A Trojan was a citizen of Troy or a soldier who allegedly participated in the Trojan War. Similar to the infamous Roman Galea helmets worn by the Praetorian Guard, Roman Centurions and Greek Spartans, the Trojans wore helmets with an identical Mohawk crest and faceplates as depicted in the Silver tetradrachm from Troy. The distinct military design and symbology confirms the notion that all four mascots were just different military factions of the same Greco-Roman Empire. This is why the Stanford marching band (LSJUMB) does the Roman Salute while USC's fight song is played by the Spirit of Troy. Nevertheless, according to Greek mythology, the legendary Trojan War was waged by the Greeks against the city of Troy, a laughable notion considering Troy was a key port on the Aegean Sea in the heart of Dardanelles (i.e., mainland Greece). Regardless, legend states that in an attempt to deceive their enemies, the Greeks constructed a massive wooden Trojan Horse. After hiding a number of soldiers inside the horse, the Greeks left it outside the city of Troy and then pretended to sail away. Eventually, the Trojans opened their gates and pulled the horse into their city as a victory trophy. Subsequently, the Greek soldiers escaped from inside the horse and opened the gates for the rest of the Greek army which was waiting just outside the city. The Greek army then entered and destroyed the city of Troy, decisively ending the Trojan War. Although history books and pop culture have been inundated with this legend, it appears that the fable of the Trojan Horse and the Trojan War are just allegorical metaphors for the real story of how the Roman Empire conquered Greenland and the giants that dwelled there.
Trojan Horse (Trojan Whores)
Based on evidence acquired to date, it appears that the legend of the Trojan Horse is not rooted in fact but is rather an epic historical metaphor of how the Greco-Roman Empire conquered Greenland. Considering that the term "Trojan Horse" itself is synonymous with trickery, it is incumbent upon historians and scholars alike to reexamine this myth by breaking down the words “Trojan” and Trojan Horse” itself. In deciphering “Tro-jan”, the term “Tro” (T+R) is acronymically the same as “Three” (T+R) while the term “Jan” or “Gen” is equates to the beginning of something (e.g., genesis). Since Greenland is the third and final home of Rome after the Island of Crete and the Island of Sicily. Therefore, the term “Trojan Horse” essentially a term used to describe the beginning of the third and final home of the Greco-Roman Empire which began with the “Trojan Whores”. The term “Horse” (H+R+S) and “Whores” (W+H+R+S) is almost identical acronymically speaking, minus the letter “W” which is silent and often inconsequential in deciphering original Roman English. Interestingly, some authors have suggested that Trojan Horse was not a horse with warriors hiding inside, but a boat carrying a peace envoy. The term “Peace” (P+C/K) is a synonym for “Peak” (P+C/K), a term often used to describe Mt. Olympus (i.e., Mt. Zion) in Greenland. Also, the terms used to put men inside the Trojan Horse are the same as those used to describe the embarkation of men on a ship. The particular theory is bolstered by the fact that the Trojan Horse replica which is currently found a the Istanbul Archaeological Museum in Istanbul, Turkey (home to Troy) is formed in the shape of a ship. This particular theory suggests that the Roman Empire recruited a number of beautiful women from Troy (i.e., “Trojan Whores”), leaving them in or near Greenland. Since Troy was the main port connecting the Mediterranean Sea and Aegean Sea to the Black Sea, it stands to reason that Troy was a multicultural and ethnically diverse city. Therefore, the women of Troy were likely the most beautiful and exotic in the world at the time, posing quite the temptation to the red-haired and white skinned giants of Greenland. In time, the women of Troy were either raped or seduced the giants of Greenland, ultimately getting pregnant and then returning to Rome where they gave birth to baby giants. Consequently, the children born to the “Trojan Whores” eventually became an army of giants that, with superior Roman technology, was big and strong enough to eventually conquer the giants of Greenland. Interestingly, the main source for the Trojan Horse story is found in the “Aeneid”, a Latin poem by Virgil from the time of Augustus who coincidentally ruled over Anno Domini (i.e., B.C. to A.D. transition) when the island of Greenland was first discovered. The Trojan Horse legend is described in Homer's “Odyssey” as the "Wooden Horse”. The term “Wooden” (W+D+N) is the acronymical equivalent of the Greco-Roman god Woden (W+D+N) who is the one-eyed god in the Norse mythology which symbolically represents the Greenland (i.e., the Beast of Greenland). Therefore, the term “"Wooden Horse” equates to “Greenland’s Whores”. This is why the largest condom manufacturer in the world is entitled Trojan, a tribute to the sex which enabled the Greco-Roman Empire to become the undisputed ruler of all the Earth. Lastly, “The Trojan Women” (415 BC) is a playwright produced by Euripides which coincidentally mirrors the aforementioned theory. The play it is often considered a commentary on the capture of the Aegean island of Melos and the subsequent slaughter and subjugation of its population.
Historicity of Troy
The city of Troy and the Trojan War were once widely believed to be fiction and were therefore consequently consigned to the realms of legend. As of 1870, it was generally agreed in Western Europe that the Trojan War had never happened and Troy never existed. However, recently uncovered archeological records infer that Troy was indeed a real city. This notion is corroborated by Troy’s strategic location as a key Greco-Roman port in the Aegean Sea. Troy’s unique location allowed for complete control of the Dardanelles (i.e., mainland Greece) through which every merchant ship traveling from Aegean Sea to the Black Sea and vice versa had to pass. The English term “try” (T+R) was likely derived from Troy (T+R) as ships would “try” with little success to sail past Troy without paying a Greco-Roman tariff or tax. Whether there is any historical reality behind the Trojan War is still an open question in the scientific community. According to modern historical sources, the Trojan War inexplicably had little or no effect on the history of the Middle East (i.e., the Mediterranean) which suggests that it never happened as described. Many scholars believe that there is a historical core to the tale, but that Homer may have fused various tales and legends together. In other words, the story of the Trojan War appears to be an allegorical metaphor, most likely describing the aforementioned “Trojan Whores” theory. This notion corroborated by the fact that the Trojan War was considered among the Greeks as either the last event of the mythical age or the first event of the historical age. This particular notion corroborates the “Trojan Whores” theory as the Trojan War was the beginning of the end of the Roman Empire and the rise of Greenland as the undisputed yet hidden global power. This is likely why medieval European writers such as Snorri Sturluson refer to the Trojan War as the great epoch-dividing battle of the age with widespread effects across Europe. Lastly, Hittite records interestingly purport a theory connecting the Trojan War with the Sea Peoples of the Island of Crete which was coincidentally home to the ruling class of the Greco-Roman Empire (i.e., the Imperial Cult) who now reside in Greenland.
Trojans in Popular Culture
Trojan-related tributes are found throughout popular culture, including but are not limited to: Business: Trojan, a condom manufacturer; and Trojan, former British vehicle manufacturer; Culture: Trojan skinhead, cultural identity in the United Kingdom; Language: the Trojan language, the language Trojans allegedly spoke at the time of the Trojan War; Literature: “Trojan” (1991), a novel by James Follett; Military: T-28 Trojan, a U.S. military trainer aircraft; and Trojan, variant of the Challenger 2 tank; Music: “Les Troyens” (1856), an opera by Hector Berlioz; The Trojan, a 1950s Jamaican sound system led by Duke Reid; Trojan Records, British record label; and "Trojans” (2012), a song by Atlas Genius; Places: Trojan, Gauteng, a suburb of Johannesburg, South Africa; and Trojan, South Dakota, a ghost town in Lawrence County; Science: Trojan, a minor planet or moon that shares an orbit with a larger planet or moon; Trojan Nuclear Power Plant in Oregon; Sports: Trojan, the racing team of the British manufacturer of Trojan cars; Television: Trojan (2012), an episode of the British sitcom Red Dwarf; Titles: Trojan, a person from the ancient city of Troy; and Trojan, a surname; Transportation: AL-60F-5 Trojan, variant of the airplane entitled the Aermacchi AL-60; GWR No. 1340 Trojan, a locomotive; and SMR No. 471 Trojan, a locomotive; and Video Games: Trojan (1986), a video arcade game.
Professional Trojan Mascots
Trojan-related sports mascots are used by professional sports teams around the world, including but are not limited to: Canada: Halifax Trojan Aquatic Club, a swim team based in Halifax, Nova Scotia; Netherlands: Rotterdam Trojans, an American Football Club representing the city of Rotterdam; England: Trojans Rugby Club, a rugby club in Eastleigh; Ireland: Belfast Trojans, an American Football team based in Belfast; and Trojans F.C., an amateur football club based in Derry, Northern Ireland; and the United States: Troy Trojans (1879-1882), a former Major League Baseball team from Troy, New York.
Collegiate Trojan Mascots
Aside from Tommy Trojan, a statue at the University of Southern California, and Trojan Shrine, the name of their mascot, Trojan-related sports mascots are used by colleges and universities within Canada and the United States, including but are not limited to: Canada: Southern Alberta Institute of Technology, Calgary, Alberta; and the United States: Dakota State University, Madison, South Dakota; Trevecca Nazarene University, Nashville, Tennessee; Trinity International University, Deerfield, Illinois; Troy University, Troy, Alabama; University of Arkansas at Little Rock, Little Rock, Arkansas; University of Southern California, Los Angles, California; and Virginia State University, Petersburg, Virginia.
High School Trojan Mascots
Trojan-related sports mascots are used by high schools around the world, including but are not limited to: Canada: Vincent Massey Collegiate Winnipeg, Manitoba; Turner Fenton Secondary School, Brampton, Ontario; and the United States: Anderson High School, Austin, Texas; Auburn High School, Auburn, Illinois; The Bromfield School, Harvard, Massachusetts; California High School, California, Pennsylvania; Carrollton High School, Carrollton, Georgia; Cary-Grove High School, Cary, Illinois; Castro Valley High School, Castro Valley, California; Center Grove High School, Greenwood, Indiana; Chesterton High School, Chesterton, Indiana; Clarenceville School District, Livonia, Michigan; Clawson High School, Clawson, Michigan; Daphne High School, Daphne, Alabama; Derry Area High School, Derry, Pennsylvania; Downers Grove North High School, Downers Grove, Illinois; East Lansing High School, East Lansing, Michigan; Fife High School, Tacoma, Washington; Forest Park High School, Crystal Falls, Michigan; Foothill High School, Bakersfield, California; Garner Magnet High School, Garner, North Carolina; Glen Este High School, Cincinnati, Ohio; Greater Johnstown High School, Johnstown, Pennsylvania; Hampshire High school, Romney, West Virginia; Hillsboro High School, Hillsboro, Kansas; Homedale High School, Homedale, Idaho; James Island High School, Charleston, South Carolina; Jenks High School, Jenks, Oklahoma; Jones Senior High School, Trenton, North Carolina; Lake Worth Community High School, Lake Worth, Florida; Lassiter High School, Marietta, Georgia; Las Animas High School, Las Animas, Colorado; Lely High School, Naples, Florida; Lincoln High School, Tallahassee, Florida; Manlius Pebble Hill School, Syracuse, New York; Maroa-Forsyth High School, Maroa, Illinois; Maynard Evans High School, Orlando, Florida; Meridian High School, Bellingham, Washington; McDowell High School, Erie, Pennsylvania; Millington Central High School, Millington, Tennessee; Morristown West High School, Morristown, Tennessee; Monroe High School, Monroe, Michigan; Nampa Christian High School, Nampa, Idaho; Newcomerstown High School, Newcomerstown, Ohio; North Catholic High School, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; North Hardin High School, Radcliff, Kentucky; Northwestern High School, Rock Hill, South Carolina; Olympic High School, Charlotte, North Carolina; Olympic High School, Silverdale, Washington; Pahrump Valley High School, Pahrump, Nevada; Paradise Valley High School, Phoenix, Arizona; Park Hill High School, Kansas City, Missouri, Peach County High School, Fort Valley, Georgia; Pine Forest High School, Fayetteville, North Carolina; Portsmouth High Schoo, Portsmouth, Ohio; Preston High School, Preston, Iowa; Rigby High School, Rigby, Idaho; Romig Middle School, Anchorage, Alaska; Saginaw High School, Saginaw, Michigan; South Johnston High School, Four Oaks, North Carolina; Southeastern High School, South Charleston, Ohio; Southern High School, Louisville, Kentucky; Stanton County High School, Johnson, Kansas; Subiaco Academy, Subiaco, Arkansas; Southwestern High School, West Ellicott, New York; Thornapple Kellogg High School, Middleville, Michigan; Topeka High School, Topeka, Kansas; Trinity High School, Euless, Texas; Trinity High School, Garfield Heights, Ohio; Tunstall High School, Dry Fork, Virginia; Turkey Valley Community School, Jackson Junction, Iowa; Tuscarawas Valley High School, Zoarville, Ohio; University High Schoo, Waco, Texas; University High School, Irvine, California; Wood Memorial Junior and Senior High School, Oakland City, Indiana; Walsingham Academy, Williamsburg, Virginia; Wendell High School, Wendell, Idaho; West High School, West, Texas; and Wissahickon High School, Ambler, Pennsylvania.
Horse in Popular Culture
Trojan Horse-related tributes are found throughout popular culture, including but are not limited to: Business: The troy weight, a system of measurements for weight and mass commonly used in describing the "size" of precious metals and gemstones; and Trojan horse, a business offer that appears to be a good deal but is not; Computing: Trojan horse, malicious software in computing; Film: “Trojan War” (1961), the American title of “La guerra di Troia”; and “Trojan War” (1997); Literature: “Caballo de Troya” (1984), a novel by Juan José Benitez; “Creationism's Trojan Horse” (2004), a book on the origins of the intelligent design by Barbara Forrest and Paul R. Gross;“Operation Trojan Horse” (1970), a book by John Keel;“The Trojan Horse” (1937), a novel by Christopher Morley; and “Trojan Horse” (2012), a novel by Mark Russinovich; Music: “Trojan Horse” (1978), a record by Dutch girl group Luv'; and "Trojan Horse" (2012), a song by Bloc Party from Intimacy; Myth: Trojan Horse, a tale from the Trojan War; Television: “The Trojan Horse” (2008), a Canadian miniseries; "Trojan Horse” (1964), an episode of “The Avengers”; “Trojan Horse” (2007), an episode of “NCIS”; and “White Base” or “The Trojan Horse” (1979), a fictional battleship from “Mobile Suit Gundam”; Replicas: Trojan Horse replica, Istanbul Archaeological Museum in Istanbul, Turkey; and Trojan Horse replica, Schliemann Museum, Ankershagen, Germany; and Terrorism: Operation Trojan Horse, an alleged plot by Islamic terrorists to take over schools in England.
Troy in Popular Culture
Troy-related tributes are found throughout popular culture, including but are not limited to: Characters: Christian Troy, a fictional character from the television medical drama “Nip/Tuck”; Deanna Troi, fictional character in the “Star Trek” universe; Donna Troy, the civilian identity of the original Wonder Girl from DC Comics; Gavin Troy, fictional character in the television series “Midsomer Murders”; Lwaxana Troi, fictional character in the television series “Star Trek: The Next Generation” and “Star Trek: Deep Space Nine”; Troy Barnes, a character in the television series “Community”; Troy Bolton, fictional character from “High School Musical”; Troy McClure, a retired fictional actor on the “The Simpsons”; and Troy Miller, a fictional character from the Australian soap opera “Neighbours”; Films: “Troy” (2004); Games Troy, a chess variant created by the Fanaat games club; High Schools: East Troy High School, East Troy, Wisconsin; Troy Buchanan High School, Troy, Missouri; Troy Christian High School, Troy, Ohio; Troy High School, Fullerton, California; Troy High School, Troy, Alabama; Troy High School, Troy, Kansas; Troy High School, Troy, Michigan; Troy High School, Troy, Montana; Troy High School, Troy, New York; Troy High School, Troy, Ohio; Troy High School, Troy, Texas; Troy Junior-Senior High School, Troy, Idaho; and Troy Public High School, Troy, Pennsylvania; Landmarks: Troy Hill Farm, is a historic slave plantation home located at Elkridge, Howard County, Maryland; Literature: “Troy” (2000), a novel by Adéle Geras; Troy, the fictional world in which the French comic series Lanfeust of Troy takes place; and “Troy Series” (2005-2007), a trilogy of books by David Gemmell; Money: Silver tetradrachm from Troy with head of Athena (c. 165–150 BC); Music: The Fall of Troy, a three-piece progressive rock band; The Fall of Troy (2003), an album by the band The Fall of Troy; "They Reminisce Over You (T.R.O.Y.)" (1992), a rap song by Pete Rock and CL Smooth; “Troy” (1987), a song by Sinéad O'Connor; and "Troy" (1990), a song by Robin Holcomb; Radio: “Troy” (1998), a series of three radio plays, on BBC Radio 3 written by Andrew Rissik; Rivers: South Fork Troy Creek, a stream in Nye County, Nevada; Science: TROY, another name for the human gene TNFRSF19; Sport: Troy, a British Thoroughbred racehorse; Troy Trojans, the athletic teams of Troy University, Troy, Alabama; and Troy Trojans, a former Major League Baseball team; Titles: Troy, a given name; Universities: Troy University, Troy Alabama; Vessels: Troy, a small submarine in the shape of a Great White Shark; and Troy class boats (1929), unique to Fowey in Cornwall; and Video Games: “Battle for Troy” (2004); “Gates of Troy” (2004); "Troy: Total War" (2004), a modification of Rome: Total War which takes place in the Trojan War; and "Warriors: Legends of Troy" (2011), a game centered around the Trojan War.
Places Named Troy
Troy-related names and titled are found around the world, including but are not limited to: Canada: Troy, Nova Scotia; England: "Troy town", the name given to Fowey, Cornwall, by the writer and scholar Sir Arthur Quiller-Couch in many of his books; and Troy Town ("Troy", "Troy-Town", "Troy's Walls", "The Walls of Troy", etc.), traditional name for some turf mazes in England; and the United States: East Troy, Wisconsin, a town; East Troy, Wisconsin, a village; North Troy, Vermont; Troy, Alabama; Troy, California; Troy Center, Wisconsin, an unincorporated community; Troy, Idaho; Troy, Illinois; Troy, Indiana; Troy, Kansas; Troy, Jessamine County, Kentucky; Troy, Maine; Troy, Michigan; Troy, Minnesota; Troy, Missouri; Troy, Montana; Troy, New Hampshire; Troy, New York; Troy, North Carolina; Troy, Ohio; Troy, Pennsylvania; Troy, Sauk County, Wisconsin, a town; Troy, South Carolina; Troy, South Dakota; Troy, St. Croix County, Wisconsin, a town; Troy, Tennessee; Troy, Texas; Troy Township, Bradford County, Pennsylvania; Troy Township, Crawford County, Pennsylvania; Troy Township, Michigan; Troy Township, Pipestone County, Minnesota; Troy Township, Renville County, Minnesota; Troy, Vermont; Troy, Virginia; Troy, Walworth County, Wisconsin, a town; Troy, Walworth County, Wisconsin, an unincorporated community; Troy, West Virginia; South Troy, Minnesota, an unincorporated community; South Troy, Missouri, an unincorporated community; and South Troy, New York.
Trojan War in Popular Culture
Trojan War-related tributes are found throughout popular culture, including but are not limited to:
Ballets: “Iphigénie” (Unknown), a ballet by Charles le Picq; Books: “Achilles” (2002), a novel by Elizabeth Cook; “Agamemnon’s Daughter” (2003), a novel by Ismail Kadare; “Cassandra: Princess of Troy” (1993), a book by Hilary Bailey; “Gene” (2005), a book by Stel Pavlou; “Helen of Troy” (2006), a novel by Margaret George; “Ilium” (2003), a book by Dan Simmons; “Kassandra” (1983), a novel by Christa Wolf; “Paris of Troy” (1947), a book by George Baker; “Recuyell of the Historyes of Troye (1474), a book by Raoul le Fevre; “Return from Troy (2005), a book by Lindsay Clarke; “The Memoirs of Helen of Troy” (2005), a book by Amanda Elyot; “The Nantucket Series” (1998-2000), a series of novels by S. M. Stirling which features an American adventurer who conquers and destroys Troy; “The Siege of Troy” (2004), a book by Greg Tobin; “The Song of Achilles” (2012), a novel by Madeline Miller;“The Songs of the Kings” (2002), a novel by Barry Unsworth; “The Song of Troy” (1998), novel a by Colleen McCullough; “The Songs of the Kings” (2002), a novel by Barry Unsworth; “The Talisman of Troy: A Novel” (2004), a novel by Valerio Massimo Manfredi;“The War at Troy” (2004), a book by Lindsay Clarke; “Troy: Lord of the Silver Bow” (2005), a book by David Gemmell; “Troy: Shield of Thunder (2006), a book by David Gemmell; “Troy: Fall of Kings” (2008), a book by David Gemmell; and “Women of Destiny: A Story of the Trojan War” (1996), a book by Clemence McLaren; Comics: “Age of Bronze”, an ongoing series by writer and artist Eric Shanower, published by Image Comics: Age of Bronze volume 1: A Thousand Ships” (2001); “Age of Bronze volume 2: Sacrifice” (2005); and “Age of Bronze volume 3: Betrayal, Part One” (2007); and “Marvel Illustrated”: “The Iliad” (2008); “The Odyssey” (2009); “The Trojan War” (2009); and the “The Trojan War app (2013); Film: “Doctor Faustus” (1967); “Helen of Troy” (1956);“Iphigenia” (1977); “La Guerra di Troia” (1961); “The Trojan Women” (1971); and “Troy” (2004); Music: "Achilles Last Stand" (1976), a song by the band Led Zeppelin; "And Then There Was Silence" (2001), a 14 minute song picturing the last part of the Trojan War through Cassandra's eyes by the band Blind Guardian; “Cymon and Iphigenia” (1753), a song by Thomas Arne; “Ethernaut” (2003), an album by the band The Crüxshadows, which is entirely based on the Trojan War and the fall of Troy; "I Stole a Bride" (1999), a song by the band Hefner; “Iphigenia in Brooklyn” (Unknown), a song by Peter Schickele under the guise of P. D. Q. Bach; "Tales of Brave Ulysses" (1967), a song by the band Cream; and "Temporary Like Achilles” (1966), a song by Bob Dylan; Operas: “Achilles” (1733), an opera by John Gay; “Dido and Aeneas” (1688), an opera by Henry Purcell; “Iphigénie en Aulide” (1774), an opera by Christoph Willibald Gluck; “Iphigénie en Tauride” (1779), an opera by Christoph Willibald Gluck; “Il ritorno di Ulisse in patria” (1641), an opera by Claudio Monteverdi; “La belle Hélène” (1864), an opera by Jacques Offenbach; “Les Troyens” (1856), an opera by Hector Berlioz; “King Priam” (1958), an opera by Michael Tippett; and “Troilus and Cressida” (1947), an opera by William Walton; Paintings: “Helen of Troy (1898), a painting by Evelyn De Morgan; and “Laocoön” (c.1610-1614), a painting by El Greco; Plays: “Agamemnon” (458 BC), a play by Aeschylus; “Ajax” (c. 450-430 BC), a play by Sophocles; “Andromache” (c. 428-425), a play by Euripides; “Capture of Troy” (Unknown), a play by Triphiodorus; “Cyclops” (C. 400 BC), a play by Euripides; “Dora, an Acclaimed Two-Act Play” (Unknown), a play by Shane Daly Hughes; “Electra” (c. 410-413 BC), a play by Euripides; “Electra” (Unknown), a play by Sophocles; “Faust, Part 2” (1832), a play by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe; “Hecuba” (c. 424 BC), a play by Euripides; “Helen” (412 BC), a play by Euripides; “Ifigeneia” (2003), a rewrite of the play by Finn Iunker; “Iph. . .” (1999), a play adapted by Colin Teevan; “Iphigenia” (1617), a play by Samuel Coster; “Iphigenia” (1938), a play by Mircea Eliade; “Iphigenia 2.0” (2007), a modern adaptation of the play by Charles L. Mee; “Iphigenia at Aulis” (408 BC), a play by Euripides; “Iphigenia at Aulis” (Unknown), a play by Ellen McLaughlin; “Iphigenia at Aulis” (Unknown), a play by John Barton; “Iphigenia at Tauris” (Unknown), a play by Ellen McLaughlin; “Iphigenie auf Tauris” (1779), a play by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe; “Iphigénie en Aulide” (1674), a play by Jean Racine, “Iphigenia in Orem” (1999), a part of Bash: Latter-Day Plays, a collection of three plays by Neil LaBute; “Iphigenia in Tauris” (414-412 BC), a play by Euripides; “Les Troyens” (1856), a play by Hector Berlioz; “Libation Bearers” (458 BC), a play by Aeschylus; “Orestes” (408 BC), a play by Euripides; “Palamedes” (1625), a play by Joost van den Vondel; “Penthesilea“ (1808), a play by Heinrich von Kleist; “Philoctetes” (409 BC), a play by Sophocles; “Polyxena” (1619), a play by Samuel Coster; “Rhesus” (Unknown), an anonymous play; “The Tragical History of Doctor Faustus” (c. 1590), a play by Christopher Marlowe; “The Trojan War Will Not Take Place” (1935), a play by Jean Giraudoux; “Troades” (415 BC), a play by Euripides; “Troilus and Cressida” (1602), a play by William Shakespeare; “Trojan Women” (415 BC), a play by Euripides; and “Trojan Women: A Love Story”(1994), a play by Charles L. Mee; Poems: “A Man Young and Old VI” (1928), a poem by William Butler Yeats; “Achilleis” (Unknown), a poem by Statius; “Aeneid” (29-19 BC), a poem by Virgil (book 2); “Aithiopis” (c. 601-700 BC), a poem by Homer; “De bello Troiano (1183-1184), a poem by Joseph of Exeter; “Double Heroides” (Unknown), a poem by Ovid (XVI & XVII); “Ephemeris” (Unknown), a poem purported to be by Dictys of Crete; “Epic Cycle” (c. 1194–1184 BC), a poem by Homer; “Fall of Troy” (Unknown), a poem purported to be by Dares of Phrygia; “Heroides” (Unknown), a poem by Ovid (I, III, V, VII); “Historiae destructionis Troiae” (1827), a poem by Guido delle Colonne; “Il filostrato” (Unknown), a poem by Boccaccio; “Iliad” (c. 1194–1184 BC), a poem by Homer; “Iliou Persis” (c. 601-700 BC), a poem by Homer; "Iphigenia at Aulis" (1909), a poem by Walter Savage Landor; “Kypria” (c. 601-700 BC), a poem by Homer; “Leda and the Swan” (1928), a poem by William Butler Yeats; “Little Iliad” (c. 601-700 BC); poem by Homer; “Metamorphoses” (c. 8 AD), a poem by Ovid (books 12-14); “No Second Troy” (1910), a poem by William Butler Yeats; “Nostoi” (c. 501-700 BC), a poem by Homer; “Odyssey” (c. 1178 BC), a poem by Homer; “Posthomerica” (Unknown), a poem by Quintus of Smyrna; “Rawlinson Excidium Troie” ("The Destruction of Troy") was one of manuscripts collected by Richard Rawlinson (1690–1755);“Roman de Troie” (c. 1160), a poem by Benoît de Sainte-Maure; “The Laud Troy Book (c. 1400), an anonymous poem; “The Seege of Troye” (Unknown), an anonymous poem; "Troilus and Criseyde" (c. 1380), a poem by Geoffrey Chaucer; and “Troy Book” (1412-1420), a poem by John Lydgate; Pottery: Exekias (c. 545-530 BC); François Vase (c. 570-560 BC); and Mykonos vase (c. 670 BC); Radio: “Operation Lightning Pegasus” (1981), a satirical version by Alick Rowe, first broadcast on BBC Radio 4; and “Troy” (1998), a trilogy of radio plays, starring Paul Scofield as "Hermes"; Sculptures: “Laocoön and his Sons” (Unknown); and the Medici Vase (Unknown); Short Stories: “A Memory of Wind” (2009); a short story by Rachel Swirsky; “The Greek Generals Talk” (1986), a short story by Phillip Parotti; and “The Trojan Generals Talk” (1986), a short story by Phillip Parotti; Television: “Helen of Troy” (2003), a television miniseries; “Time Commanders” (2003-2005), a BBC television program about the battle of Troy; "The Myth Makers" (1965), the completely missing second serial of the third season in the British television series “Doctor Who”; “The Time Tunnel” (1966), an episode "Revenge Of The Gods" featuring Americans helping the Greeks to conquer and destroy Troy; and “Troy Story” (Unknown), an episode of Phineas and Ferb; and Video Games: “Age of Mythology” (2002), several missions deal with the capture of Troy; “Battle for Troy” (2004); “Empire Earth” (2001); the Trojan War appears a scenario; “Gates of Troy” (2004); "Troy: Total War" (2004), a modification of Rome: Total War which takes place in the Trojan War; and "Warriors: Legends of Troy" (2011), a game centered around the Trojan War.