10.07 Dragon

The Dragon is a Greco-Roman symbol which is representative of Roman Gunpowder and secret cannons which were hidden in the mouths of scary looking creatures (i.e., dragons) that were affixed to the front of Greco-Roman war ships. According to historian Anna Komnene (1083 A.D. – 1153 A.D.), a Greek princess, scholar, physician, and the daughter of Emperor Alexios I Komnenos of Byzantium, beast-shaped Greek Fire projectors were mounted to the bow of warships: “As he [the Emperor Alexios I] knew that the Pisans were skilled in sea warfare and dreaded a battle with them, on the prow of each ship he had a head fixed of a lion or other land-animal, made in brass or iron with the mouth open and then gilded over, so that their mere aspect was terrifying. And the fire which was to be directed against the enemy through tubes he made to pass through the mouths of the beasts, so that it seemed as if the lions and the other similar monsters were vomiting the fire.” Coincidentally, there are two Bible verses which appear to describe “brimstone” (i.e., “Greek Fire”) emanating from the mouths of beasts as previously depicted by Komnene. The first verse is Revelation 9:17 which states: “And thus I saw the horses in the vision, and them that sat on them, having breastplates of fire, and of jacinth, and brimstone: and the heads of the horses were as the heads of lions; and out of their mouths issued fire and smoke and brimstone.” The second verse is Revelation 9:18 which states: “By these three was the third part of men killed, by the fire, and by the smoke, and by the brimstone, which issued out of their mouths.” This is likely why Greco-Roman Viking ships were notoriously known to be outfitted with dragon heads for they hid the Greek Fire within.

Greek Dragons
Dragons are legendary in European folklore and mythology as they are found in nearly all cultures and countries.
European dragons are typically depicted as being extremely large, fire-breathing, scaly, lizard-like creatures which have leathery bat-like wings, legs, and a tail. The popularity of dragons in Europe is no coincidence for essentially all of Europe was conquered by fire breathing Greco-Roman dragons (i.e., cannon bearing war ships). Although the term “dragon” was allegedly derived from the Draco constellation (which looks like a dragon’s head when turned 180°), it is far more likely that Draco and the numerous myths and legends surrounding dragons were derived from Greco-Roman warships which featured large dragon heads that spit cannon fire. Although there are numerous serpents and dragons in Greek mythology, they all appear to have been derived from the personification of various fire breathing war ships. Similar to planes and ships today, Greco-Roman Empire ships took on names and mythical personalities, especially in respect to their fire-breathing dragon heads, wing-like sails, scaly-like armor, and oar-like legs. For example, Ladon was a Greek dragon with as many as one hundred heads (i.e., cannons) which encircled the Garden of the Hesperides and guarded the Golden Apples. The Lernaean Hydra was a water dragon with fatally venomous breath who was said to have anywhere between five and 100 heads (i.e., cannons). For each head cut off, one or two more grew back in its place. It also had an immortal head which would remain alive after it was cut off, a likely reference to back-up cannons. Lastly, Typhon was known as the "Father of All Monsters" and was described in the pseudo-Apollodorus “Bibliotheke” as the largest and most fearsome of all dragons. His upper half reached as high as the stars and he had as many as one hundred dragon heads (i.e., cannons) which erupted from his neck and shoulders. His whole body was covered in wings (i.e., sails), and fire (i.e., cannon fire) flashed from his eyes, striking fear even into the Olympians.

Dragon Mythology & Symbology
In Norse mythology,
Jörmungandr was a giant sea serpent that surrounded Miðgarð (i.e., Greenland) the world of mortal men. He grew so large that he was able to surround the earth and grasp his own tail. As a result, he received the name of the Midgard Serpent or World Serpent. This particular Norse myth appears to be a reference to Greco-Roman dragon ships which previously encircled Greenland to protect it from both discovery and invasion. These dragon ship encircling the core of the Earth are symbolized in Greek mythology by Caduceus, the staff carried by Hermes, and the Rod of Asclepius wielded by the Greek god Asclepius. Consequently, Greco-Roman dragons are depicted on the flags and coat or arms of Spain (were dragon ships were likely first invented or used in battle) and the nations of England, Iceland, Norway and Wales, the four closest countries to Greenland. Dragon-related symbology and vexillology includes but is not limited to: the Royal Badge of Wales (1953); flag of Wales (1953-1959); the current flag of Wales; the flag of the Welsh colony in Patagonia; and the flag of Somerset County, England. Dragons are also found within the coat of arms of Iceland; the coat of arms of the Russian Federation; the coat of arms of Generalitat Valenciana, Spain; the coat of arms of Valencian Community, Spain; the coat of arms of Stjørdal, Norway; the coat of arms of Leicester, England; the coat of arms of the Aragonese Monarchs; the coat of arms of the Duke of Marlborough; and the coat of arms of Peter IV of Aragon.

Dragons in Popular Culture
Tributes to Draco (the Latin name for Dragon), Dracaena (the Greek name for a female dragon), and Dragon are found throughout popular culture, including but not limited to: Airplanes: de Havilland Dragon, a small commercial aircraft; the Douglas B-23 Dragon, a twin-engined bomber aircraft; and the logo of Air Wales; Books: Dragon” (1975), a short story by Anandasiri Kalapugama; “Dragon” (1982-1992), a series of fantasy novels by Laurence Yep; “Dragon” (1990), a novel by Clive Cussler; Dragon” (1998), a novel by Steven Brust; "Dragon: the Old Potter's Tale" (1919), a short story by Ryūnosuke Akutagawa; How to Train Your Dragon” (2003), a series of children's novels by Cressida Cowell, including but not limited to: “How to Speak Dragonese” (2005); “How to Cheat a Dragon's Curse” (2006); “How to Twist a Dragon's Tale” (2007); “A Hero's Guide to Deadly Dragons” (2008); “How to Ride a Dragon's Storm” (2008); “How to Break a Dragon's Heart” (2009); “How to Steal a Dragon's Sword” (2011); “How to Seize a Dragon's Jewel” (2012); “How to Betray a Dragon's Hero” (2013); “The Dragon” (1635), an Italian fairy tale; The Dragon” (1955), a short story by Ray Bradbury; and “The Dragons” (1996), a fantasy novel by Douglas Niles; Business: Dennis Dragon, a type of bus; Draco, a guitar built by B.C. Rich guitars; Dragon, a Russian car company; Dragon Automobile Company, an American manufacturer (1906-1908); “Dragon Magazine” (1988-Present), a Japanese light novel magazine; Dragon Models Limited, a toy manufacturer; Dragon Petroleum, a Welsh fuel company; Dragonair, an airline; Kaiser Dragon, a 1950s American car; the logo of
Alpha Romeo; and the logo of Vauxhall Motors; Computing: AMD Dragon, a platform engineered for gamers; AmigaDraco, the database engine used by FileMaker Pro; Comodo Dragon, a web browser; DraCo, a partly Amiga compatible computer built by MacroSystem AG; Draco, a shareware programming language for CP/M; Draco GNU/Linux, a Linux distribution; Dragon 32/64, two 1980s home computers; Dragon, a remote sensing software; Dragon, a stream cipher;  Dragon chip, a line of Chinese CPUs; Dragon Data, a Welsh computer manufacturer; and Dragon NaturallySpeaking, a speech recognition software package; Fictional Characters: Antares Draco, an Imperial Knight from Star Wars: Legacy; Dracaena, a fictional dragon-woman in “Percy Jackson & the Olympians” (2005); Draco, a warlord character in the television series “Xena: Warrior Princess; Draco, the name of the last dragon in the film “Dragonheart”; Draco Malfoy, a character in the “Harry Potter” series of books and movies; Dragon in Shrek; Dragon of Middle-earth by J. R. R. Tolkien; Dragon Shiryū, a Saint Seiya character; Dragons of Dragon Prince by Melanie Rawn; Dragons of Pern by Anne McCaffrey; Jaq Draco, an Inquisitor who is the protagonist of Ian Watson's Inquisition “War Trilogy”; Marc Ange Draco, head of European crime syndicate and James Bond's father-in-law in Ian Fleming's novels; Richard Dragon, a comic book character; and The Dragon in Beowulf; Films: Dragon” (2006); “Dragon” (2011); Dragon: The Bruce Lee Story” (1993), a biographical film;Dragons 3D” (2013); and “How to Train Your Dragon” (2010); Games: Dragon tiles, a type of honor tile in mahjon; and Sicilian Defence, Dragon Variation, a chess opening move; Mathematics: Dragon curve, a family of fractal curves; Memorials: Mametz Wood Memorial; Military: Dacian Draco, a Dacian military standard composed of a wolf head and snake tail; Draco, a Roman cavalry military standard in the shape of a dragon, adopted after the Dacian Wars; Draco, a Romanian-made shortened pistol version of the AKM assault rifle; Dragon, the short version of the blunderbuss pistol; "Dragons", a USMC helicopter squadron; and the M47 Dragon, an American anti-tank missile system; Music: Dragon” (1998), an album by Loudness; “Dragon” (2005), an album by Jake Shimabukuro; Dragon, a New Zealand/Australian rock group; "Dragon", a song by The Sugarcubes on the album “Life's Too Good” (1998); Dragon Records, a Swedish jazz record label; "Dragons", a song by Caravan Palace on the album “Caravan Palace” (2008); Dragons, an English group; “Praise the Dragon Flag” (1906), a Chinese song; “The Dragon” (1978), an album by Vangelis; and The Dragons, an American rock group; Mythology: Draco, a reptilian alien race that has been purported to exist by certain UFO conspiracy theorists; Dragon, a sign in the Chinese zodiac; Draco, the first lawgiver of ancient Athens, Greece, from whom the term “draconian” is derived; Draco, the name of several physicians in the family of Hippocrates; Dragon Throne, the throne of the Emperor of China; Drakaina, a Greek mythological entity; Druaga the god of the underworld in Mesopotamia; and the Welsh Dragon, the flag of Wales; Places: Dracena, Brazil; Dragon, Utah; Dragon Cone, a volcano in British Columbia, Canada; Dragon Hill, Uffington, England; Dragone River, Amalfi Coast, Italy; Dragoni, Campania, Italy; and "The Dragon", a section of U.S. Route 129 near Deals Gap, North Carolina; Poems:Dragon” (1875), a poem by Aleksey Tolstoy; Roller Coasters: “Dragon” at Adventureland, Iowa, United States; “Dragon Coaster” at Playland, Rye, New York, United States; and “The Dragon”, at Ocean Park, Hong Kong, China; Schools: Dragon School, a British preparatory school in Oxford, England; and the The Dragon Academy, a private school in Ontario, Canada; Science: Cordyline australis”, a plant commonly known as the “Dracaena palm”;Dracaena” a genus of plants; “Dracaena”, a genus of lizard; “Draco”, a genus of gliding lizards; Draco, name given by the U.S. cable channel “The Weather Channel” to the December 2012 North American blizzard; DRACO, a group of experimental antiviral drugs; and the Dragon reactor, a gas-cooled nuclear reactor in England; Secret Societies: Order of the Dragon; Ships: Draco Boats, manufactured in Flekkefjord, Norway in the 70's and 80's; Dragon, a sailing yacht, used in racing; Dragon boat, a narrow canoe-style boat, used for the sport of dragon boat racing; Dragon” (1542), a 140 ton three masted ship; Dragon” (1593), a galleon ship; Dragon of Greenwich” (1512), a ship of 100 tons; “HMS Dragon” (1647), a fourth-rate frigate; “HMS Ormonde” (1711), a 50-gun fourth-rate ship of the line; “HMS Dragon” (1736), a 60-gun fourth-rate ship of the line; “HMS Dragon” (1760), a 74-gun third-rate ship of the line; “HMS Dragon” (1798), a 74-gun third-rate ship of the line; “HMS Dragon” (1885), a 6-gun wooden paddle second-rate frigate; “HMS Dragon” (1878), a 6-gun Doterel-class screw sloop; “HMS Dragon” (1894), a twin-screw Banshee-class torpedo boat destroyer; “HMS Dragon” (1917), a light cruiser; “HMS Dragon” (2008), a Type 45 destroyer; and the “USS Dragon” (1861), a Union Navy steamer; Space: Draco, a constellation in the northern part of the sky; Draco, a dwarf galaxy orbiting the Milky Way; Draco, an orbital maneuvering thruster being built for the SpaceX Dragon and upper stage of the Falcon 9 spacecraft; Dragon, used by SpaceX to transport cargo to and from the International Space Station; Dragon, a French research sounding rocket; DRAKON, a programming language used in flight controllers for rockets and space vehicles; The Dragon”, a grouping of galaxies in the field of Abell 370; Television:Dragon” (2004-2007), a Canadian children's TV program; and Dragon Television, a Chinese provincial satellite TV station; Theater:The Dragon” (1944), a theater play by Evgeny Shvarts; Trains: coat of arms of Midland Railway in England; “Dragon” (1848–1872), a GWR Iron Duke Class locomotive; “Dragon” (1873–1892), a South Devon Railway Buffalo class locomotive; “Dragon” (1880–1892), a GWR Rover class locomotive; “Dragon” (1891-1915), a GWR 3031 Class locomotive; and “Dragon” (2009-present) Newag E6ACT, an electric freight locomotive; and Video Games: 2Draco, a 9/9 Artifact Dragon from the card game “Magic: The Gathering”; Draco, a black dragon found in the video game “Dark Ages”; Draco, a character in the fictional opera “The Dream Oath: Maria and Draco” and in “Final Fantasy VI”; Draco Centauros, a dragon-like humanoid from the “Puyo Puyo” video game series; Draco-Hedron Ovinxer, the destructive dragon form of Ovinxer and the final boss of the game “Gun Nac”; “Dragon”, a version of the video game “Mega Man Star Force”; Dragon, a “Dungeons & Dragons” magazine; and Dragon in “Dungeons & Dragons”.

Dragon Mascots
Aside from Draco Racing in Italy and Dragon Racing in the United States, Greco-Roman dragons are celebrated the world over via the mascots of numerous sports teams, including but not limited to: Antilles: AS Dragon, a soccer team; Australia: Darwin Dragons SC, a soccer team; Engadine Dragons, a junior rugby league team; Northcote Football Club, aka the Northcote Dragons, an Australian rules football team; Shellharbour City Dragons, a rugby league team; South Dragons, a former team in the Australasian National Basketball League (2006-2009); St. George Dragons, a rugby league team; and the St. George Illawarra Dragons, a rugby league football club; Benin: AS Dragons FC de l'Ouémé, a soccer team; Canada: Verdun Dragons, an ice hockey team; China: China Dragon, an ice hockey team; Jiangsu Dragons, a basketball team; and the Sichuan Dragons, a baseball team; Congo: AS Dragons, a soccer team; Czech Republic: RC Dragon Brno, a rugby union team; El Salvador: C.D. Dragón, a soccer team; Equatorial Guinea: Dragón FC, a soccer team; France: Catalans Dragons, a rugby league club; and the Dragons de Rouen, an ice hockey team; Ireland: Dublin Dragons, an American football team; Japan: Chunichi Dragons, a baseball team; Luxembourg: Dudelange Dragons, an American football team; Netherlands: Delft Dragons, an American football team; Philippines:  Welcoat Dragons, a basketball team; South Korea: Chunnam Dragons, a football team;  and the Jeonnam Dragons, a football team; Spain: Barcelona Dragons, an American football team; Tahiti: A.S. Dragon, a soccer team; United States: Chesapeake Dragons, a soccer team; Dayton Dragons, a baseball team; Drexel Dragons, the sports teams of Drexel University; Jersey Dragons, a soccer team; Lane College Dragons, the sports teams of Lane College; Lake Orion Dragons, the sports teams at Lake Orion High School; Los Angeles Dragons, an American football team; Moorhead Dragons, the sports teams of Minnesota State University Moorhead; New York Dragons, an Arena Football League team; Phoenix Dragons, an inline hockey team; San Antonio Dragons, an ice hockey team; San Francisco Dragons, a field lacrosse team; Thomasville Dragons, a women's soccer team; Tiffin Dragons, the sports teams at Tiffin University; and the Wisconsin Dragons, a women's tackle football team; and Wales: Cardiff City Blue Dragons, a rugby team; Celtic Dragons, a netball team; Glamorgan Dragons, a cricket team; and the Newport Gwent Dragons, a rugby union team.

Order of the Dragon
The Order of the Dragon is historically touted as a
monarchical chivalric order which required its members to defend the cross and fight the enemies of Christianity.It was purportedly founded on December 12, 1408, by Sigismund, a Holy Roman Emperor, and his queen, Barbara of Celje. Modelled after the Order of St. George, the Order of the Dragon adopted St. George as its patron saint. St. George’s legendary defeat of a dragon is cited as the origin of the Order’s name and symbology. However, in reality, the Order of the Dragon was responsible for manning a fleet of ships which encircled Greenland on behalf of the Roman Empire. The Order’s name in Latin is “Societas Draconistarum”. The term “Draconistarum” (D+R+C/K+N/X+S+T+R+M), acronymically and/or consonantly equates to “Dragon State Rome”. This is because Greenland, home to the Roman Empire, was fully encircled by the hundreds of fire-breathing ships which physically looked like dragons. The naval blockade was instituted to keep Greenland safe from any and all ships traveling northward. Consequently, with advances in seafaring, namely the invention of the submarine, the Order vanished in the late 15th century.

Order of the Dragon Symbology
insignia of the Order of the Dragon depicts a Roman Cross (i.e., “+”) which equates to the letter “D” in the Roman Score (i.e., the Roman alphabet), an acronym for “Day”, “Die” and “Death”. This is because the Order was responsible for sinking any ship headed north. Branching out from the Roman Cross is what appears to be cannon fire shooting out to the North, East, South and West. This is likely representative of Roman gunpowder and cannon fire which were inherent to the fleet of ships which formerly encircled Greenland. The Order of the Dragon’s symbol is that of the Ouroboros which depicts a dragon eating its own tail. This symbol is representative of the fire breathing ships of the Greco-Roman Empire which fist encircled the Island of Crete, the Island of Sicily, and the Island of Greenland, the three dens (homes) of the 13 Bloodlines of Rome. The naval blockade was instituted as to protect the families, homes and wealth of the Imperial Cult of Rome. This particular notion is corroborated by the fact that modern historical accounts state that “Another influential model [of the Order of the Dragon] may have been the Sicilian Order of the Ship”. The Island of Sicily was the second den (home) of the Roman Empire prior to their move to Greenland. Therefore, it’s likely that the fleet of ships used to protect Sicily were subsequently positioned around Greenland. In a reconstruction of the Order of the Dragon’s badge (which is reportedly based on the sketches from the Austrian Museum of Artifacts), the encircling Dragon is being hung from a circle which has been dissected by a line (i.e., “Ф”). The “Ф” symbol, which is currently found on the flag of Greenland, equates to the letter “G” in the Roman Score, an acronym for Greenland. In a reconstruction of the order’s patch, a dragon forms a complete circle, half of which is light and half of which is dark. The contrasting half-light, half-dark circle is coincidentally also depicted on the flag of Greenland.

Dragons in the Holy Bible
Because the Dragon is Greco-Roman in origin, there are 34 references
to the word “dragon” in the Holy Bible, the allegorical and metaphorical history book the Roman Empire. The number “34” is telling for it numerically equates to the letters “CD” (i.e., 3 = C and 4 = D). When these two letters are superimposed, they form the “Ф” symbol (i.e., the letter “G” in the Roman Score) which is coincidentally found on the flag of Greenland.

1. Deuteronomy 32:33: “Their wine is the poison of dragons, and the cruel venom of asps.”

2. Nehemiah 2:13: “And I went out by night by the gate of the valley, even before the dragon well, and to the dung port, and viewed the walls of Jerusalem, which were broken down, and the gates thereof were consumed with fire.”

3. Job 30:29: “I am a brother to dragons, and a companion to owls.”

4. Psalm 44:19: “Though thou hast sore broken us in the place of dragons, and covered us with the shadow of death.”

5. Psalm 74:13: “Thou didst divide the sea by thy strength: thou brakest the heads of the dragons in the waters.”

6. Psalm 91:13: “Thou shalt tread upon the lion and adder: the young lion and the dragon shalt thou trample under feet.”

7. Psalm 148:7: “Praise the Lord from the earth, ye dragons, and all deeps.”

8. Isaiah 13:22: “And the wild beasts of the islands shall cry in their desolate houses, and dragons in their pleasant palaces: and her time is near to come, and her days shall not be prolonged.”

9. Isaiah 27:1: “In that day the Lord with his sore and great and strong sword shall punish leviathan the piercing serpent, even leviathan that crooked serpent; and he shall slay the dragon that is in the sea.”

10. Isaiah 34:13: “And thorns shall come up in her palaces, nettles and brambles in the fortresses thereof: and it shall be an habitation of dragons, and a court for owls.”

11. Isaiah 35:7: “And the parched ground shall become a pool, and the thirsty land springs of water: in the habitation of dragons, where each lay, shall be grass with reeds and rushes.”

12. Isaiah 43:20: “The beast of the field shall honour me, the dragons and the owls: because I give waters in the wilderness, and rivers in the desert, to give drink to my people, my chosen.”

13. Isaiah 51:9: “Awake, awake, put on strength, O arm of the Lord; awake, as in the ancient days, in the generations of old. Art thou not it that hath cut Rahab, and wounded the dragon?”

14. Jeremiah 9:11: “And I will make Jerusalem heaps, and a den of dragons; and I will make the cities of Judah desolate, without an inhabitant.”

15. Jeremiah 10:22: “Behold, the noise of the bruit is come, and a great commotion out of the north country, to make the cities of Judah desolate, and a den of dragons.”

16. Jeremiah 14:6: “And the wild asses did stand in the high places, they snuffed up the wind like dragons; their eyes did fail, because there was no grass.”

17. Jeremiah 49:33: “And Hazor shall be a dwelling for dragons, and a desolation for ever: there shall no man abide there, nor any son of man dwell in it.”

18. Jeremiah 51:34: “Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon hath devoured me, he hath crushed me, he hath made me an empty vessel, he hath swallowed me up like a dragon, he hath filled his belly with my delicates, he hath cast me out.”

19. Jeremiah 51:37: “And Babylon shall become heaps, a dwellingplace for dragons, an astonishment, and an hissing, without an inhabitant.”

20. Ezekiel 29:3: “Speak, and say, Thus saith the Lord God; Behold, I am against thee, Pharaoh king of Egypt, the great dragon that lieth in the midst of his rivers, which hath said, My river is mine own, and I have made it for myself.”

21. Micah 1:8: “Therefore I will wail and howl, I will go stripped and naked: I will make a wailing like the dragons, and mourning as the owls.”

22. Malachi 1:3: “And I hated Esau, and laid his mountains and his heritage waste for the dragons of the wilderness.”

23. Revelation 12:3: “And there appeared another wonder in heaven; and behold a great red dragon, having seven heads and ten horns, and seven crowns upon his heads.”

24. Revelation 12:4: “And his tail drew the third part of the stars of heaven, and did cast them to the earth: and the dragon stood before the woman which was ready to be delivered, for to devour her child as soon as it was born.”

25. Revelation 12:7: “And there was war in heaven: Michael and his angels fought against the dragon; and the dragon fought and his angels.”

26. Revelation 12:9: “And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him.”

27. Revelation 12:13: “And when the dragon saw that he was cast unto the earth, he persecuted the woman which brought forth the man child.”

28. Revelation 12:16: “And the earth helped the woman, and the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed up the flood which the dragon cast out of his mouth.”

29. Revelation 12:17: “And the dragon was wroth with the woman, and went to make war with the remnant of her seed, which keep the commandments of God, and have the testimony of Jesus Christ.”

30. Revelation 13:2: “And the beast which I saw was like unto a leopard, and his feet were as the feet of a bear, and his mouth as the mouth of a lion: and the dragon gave him his power, and his seat, and great authority.”

31. Revelation 13:4: “And they worshipped the dragon which gave power unto the beast: and they worshipped the beast, saying, Who is like unto the beast? who is able to make war with him?”

32. Revelation 13:11: “And I beheld another beast coming up out of the earth; and he had two horns like a lamb, and he spake as a dragon.”

33. Revelation 16:13: “And I saw three unclean spirits like frogs come out of the mouth of the dragon, and out of the mouth of the beast, and out of the mouth of the false prophet.”

34. Revelation 20:2: “And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years.”