Goal 5- Industrialization and Urbanization (1865-1910)

Overview-
Beginning during the Civil War and picking up after the war was over, the twin forces of industrialization and urbanization changed the landscape of America dramatically.  Fueled by the cheap labor provided by recent immigrants from Europe, business owners built vast business empires large enough to control the prices of goods.  Their vast wealth stood in contrast to the poverty of their workers.  Workers began to band together in unions to push for better pay, working conditions, and shorter hours.  This is the time period when the "9-5 job" came about and Americans finally started the "weekend."  At the same time advances in transportation, entertainment, city design, and building construction fundamentally changed how cities developed.


Objectives-
5.01-
Evaluate the influence of immigration and rapid urbanization on urban life.

5.02-
Explain how businesses and industrial leaders accumulated wealth and wielded political and economic power.

5.03-
Assess the impact of labor unions on industry and the lives of workers

5.04-
Describe the changing role of government in economic and political affairs

Key Terms-
Elevator
Bessemer Process
Electric trolleys
Telephone
Alexander Graham Bell
Thomas Edison
Typewriter
New Immigrants
Old Immigrants
Jacob Riis- "How the Other Half Lives"
Ellis Island
Angel Island
Settlement houses
Jane Addams
Hull House
Dumbell tenements
Chinese Exclusion Act
Sweatshops
Amusement parks
spectator sports
Frederick Law Olmstead
Edwin Drake
Andrew Carnegie
Gospel of Wealth
JP Morgan
US Steel
John D. Rockefeller
Standard Oil Company
Vanderbilt family
George Westinghouse
Horatio Alger
Herbert Spencer
Social Darwinism
Gilded Age
Captains of Industry
Robber Barons
working conditions
wages
child labor
craft unions
trade unions
Knights of Labor
Haymarket Riot
American Federation of Labor
Samuel Gompers
Eugene Debs
Strike 
Yellow Dog contracts
closed shop
open shop
lockout
scabs
blacklist
injunction
Sherman Antitrust Act
The Great Strike (1877)
Homestead Strike
Pullman Strike
Pendleton Act
Civil Service Act
Political Machines
Boss Tweed
Thomas Nast
Graft
Credit Mobiler scandal
Whiskey Ring scandal
Secret Ballot
initiative
referendum
recall
mugwumps
US vs. EC Knight, Co. (1895)

Links-

Hughes DV Lecture on the Industrial Age 

Island of Hope, Island of Tears

Type in you last name at this page and see if any of your ancestors may have passed through Ellis Island

Ellis Island Resources
 
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Carl Harrington,
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Carl Harrington,
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Carl Harrington,
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Carl Harrington,
Oct 26, 2010, 5:06 PM
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Carl Harrington,
Oct 28, 2010, 8:26 AM
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Carl Harrington,
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