Goal 10- WWII and the Early Cold War (1930-1960)

WWII started as a direct result of anger left over from WWII. Germany, in economic ruin, embraced Hitler as a leader destined to return them to power.  Stalin gained power as a Communist dicator in the Soviet Union.  Fascists took over Italy and militarists took over control of Japan.  Invasions by Axis countries and finally the attack on Pearl Harbor forced the US to abandon isolationism again and fight to defeat dictatorships in Europe and the Pacific. 
Battles raged at both ends of the earth at places like the Coral Sea, Guadalcanal, Midway, Iwo Jima, Okinawa El Alamein, Stalingrad, Normandy, and the Ardennes Forest.  In the end, the industrial might, and two atomic bombs, of the US helped the Allies overpower the Axis.
However, with the end of the war began a new conflict.  A global "Cold War" between the US and the Soviet Union.  Complicating this conflict was the division and control of Europe and the dangers of a full-scale nuclear war. 


10.01- Elaborate on the causes of World War II and reasons for the United States' entry into the war.
10.02- Identify military, political, and diplomatic turning points of the war and determine their significance to the outcome and aftermath of the conflict.
10.03- Describe and analyze the effects of the war on American economic, social, political, and cultural life.
10.04- Elaborate on changes in the direction of foreign policy related to the beginnings of the Cold War.
10.05- Assess the role of organizations established to maintain peace and examine their continuing effectiveness
Key Terms-
  • Benito Mussolini
  • Adolf Hitler
  • Third Reich
  • Emperor Hirihito
  • Munich Pact
  • Joseph Stalin
  • Winston Churchill
  • Kellogg-Briand Pact
  • Neutrality Acts
  • Quarantine Speech
  • Non-Aggression Pact
  • Four Freedoms
  • Lend-Lease Act
  • Pearl Harbor
  • Blitzkreig
  • Battle of Britain
  • Pearl Harbor
  • Chester Nimitz
  • Stalingrad
  • D-Day
  • George Patton
  • Battle of the Bulge
  • Airdrops
  • Battle of Midway
  • Island Hopping
  • Douglas MacArthur
  • Okinawa
  • Conferences: Casablanca, Tehran, Potsdam, Yalta
  • VE Day
  • VJ Day
  • Manhattan Project
  • J. Robert Oppenheimer
  • Atomic Bomb
  • Nuremburg Trials
  • Selective Service
  • War Production Board
  • Rationing
  • War Bonds
  • G.I. Bill
  • Levittown
  • Great Migration
  • Middle Class
  • Baby Boomers
  • WACS
  • Rosie the Riveter
  • Japanese Internment
  • Korematsu v. US (1944)
  • Iron Curtain
  • Truman Doctrine
  • Marshall Plan
  • CIA
  • Zionist movement
  • Israel
  • Berlin Airlift
  • Chinese Civil War
  • Korean War
  • UN Police Action
  • Hydrogen Bomb
  • Geneva Accords
  • Eisenhower Doctrine
  • Nikita Kruschev
  • U-2 incident
  • Fidel Castro
  • Bay of Pigs invasion
  • Berlin Wall
  • Cuban Missile Crisis
  • Limited Test Ban Treaty
  • UN
  • UN Security Council
  • OAS
  • Warsaw Pact
  • Alliance for Progress

Carl Harrington,
Feb 24, 2011, 9:47 AM