Happy Hippos for Summarization

Happy Hippos for Summarization



Reading to Learn

 Hailey Jones



         In order to become better readers, we must truly comprehend what we are reading.  One way to improve our comprehension is to learn how to summarize.  To summarize is to take all of the important details and main ideas out of a text and combine them in a way that explains the story to someone who has not read it.  This lesson helps students learn how to find those main ideas and key details in a text by having the teacher model summarization and then by summarizing themselves.


·      Pencils

·      Paper

·      Highlighter

·      Sharpies (black)

·      Dry-erase board

·      Dry-erase markers

·      Passage example on SmartBoard (“Two Words: Baby hippo”)

·      Classroom copies of “Two Words: Baby hippo”

·      Classroom copies of “Hippopotamus”

·      Classroom copies of “African Lion”

·      Rubric for Summarization


1.     Say:  Today we are going to talk about summarization.  You tell me what you think summarization is.  That’s right!  Summarizing means taking a story that we’ve read and picking out all of the important things, like main ideas and really important details.  When you summarize, you are retelling the story or passage you have just read giving only the important details and main ideas that you found in it.  We leave out the details that are not as important.

2.     Say: Before we learn more about how to summarize, let's review what we've been talking about lately.  Who can tell me what we've been talking about when we study the continent of Africa?  (Call on student.)  That's right!  We have been talking about the different African animals.  Now let's review some of the vocabulary we've talked about recently.  Yesterday, we said that a hippopotamus is a large thick-skinned African mammal with big jaws and large tusks.  You could say, "The hippopotamus scared the tourists in Africa."  Which of these animals could scare a tourist? A house cat, a parrot, a hippo, or a golden retriever?  (Call on student.)  That's right!  A hippopotamus could scare a tourist because of the large tusks and big jaws!  Yesterday, we also talked about physical continent of Africa.  We said that Africa is the world’s second-largest continent that is between the Atlantic and Indian Oceans that has many wild animals. You could say, "It was a long journey from the United States to the continent of Africa."  Which one of these animals would you probably not find in Africa?  A Dalmatian, a zebra, a cheetah, or an elephant?  (Call on student.)  That's right!  You will probably not find a Dalmatian in Africa because it probably wouldn’t survive there with all of the wild animals.


3.    Say:  Now that we've reviewed our vocabulary, let's go back to talking about summarizing. Do you know why summarization is important when we read?  Yes, it helps us to pick out all the important things in the story.  Have you ever summarized before?  If you have, you know that when you do, you are just going over the main ideas and key elements in the text.  When you’re summarizing, make sure that you only mention the important, big ideas and leave the small ideas out of the story.  

4.     Say:  Now we are going to read a passage together. I will read it on the Smartboard while you read it at your desk.  Read it quietly to yourself, and I will do the same.  *Wait for students to finish reading* Okay, who can give me a brief summary of what you read? *Give different students a chance to give their summaries and assist as needed* You’ll notice on my copy of the story, on the SmartBoard, that I highlighted important details and crossed out details that were not important. 

5.     Say:  Now I am passing out another article about hippos.  It is a little different but you will still be reading about hippos.  I am also giving you a black Sharpie and a highlighter.  As you read, highlight details that you think are important and contribute to the main idea of the story.  And take the Sharpie that I have given you and cross out the details that you do not think are important.  When you’ve finished reading and marking the story, I want you to summarize it in 10 sentences or less.  Remember to only include main ideas and details.  Don’t include any of the details that you crossed out, only the ones that you have highlighted.  Write in complete sentences and use correct punctuation.  The most important thing is not to copy the text just like it is but put it in your own words.  *Allow 15-20 minutes for students to summarize*

6.     Say:  Now that you have all summarized the passage, I will call on some of you to give me main ideas.  Let’s see if we can find ten main ideas.  *Listen as students read their summaries and look for common main ideas and then write them on the board*

7.     Say:  We have now summarized two articles.  I’m passing out another one called “African Lion.” I want you to read it to yourself and summarize.  Who can tell me what you’re looking for when you summarize?  Great answers!  Yes, we’re looking for main ideas and important details.  And always be sure to include key words in the text.  When you’ve finished reading and summarizing, I will collect your papers.

Also, I will ask these comprehension questions for a Reading Comprehension check at the end:

1.      How do the male lions mark their territory?

2.    How do the females hunt for food?

3.    What are lions known for throughout history?



Student Name:



Did the student…



Read the article all the way through?



Pick out the most important information from the article based on methods used in class?



Delete trivial information?



Comprehend the information from the article?



Write a short paragraph summarizing the most important parts of the article read?








“Two Words: Baby hippo” Article:

http://tweentribune.com/tween56/ two-words-baby-hippo 

“Hippopotamus” Article:


“African Lion” Article:


Reading Genie:


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