This is the home page for the G subgroup in which men have the L1324 mutation but do not belong
to L1324 SNP subgroups. Included also are men who are only predicted L1324 but have not been tested
for the subgroups. There is no guarantee that men predicted L1324 are truly so, and confirmation
of this status is always appreciated.
L1324 is a subgroup of G-M342 which is older, perhaps 30,000 yrs old. See the G-M342
tab for information on the M342 subgroup which encompasses all men traditionally called G1.
Finally, M201 is found in all G men, including M342. See the G-M201 tab for information on the
early years of haplogroup G and an overview.
This subgroup here actually consists of three mutations, L1324, L1325 and L1327, but more men
have tested for L1324 and we will use it as a simple designation of the subgroup
As of this writing in July 2013 all L1324 men also belong to a L1324 subgroup.
There are two L1324 subgroups based on shared SNP mutations which have separate
pages on the left. The other two are unrelated men who have the unusual 9
value for the first component of the DYS389 marker. The first of these subgroups may soon
disappear from this status. A man from this subgroup had partial sequencing and was found to have
the L1407, L1411, L1412, L1413, L1414, L1415, L1416 and L1427. Since none were found in other
G1 men who had partial sequencing, there could well be another SNP subgroup for L1324.
If this turns out to be the case, this new SNP subgroup will have a separate tab on the left.
L1324 presently has four subgroups:
Two are based on shared SNPs
L201, found overwhelmingly in Ashkenazi Jews from n.e. Europe
L1323 found overwhelmingly in men from Kazakhstan.
The third are men so far only from Kuwait who share DYS389I=9.
The fourth are men from n.w. Europe who also share DYS389I=9 but not related to
the other subgroup with this odd finding.
It is unclear if there is some common heritage that unites the two SNP subgroups.
Without the Kuwaitis included, the Khazar Empire north of the Caucasus might have had more
This existed about 1400 yrs ago, and the leaders converted to Judaism. This empire was midway
between the eventual homeland of the Ashkenazis in n.e. Europe and Kazakhstan.
The Age of the L1324 Subgroup
The marker values of the Kuwaitis are closest to those of the Jews. They probably share a
common ancestor somewhere in the period of 4000-5000 yrs ago. And the Kazakhs common
ancestor with the other two subgroups was likely somewhere in excess of 5,000 yrs ago. Whole
Y-DNA sequencing within these subgroups will allow a more precise calculation.
Maps for the L1324 Subgroup
This subgroup is too new for maps to have appeared in research studies. The SNP subgroups
have their own maps. Since no one currently is L1324+ and absent from a L1324 subgroup,
no map can be provided. But there is a map of the L1324+ men who belong to the DYS389I
Look at top left of map and choose near the top the DYS389I=9 subgroup.
Because this is a new subgroup, no researcher has provided any study that mentions L1324
or its subgroups. So no sources are available. See G-M342 and G-201 for the
studies presented for the earlier relevant groupings.
The following DYS389I=9 subgroup men have these results for newer or poorly defined
G SNP mutations:
L1324's SNP subgroups in red...+ means positive, - means negative
....new SNPs found in a member of the DYS389I=9 group highlighted in yellow
more info about these SNPs can be found at:
type L1325, for example, in the Landmark box. After searching, look
for the small L1325 in the colored area and click on it.