Beginning during the Civil War and picking up after the war was over, the twin forces of industrialization and urbanization changed the landscape of America dramatically. Fueled by the cheap labor provided by recent immigrants from Europe, business owners built vast business empires large enough to control the prices of goods. Their vast wealth stood in contrast to the poverty of their workers. Workers began to band together in unions to push for better pay, working conditions, and shorter hours. This is the time period when the "9-5 job" came about and Americans finally started the "weekend." At the same time advances in transportation, entertainment, city design, and building construction fundamentally changed how cities developed.
Evaluate the influence of immigration and rapid urbanization on urban life.
Explain how businesses and industrial leaders accumulated wealth and wielded political and economic power.
Assess the impact of labor unions on industry and the lives of workers
Describe the changing role of government in economic and political affairs
Alexander Graham Bell
Jacob Riis- "How the Other Half Lives"
Chinese Exclusion Act
Frederick Law Olmstead
Gospel of Wealth
John D. Rockefeller
Standard Oil Company
Captains of Industry
Knights of Labor
American Federation of Labor
Yellow Dog contracts
Sherman Antitrust Act
The Great Strike (1877)
Civil Service Act
Credit Mobiler scandal
Whiskey Ring scandal
US vs. EC Knight, Co. (1895)
Hughes DV Lecture on the Industrial Age
Island of Hope, Island of Tears
Type in you last name at this page and see if any of your ancestors may have passed through Ellis Island
Ellis Island Resources