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Goal 8- WWI (The Great War) 1910-1920

Overview-
1914- Serbia. Gavrilo Princip, a Serbian nationalist, assassinates Archduke Franz Ferdinand, a royal family member of Austria-Hungary, the country that has power over Serbia.   With the shots fired that day, and the conditions that predisposed Europe to war, the largest war in human history to that tie would break out.  Alliances drew more countries in.  Russia, the UK, and France with Serbia.  Germany and the Ottoman Empire with Austria-Hungary.   Meanwhile the US attempted to stay out of the war.  Finally, after unrestricted submarine warfare and a telegram attempting to provoke Mexico to declare war on the US, the United States entered WWI.  And not a moment too soon, Russia, one of the most important members of the Allies had just gone through a revolution and withdrew from the war.  By late 1917, American soldiers were in the war full force and facing a new kind of murder.  Machine guns, gases, mortars, tanks, planes, and subs made this war a horribly brutal war.  In total, more than 9 million people would die during this war.  So horrible was the war, many people said that it was the "War to end all Wars".  Attempting to ensure this, President Woodrow Wilson attempted to craft the Treaty of Versailles around his "14 points" plan which included a league of nations to solve international disputes without violence.  However, Americans and Europeans were divided over the powers the league should have and the "need" to punish the Central Powers for the war.  Left over animosity from WWI would spill over onto the European continent again in the 1930s.
 
 
Objectives-
8.01-
Examine the reasons why the United States remained neutral at the beginning of World War I, but later became involved.
8.02-
 Identify political and military turning points of the war and determine their significance to the outcome of the conflict.
8.03-
 Assess the political, economic, social and cultural effects of the war on the United States and other nations.
 
 
 
Assess the political, economic, social and cultural effects of the war on the United States and other nations.
Assess the political, economic, social and cultural effects of the war on the United States and other nations.
 
Assess the political, economic, social and cultural effects of the war on the United States and other nations.
 
 
Key Terms-
  • Woodrow Wilson
  • U-boat Warfare
  • Allies
  • Central Powers
  • Kaiser Wilhelm II
  • Contraband
  • Lusitania
  • Election of 1916
  • Idealism
  • Selective Service Act
  • Isolationists
  • "No Man's Land"
  • Russian and Bolshevik Revolutions
  • Doughboys
  • Allied Expeditionary Force
  • Fourteen Points
  • Treaty of Versailles
  • "The Big Four"
  • League of Nations
  • Henry Cabot Lodge
  • Trench Warfare
  • Zimmeran Telegraph
  • Assassination of Franz Ferdinand
  • Alliances
  • Machine Gun
  • Tank
  • Chemical Weapons
  • Armistice
  • "Peace with out Victory"
  • "Make the World Safe for Democracy"
  • Gavrilo Princip and the Black Hand
  • John J. Pershing
  • Comittee on Public Information
  • 4 Minute Men
  • Food Administration
  • War Industries Board
  • Espionage and Sedition Acts
  • Eugene Debs
  • Industrial Workers of the World (Wobblies)
  • Schenck v. US
  • Palmer Raids
  • Red Scare
  • Washington Naval Conference
  • Dawes Plan
 
Links-
A music video of "The Green Fields of France" covered by the Dropkick Murphys.  The song explores questions surrounding "Willie McBride's" participation and death in World War I.  
"Over There"- Very popular song of the World War I period.  Used as propoganda to encourage many young Americans to join the army and fight "Over There"
Historic footage of a World War I tank (mostly the Mark 1)-  Notice how different they are thank the tanks of today.
The spark of the war- The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
5 part series on the Secrets of WWI (not so secret anymore)
 
 
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