14.04 Bohemian Grove


The Bohemian Grove is a 2,700-acre campground located in Monte Rio, California, that belongs to a private men's club known as the Bohemian Club. In mid-July of each year, the Bohemian Grove hosts a two-week encampment of some of the most powerful men in the world (e.g., presidents, politicians, tycoons, etc.). While at the camp, the men participate in the "Cremation of Care" ceremony which was reportedly first conducted at the Bohemian Grove in 1881. The inaugural ceremony was allegedly devised by James F. Bowman while George T. Bromley played the High Priest. In 1913, the Cremation of Care ceremony was moved to the first night of the event where it was touted as "an exorcising of the Demon to ensure the success of the ensuing two weeks”. The Cremation of Care ceremony takes place in front of the Owl Shrine, a 40-foot owl statue made of concrete and steel. It is imperative to note that the owl is symbolic of Minos of Crete, the founding father of the Greco-Roman Empire. In the underworld, Minos is portrayed by the goddess Minerva whose is often depicted as the Owl of Athena. According to eyewitness accounts at the Bohemian Grove, an infant, who was believed to alive at the time, was sacrificed during the Cremation of Care ceremony. In short, the blood sacrifice (whether real or not) is symbolic of the “Denial of Care” or “Care Denial”, a ritual which the Imperial Cult of Rome has been exercising for centuries. This is where the term "Cardinal Rule" originated from, meaning "A fundamental rule, upon which other matters hinge". The symbol for “Care Denial” (C/K+R+D+N+L) is the “Cardinal” (C/K+R+D+N+L), a red bird which is symbolic of blood and the Roman Empire. Consequently, a Cardinal in the Roman Catholic Church is the High Priest who is tasked with execution of blood sacrifices on behalf of the Church, most of which occur during the four Carinal signs or months (i.e., the Aries, Cancer, Libra, Capricorn) in the 13 month lunar calendar of Rome.


Cardinal Mascots

The Greco-Roman Cardinal is represented worldwide via the mascots of numerous sports teams, including but not limited to: the Arizona Cardinals, an American professional football team; the Assindia Cardinals, an American football club from Essen, Germany; the Ball State Cardinals, the athletic teams of Ball State University; the Cardenales de Lara, a Venezuelan baseball team; the Catholic University Cardinals, the athletic teams of the Catholic University of America; the Lamar Cardinals, the athletic teams of Lamar University in Beaumont, Texas; the Louisville Cardinals, the athletic teams of University of Louisville; the Mapúa Cardinals, the athletic teams of Mapúa Institute of Technology; the St. Louis Cardinals, an American professional baseball team; the Stanford Cardinal, the athletic teams of Stanford University; the Wesleyan Cardinals, the athletic teams of Wesleyan University; the West Perth Football Club Cardinals, an Australian rules football club in Western Australia; and the Woking F.C. Cardinals, an English association football team.

Cardinal in Popular Culture

The Greco-Roman Cardinal is
found throughout popular culture, including but not limited to: Aircraft: Cessna 177 Cardinal, a single engine aircraft; and the St. Louis Cardinal C-2-110, a light aircraft built in 1928; Business: Cardinal Brewery, a brewery founded in 1788 by François Piller, located in Fribourg, Switzerland; and Cardinal Health, a health care services company; Colors: Cardinal, a vivid red; Films:Cardinal” (2001), an American film directed by Michael Harring; “The Cardinal” (1936), a British historical film; and The Cardinal” (1963), An American film; Games: Cardinal, a fairy chess piece, also known as the archbishop; and Cardinal, a participant in the army drinking game Cardinal Puff; Linguistics: Cardinal, a Ruby programming language implementation using for the Parrot virtual machine; Cardinal number, a part of speech for expressing numbers by name; and Cardinal vowel, a concept in phonetics; Music: Cardinal” (1994), an album by indie pop duo, Cardinal; The Cardinals, a 1950s R&B group; The Cardinals, a group formed in 2003; Mythology: four Carinal signs (i.e., the Aries, Cancer, Libra, Capricorn); Names: Cardinal; Navigation: Cardinal direction, the four primary directions of North, East, South, and West; and Cardinal mark, a sea mark used in navigation; Places: Cardinal, Ontario, Canada; Cardinal, Virginia; and Cardinale, Calabriam Italy; Religion: Cardinal, a senior official of the Catholic Church; and Cardinal, two members of the Church of England’s College of Minor Canons of St. Paul's Cathedral; Schools: Cardinal High School, a public high school in Middlefield, Ohio; Science: Argynnis pandora”, a species of butterfly; C/2008 T2 (Cardinal), a comet; Cardinal, a table grape first produced in California in 1939; Cardinal or Cardinalidae, a family of North and South American birds; Cardinal number, a concept in mathematics; Cardinal tetra, a freshwater fish; and Paroaria”, a South American genus of birds; Television: "Cardinal” (2014), the second episode of the second season of the television series “The Americans”; Theater:The Cardinal” (1641), a Caroline era play by James Shirley; and Trains: Cardinal”, a train; and “The Cardina”, a railcar.