Parallels with the outcome of the Apostolic Church in Jerusalem (1st century)

Brief content of the presentation:

Introduction: Parallelism between two models, or ‘typology’.

The core: A discourse with double fulfillment? (Luke 21)
I. Two confronted worldviews
II. Two excluding messages
III. Imprecise leadership facing the final events
IV. Scatological prophecies: Which fulfillments? (Luke 21:8-11)
V. Unexpected turn: Shaking and witnessing (vers. 12-19)
VI. The siege: The last great saving sign (vers. 20-23)
VII. The final destruction (vers. 24)


Introduction: Parallelism between two models, or ‘typology’.

The beginning of the “Biblical types” (model or “type” that it corresponds to other homologous model, or correlate, or counterpart, called “antitype”) it is explained by the Apostle Paul in 1 Cor. 10:6, 11. [Cf. M. S. Terry. Hermeneutics, chap. 8 (interpretation of the Biblical types).]
This principle appears revealed in the three great catastrophes with which the Lord Jesus illustrated the destruction that it will come upon our world: (1) the universal flood, (2) the fire upon Sodom and (3) the Roman desolation upon the city of Jerusalem.
As it was in the days of Noah, so it will be as well in the days of the Son of Man” (Luke 17:26; Matt. 24:38-39; cf. Dan. 12:10).
In like manner as it happened in the days of Lot… so it will be the day in that the Son of Man be manifested” (Luke 17:28-30).

The disciples came closer to Him apart, saying: Tell us, when will these things be [in that it will be left no stone upon stone], and which sign will there be of Your coming, and of the end of the world?” (Matt. 24:1-3). “He then said: … When you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, you know then that its destruction has arrived … Then there will be signs in the sun, the moon . . . and anguish of the people … and they will see the Son of Man” (Luke 21:20-27). While Jesus revealed the devastation of Jerusalem as a sign of the end, E. White points out that it is a type of that end (the destruction of Jerusalem “typifies the last great destruction of the world by fire”, LDE 18), a symbol of the final destruction (DA 743).
A question is important: What attributes characterized those “models” or “types” (worthy to imitate), by which they were delivered?

Noah, preacher of justice (2 Peter 2:5), he believed and he acted about things that were not seen and so he saved his family at entering them in the ark (Heb. 11:7). So the Lord will act with the “pious” believers as him (2 Peter 2:5, 9). Even the flood (type), but more the rescue from the water of which Noah was object it becomes a “model” for a mandate of the Lord: baptism (this one seen as antítüpos [in Greek] by the Apostle, 1 Peter 3:21).
Lot was freed because, being righteous one, he afflicted his righteous soul seeing and hearing the iniquities of the Sodomites. In the same way the Lord will deliver same pious ones (cf. Ezekiel 9:4) in the day of the final judgment (2 Peter 2:6-9).
Those who obeyed the warning in regards to the Roman siege carried out by the General Cestius Gallus (Matt. 24:15-18: “the one who is in the rooftop, he does not descend to take something from his home; and the one who is in the field, he does not go back to take his cloak”) they constitute a model for those who await the Second Coming: “So it will be the day in which the Son of Man be manifested. In that day, the one who is in the rooftop, and their goods at home, he does not descend to take them; and the one who in the field, likewise he does not go back” (Luke 17:30-31). Even the wife of Lot becomes a type for the last time (v. 32, 30).
What exemplary conduct they had those first Christians (“types”) who they correspond to us today (“antitypes”)? Could there be found more parallels in the work of those who, they having heard the prophetic speech of Jesus (Luke 21, year 31 AD), they were strengthened for 35 years until the saving intervention from Cestius Gallu (66 AD)? What lessons are there from it for us today?

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