This page is intended as the home page for men proven or predicted to have the F1193
mutation. This was first confirmed as representing this group in 2012.
The above diagram shows L1193's position in the G tree. It is the youngest of a
series of mutations, each one covering fewer persons as the tree branched.
All F1193 men have all the mutations shown above it in the tree.
A separate page exists for each of these mutations and the persons covered by them.
See tabs on left. The G-P287 and G-201 pages have significant additional
F1193 has one subgroup consisting of men who share the F872 mutation.
Age of F1193
Comparing the 67-marker samples of the available F1193 men suggests
the common male ancestor lived at least 10,000 years ago. More reliable time
information will be available from whole Y-DNA sequencing. Francalacci et
al. in a 2012 study provided information from sequencing that the common
ancestor of the F1193 men in Sardinia lived nearly 17,000 yrs. ago using the
more widely accepted mutation rate for Y-DNA.
Geographical Distribution of F1193
Those F1193 men who do not belong to any subgroup indicate ancestry either
from n. w. Europe or Turkey.
So far F1193 men report only English and Irish ancestry.
Origins of F1193
Little is known of the origins of F1193 or its subgroups.
On the Project Roster, subgroups have their own maps.
Look at top left of map and choose F1193 from the listing. It is near the bottom of
Sources of information
Francalacci and others in 2013 showed a huge concentration of F1193 in Sardinia,
all of it in subgroup PF3378
supplement has info
Zalloua and others in 2008 provided a sample taken in Lebanon that might be F1193+.
Y-Chromosomal Diversity in Lebanon (in supplement)
The following confirmed or predicted F1193+ men have the following results
for newer, poorly defined SNP mutations: [results may be from varied labs]
+ means positive, - means negative
more info about these SNPs can be found at:
type L1325, for example, in the Landmark box. After searching, look
for the small L1325 in the colored area and click on it.
F1193 men who tested nonstandard markers
Marker designations in blue with values underneath