10.04 Cross

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The Roman Cross (i.e., “+”) is a basic symbol which, more than any other symbol, has come to represent the Roman Empire throughout the underworld. It is generally displayed at cemeteries, churches, hospitals, on the Holy Bible, all concepts which have to do with time as the Bible is the allegorical and metaphorical history book the Roman Empire. The Roman Cross is also found in the coat or arms and flags of hundreds of countries, both past and present, showing the global rule of the Roman Empire. The English word “cross” was derived from the Latin word “crux”, a Roman torture device used for crucifixion. Due to the cross’ affiliation with time, the term crux suggests that the Roman Empire has been using the concept of time to torture the world for centuries. In the Roman Score (i.e., the Roman alphabet), the “+” symbol equates to the letter “D”, an acronym for “Day”, “Die”, and “Death”. The term “Day” is a reference to the 24/7 sunlight of Greenland which was discovered at the Kairos or perfect time, allowing the Roman Empire to outwit her enemies of the day (e.g., Persian Empire, Ming Dynasty, etc.). In the Roman Score, the “X” symbol (i.e., the Saltire Cross) equates to the letter “N”, an acronym for “Ney”, No” and “North”. English words derived from the term “cross” include but are not limited to: crass, crazy, crease, crest, Christ, christen, christening, crisis, crucifix, crux, and increase.

Cross in Time  
In Greek, the term
Kairos is defined as the right or opportune moment (i.e., the supreme moment). The word “Kairos” (C/K+R+S) is consonantly speaking the same as “Cross” (C/K+R+S) which suggests that this where the term was ultimately derived from.  The horizontal line of the cross (i.e., “—”) could theoretically be seen as a timeline while the vertical line of the cross (i.e., “I”) could be construed as the intersecting moment in time. In Greek mythology, Icarus (C/K+R+S), whose name is also consonantly speaking the same as “Cross” (C/K+R+S), was given wings by his father who warned him not to fly too close to the sun, nor too close to the sea. Instead of heading his father’s advice, Icarus flew too close to the sun, melting his wings which ended in death. The Greek narrative appears to be an allegorical metaphor for concept of time. Doing things too early or too late can have devastating consequences, especially in respect to matters of state. The notion that the Roman Cross equates to time is evident in the Marian Cross which depicts the letters “T” and “M”, the two consonants in the world “Time” (T+M). Because so-called Ancient Egypt is historical cover for the Greco-Roman Empire, Egyptian gods such as Amun-Ra, Hathor, Isis, Khnum and Ra are depicted holding an Ankh in their hand, a symbol from which the Cross of Tau (i.e., the letter “T”) was evidently derived from. The loop atop the “T” appears to symbolize the circular concept of time (e.g., a clock or sundial). The fact that these gods are holding “time” in their hands suggests that the Greco-Roman Empire was not only aware of time as a concept but was using Kairos or cross to their advantage. Interestingly, the Staurogram is constructed by the letter “P” atop the Cross of Tau (i.e., the letter “T”), spelling the world “PT” as in “fate” (F/P+T). Fate or destiny is a predetermined course of events that are based on the belief that there is a fixed natural order to the cosmos, which itself is based on time. The term “Staurogram” (S+T+R+G+R+M) acronymically and/or consonantly equates to “Star/Steer Greenland Rome”, she has been steering the fate of the planet for nearly over 1,000 years. The Staurogram evidently morphed into the Chi-Rho over time, one of the most popular symbols of the Roman Catholic Church.


Marcus Licinius Crassus

The Roman man
Marcus Licinius Crassus is historically credited with the invention of the first fire brigade in the Roman Empire. In the wake a naturally occurring or arson caused fires, Crassus’ fire brigade of slaves would race to the scene of the burnings building whereupon Crassus would offer to buy the property for a fraction of its true value. If the owner sold, Crassus would instruct the fire brigade to put the fire out. If the owner refused to sell, Crassus would allow the building to burn to the ground. By routinely engaging in arson and the extortion of property, Crassus became the largest single private landholder in Rome and the wealthiest man in Roman history. Terms such as “Lieutenant”, “Captain” and “Battalion”, which are widely used in modern times by both police and military services, were likely first coined during the days of firefighting in the Roman Empire. The word “lieutenant” was likely derived from the phrase “lie to tenant”, while the term “battle” was likely derived from the term “battalion”, as in fire battalion. The term Kairos or cross may have even been originally derived from “Crass”, as in Marcus Licinius Crassus, for he would arrive at the perfect time to extort property. Consequently, symbols of fire brigades around the world are adorned with a “cross”, most notably St. Florian’s Cross which appears to have been derived from the crossing of two bugles, symbolizing the sirens of the time. Bugles are still widely used today to signify the rank of firefighters. It is imperative to note that Crassus was likely only the front man of a state-sponsored program of arson and extortion in Rome. The English term “cross”, which is defined in part as “a fraudulent or dishonest contest” or “dishonest or illegal practices”, and the term “crass”, which is defined as “having or indicating such grossness of mind as precludes delicacy and discrimination”, are both apparent references to the personality of Crassus and that of the Roman Empire.

Mariner's Cross
Although the narrative surrounding
Marcus Licinius Crassus is a plausible explanation for the origin of the word “cross”, the theory herein surrounding the Anchored Cross (i.e., the Marines Cross) is feasible as well. Geographically speaking, the Alps form the anchor of the Roman Empire’s military defense to the North. Any invading force would have to either scale the Alps (an unlikely feat) or attack Rome via the Mediterranean Sea. Consequently, Roman Navy employed two legions of Marines known as I Adiutrix and II Adiutrix, the first distinct naval infantry units for service on land. One legion was likely responsible for the East side of Italy while the other was responsible for the West side. Greco-Roman Marines were known as hoplites for they “hopped” aboard suspicious ships as part of Rome’s extremely tight naval security. The Roman Cross (i.e., “+”) therefore may be shorthand for the Mariner’s Cross which came to represent the military security of the Roman Empire. The Mariner's Cross (i.e., the Marines Cross) is currently depicted in the names, logos and symbols of numerous countries’ Marines Corps, including but not limited to: the Argentine Marine Corps; the Columbian Marines; the French Marine Corps; the Netherlands Marine Corps; the Mexican Marine Corps; the Indonesian Marine Corps; the Italian Marine Corps; the Pakistan Marines; the Philippine Marine Corps; the Republic of China Marine Corps; the Republic of Korea Marine Corps; the Royal Marines; the Royal Norwegian Marines; the Royal Thai Marine Corps; the Spanish Navy Marines; the Ukrainian Marine Corps; and the United States Marine Corps.

Types of Roman Crosses
The
Roman Cross is currently depicted in over 80 forms, including but not limited to: the Anchored Cross; the Ankh; the Armenian Cross; the Balkenkreuz; the Barbed Cross; the Basque Cross; the Bolgar Cross; the Bolnisi Cross; the Bottony Cross; the Brigid's Cross; the Budded Cross; the Bundeswehr Cross; the Calvary Cross; the Canterbury Cross; the Celtic Cross; the Celtic Cross Simplified; the Cercelée Cross; the Chi-Rho; the Christian Cross; the Coptic Ankh; the Coptic Cross; the Cross of Cerdanya; the Cross of Sacrifice; the Cross of Saint George; the Cross of Saint James; the Cross of Saint of Julian; the Cross of Saint Peter; the Cross of Saint Thomas; the Cross of Salem; the Cross of Tau; the Crosslet Cross; the Crosslet Fitchy Cross; the Crucifix; the Crux Immissa; the Crux Simplex; the Double Cross; the Erminée Cross; the Fitchy Cross; the Fleury Cross; the Florian Cross; the Fourchee Cross; the Fylfot Cross; the Grapevine Cross;  the Greek Cross; the Heraldic Cross; the High Cross; the Jerusalem Cross; the Latin Cross; the Lorraine Cross; the Macedonian Cross; the Maltese Cross; the Marian Cross; the Mariner's Cross; the Moline Cross; the Monogrammatic Cross; the New Coptic Cross; the Occitan Cross; the Order of Christ Cross; the Original Coptic Cross; the Orthodox Cross; the Papal Cross; the Patonce Cross; the Patriarchal Cross; the Pattée Cross; the Pierced Cross; the Pierced Quarterly Cross; the Pisan Cross; the Pommee Cross; the Potent Cross; the Quadrate Cross; the Quadruple Cross; the Red Cross; the Rosy Cross; the Saltire Cross; the Scandinavian Cross; the Serbian Cross; the Sun Cross; the Swastika; the Thieves' Cross; the Victory Cross; and the Voided Cross. Other symbology derived from the Roman Cross include but are not limited to: the compass rose (e.g., Island of Rhodes); the crossed keys (e.g., the Vatican); the crossed swords; the dagger/obelisk; the four-leaf clover; the isometric illusion; and the skull and crossbones (e.g., Greco-Roman Pirates).

Roman Cross in Popular Culture
The
Roman Cross is so rampant is all facets of popular culture it is impossible to document. A few examples include but are not limited to: Business: logo of Alpha Romeo; and the logo of the Microsoft Corporation; Banking: logo of Bank for International Settlements (BIS); and the logo of RBS (Royal Bank of Scotland); Letters: the letter “T” (i.e., the Cross of Tau) in the English alphabet; the letter “X” (i.e., the Saltire Cross) in the English alphabet; the letter Ṭeth (i.e., an “O” superimposed with an “X” ”) in the Phoenician alphabet; the letter/number “+” (i.e., the letter “D”) in the Roman Score (i.e., the Roman alphabet); the letter/number “T” (i.e., the Cross of Tau) in the Roman Score; and the the letter/number “X” (i.e., the letter “N”) in the Roman Score; Numbers: the  ” symbol, the Chinese character for the number “10”; and the “X.” symbol is the Roman numeral for the number “10”; Secret Societies: Virtually all of the hundreds of secret societies of the Roman Empire have a cross in their respective logos and seals, including the most popular and recognizable ones (e.g., the Knights Hospitallers; the Knights of Columbus; the Knights Templar; the Martinist Order; the Neocatechumenal Way; Ops Dei; the Dominican Order; the Franciscan Order; the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn; the Ku Klux Klan; the Rosicrucian Order; the Society of Jesus; the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, etc.); Science: Crux is the smallest of the of the 88 modern constellations:  Societies: logo of the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ); logo of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement; flag of Red Cross; and the flag of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta; and Symbols: the addition sign (i.e., “+”); and the multiplication sign (i.e., “x”).