I-L38 Papers & References

 This page refers to links of papers on I-L38 published in the RJGG and to other interesting references.

I-L38 Papers (2008-2011)

Below, six chronologically ordened papers on the wanderings of I-L38 are presented. These paper are written by Hans De Beule, a Belgian hobbyist belonging to this haplogroup.

September 2008: Origin, Distribution and Migrations of I2b*-Subclades

Remark: In 2008 I-L38 was known as I2b*

Origin of the samples, distribution and place of origin of the surname were taken into account to pinpoint the Continental samples (together with the related British Isles samples) on the map of Europe. The Upper Rhine region clearly played a prominent role in the history of I-L38. This region has the highest frequency of I-L38's and the greatest STR-diversity.

Published in the Russian Journal of Genetic Genealogy: http://rjgg.molgen.org/index.php/RJGG/issue/view/11/showToc


April 2009: Origins of Hg I-L38 Subclades

Remark: In 2008 I-L38 was known as I2b2

Distribution of continental I-L38 samples with known geographical origin confirms the UpperRhine area as region with the highest I-L38 frequency and diversity. Distribution of I-L38 in the Netherlands does not support a Saxon (meaning a North -German) ancestry.

Published in the Russian Journal of Genetic Genealogyhttp://rjgg.molgen.org/index.php/RJGG/issue/view/11/showToc 


November 2009: Early Bronze Age Origin and Late Iron Age Migrations of I-L38

I-L38 is a small clade with a continental distribution  scattered around the UpperRhine (Rhineland - Palatinate). It also is present on the British  Isles. Combining several approaches lead to the conclusions that, starting from the Upper Rhine, I-L38 spread during the EBA in an area between Rhine, Danube and Elbe and I-L38 migrated in the Late Iron Age I-L38 with Celtic La Tène people, through Belgium, to the British Isles.

Published in the Russian Journal of Genetic Genealogy: http://rjgg.molgen.org/index.php/RJGG/issue/view/11/showToc


June 2010: Phylogenetic Relations and Geographic Distribution of I-L38

The first section of this paper presents a 49 marker network analysis of 64 I-L38 haplotypes. This network is used to visualize the phylogenetic relations between the 64 haplotypes.  The second section maps the geographic origin of I-L38 samples from several public databases.

Whenever possible the phylogenetic relation between samples with known geographic origin was visualized on the map. Calculating the MRCA between these samples creates a hypothetical timeframe to explain the relations. The third section describes the construction of a distribution map of I-L38. Most evidence points to a relation between I-L38 and the migrations of Late Bronze Age (Urnfield Culture) and Iron Age (Hallstatt, La Tène) people.

Published in the Russian Journal of Genetic Genealogyhttp://rjgg.molgen.org/index.php/RJGG/issue/view/11/showToc


December 2010: I-L38 in Vlaanderen en Nederland

Remark: This paper is written in Dutch because it is meant as a status quaestionis on I-L38 for the Dutch speaking DNA community. This paper explains the jargon and methods, summarizes the finds of former I-L38 papers and adds the latest finds. The essence of this paper is published in the English written paper of June 2011.

I-L38 is een bescheiden haplogroep die zowel in Vlaanderen als Nederland voorkomt. Wellicht komt I-L38 uit de Rijnvallei en migreerde ze in de laatste 4 millennia in verschillende golven door Vlaanderen naar de Britse eilanden.  Deze paper wil hobbyist-genografen inspireren en tezelfdertijd het testen van SNP L38 promoten. Per email te verkrijgen.


Paper VI: June 2011: Origin, Migrations and Expansion of Haplogroup I-L38 in Relation to Haplogroup R1b

Combining known facts with advancing insights and new material the east to west migration of I-L38 becomes visible. Also it becomes clear that the Upper Rhine played a role of importance in the expansion of I-L38 in the Late Bronze Age to Late Iron Age. These migrations seem identical to those of R1b, suggesting a shared history.

Published in the Russian Journal of Genetic Genealogy: http://rjgg.molgen.org/index.php/RJGG/article/view/92


Interesting References

  • Bandelt Hans-Jürgen, Forster Peter, Röhl Arne.(1999) Median-Joining Networks for Inferring Intraspecific Phylogenies. Molecular Biology & Evolution, 16(1): 37-48.
  • Barjesteh van Waalwijk van Doorn-Khosrovani S., van Gestel AWJM, Plooij FX, Uitgeversmaatschappij Barjesteh van Waalwijk van Doorn en Co’sZonen van Adam in Nederland; Rotterdam en Gronsveld, 2008, 405 p.
  • Chiaroni Jacques, Underhill Peter A., Cavalli-Sforza Luca L. Y chromosome diversity, human expansion, drift, and cultural evolution 20174–20179 _ PNAS _ December 1, 2009 _ vol. 106 _ no. 48
  • Janssens Ugo. De oude Belgen. The House of Books, 2009, 288 p.
  • Libber Birgit. Zu den frühbronzezeitlichen Gruppen in Süddeutschland. Universität, Leipzig, 2004.
  • De Mulder Guy. De Ijzertijd in Vlaanderen. inToorians Lauran (redacteur). Kelten en de Nederlanden, van prehistorie tot heden. Peeters, Leuven-Paris,1998, 249 p.
  • Qamar Raheel, Ayub Qasim, Mohyuddin Aisha, Helgason Agnar, Mazhar Kehkashan, Mansoor Atika, Zerjal Tatiana, Tyler-Smith Chris,  Mehdi QasimY-Chromosomal DNA Variation in Pakistan. Am J Hum Genet. 2002, May; 70(5): 1107–1124.
  • Schilz Felix. 2006. Molekulargenetische Verwandts-chaftsanalysen am prähistorischen Skelettkollektiv der Lichtensteinhöhle. Dissertation, Göttingen.
  • Van den Cloot, Marc (red). DNA Brabant, DNA project 2009 Oud-Hertogdom Brabant, Roels printing, Lier, 2010, 352 p.
  • Udolph, Jürgen. Lichtensteinhöhle Siedlungskontinuität und das Zeignis der Familien-, Orts und Gewässernamen. Walter de Gruyter - Berlin, New York, 2009, pp.85-105.
Web References

Last updated: April 2012 - Hans De Beule