This is the home page for the G subgroup in which men have the L1324 mutation but do not belong
to L1324 SNP subgroups.  Included also are men who are only predicted L1324 but have not been tested
for the subgroups.  There is no guarantee that men predicted L1324 are truly so, and confirmation 
of this status is always appreciated.

      G1 - M342
             G1a - CTS11562
                    G1a1 - Z3353
                           G1a1a - L1324

This shows the place of L1324 in the G tree.  It is the youngest of 5 shared mutations.
      L1324 is a direct descendant of Z3353.
      Z3353 is a direct descendant of CTS11562.
      CT11562 is a subgroup of G-M342 which is older, perhaps 30,000 yrs old.  See the G-M342
      tab for information on the M342 subgroup which encompasses all men traditionally called G1.

      Finally, M201 is found in all G men, including M342.  See the G-M201 tab for information on the 
      early years of haplogroup G and an overview.
This subgroup here actually consists of three mutations, L1324, L1325 and L1327, but more men
have tested for L1324 and we will use it as a simple designation of the subgroup

L1324 has one sister subgroup, GG313.

L1324 subgroups

As of this writing in July 2013 all L1324 men  also belong to a L1324 subgroup.
There are two L1324 subgroups based on shared SNP mutations which have separate 
pages on the left.   The other two are unrelated men who have the unusual 9 
value for the first component of the DYS389 marker.  The first of these subgroups may soon 
disappear from this status.  A man from this subgroup had partial sequencing and was found to have
the L1407, L1411, L1412, L1413, L1414, L1415, L1416 and L1427.  Since none were found in other 
G1 men  who had partial sequencing, there could well be another SNP subgroup for L1324.
If this turns out to be the case, this new SNP subgroup will have a separate tab on the left.

L1324 presently has four subgroups:  
       Two are based on shared SNPs
             L201, found overwhelmingly in Ashkenazi Jews from n.e. Europe   
             L1323 found overwhelmingly in men from Kazakhstan. 
      The third are men so far only from Kuwait who share DYS389I=9.
      The fourth are men from n.w. Europe who also share DYS389I=9 but not related to
            the other subgroup with this odd finding.

It is unclear if there is some common heritage that unites the two SNP subgroups. 
Without the Kuwaitis included, the Khazar Empire north of the Caucasus might have had more 
This existed about 1400 yrs ago, and the leaders converted to Judaism.  This empire was midway 
between the eventual homeland of the Ashkenazis in n.e. Europe and Kazakhstan.

The Age of the L1324 Subgroup

The marker values of the Kuwaitis are closest to those of the Jews.  They probably share a
common ancestor somewhere in the period of 4000-5000 yrs ago.  And the Kazakhs common 
ancestor with the other two subgroups was likely somewhere in excess of 5,000 yrs ago.   Whole
Y-DNA sequencing within these subgroups will allow a more precise calculation. 

Maps for the L1324 Subgroup

This subgroup is too new for maps to have appeared in research studies.   The SNP subgroups
have their own maps.  Since no one currently is L1324+ and absent from a L1324 subgroup, 
no map can be provided.  But there is a map of the L1324+ men who belong to the DYS389I 
subgroup at:
Look at top left of map and choose near the top the DYS389I=9 subgroup.


Because this is a new subgroup, no researcher has provided any study that mentions L1324
or its subgroups.  So no sources are available.  See G-M342 and G-201 for the 
studies presented for the earlier relevant groupings.

Special Testing

The following DYS389I=9 subgroup men have these results for newer or poorly defined 
G SNP mutations:  
                                                L1324's SNP subgroups in red...+ means positive, - means negative
                                                ....new SNPs found in a member of the DYS389I=9 group highlighted in yellow
CTS722- Haaji
CTS5968-  Haaji
F744-  Haaji
F1046+  Haaji
F1980- Haaji
F2274- Haaji
L109+  Haaji
L139-  Haaji
L202- Haaji
L203- Haaji
L223-  Haaji
L382+ Haaji
L402+ Haaji
L486- Haaji
L496- Haaji
L520+ Haaji
L521+ Haaji
L605+ Haaji
L698-  Haaji
L769+ Haaji
L770+  Haaji
L830- Haaji
L833+ Haaji
L834-  Haaji
L836+ Haaji
L837+ Haaji
L1256- Haaji
L1257- Haaji
L1258+ Haaji
L1259- Haaji
L1260- Haaji
L1261- Haaji
L1262- Haaji
L1264- Haaji
L1266- Haaji
L1268- Haaji
L1271- Haaji
L1326- Haaji
L1327+ Haaji
L1328- Haaji
L1341- Haaji
L1342+ Haaji
L1343- Haaji
L1344- Haaji
L1354- Haaji
L1407+ Haaji
L1411+ Haaji
L1412+ Haaji
L1413+ Haaji
L1414+ Haaji
L1415+ Haaji
L1416+ Haaji
L1424+ Haaji
P37-      Haaji
PF1557- Haaji
PF2860- Haaji
PF2884+ Haaji
PF2895- Haaji
PF3063- Haaji
PF3147- Haaji
PF3151- Haaji
PF3287- Haaji
PF3292- Haaji
PF3385- Haaji
PF3434- Haaji
PF6863- Haaji
U2+      Haaji
U7+      Haaji
U17+    Haaji
U20+   Haaji
U21+    Haaji
U23+    Haaji
U33+    Haaji
YSC00033- Haaji
Z751-   Haaji
Z1992- Haaji
Z1993- Haaji
Z2005- Haaji
Z2007- Haaji
Z2009- Haaji
Z2010- Haaji
Z2013- Haaji
Z2015- Haaji
Z2016- Haaji
Z2017- Haaji
Z2018- Haaji
Z2020- Haaji
Z2024- Haaji
Z2047- Haaji
Z2048- Haaji
         more info about these SNPs can be found at:
                   type L1325, for example, in the Landmark box.  After searching, look
                               for the small L1325 in the colored area and click on it.