Keys, and tombstone photographs in the newly rediscovered tiny Keys Cemetery, in Rock Camp, Ohio; articles on William Henry Keys, Josephine Aurelia Brown Keys, and Claude Wennelworth Keys (Dad).

Generation 8 


The Children of George Washington Keys and Elizabeth Lambert Waller Keys


1.William Henry Keys, Grandfather, born Nov 19, 1846 at Ashland (Pollard), Boyd County, Kentucky. Died March 18, 1933 at age 87, in Ashland Kentucky. He is buried in the Bazell Family Cemetery in Rock Camp, Ohio (Kitts Hill) close to the old Keys Cemetery. The Bazell Cemetery is in fact, the renamed Old Rock Camp Village Cemetery.   He married Josephine Aurelia Brown on Jan 25, 1872. She was born Dec. 6, 1847 in Saline County, Missouri and she died Aug. 3, 1927. She is also buried in the Bazzell Cemetery.  His parents, G.W.K., lived in Ashland, Ky., only a few months, moving to Coal Grove, Ohio almost directly across the Ohio River.  They moved 10 miles further on in the country and settled it and they named the village settlement Rock Camp. Another article says his father, G.W.K. named Rock Camp. (See story elsewhere). The other 12 children of George Washington Keys (Hayden) and Elizabeth Lambert (Waller) Keys are: (SEE SIDEBAR HISTORIES)

2. Rev. Coleman Green Keys, born Jan. 17, 1848, married Hester Ann Dilley

3. Margaret A, Born Aug. 23, 1849, died (1yr) Sept. 1, 1850;.

4. John G., born Jan. 2, 1851, married Mary L. Allen;

5. Nancy M, born Oct. 5, 1852, married Hamlin H. Bazell;

6. Mary E, born August 6, 1854, married A. Steck; 

7. James H, (a twin) born July 17, 1856, died March 12, 1921 married (1)Alice Mary Young, and had 5 children: George S. Keys, born 1881,died 1960 in Ironton , Ohio, Lawrence County;  Coleman, born 1883; Myrtle Keys who married Vinton Neal; Sadie Keys who married George Simmons; and Charles Keys. (The Haven Hubbell Keys genealogy was partially wrong on his list printed in 1936). Also see above James H. Keys descendants file separate b.7/17/1856 in back of volume 2 of this genealogy; cousin Nancy Keys Branch file.

8. Susan J, (twin of James H.) born July 17, 1856, died Sept 17, 1857 (1yr old);

9. Albert H, born Oct 3, 1858, married Jane Jenkins, she died aft 1930.

Their children are:

    James N. Keys m. (1) Lillian Williams; (2) Clara Staff

    Hattie Keys, m. Henry Hase. 2 children.

    Henry Hubble Keys. born 1888  died July 19, 1961,age 73,  Ironton, Ohio married

    abt1909 Clara P. Doerr

10. Flora J., Born Sept 5, 1860, died Jan. 29, 1863;

11. Frank L., born May 19, 1863, married Ida Brubaker;

12. Levi B., born Oct 25, 1864; 

13. Catherine I., born July 17, 1867, died Oct. 12, 1967 (?)


ca 1918 - Rock Camp, Ohio

Click on  pictures 1x or 2x to super enlarge.


Possibly William Henry Keys and wife Josephine at home in  Rock Camp, Ohio

Rock Camp Village Cemetery, now called Bazzell Family Cemetery
 This row is all Keys Family
Photo above ca.,1917, of William Henry Keys age 71, and Josephine Aurelia (Brown) Keys. He is the 1st child and son of George Washington Keys and the grandson of Oliver Hayden.  William Henry Keys and wife are buried in the Bazell family cemetery in Rock Camp, Ohio.  He had sold off the Keys property, with the cemetery, when he had moved to Delaware years before, for his wife’s health.  (The Bazell family and Keys family are inter married.)
Picture taken about 1926/27 in Delaware, Ohio


My Grandfather, William Henry Keys about 1931, age 85 (died at age 88)

Grandmother Josephine died 4 years before this.


The Children of
William Henry Keys

They had 10 children as follows; 6 sons and 4 daughters.

# i. Haven Hubbell Keys, (above) eldest child at age 45. (my uncle) (b. Oct 30, 1872 in Rock Camp. Ohio, died Aug. 10, 1941,age 69, (married June 26, 1894, in Rock Camp, Ohio to Daisy Deane Davis. She was born Sept 8, 1873 in Pataskala, Yates Co. NY. Her father was Edwin Davis and mother was Melissa Palmer. Uncle Haven Hubbell Keys is the author of the very rare Keys-Davis genealogy also named the Hayden-Keys genealogy manuscript as first published ca. 1936.     
# ii.  William Albert Keys (below left at age 43.  Born, May 17, 1874, married Villa Auvernie Dick. 

A son of his is Loren Dick Keys,Sr..
                 i. Loren Dick Keys Sr.  (William Albert Keys) was born on 8 Jul 1898 in Columbus, Ohio.  He died on 26 Oct 1964 (age66) in Greenwich, Conn.. He was buried about 28 Oct 1964 in Old Greenwich, Fairfield, 1st  Congregational Church   Cemetery Conn.                                                                                        Loren married Ellen Louise Jones  on 18 Jan 1921. Ellen was born on 27 May 1897. She died on 19 Jun 1985. She was buried about 21 Jun 1985 in Old Greenwich, Fairfield,1st Congregational Church Cemetery Conn..        <<<< They had the following child: 
                i.   Loren Dick Keys Jr.  was born on 11 Aug 1923

iii  Elizabeth Deborah Keys  (Aunt Dee) at age 41, born. Jan 30, 1876 died June 21, 1964 at age 81.  She married May 8,1895 to  Rev. George. A Spence.
They have 3 children
: George Buell Spence,  Helen Elizabeth,  and Alice Ruth.


iv.  Otis Olney Keys
  born Dec. 5, 1877, died April 9, 1893, (age 15 years, 4 mos., 4days) blasting accident, He was terribly injured, putting in a fence post for the home gate in Rock Camp. He finally died 3 days later after the accident, and is buried in the Rock Camp Cemetery/Bazell Family Cemetery.  Dad would say that the family used to say, "Poor little Otis."
v.Trixie Lelia Keys born March 24, 1880, lived 1 day; died March 25, 1880.
vi.  Robert Callihan Keys   born June 30, 1881, died, age 24 in 1906, from diabetes.
 He never married, no children.   Buried in Rock Camp/Bazzell Family Cemetery



vii  Lyda Euans Keys, at age 34 on right, born Dec 30, 1883 in Rock Camp, Ohio died Sept. 30,1979. She was married on May 8/12, 1912 to Benjamin Franklin Wilson.  He was born March 26, 1883. A son
is Jack Wilson.

viii.  Harry Brown Keys at age 31.  He was born Feb 18, 1886 Rock Camp (He married on June 6, 1909 to Bess Alleen Chandler.  She was born in Portsmouth, Ohio (date-?)


IX.   Emma Frances Keys at age 29, (Aunt Fanny) born May 18, 1888,  in Rock Camp, Ohio and  died June 24, 1987, at age 99.  She married May   18, 1916, Rev. Harry W. Monnesmith.  He was born  Aug 7, 1891, 3 children; Paul, Martha, David. I heard that she went bowling the week before she died in Washington State.


X.  CLAUDE WENNELWORTH KEYS, age 24,   (Dad, 32nd degree Freemason), prior to leaving for France in  WW 1,  the youngest and last child of William Henry Keys and Josephine Brown Keys) was born May 16, 1893 in Rock Camp, Lawrence County, Ohio.  He  died peacefully in his sleep at the Springdale Memorial Hospital in Springdale, Arkansas on April 7, 1982 at age 88 and 11 months.  He was married on Sept 3, 1921 to MARY ELIZABETH BREWER of Ashland, Kentucky. She was born Sept 23, 1898 and died June 30, 1980 in Canon City, Colorado, where they lived at that time.  They are buried together in the National Military Cemetery in Fayetteville, Arkansas, Section 19, Grave # 21. See photographs of headstones.  5 of us wonderful children were born; Her parents were William Pugh Brewer, who was born in Logan Co. West Virginia and Emma (Wheatley) Brewer who was born in New Haven, West Virginia. Mom and Dad had retired and moved from Ohio to Arkansas, then moved to Canon City, Colorado where Mother died. Mother’s body was flown back to Arkansas for burial. Dad moved back to Arkansas and died shortly after. This picture is in his 1st World War Army uniform. He almost died from a combination of poison gas and influenza while in France but finally recovered.
No date- l. to r.  Elizabeth Deborah Keys  (Aunt Dee); Dad-Claude Keys; Lyda Euans Keys.





   The complete picture of our first Keys Family who used to be Hayden.  This photograph was made in Delaware, Ohio, ca.1917, of William Henry Keys and Josephine Aurelia Brown Keys family with 7 of their 10 children prior to Dad going to France in the First World War.  This picture was taken after grandfather William had sold the Rock Camp property and moved to Delaware, Ohio for Grandmother’s health.

Mother writes the following:


     He (Dad-Claude W. Keys) was the 10th and youngest son and child of William Henry Keys and Josephine Aurelia (Brown) Keys and he was born on May 16, 1893 at Rock Camp, Lawrence County, Ohio.

      He attended public schools of the county, but early in life followed some of his brothers in the hardware business, first with Hutsinpillar-Sheridan in Ironton, Ohio and then with Ogden Hardware in Ashland, Kentucky.  (That is where he met me.  Ha Ha.) Then to Dyke Motor Supply in Pittsburgh, Pa.

      Our Nation’s entrance into World War I found him in the service, and he was sent to Camp Lee, Va. for training, then he was sent overseas.
        He participated in all of the strenuous campaigns into which his unit was thrown, Company “M”, 320th Regiment, 80th Division, (Blue Ridge Mountain Division) and thus experienced all the horrors of trench warfare.  He was in combat in Arras, St. Mihiel sector, and the battle of the Argonne Forest.      
    He was also with a machine gun company and the only one of their battalion in the St Mihiel Sector.  He received burned lungs from poison gas and also suffered from exposure to the harsh elements. 
    He came out of it all without shell or bullet wounds, although he was in foot advances (bayonet charges and trench warfare) against the enemy where they were clearly to be seen and the fighting was severe.  He never wished to talk of his experiences and seldom did.” 

     Mom related a story once to me about Dad being in an advance in trench warfare and many of them had left their packs behind so as not to be encumbered as they were going across “no man’s land” on a bayonet charge.
    The Germans let loose a poison gas volley at them and Dad collapsed on the ground and managed to clutch a gas mask of a shot through dead soldier and then passed out himself.  He suffered from severely burned lungs and years later during our home life he would never stay inside the house when Mom put bleach in the wash water as he couldn’t stand the chlorine gas smell.


 A long time ago, Mom quietly told me the story about when Dad had been stationed at Camp Lee just prior to going to France in WW 1.  Dad had already been promoted to “Buck Sergeant” (3 stripes).  There was another Sergeant who was apparently really vicious and brutal to his men and was forever beating them up and the men under him had promised to kill him when he went overseas with his unit. (“Friendly fire”). 

Dad witnessed the brutality again one day and really beat the living “crap” out of the other Sergeant, My word use, not Mom’s. The other Sergeant was “busted” all the way down to a Private and kept here for his own safety and Dad was reduced in rank by 1 stripe to a Corporal for fighting. Losing his Sergeant stripe was a real blow.  However, he was respected and sent on over with his own unit and came back alive and in 1 piece.

A letter from Dad, Claude Wennelworth Keys, to his mother the day before leaving for the war in France.

This original of this 85-year-old letter on YMCA notepaper has now turned brown, and very brittle. It has been passed onward to my great nephew, Gregory Keys.


Dearest Mother!                                                 Wed. May 22, 1918


     I wrote you last Sunday, but am in (?) - - YMCA and a picture drew my attention which is the cause for me writing again before hearing from you.

     The picture is like this.  A mother hasn’t finished reading a letter from her son who is in the service and she has his picture sitting on the table in front of her and is gazing at it.  At the bottom of the photograph, it reads, “The letter to Mother.”  No doubt this will be last letter to you while in Camp Lee for we are about ready to leave and expect to go tonight or tomorrow so will let you know that I am feeling fine and in good spirits, so please don’t worry for we’re fighting for a just cause and are going to win and I will return to you the same as when I left if not a larger and better man.  If you don’t hear from me for two or three weeks, do not worry for you know the reason.  Wishing you both the best of health and good cheer.


  Love to both,  Claude 


After his return to the States he married (Mom, age 23) Mary Elizabeth Brewer at her parents home in Ashland, Boyd County, Kentucky, Sept 3, 1921. Dad-born 9/23,1898,died 6/30/1980. To this Union were born the following 5 children listed below:  



Left; is George, Middle is Bill and right is Robert (Bob)  

1.      Claude William (Bill) Keys, was born on June 2, 1922 on Division St. in Huntington, West Virginia, died Aug 29, 2005,  3 children by Wife #1,Below left Helen Jean Evans, <<Artesia, New Mexico, deceased.

Wife #3 Joy (Jackson) Keys, living in Texas). >>. In the 2nd World War, he was an officer and a Bombardier instructor on B-24 Liberators and the B-29 Superfortress. Due to his superior skills, he was not sent into combat but was kept in the States  to train other officers and bombardiers. Many living children and grandchildren.


2.      George Wheatley Keys, was born on June 10, 1925, in East Liverpool, Ohio on St. Clair Avenue, deceased Nov 12, 1994, World War II, officer and pilot

instructor on B-25 Billy Mitchell bombers and was the private pilot for the base commander. Also, due to
his superior skills, he was kept in the States to train other bomber pilots. Married Arleen Hanks  born Sept. 26, 1926 of Willoughby, Ohio. She died in her sleep Thursday,  May 22, 2003. 

3.      Robert Pierce (Bob) Keys, born December 26, 1928, East Liverpool, Ohio, City Hospital, parents lived in Chester, West Virginia at that time; Served during Korean War, U.S Army Tank Corps, married Marjorie Quincy of Painesville, Ohio,    >>>
4.      Rosemary Jo Keys (Whitt) born November 3, 1930, East Liverpool, Ohio married #1. Douglas Lewsader, deceased,
 #2 Harold Whitt, >deceased.  
5.    Thomas Garner (Tom) Keys  (this writer) was born June 25, 1932, Delaware,Ohio on North Sandusky St: 
Korean War, Sgt.,Station Chief of Communications with the 616TH Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron., 12th Air Force, N.A.T.O. during the military occupation of West Germany. The Korea War started on my 18th birthday, June 25, 1950. Happy Birthday
Graduates. The mandatory draft was still the law.




Mom and Dad’s single tombstone, engraved on both sides, in the National Military Cemetery in Fayetteville, Arkansas. When one spouse has served their country, the other spouse also receives a free burial in the Military Cemetery.  Since some military cemeteries are now getting crowded, the plot is reopened and the spouse’s casket is placed with the first spouse's casket and the marker is then engraved on both sides. (Section 19, Grave 21.)



George Wheatley, Thomas Garner , Claude William, Rosemary Jo, Robert Pierce.



Mother’s Day, May, 1940 on Fairview Avenue, Mentor, Ohio

Back row:  Claude William (Bill) Keys 17 yrs, 11 mos. old; George Wheatley Keys, 14 yrs.11 mos. old;  Robert Pierce Keys, 11 Years 6 mos. old.


Front rowabove:  Rosemary Jo Keys, 9 years, 6 mos. old;  Thomas Garner Keys, 7 years, 11 mos. old;(That’s me)  Bill, George, & Tom, are all born in June.  We are the great-great grandchildren of Oliver Hayden who changed his name to Keys.   The 2nd World War for us is just 1 ½ years away,  i.e. Dec. 7, 1941.




(left)-1st Lt. Claude William Keys (Bill) age 21, a Bombardier Instructor on B-24 Liberator Bombers and 1st. Lt. George Wheatley Keys, a soon to be Pilot Instructor on B-25 Billy Mitchell Bombers (age 19) home on furlough about 1943/44 in Mentor, Ohio on Fairview Avenue. Top Center is Robert Pierce Keys (Bob) 15 or 16. Front Center is (me, the editor) Thomas Garner Keys (Tom) 11 or 12.


FEB.25, 1764- MAY 27, 1842

Second Child of David Hayden (Jr.)

Listed earlier in report, Hayden/Keys Families in America from 1630-2002


            Daughter of David Hayden, Jr.  She died at Bath, Steuben County, N.Y. married first Icabod Patterson; second Nehemiah Hubbell. The only record is of 2 children with the second husband as well as the grandchildren as listed:


Their 1st child; Philo P. Hubbell born in Painted Post, N. Y. Feb 1, 1799, was married June 20, 1828, living in Winona, Wisconsin in 1887

His children are Frances Eliza; William Thonston; Charles Nehemiah; Susan Marea; Herbert Porter; and Philo Goodwin.


Their 2nd child was: (Honorable, House of Representatives) William Spring Hubbell born 1801, living in Bath N.Y. in 1863.  Two children listed: Mary; Fanny.


The following is reprinted from the 1934 report of Haven Hubbell Keys

Italics by TGK


“Jabez Haskell Hayden, in his book entitled ‘The Hayden Genealogy, ‘says  “…. he, (Oliver) was a well educated, intelligent man, and like many another Hayden, taught school in the early years of his manhood. Mr. P. P. Hubbell, (above) son of Jemima (Hayden) Hubbell, has sent me a well written letter, dated Alexandria, Pennsylvania, March 13, 1841, and addressed to ‘My Dear Sister, Mrs. Jemima Hubbell,’ by the above Oliver.  The letter is largely devoted to the subject of religion, and assurances of attachment to his sister and friends.”


            The next paragraph is from another section of the old genealogy and retells what is already stated in the preceding paragraph.


            “It was to this sister, Jemima (Hayden) Hubbell that Oliver (Hayden) Keys wrote during his last years, and her son, Philo P. Hubbell, sent the letter to Jabez Haskell Hayden.  He mentioned it in his sketch of Oliver (Hayden) Keys and it has been copied into this record elsewhere.” (See para. Above)


Oliver named 1 son, (by his 3rd wife Mary Davidson), William Spring Hubbell Keys, in honor of his nephew, the Honorable William Spring Hubbell, and I have 2 photographs of this son; one was made in Harrisburg, Pa.  William became a Congregational Minister, and located in St Louis, Kansas City or some important city in the Midwest, when I was a boy.  My grandfather talked with me (this would be our George Washington Keys by Eliza Funk), or his own sons, about this half-brother of his, (by Oliver and Mary Davidson) who was one of the outstanding members of that generation at the time of my birth: and so I was given his name in part.  Considering the tradition that my great great grandmother (by David Hayden, Jr.) was a sister of Chief Justice Oliver Ellsworth, (-not a sister, but a cousin) that her daughter, Jemima married into the Hubbell family; and that that family produced the congressman that we know of; and, considering the clergyman namesake of his of the succeeding generation, and that there is a Prof. Hubble of the Wilson observatory in California (Than whom there is no better known astronomer today) that we might trace also as of this lineage, I presume now, that there was little or no reason for my youthful loathing of the cognomen (the nickname of “Hub”), although that
loathing is the truth.”
Note: Great-grandfather George Washington Keys by Oliver Hayden Keys and 2nd wife Eliza Funk named his oldest son, my grandfather,
William Henry Keys after his only full brother, Henry King Keys, and William Spring Hubbell Keys, his half brother (by Oliver and his 3rd wife Mary Davidson


End of Jemima Hayden Report

These next were the only pictures originally ever located of George Washington Keys when he was younger combined with a picture of his wife, Elizabeth Lambert Waller Keys much later in her own life. I just received (Nov/2011) the other larger picture also later in his life (all dressed up) higher up in this section.  Both pictures Thanks to a Keys cousin in Ohio and one in California.



As first published in 1934 by our Uncle Haven Hubbell Keys

Stories from Rock Camp, Kitts Hill, Lawrence County, Ohio

Italics are mine.  Tom Keys



Quoting from the 1934 Genealogy…“He, George Washington Keys. Was this writer’s (Haven Hubbell Keys) grandfather, and as he lived until I was twenty-one years of age, (and died August 15, 1894) I have a very clear recollection and many remembrances of him and his characteristics.  I always thought him to be a handsome old gentleman, better looking than either of his sons.  He never wore a beard, mustache or other hirsute (hairy) facial adornment, as did most of his sons; he was always clean-.shaven.  He was a democrat of the old school; the New York World was his political bible.  He was a millwright, mechanic and farmer.


     During the Civil War, (at age 39 to 44) i.e.; 1860-1865, he was not able to gain admission to the army because of some physical disability, but he organized a “Home Company” and made some strenuous marches to intercept raiders.  He presented to me his sword, belt and scabbard, which I prized very highly.  I have given them to Charles Vreeland Hammond, Jr., our first grandson, for preservation in the future. Would love to find them today and get photos for the family history.


     For a good many years, prior to his death, he lived on quite an extensive farm of his own, and enjoyed as comfortable home and living as anyone in his country.  He enjoyed having his sons, daughters and their 40-odd children around him.  Though generous to a fault, he maintained strict family discipline.


     Not a member of any church, he was a rare attendant.  He said grace at his own table, however.


     Two of his own children were schoolteachers, both holding life certificates, and were considered among the best in our country.  I was privileged to attend their schools at different times and testify to the thoroughness of their work.


His house was one “divided against itself” politically; two sons, my father (WILLIAM Henry Keys) and Coleman Green Keys (a younger brother to WHK) were Republicans in their early majorities, but with the organization of the Prohibition Party, became adherents and voters for that organization’s candidates, local, state and national.  John G. Keys. (Another of William Henry’s brothers) was always a Republican and a trusted and honored member.  He was elected County Commissioner (Lawrence County) several terms and gave his every effort to improving and building; splendid highways in and through the county.  The other four sons being Democrats, the father a Democrat, and an uncompromising one, is my statement to be challenged, or wondered at, that I have heard some real forensic eloquence on Sunday afternoons in grandfather’s large living room?  A large open-fire-place, with logs at least three feet in length and almost a foot in diameter crackling behind him, grandfather would sit in the center, straddling a chair, with its back to his face and supporting his arms when they were not in motion for emphasis, in combating the friendly, of course, contentions of his sons and daughters in their widely divergent political views of what would save their country, and the world for that matter, from utter wreck and ruin, is the scent that I am attempting to preserve for you.  This was not occasional, but almost every Sunday, for, from church services in the morning, one or more of the married sons or daughters, and their children, would just naturally wend their way to Grandfather and Grandmother Keys for that splendid midday meal that was always awaiting whomever might come, and the talk-fest that followed.  In front of grandfather is a sort of semicircle, the wife, sons and daughters would sit, and the “battle was on.”   Perhaps an enthusiastic son might walk the floor during his tirade on the utterly futile theories of his father or brother’s parties; maybe pause before grandfather and poke an accusing finger close to his smiling face.  Just as like as not, when he could get a hearing again, it was a “well, so and so said this in my New York World this week, and I believe every word he said, etc.”  We grandchildren stood for a lot of it with interest at times; then, at other times, we decided that it; mattered little to us whether “school kept” or not, as far a politics were concerned, and we would slip out; gather a good basket or more of good winesap apples, take them to the cider-mill under a “lean-to” shed of a old log house not far away that was probably the original home, grind them up, put into the press, squeeze out a large bucket of good sweet cider, tie a rope to the bucket and lower it down into the well for proper cooling before drinking it.  In the meantime there were “Big Dog” and “Little Dog” to have a good romp with, the large hay barn with its cavernous mows, partially or wholly filled with hay and clover to roll and “rastle” in.  There were numerous barns, stables, sheds for a threshing machine outfit and all kinds of farm implements, a blacksmith shop with an old, iron burial casket that was used for scrap iron, a “spring house,” two tenement houses, an orchard of forty to sixty acres in extent, I should say now, which we looked upon as a wonderful achievement in fruit growing even up until I was in my “teens”; pasture fields for cattle, sheep and the horses; colts, lambs, pigs, chickens, geese, guineas; grain fields, virgin forest uplands, a small coal mine; a veritable self sustaining “close communion” estate that was good to visit and know that it belonged to your very own grandparents.  This Rock Camp property had to be enormous!


Great grand father George Washington Keys and his wife, Elizabeth Lambert Waller Keys are buried in the Keys Cemetery in what is actually now today, 2002, Henry and Darlene Elliott’s front yard in Rock Camp, Kitts Hill, Ohio. That location is listed later on in  this record.


Wife of George Washington Keys (Hayden)


She is buried beside her husband, GWK, in the Keys cemetery in Elliott’s front yard in Rock Camp, Ohio.  This information is an exact retype of the 1936 document by Haven Hubbell Keys and any items in italics are my own addition: Tom Keys.


Born in Charlotte County, East Virginia, August 27, 1828, the daughter of Coleman G. and Nancy O.K. (Williams) Waller, who came to Ohio in 1832


     Our grandmother, Elizabeth Lambert (Waller) Keys, the mother of 13 children, was a woman of extraordinary vitality; with all of these children, later the grandchildren around, the farm hands and a large house, I remember how the cedar water-pails with their brass-bound hoops must shine all the time, and every thing about the home was “spick-and-span.”


     She continued to live at the old homestead for some nineteen years after her husband (George Washington Keys) died, providing a home for herself and her son, Levi B. who was afflicted with poor eye-sight, until she too passed on in 1913, age 85. (2002 note: Levi B. born 1864 died 1943, buried in the Bazell Family cemetery; used to be called the Rock Camp Village Cemetery.)


     The following appeared in the local papers, and this writer (Uncle Haven Hubbell Keys) possesses a group photograph of all the members of the family present at this reunion.


     KEYS FAMILY REUNION; The KEYS family of Lawrence County and its numerous branches and twigs, of 4 generations, will have a reunion on Sunday, August 8, 1909 at the campgrounds at Rock Camp (Ohio).


     Rev. Chandler of this city will preach a sermon in the afternoon.  They are planning for a grand reunion and basket dinner, such as you seldom see, only in the country.  The head of the family, Mrs. Elizabeth Keys (husband George Washington Keys, deceased) occupying the old family home, will sit at the head of the table. The following of her children will be present, namely:

Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Keys and family of Ironton, Ohio  (William Henry Keys)

Mr. and Mrs. C. G. Keys and family                   (Coleman Green Keys)

Mr. and Mrs. J. G. Keys and family

Mr. and Mrs. A. H. Keys and family

Mr. and Mrs. H. H. Bazell and family, all of Rock Camp. Ohio

Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Keys and family of Stroble, Ohio

Mr. and Mrs. F. L. Keys and family of Coal Grove Ohio

Mrs. Mary E. Keys-Steck of Kelso, Kansas;

Mr. Levi B. Keys of Rock Camp, Ohio


The following grandchildren and great-children, besides those mentioned above will also be present.

 Mr. and Mrs. H. H. Keys and family

Mrs. D. M. Griffith and children,

Mr. and Mrs. J. N. Keys

Mr. and Mrs. H. B. Keys

Mr. Coleman Keys and children

 Mr. and Mrs. George S. Keys and family

Misses Lyda and Frances Keys, Charles, Hubbell, Roscoe and Claude Keys. (This is Claude Wennelworth Keys, age 16,  all of Ironton, Ohio;

Many other assorted relatives from out of state are also listed


There will be 78 relatives that will sit at the table on Sunday.  There are just 105 of the Keys family of these four generations living. (Copy for Ironton Irontonian newspaper Sunday August 8, 1909)

This means 105 of just those now carrying the Keys name from the former Hayden branch of Oliver Hayden (Keys)


George Washington Keys and Elizabeth Lambert Waller Marriage Certificate.

State of Ohio, Lawrence County :

Felia March 13, 1846 cert 1876 or 1877

By virtue of a license from the Clerk of the Court of Common Pleas for said county, I did on the 13th of January, 1846 give in marriage George W. Keys and Elizabeth Waller. Given under my hand this 13th day of March A.D. 1846. W. L. ---?-Signature not legible.-, Minister of the Gospel

This obelisk is engraved on both sides for George Washington Keys and Elizabeth Lambert Waller Keys. (The home is Elliott's front yard up on  a hill) 



 These two stones represent what is the entire Keys Cemetery on  top of Kitts Hill, Rock Camp, Perry Township, Ohio. A 4th son, James H. Keys headstone sits just to the left of the obelisk of George Washington Keys and Elizabeth Lambert Waller Keys (in Elliott's front yard.) The son's family line of James H. Keys , 1856-1921 is listed in  the left Side Bar.
This entire hill top and other acreage over the years had become an overgrown and abandoned landscape. When it was eventually purchased for development and a new home was started by its new owner, this small gravesite was discovered. Under Ohio law; whomever owns the land, also owns the gravesite and the new owners have respected and tended the graves.

  Generation 8

WILLIAM HENRY KEYS, (My Grandfather)

The First Born Son of George Washington Keys 
Grandson of Oliver Hayden-Keys and Eliza Funk)

italics are mine, TGK

Haven Hubbell Keys writes in ca. 1936.


    WILLIAM HENRY KEYS The eldest son and child of George Washington Keys and Elizabeth Lambert (Waller) Keys was born Nov 19, 1846 at Ashland (Pollard), Boyd County, Kentucky, died March 18, 1933, age 87, in Ashland, Ky.

(They are both buried in the  Rock Camp Village Cemetery/Bazzell Family Cemetery. 

      His parents, George Washington Keys, lived there (Ashland) only a few months, moving to Coal Grove, Ohio, almost directly across the Ohio River: and later they bought a small tract of land out in the country about 10 miles away.  This was virgin forest, and there, father (William Henry) did his first work, helping to clear this land and till the soil when he was about 9 years of age.  He attended school, about 2 miles distant, five months out of the year, which was the average school year then.  His father (G. W. K.) sold the home and land (I remember it, as my father, (William Henry Keys) later owned it himself, built a new home there, and we used the old home of his father George W., a hewed log house, as a barn). a few years later, and bought a village grain-mill on Big Ice Creek.  Grandfather, G.W. K named the village that grew up around this mill “Rock Camp” With his sons they operated the mill, the boys mining the coal used for steam power from a mine immediately adjacent to the mill property.  This continued for a number of years, the sons going to school about half time of the five months’ period, working the other half and the remaining 7 months.  Later on, father  (William Henry) owned and ran this same mill, at some period of my early life.


     Father, (William Henry) had said to me, (Uncle Haven Hubbell Keys) “Up until I was fifteen years old there were church services held at the school houses about twice or three times a year and we had Sabbath school during the summer seasons at these same school houses, conducted by the Methodist and United Brethren denominations.  About the winter of 1862 or 63 at a little schoolhouse, Rev John W. Dillon held a meeting and organized a Methodist Class.  I came into the church at that time and have been a member ever since; not as faithful as I should have been, but they kept my name on the list, and I am glad today that they nursed me along until I could live the Christian life.”


     When the Civil War was on, father, (William Henry) was not old enough to enter the service.  In his 17th year, however, August 18, 1864, he did enlist in the armies of the North (Union Army). Herewith we record a copy of his honorable discharge at the close of the war.” (See 2001 photostat enclosed. I gave the original document to my nephew Timothy Keys for his son Gregory.)


     TO ALL WHOM IT MAY CONCERN: KNOW YE, That William H. Keys a private of Captain John W. Funson’s Company, (A), 173d Regiment Of Ohio Infantry VOLUNTEERS who was enrolled on the eighteenth day of August one thousand eight hundred and sixty four to serve one year or during the war, is hereby DISCHARGED from the service of the United States this Twenty-sixth day of June, 1865 at Nashville, Tenn., by reason of his being mustered out in accordance with instructions from the War Department May 29, 1865.  No objection to his being re-enlisted is known to exist.

     Said William Keys was born in Boyd County in the state of Kentucky, is eighteen years of age, five feet six inches high, dark complexion, black eyes, black hair, and by occupation, when enrolled, a miller.

     Given at Nashville, Tenn., this twenty-sixth day of June 1865.

                                                                                  J. W. Cluer, Capt.88”Ill Inf.

John W. Funson, Capt.                                              A.C.M.2d Div.4” A.C.

Co. A. 173d O.V.I.

                                     Paid to July 5, 1865, Cooles Kinnen, Paymaster


Stamped on backside in seal form: “……..& X.R.R., July 1865, Camp Dennison Office.”

William H. Keys, State of Ohio, Lawrence County S. S.: Recorders Office. Recorded August 7th, 1865 Vol. 1, Page 115,’Ssoldiers Record.’ James B. Bartram, Recorder.”

Stamped on back in seal from: Bounty rejected, Dec.15, 1869. Ckd Auditor’s Office.

“Index___Oath of Identity” (on back) not used.



 “ He was a musician, having learned to play the fife, and often regaled us children afterwards with the old army tunes, but would make no public demonstrations of his accomplishments on Grand Army celebration days.  His army service was in and around Nashville, Tenn., under General Thomas.  He voted for Abraham Lincoln (second election) to be President, although not of age, as his officers gave him permission to do so.

     He lived with his parents (GWK), after the war, until he was married.  I quote from THE REGISTER, Ironton, Ohio weekly newspaper published at that time: MARRIAGES; Keys-Brown. On Thursday, January 25th. 1872, by Rev. James Mitchell, Mr. W. H. Keys and Josephene Brown.” The Rev. James Mitchell was then Pastor of Spencer Church, and the marriage ceremony was performed in the home of the Rev. William Gardner.


Please see separate biography enclosed on Josephine Aurelia Brown Keys


     At this time, father had a mail route from Ironton to Gallipolis, Ohio, a distance of forty-three miles; he made this round-trip weekly in winter, on horseback and twice a week in summer, with horses and buggy.


     Sometime during the year 1877, he (William Henry) purchased a general store at a little village one mile west of Rock Camp, --Johnstown, then in 1879 or 1880 he bought the Rock Camp property (from his father, GWK), where he lived and ran a good general-store business for ten years; then to Ashland, Ky., where he conducted one of the best grocery stores in that city.  We sons then scattered, all his help, and as he still had the Rock Camp store, he sold out in Ashland and returned to the country village.  In all he was twenty-one years in the mercantile trade.  After a flood came and almost ruined his home and store at Rock Camp, he moved to Ironton, where he remained until March 1913, when he moved, with this writer’s family (Haven Hubbell Keys), to Hyatts, Delaware County, Ohio. Where he remained for two years or more; then he purchased a beautiful little home and two acres opposite the entrance to Greenwood Lake and Park, just outside the city limits of Delaware, Ohio, where they lived for ten or twelve years, and until just before our mother passed on, for they had moved over into the city of Delaware for mother’s sake, church conveniences and the like, but retained the old home, however.”


       After mother’s death, (Josephine) August 3, 1927, father has made his home mostly with that splendid daughter of his, and sister of mine, Mrs. Frank B. Wilson (Aunt Lyda Euans Keys Wilson) in Ashland Kentucky where he is as I write this (1931).


     He made a trip west, to Emerson, Nebraska, and Denver Colorado to visit two daughters in 1930, and spent one winter and part of another, with this son (Haven Hubbell Keys) in St. Petersburg, Florida when he said, “I am glad for the privilege of being with him, also for my visits to the Sunshine City.”


     I have told of father’s life work mostly, but I would not forget that he was an ardent advocate of prohibition, since I can remember most, and voted consistently the National Prohibition ticket until the 18th Amendment became a law of the United States.  A large group picture of the early national leaders, including John G. Wolley, Neal Dow, Frances, Willard, J. A. Van Fleet and many others, hung over our fireplace in the parental home for probably forty years, and father was a total abstainer from intoxicating drink after the war, where he admits that he drank some.


     Father and mother were the parents of ten children, six sons and four daughters.  In these last years of his life, he is lonely, and has said, “Before my dear wife passed away I thought my sympathy went out to those bereaved of wife or husband, but my own experience in the loss of my wife and helpmate gives me a different view-point from what I had ever felt or seen before, and I find it a lonely road to travel."   And I can add that I do not question his perfect sincerity, for our mother was a wonderful woman and one of the best friends father ever had on earth, a loving wife, help-mate and mother, “true as steel,” guiding her flock and the communities in which she lived and labored to the best in them in action, word and deed.”


     Later: “1137 Walnut Avenue. Ashland, Ky., March 18, 1933. Dear Uncle Hal: (to Haven Hubbell Keys) Grandfather passed away (William Henry Keys) at 2:05 this morning.  He had been practically helpless for the lesser part of a week.  Yesterday afternoon about four o’clock, he lost the use of his whole right side and went totally blind at the same time.  Aunt Nanny Bazell was with us at the time. He is buried in their Rock Camp/Bazell Family Cemetery in Rock Camp. She came in the morning and is with us yet…I know that you will be sorry to hear of his ‘going west’ but it’s truly a great blessing.  Hoping you are all well, I am your nephew JACK.”  Excerpts from a letter written by Jack Wilson to Haven Hubbell Keys


   Published note from a nephew, (probably Jack Wilson)  " Uncle (Hal) Haven Hubbell Keys died on August 19, 1941, standing on his feet working on the finals of this “set up” for the genealogy press run at the Keys owned Artcraft Press in California. “He’d been blessed with a quick summons.” ..End…

Wife of William Henry Keys  (Hayden    
   My grandmother
By Haven Hubbell Keys as published in 1934  
Italics by TGK                    


     Born December 6, 1847, in Saline County Missouri, married W. H Keys, 1872, died August 3, 1927. She was the youngest child and daughter of Fleming Harrison Brown and Deborah L. (Strother) Brown.  Her parents moved soon after she was born to Carter County, Kentucky.  (2002 note: She is buried in the Bazell Family Cemetery, used to be called Rock Camp Cemetery)


     Her father went to California in 1850, during the gold excitement, and never returned east again.  Our mother was a very small girl when he left, and never saw him again. This record will include a brief sketch of his life, as I have corresponded with his old friends in California, and have much data as to his various enterprises in gold mining, final failure or loss of properties, detail as to his death and largely attended funeral.  Mother has often told us that her father frequently sent them as much as $500.00 in gold dust after he arrived in the mining fields and began to be successful for a time.


     Our mother was an intensely religious woman; strove very energetically to keep her family in the “straight and narrow road," and anyone straying therefrom cannot blame our mother.  Patient, tolerant, forgiving, helpful, kind, loving mother and friend!  I traced her ancestry, on her mother’s side, (Deborah L. Strother), back to the two Strother brothers, who came from England, and whose families or descendants were contemporary with the Lees’s and Douthit’s of Virginia, and allied with the Madison’s, Dabney’s, Taylor’s and many others.


     More than 5 years before her “crossing the bar” (died) she and our father celebrated their golden wedding anniversary, and for preservation I include a report of that event in this record.


     “MARRIED FIFTY YEARS, Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Keys of Lake Street, Delaware (Ohio) Wednesday celebrated their golden wedding anniversary, an opportunity that comes to but a few.


     No particular program was arranged for the day, but nevertheless it was one full of joy for the ages and highly respected couple.  The children were to far away to gather at home, but they did not forget their parents.  Fine sets of dishes and silverware and two rockers, and also a huge wedding cake sent by a son, (Harry B) from Pittsburgh.  In gold letters the cake bore the numerals “1872-1922.”  Also a gold horseshoe in the center, and around the top written “Congratulations.”  A wreath of golden leaves surrounded it.  It was a specimen of the art of cake baking.

    “ Mrs. Keys is a member of St. Paul’s church and conferred the honor of cutting the cake to Mrs. L. J. Alexander, her Bible Class teacher.  Many friends extended felicitations to the aged couple Wednesday the 25th of January.”- (Delaware Ohio, Journal-Herald).

    A little over a year after this mother was taken quite sick and while the physicians said at that time she would probably not recover, she did; never completely, however, and many times we were called home.  On August 3d, 1927, this writer and wife (Haven Hubbell Keys) had just arrived in New York on a vacation trip for a few weeks, thinking mother was safe.  She passed on that night and the next morning at breakfast we received a wire. Within a half hour, or a little more, I was on my way back west, but only to see mother’s form, the spirit having flown.  My brother, Will and his wife, Villa, were in Atlantic City, but we got word to them and they got back to the funeral.

     The newspaper accounts of her death and burial follow:  Mrs. W. H. Keys, Wednesday night at 11:45, death claimed another former resident of this county, Mrs. W. H. Keys of Delaware, Ohio.

     Mr. and Mrs. Keys were residents of Rock Camp many years, and fourteen years ago moved to their present home in Delaware, Ohio.  They were very highly respected people.  Mrs.Keys was a loving mother and devoted wife. Many friends here will mourn the taking of such a splendid person.

     All her life Mrs. Keys was an active member of the Methodist Church and at the time of her death was a member of St. Paul’s Methodist Church at Delaware.

    She is survived by her husband and the following children: H.H. Keys, Steubenville, Ohio; W. A. Keys president of the Columbus Ohio Chamber of Commerce; H.B. Keys and C. W. Keys (our dad) of East Liverpool, Ohio; Mrs. G. A. Spence (Aunt Dee), Denver Colorado; Mrs. (Harry) H. W. Monesmith, Bendena, Kansas, and Mrs. B. Frank Wilson of Ashland, Kentucky.

     Mrs. Keys was a granddaughter of Rev. Philip Strother, and was the last member of her family.

Funeral services will be held in Wesley Chapel in Rock Camp, Saturday afternoon at 2 o’clock. Rev. A. Plumb will officiate at the services and interment will be made in Rock Camp cemetery.”  (Ironton, Ohio Daily News.)  (She is buried in the Bazell Cemetery.2002 note)


There were thirty floral tributes from he children, relatives, church societies, friends and business associates of her sons.


She left seventeen grandchildren and two great grandchildren.                                         


 July 25, 2002


With a lot of kind cooperation from a LOT of people, and a small fortune in phone calls for over a year, the missing Keys family cemetery in Rock Camp, Ohio is now absolutely located as of just today to the nit picking "nth" degree and its whereabouts are as follows:  Our family cemetery had been lost for a terribly long time so would all of you relatives please save this information in your genealogy reports.


Parcel 14-049-1702. Legal description is: Range 17, Township # 3, Section 33, N.E. less 65  acres; 5.17; 11.44; 4.77; 4.40; Balance of 32.68 acres. This cemetery is located in the front yard of Henry (Bo) and Darlene Elliott.  Their address is 832 Township Road 266, Kitts Hill, Rock Camp, Perry Township, Ohio 45645-8928. . This is a private driveway up hill off of the township road and hard to find and they now own the cemetery as well by Ohio law. If any family wishes to visit the cemetery in their front yard, please phone in advance. This is a very nice family and they will meet/guide you. The land changed hands after William Henry Keys sold it.


Only 2 tombstones for 3 people are showing and in good shape: Great grandfather George Washington Keys and great grandmother Elizabeth Lambert Waller Keys are buried under the pyramid stone and the 4th son James H. Keys is buried at a second visible marker.   The first son, my grandfather William Henry Keys and family next owned the property, later sold it or portions of it when grandmother became ill and they moved to Delaware, Ohio. There were Keys children in their own homes scattered all over and around Kitts Hill, Rock Camp and/or Ironton.  Grandmother Elizabeth died and is buried in the Bazell Cemetery, Rock Camp.  Grandfather William Henry Keys later died while visiting children in Ashland, Kentucky and is now buried in the Bazell Family Cemetery in Rock Camp, which is very close, by the Keys Cemetery.  He no longer owned the old homestead nor the Keys cemetery. The Bazell family, the Waller family and many others are all married and mixed in with the Keys family. At one time way back previously that was called the Rock Camp Village Cemetery, the Keys-Bazell Cemetery, now just Bazell Cemetery.



S33, T2, R17. Nr jct of TR266 & TR249. .# 01a. now in  Henry (Bo) and Darlene Elliott front yard. As of July, 2002, Physical address is:832 Township Road 266, Kitts Hill, Rock Camp, Ohio 45645-8928        

Directions to the cemetery: Take Ohio Rt. 243 easterly from Coal Grove.  In Deering, approx. 4.5 miles from Coal Grove, turn left (NORTH) on County Rd. 6, (marked on your map as simply C-6) also called Deering Bald Knob Rd. just before you reach the Pizza Shop and Elementary school. (Roads curve all over the place) About 2.7 miles north from Rt. 243, you will pass County Road 53 (C-53), which is on your left side.  IMMEDIATELY NEXT TURN RIGHT (South) on Township Rd. T 266. (Also called Rock Camp-Deerfield-Allen Rd.) The map shows the Keys cemetery almost a mile south and on the right or west side of township road 266.  It is NOT directly on this road.   At the top of the hill on T-266 you have to make a right turn into Henry (Bo) and Darlene Elliott’s PRIVATE  DRIVEWAY uphill as the cemetery is now part of their front yard.  (Should you pass by the township road there is a church on the left and the next wide spot known, as Rock Camp is 3 miles from Rt. 243.) 


William Hayden, 1630. Connecticut direct descendents

All items in italics are my own notes, Tom Keys


     The following information is presented verbatim from a manuscript prepared by Mary Elizabeth Brewer Keys, wife of Claude Wennelworth Keys, our mother and father and I hope that future children will save this information.  It dovetails in nicely with the other information that I have collected over the years on our genealogy.  I have discovered these papers in her old family records and will now quote her. All of the following including punctuation is in her own style. 


Mother says,  (That’s Mary Elizabeth Brewer Keys)
"The family data on the following pages was taken from an old book under date of
1882and does not contain all of the children of William and Josephine Keys, born after 1882.  Listed are the children born after that date. 
Lyda Euans Keys, born December 30, `1883
Harry Brown Keys, born February 18,1886
Frances Keys, born May 18, 1888 (Aunt Fanny)
Claude Wennelworth Keys, born May 16,1893." (Our father)


Continuing, Mother says:

     "George Oliver Keys and Eliza (Funk) Keys are both deceased, Eliza’smotherdying in 1819. We will follow just one of their children, George Washington Keys, for our genealogy. (GEORGE OLIVER KEYS WAS OLIVER HAYDEN!")


     "George Washington Keys—was born in Doughen County, Pennsylvania, 1821., (died Aug. 15th, 1894, age 73 years) Mr. Keys, (George Washington Keys) was married in this county, (Lawrence County, Ohio) January 13th, 1846 to Elizabeth L. Waller, who was born in Charlotte County, East Virginia, August 27th, 1828. , (died in 1910, age 82) Her parents are Coleman G. and Nancy O.K. (Williams) Waller who came to this county in 1832. (from England)  Her mother died February 2, 1881.

The following are the children of Mr. and Mrs. George Washington Keys:

William Henry         Born Nov.19, 1846 resides in this county (Lawrence County) Ohio
Coleman G.            Jan. 17, 1848 ditto
Margaret A.            August 23, 1849 died Sept 1, 1850
John G.                   January 2, 1851 resides this county
Nancy M.               October 5, 1852 resides at home
Mary E.                  August 6, 1854 resides at home.
James H. (twin)       July 17, 1856 resides in this county

Susan J. (twin)         July 17, 1856 died Sept 17, 1857
Albert H.                 Oct 3, 1858 resides in this county
Flora J.                    Sept 5, 1860 died Jan 29, 1863
Frank                       May 19th, 1863 resides at home (cont’d)
Levi                         Oct 25, 1864 resides at home
Catherine I.             July 17, 1867 died October 12, 1867


   Two of Mr. and Mrs. George Washington Keys sons served in the late war.  William Henry Keys enlisted (Civil War) in 1864 in the 173rd Ohio Volunteer Infantry and served until the close of the war.  Coleman G. enlisted in 1865 and served until the close of the war.   Two brothers of Mrs. Keys were also in the war.  William C. Waller enlisted in 1861 and served to the close of the war.  He was (William Waller) wounded at the battle of Dublin Depot, Virginia.   Coleman B.B. Waller enlisted in 1862 in the 5th Virginia Volunteer Infantry. He held the position of Orderly Sergeant.  He was killed in action at the Battle of Lynchburg in 1864.
    Mr. Keys (George Washington Keys) is a farmer of Perry Township. His address is Rock Camp, Lawrence County, Ohio

 ***Notation in grandfather Keys (William H.)  writing-- :Mother died (Elizabeth Lambert Waller Keys) in 1910, age 82.” 

“Father died August 15th, 1894, age 73 years.")

 . William Henry. Keys and Josephine A. Brown were married in this county (Lawrence County, Ohio) January 25th, 1872.   William H. was born in Ashland, Kentucky, Nov. 19th, 1846.  His wife was born in Saline County, Missouri, December 6, 1847. (Her parent’s names are Fleming Brown and Deborah L. Strother or Strather)   William H. Keys came to this county, (Lawrence County, immediately after being born) in 1846.  His parents, George Washington Keys and Elizabeth L. (Waller) Keys came to this county in 1842. (Lawrence County)  They must have crossed over into Kentucky for a little while (Yes, very short time) for that is where Grandpa told me he was born near Pollard or Ashland. 
They have the following children:


Haven Hubbell             born October 30,1872           

William A.                   May 17, 1874

Deborah E.  (Dee)       Jan.30, 1876

Otis Olney                   Dec 5, 1877           died April 9, 1893

Trixie L.                       March 24, 1880     died March 25, 1880

Robert C.                     July 30, 1881          died  1906                          

PLEASE NOTE; The final 4 children of 10 children total are listed on page 1 at the top of this report.; Including our own dad, Claude Wennelworth.

     Mr. Keys (William Henry) went into the mercantile business in 1878 at Johnston, one mile below Rock Camp.  He remained there one year, when he opened out (perhaps means, opened up)  at Rock Camp in 1879 under very unfavorable circumstances, but by close economizing he has built up a very lucrative business.  He served  in the late war, (Civil War) enlisting on the 18th of August 1864, and was discharged on the 26th of June, 1865."




BORN Oct. 30, 1872

An autobiography by the author of the Keys-Davis genealogy book of 1936. 

            The eldest child and son of William Henry Keys (who was the grandson of Oliver Hayden) and Josephene Aurelia (Brown) Keys, was born October 30, 1872, within a mile of Rock Camp, Lawrence County, Ohio, in a log house, on his grandfather's George Washington Keys (Hayden) farm; this particular spot and house was known to local fame as "Mount Starvey," and for what reason I have never learned.


I started to school, when 7 years old, with my brother, William Albert Keys, at the "Williams School House," our Aunt Nannie M. (Bazzell) Keys being the teacher.  Afterwards, I went to 3 village schools, the last being in Marion, Lawrence County, Ohio, with our Uncle Coleman Green Keys as teacher.  This was when I was sixteen years old.  The next two years, I spent at Ashland, Kentucky, in the Ashland Collegiate Institute, and during the following summer I attended a school conducted by Prof. J. G. Crabbe in the same city.  The next summer was passed at a school taught by J. D. Pancake and G. A. Woods at Deering, Ohio, for two months, and three months attendance at a business college in Delaware, Ohio, followed.  Later on in life I took a course with the La Salle Extension University of Chicago.


 I began clerking in father's general store at Rock Camp. When but ten years of age, and continued with him there and at the Ashland, Kentucky, store until 1890. After having worked for one year with the "Daily Signal" and "Weekly Republican," Newspapers published in Ashland; I was with the Peach Orchard (Ky.) Coal Company for nine years, October 12, 1891 to September 1900. After five months in Chicago, I then had a year and four months with a large coal-mining company in southern Illinois, near St. Louis, Missouri.  From August 1, 1902 to May 1, 1904 I operated a wholesale coal agency in Cincinnati, Ohio.  The next nine years were spent with a mining and holding company in Ironton, Ohio, -in all twenty-one years in the coal-mining and kindred business.  The next fourteen years (1913-1927) I conducted stores in Hyatts and Steubenville, Ohio, the first, general merchandise and retail; the second, automobile accessories and wholesale.  Since 1927 I have lived in St. Petersburg, Florida, and have not worked all the while.  Later we moved to California, October 1932, and have lived in Los Angeles, Pomona, San Pedro and Santa Monica-the present time being October 1934.


            Married to Daisy Deane Davis of Delaware, Ohio, On June 26, 1894, at the home of her parents- 206 West William St.- by Rev. D. C. Thomas, of St. Paul's Methodist Church in that city. 

        So, with this one statement, -my children will be left a more or less fair account of my deeds and misdeeds, to preserve or destroy when I shall have passed on. And, as I am weary already with what I have felt compelled to include in this record, may I make an end to it right here-"the short and simple annals of the poor?" -End—

Now- about this sometimes editor--April, 2009

GENERATION # 10.   Thomas Garner Keys,  I am the 5th child of Claude Wennelworth Keys and Mary Elizabeth Brewer Keys. I am the compiler of all of this genealogy and historical data.

I was born on June 25, 1932, in Delaware Ohio.  Our family moved during the Great Depression, after Dad lost his job when I was 11 mos. old, to Mentor Village, Ohio. It is just 5 miles south of Lake Erie, and as I remember, it rains really cold rain  from September through May. We never put in our first planting of sweet corn until the ground dried out in June.  He loaded up all 7 of us and all Mom and Dad could gather into the old car and off we went, to the unknown, but out of Southern Ohio.  Mentor Village when I last visited in 2003, was a beautiful little village of the Western Reserve- once you leave the main highway.   I attended 12 years of public school in Mentor Village** in time to graduate in 1950 for the Korean War, which started on my 18th birthday June 25, 1950. To avoid the 2-year Army draft and probable combat, I enlisted in the Air Force instead for 4 years where I assumed my chances were better of getting out alive.  With the exception of just one other man and myself, as I was sent to West Germany, my entire Air Force graduating class which I should have been with were killed while on “Forward Air Controller” duty in Korea. None of us were given ANY combat training at all and we didn’t even know how to clean our M-1, 30 cal. carbines.  Due to an epidemic of German measles here on our stateside base, I was hospitalized for 2 weeks and later shipped to West Germany instead of Korea in 1952.  I was eventually promoted to/as an Air Force N.A.T.O. Station Chief of Communications.  I was married in West Germany.  On my return to the States, I attended Miami University, in Oxford, Ohio. My family first lived in Mentor, Ohio and I worked in Cleveland.  The company promoted me from Cleveland, Ohio, (approx. 1958) to Chicago for a number of years and I was then transferred and promoted again in 1968, to Dallas, Tx. as a District Manager for one company and next as a Regional Manager over 10 states for another company. Our marriage of 36 years ended in divorce and I paid my first wife to return to West Germany where she married her sister's fiancee.  Several years later, I married wife # 2, Gail Lee Smith-Keys at First Baptist Church in Carrollton, TX. on Nov. 12, 1994, and our home today is in the Dallas,Texas area.  
** I grew up in President James A. Garfield’s hometown of Mentor Village and we lived just around the corner from his home. His grandsons went to school with my brothers and sister. When I was in high school, 1946-50, I had a job of cutting the grass on the estate and keeping it raked and nice looking for the tourists. I remember their big huge gas mower with wide steel wheels, one of the few in town. At that time, the live in caretakers of the property were stealing items out of the house and selling them to the tourists. One-day I caught them selling items to a tourist and they offered me a split if I kept quiet about it. Instead, the Garfield granddaughter was informed and she knew every item in the President's home that was missing. The result was that the caretakers were fired and ordered out immediately. A lot more people in town hired me to take care of their homes and I eventually had 23 residences to care for.~Tom Keys
- - - -END - - - -
Stephan and Roland in back.
Their Mother, Elfriede in the middle.
Loretta and Heidi in front.  
{About 1966}
The four children of Thomas Garner Keys and Elfriede Luise (Wendling) Keys
l to r.   ROLAND, LORETTA, STEPHAN and HEIDI in front.
Top picture is "All grown up."
Mostly English and German with a little dash of Irish O'Roark from my Mother's Grandparent's family.


Now all of the above is slightly interesting. I cannot find out for an absolute fact if this is even OUR same Oliver Hayden so for that reason I am sticking it in the back of my files for future historians to chase down. Oliver was certainly on the run and the British were hunting for him and had chased down his whereabouts clear to the Scots Minister, Rev. Keys. Why would they still pursue him so furiously all that way. Now this land was finally awarded for military service and was signed much later on April 20, 1818 and the land warrant was given to General James Miller of Boston, Massachusetts for delivery to Oliver Hayden. Our Oliver had long ago changed his name to Keys and was now living in Huntington County, Pennsylvania with his 3rd wife Mary Davidson. Their last child had already been born 2 years before this date.

I’ll let someone else chase these old records through the old Illinois land records in Schuyler County Illinois, Browning Township. Before you do that, check the federal records for proof of his being the same identical Oliver, if possible.

Land patents document the transfer of land ownership from the federal government to individuals. Land patent records include the information recorded when ownership was transferred.

The land was disposed of by the authority of many acts of Congress - sale, homesteads, military warrants for military service, timber culture, mining, etc. One of the primary purposes of these public land laws was to encourage people from the East to move West. In the early 1800's people could buy public land for $1.25 an acre. For a time, they could buy up to 640 acres under this law. The sale of public land under the "Cash Act" is no longer in effect. Several Military Warrant Acts granted public land to soldiers instead of pay. These acts have since been repealed.

Due to the tremendous amount of land sold in the 1800's, the General Land Office experienced quite a backlog in the middle part of the 19th century. It was not unusual for several years to pass between the time an individual purchased land or was awarded free land for military service from the land office and the time a patent for that tract was finally signed.

Land Patent Details;
The records show that this was the Scrip-Warrant Act of 1812; 2 Stat 160 Acres, Illinois Land Office, Issue Date April 20, 1818 Document # 9227

Names of each of the soldiers to whom patents were issued for land lying in the military bounty land district in the State of Illinois, for services in the late war; the description of the tract of land granted to each, with the date of the patent; the company and regiment in which they severally served, and by whom each patent was received.”

High Resolution (67 marker) Results
67 marker results are now available for three project members .  N34201 is a descendant of Francis of MD, 25320 descends from John of MA and 66833 from William of CT. With this data, the probability that any pair share a common Hayden male ancestor within a number of generations may be calculated.
The results confirm earlier conclusion that John and William were not brothers (0.02% chance) or even close cousins (<0.2% chance of being second cousins). The question as to whether John and William were brothers is a very definite no.

All three project members are either 9 or 10 generations removed from their emigrant ancestor. Further, Thomas de Heydon, from whom the various branches have claimed descent, lived about 24 generations ago from the project members (an error of a few generations has only a minor effect on the conclusions stated here). Using the 67 marker results, we can calculate the probability that any two of John, William and Francis share a common Hayden male ancestor since the time of Thomas de Heydon. The following table gives the calculated probabilities.




















This means that it is highly unlikely that John and Francis shared a common Hayden male ancestor and it is not likely that William and Francis did either. It appears that the line of

Francis is separate from either John or William. Even though John and William were not brothers or even close cousins, we cannot rule out that they share a common Hayden male ancestor sometime since Thomas de Heydon although the probability is low at only 16%. Note that none of these results tell us if any of the lines descend from Thomas de Heydon.

 With the exception of future photos to be inserted, this genealogy portion is completed.
 May 6, 2009.