Education is affected by so much more than just what is going on in the classroom. Education is made up of friends, feelings, fears, family, physical changes, social develpment, moral development and psychosocial development. How can you, as a new teacher, incorporate all these changes into your classroom and contribute to the self, social and moral development of your students? This page will give you the basics so you understand what your students are bringing with them when they enter your classroom.
Below you will find information on social development, physical develpment, psychosocial development, and moral development.
Urie Bronfenbrenner created a model that shows us what social influences affect our students learning. This model is called the Bioecological System. Students bring so much into the classroom with them, and seeing the big picture really helped me put it in perspective.
When you click on the link, you will see all the factors that affect a students ability to learn: http://geopolicraticus.files.wordpress.com/2011/01/ecological-systems-theory.jpg
Below is a link to a youtube clip that also helps to explain the Bioecological Sytem
Being in the medical profession, I have always thought that the body was an amazing piece of machinery. If you think of everything that your body does in only one day to stay alive it is jaw dropping! Since personally we have all been through school and the stages of physical development, we can not forget that our students are going through some major changes in their bodies. These changes also affect their social development as well as their psychosocial develpment, and must be taken into account when teaching a class. This is not to say that you can adapt to all the individual differences of the class, but lets not forget we all went through this.
Since the physical changes vary from child to child and age to age, this page will not list all the changes. You, as a new teacher, need to be aware of the changes that your students are going through dependednt on the grade you are teaching.
For those of you who are teaching children under the age of 5, here is a link that will help you. http://www.sciencenetlinks.com/pdfs/growth1_actsheet.pdf
For those of you teaching children 7 to 11 years of age, this link was very in formative. http://www.cliffsnotes.com/study_guide/Physical-Development-Age-711.topicArticleId-26831,articleId-26781.html
For those of you who are teaching children 11 to 21 years of age, this link was very good. http://eclkc.ohs.acf.hhs.gov/hslc/tta-system/teaching/eecd/Curriculum/Planning/_34_Stages_of_adolescence1.pdf
If you have made it to this web page, then you have heard of Erik Erikson and the stages of Psychosocial Development. Accoording to Erikson, there are eight stages, and they start at birth and continue on until late adulthood.
The eight stages are:
Click on the link and it will take you to a chart with the stages and their descriptions. http://web.cortland.edu/andersmd/erik/sum.html
This youtube link was very informative and helped with understanding of the eight stages.
Not only are our students going through, physical, social and emotional changes, they are also learning right from wrong. This is moral development. Lawrence Kohlberg developed a theory on moral develpment, which consisted of 6 stages in three different levels.
Level 1. Preconventional Morality
Level 2. Conventional Morality
Level 3. Postconventional Morality
For an explanation of the levels and stages, please click on the link: http://psychology.about.com/od/developmentalpsychology/a/kohlberg.htm
Click on this youtube link for a condensed explanation of Kohlberg's theory.
The attached paper below was written by one of the site authors on Moral Reasoning and Education. Please take time to read it as it has some very helpful information in it.
Ages and stages of development: http://ohioline.osu.edu/4h-fact/0015.html
High School Age Youth