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   at the EC in Luxembourg and even the experts were worried. He caused

   havoc at universities all around the world'.4 To do this, Wandii had

   used a simple BBC Micro computer, a Christmas present costing



   The hacking didn't stop at European Community's computer, Richardson

   told the eager crowd of journalists. Wandii had hacked Lloyd's, The

   Financial Times and Leeds University. At The Financial Times machine,

   Wandii's adventures had upset the smooth operations of the FTSE 100

   share index, known in the City as `footsie'. The hacker installed a

   scanning program in the FT's network, resulting in one outgoing call

   made every second. The upshot of Wandii's intrusion: a [sterling]704

   bill, the deletion of an important file and a management decision to

   shut down a key system. With the precision of a banker, FT computer

   boss Tony Johnson told the court that the whole incident had cost his

   organisation [sterling]24871.


   But the FT hack paled next to the prosecution's real trump card: The

   European Organisation for the Research and Treatment of Cancer in

   Brussels. They had been left with a [sterling]10000 phone bill as a

   result of a scanner Wandii left on its machine,5 the court was told.

   The scanner had left a trail of 50000 calls, all documented on a

   980-page phone bill.


   The scanner resulted in the system going down for a day, EORTC

   information systems project manager Vincent Piedboeuf, told the jury.

   He went on to explain that the centre needed its system to run 24

   hours a day, so surgeons could register patients. The centre's

   database was the focal point for pharmaceutical companies, doctors and

   research centres--all coordinating their efforts in fighting the



   For the media, the case was headline heaven. `Teenage computer hacker

   "caused worldwide chaos"' the Daily Telegraph screamed across page

   one. On page three, the Daily Mail jumped in with `Teenage hacker

   "caused chaos for kicks"'. Even The Times waded into the fray.

   Smaller, regional newspapers pulled the story across the countryside

   to the far reaches of the British Isles. The Herald in Glasgow told

   its readers `Teenage hacker "ran up [sterling]10000 telephone bill"'.

   Across the Irish Sea, the Irish Times caused a splash with its

   headline, `Teenage hacker broke EC computer security'.


   Also in the first week of the case, The Guardian announced Wandii had

   taken down the cancer centre database. By the time The Independent got

   hold of the story, Wandii hadn't just shut down the database, he had

   been reading the patients' most intimate medical details: `Teenager

   "hacked into cancer patient files"'. Not to be outdone, on day four of

   the trial, the Daily Mail had christened Wandii as a `computer

   genius'. By day five it labelled him as a `computer invader' who `cost

   FT [sterling]25000'.


   The list went on. Wandii, the press announced, had hacked the Tokyo

   Zoo and the White House. It was difficult to tell which was the more

   serious offence.


   Wandii's defence team had a few tricks of its own. Ian MacDonald, QC,

   junior counsel Alistair Kelman and solicitor Deborah Tripley put

   London University Professor James Griffith-Edwards, an authoritative

   spokesman on addictive and compulsive behaviours, on the stand as an

   expert witness. The chairman of the National Addiction Centre, the