CHoMP

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Paraphrasing using CHoMP

 

Unintentional plagiarism is a common problem among high school researchers.  This note-taking strategy will help you avoid plagiarism in your research paper and in your future academic writings.

 

C: Cross out small words, such as prepositions and conjunctions.

 

H: Highlight important information in the remaining text.

 

M: Make notes based on highlighted information by abbreviating, truncating, and          making bulleted lists.

 

P:  Put the notes in your own words.

 

For example, the following paragraphs are taken from:

 

Freking, Kevin.  “Frozen Embyros in Stem Cell Debate.” Washington Times. 16 June 2005: n.p. SIRS Knowledge Source. Edina High School Lib., Edina, MN. 12 April 2006 <http://sks.sirs.com>.

 

Embryonic stem cells are master cells that form during the early days after conception and can turn into any tissue in the body.  Many scientists hope one day to harness them to grow replacement tissue to treat diabetes, Parkinson’s disease, spinal cord injuries and other diseases.

 

However, obtaining those stem cells kills the embryo.  Thus some religious groups and conservatives oppose creating embryonic stem cells for research.  Bush has banned the use of federal funds for research on stem cell lines created after Aug. 9, 2001.

 

 

Step One (C): Cross out small words, such as prepositions and conjunctions.

 

Embryonic stem cells are master cells that form during the early days after conception and can turn into any tissue in the body.  Many scientists hope one day to harness them to grow replacement tissue to treat diabetes, Parkinson’s disease, spinal cord injuries and other diseases.

 

However, obtaining those stem cells kills the embryo.  Thus some religious groups and conservatives oppose creating embryonic stem cells for research.  Bush has banned the use of federal funds for research on stem cell lines created after Aug. 9, 2001.

 

 

 

 

Step Two (H): Highlight important information in the remaining text

 

Embryonic stem cells are master cells that form during the early days after conception and can turn into any tissue in the body.  Many scientists hope one day to harness them to grow replacement tissue to treat diabetes, Parkinson’s disease, spinal cord injuries and other diseases.

 

However, obtaining those stem cells kills the embryo.  Thus some religious groups and conservatives oppose creating embryonic stem cells for research.  Bush has banned the use of federal funds for research on stem cell lines created after Aug. 9, 2001.

 

Step Three (M): Make notes based on the highlighted information by abbreviating, truncating, and making bulleted lists.

 

Stem cells = flexible, become any body tissue

Stem cells = powerful – combats diabetes, Parkinson’s, spinal cord injuries

Stem cells = controversial – getting them kills the embryo

Bush, conservatives, religious groups oppose making stem cells

No federal funding for stem cells made after August 9, 2001.

 

Step Four (P): Put the notes into your own words

 

Stem cells are powerful and flexible cells created from embryos.  They can become any type of tissue, and therefore have the potential to combat many diseases, including diabetes, Parkinson’s disease, and spinal cord injuries. 

 

Stem cell research is controversial because getting stem cells kills embryos.  President Bush, religious groups, and conservatives oppose making stem cells.  Because of his concerns, President Bush has declared that no federal funds will be allocated for research on stem cells generating after August 9, 2001.

 

 

Remember: Even when using a paraphrase, you must credit your original source, using in-text documentation!  For example:

 

Stem cell research is controversial because getting stem cells destroys embryos.  President Bush, religious groups, and conservatives oppose making stem cells.  Because of his concerns, President Bush has declared that no federal funds will be allocated for research on stem cells generated after August 9, 2001 (Freking).

 

Assignment: Choose four paragraphs from your articles to CHoMP.  Each paragraph should have several sentences.  Have your CHoMPs checked off with me when you’re finished with each one.  Show me the original, your steps, and your final paraphrase.