3.05 Twin Towers

The Pillars of Hercules, also known as the Columnas Plus Ultra, was the name given to the mountains which flank the entrance to the Strait of Gibraltar, the gateway from the Mediterranean Sea to the rest of the world. The northern pillar (located in southern Spain) is entitled the Rock of Gibraltar while the southern pillar (located in Morocco, the northwest corner of Africa) is entitled “Jebel Musa”. According to Greek mythology, Hercules, the son of Zeus, had to perform twelve labors, the tenth of them being to fetch cattle from Geryon, a fearsome giant who dwelt on the island Erytheia in the far west of the Mediterranean. According to Roman sources, while on his way to the garden of the Hesperides on the island of Erytheia, Hercules had to cross a mountain that was once Atlas. Instead of climbing the great mountain, Hercules used his superhuman strength to smash through it, ultimately connecting the Mediterranean Sea with the Atlantic Ocean, thus forming the Strait of Gibraltar. According to Plato's account, the lost realm of Atlantis (Greenland) was situated beyond the Pillars of Hercules, effectively placing it in the realm of the "Unknown".

Pillars of Hercules Symbology
The Pillars of Hercules are most commonly depicted by the number “11”, the letter “H”, the original dollar sign (i.e., the Cifrão), and the roughly 111 twin towers which have been identified thus far in almost every country on Earth. In the Roman Score (alphabet), the letter “H” is located in the 11th numeric position for it represented the twin towers of the Columnas Plus Ultra with its "S" shaped ribbon. In the modern English alphabet, the letter “H” is located in the 8th numeric position which symbolizes infinity” or “forever”. Coincidentally, in the Basque language of Spain, the number eleven has a double meaning of infinite or endless.


Pillars of Hercules = The Dollar Sign
While modern historical accounts perpetuate the theory that the dollar sign was derived from the Spanish dollar (which coincidentally depicts the Pillars of Hercules), evidence suggests that the dollar sign far predates King Philip V and his Spanish Empire. Although the dollar sign did originate from the Strait of Gibraltar in Spain, it was unequivocally derived from the Columnas Plus Ultra, otherwise known as the Pillars of Hercules”. When the "S" shaped ribbon (see photo) is intertwined between the two columns, the original dollar sign (i.e., the Cifrão) is ultimately formed. The Greco-Roman origin of the dollar sign is further confirmed by the fact that the Roman coin entitled the “Sestertius” is minted with the numbers and letters “IIS” on the face of the coin. When superimposed, the number “11” (or the letters “II”) and the letter “S” form the original dollar sign which has subsequently morphed into an “S” that’s superimposed with only one letter “I” or one number “1”.


Columnas Plus Ultra
As the Greco-Roman Empire began exploring and expanding outside of the
Mediterranean Sea, their ships would sail back and forth between the Pillars of Hercules on which two massive white columns had been erected. These pillars were visible from miles away and therefore, the Columnas Plus Ultra was likely the first and last thing that Roman soldiers and sailors saw when arriving to and departing from Rome. Consequently, the twin columns became synonymous with the Roman Empire and their exploration, domination and exploitation of the Earth (i.e., continuous war, slavery, trade, commerce, and eventually money). The Columnas Plus Ultra is currently depicted on the flag of flag of Spain, the coat of arms of Spain, and the coat of arms of Cadiz, (i.e., a city in Spain which coincidentally hosts twin towers entitled “Torres de Hercules”).


Pillars of Hercules = Money
The “Pillars of Hercules”, also known as the Columnas Plus Ultra, is depicted
(vertically, horizontally and diagonally) in the monetary symbols of 11 current world currencies (e.g., the Armenian dram; the Chinese Renminbi; the Costa Rican colon; the European Union’s Euro; the Indian rupee; the Japanese yen; the Kazakhstani tenge; the Mongolian tögrög; the Nigerian naira; the North Korean won; and the Philippine peso). Although currency symbols have been altered over time, the double markings of the twin towers which adorn them have not.


Modern Dollar
The Greco-Roman dollar sign is currently the official symbol for the currencies of 40 countries and territories around the world, 24 of which have their own dollar (e.g., the Australian dollar; the Bahamian dollar; the Barbados dollar; the Belize dollar; the Bermuda dollar; the Brunei dollar; the Canadian dollar; the Cayman Islands dollar; the East Caribbean dollar; the Fiji dollar; the Guyanese dollar; the Hong Kong dollar; the Jamaican dollar; the Kiribati dollar; the Liberian dollar; the Namibian dollar; the New Zealand dollar; the Singapore dollar; the Solomon Islands dollar; the Surinamese dollar; the New Taiwan Dollar; the Trinidad and Tobago Dollar; the Tuvaluan dollar; and the United States dollar). There are 7 additional  countries and territories which use some form of a dollar as their respective currency (e.g., Antigua and Barbuda; Dominica; Grenada; Nauru; Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines). A total of 9 other countries and territories currently use the U.S. dollar as their respective currency (e.g., East Timor; Ecuador; El Salvador; Marshall Islands; Federated States of Micronesia; Palau; Puerto Rico; and Zimbabwe). By enabling the use of a strong dollar in impoverished countries and territories (i.e., the Caribbean and South America), a vicious economic cycle is perpetuated which ultimately invites and then maintains rampant small arms dealing, drug smuggling, money laundering and sex trade. This type of economic warfare is purposely designed to keep certain countries and territories on their knees both economically and morally, whereby the ambitious can only overcome their mandated poverty by participating in one or more of the aforementioned evils of society. 


Twin Towers in Pop Culture
Prior to the World Trade Center being demolished on 9/11, the notion of twin towers was first popularized by the "The Two Towers" (1954), the second volume of J.R.R. Tolkien's book entitled "The Lord of the Rings". Roughly 48 years later and only 15 months after 9/11, the movie entitled, "The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers" (2002) was released, the second instalment in the popular The Lord of the Rings motion picture series. The movie's release was accompanied by a video game also entitled "The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers" (2002). According to modern historical accounts, The Lord of the Rings enterprise had "a profound and wide-ranging impact on popular culture, beginning with its publication in the 1950s, but especially throughout the 1960s and 1970s, during which time young people embraced it as a countercultural saga".


American Twin Towers
Not counting the
World Trade Center (New York, New York) which was purposely demolished with explosives on September 11, 2001, a total of 14
Pillars of Hercules-like twin towers have been identified in the United States thus far: Blue and Green Diamond (Miami Beach, Florida); Centre Square (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania); Century Plaza Towers (Century City, Los Angeles); City National Plaza (Los Angeles, California); Commerce Square (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania);  Concourse Landmark Center (Sandy Springs, Georgia); Denver World Trade Center (Denver, Colorado); Marina City (Chicago, Illinois); Ocean Club (Atlantic City, New Jersey); Rosslyn Twin Towers (Arlington County, Virginia); Renaissance Center (Detroit , Michigan); The Modern (Fort Lee, New Jersey); The Towers (Columbus, Ohio); Time Warner Center (New York, New York).


Asian Twin Towers
A total of 27 Greco-Pillars of Hercules-like twin towers have been identified in Asia thus far: China: CITIC Pacific HQ & Mandarin Oriental (Shanghai); Global 188 Twin Towers (Suzhou); Grand Gateway (Shanghai); Guangzhou Twin Towers (Guangzhou);  Futures Trading Plaza (Dalian); Lippo Centre (Hong Kong); Sheraton International Business Center (Chongqing); The Cullinan (Hong Kong); Indonesia: Bank Indonesia (Jakarta); The Peak Twin Towers (Jakarta); Japan: Tokyo Towers (Tokyo); Malaysia: Berjaya Times Square (Kuala Lumpur,); Petronas Twin Towers (Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia); North Korea: Koryo Hotel (Pyongyang); Philippines: GA Twin Towers (Mandaluyong); One Shangri-la Place (Mandaluyong); Pacific Plaza Towers (Taguig,); St. Francis Shangri-La Place (Mandaluyong); St. Francis Square (Mandaluyong); South Korea: 151 Incheon Tower (Incheon); Vietnam: Cantavil Premier (Ho Chi Minh City); Hung Vuong Plaza (Ho Chi Minh City); Keangnam Hanoi Landmark Tower (Hanoi); Sky City Tower (Hanoi); The One HCMC (Ho Chi Minh City); Vien Dong Meridian (Da Nang); Vincom Center (Ho Chi Minh City).


European Twin Towers
A total of 14
Pillars of Hercules-like twin towers have been identified in Europe thus far, two of which are non-residential towers: Belgium: Belgacom Towers (Brussels); Bosnia and Herzegovina: Bosmal City Center (Sarajevo); Croatia: Sky Office Tower (Zagreb); Czech Republic: RKS Liblice 2 (Liblice); Estonia: Swissôtel Tallinn (Tallinn); France: Hermitage Towers (Paris); Tours Société Générale (Paris); Germany: Deutsche Bank Twin Towers (Frankfurt); Highlight Towers (Munich); Sender Donebach (Madau); Netherlands: Rabobank Bestuurscentrum (Utrecht); Spain: Gate of Europe  (Madrid); Torres de Santa Cruz (Santa Cruz de Tenerife); Ukraine: Sky Towers (Kiev).


Indian & Sri Lankan Twin Towers
A total of 21
Pillars of Hercules-like twin towers have been identified India and Sri Lanka thus far: India: Bhoomi Celestia (Mumbai); Gateway Towers (Gandhinagar); India Bulls Sky Forest Tower (Mumbai); LokhandwalaMinerva (Mumbai); Oasis Tower (Mumbai); Oberoi Esquire Towers (Mumbai); One Avighna Park (Mumbai); Orchid Crown (Mumbai); Orchid Enclave (Mumbai); Orchid Heights (Mumbai); Sky Link (Mumbai); The Imperial (Mumbai): Sri Lanka: Dawson Grand (Colombo); Empire Tower (Colombo); GS Towers (Colombo); Iceland Residencies (Colombo); NEB Towers (Kotte); Ocean View Residences (Colombo); Royal Park Towers (Kotte); The Destiny (Colombo); WTC Colombo (Colombo).


Middle Eastern Twin Towers
Aside from Turkey, a total of 14
Pillars of Hercules-like twin towers have been identified in the Middle East and Africa thus far: Bahrain: Bahrain Financial Harbour (Manama); Bahrain WTC (Manama); Israel: Twin Towers (Ramat Gan); Jordan: Jordan Gate Towers (Amman); Kazakhstan: Bayterek Tower (Astana); Sanya Towers (Amman); Morocco: Casablanca Twin Center (Casablanca); Pakistan: Dolmen City (Karachi); Karachi Financial Towers (Karachi); Saudi Arabia: Lamar Towers (Jeddah); United Arab Emirates: Al Kazim Towers (Dubai); Angsana Hotel & Suites (Dubai); Deira Twin Towers(Dubai); Emirates Towers (Dubai); JW Marriott Marquis (Dubai).


Turkish Twin Towers   
A total of 12
Pillars of Hercules-like twin towers have been identified in the Turkey thus far, 11 of them in Constantinople (modern day Istanbul), the former capital of the Roman Empire: Anthill Residence Tower (Istanbul); İşbank Tower 2,3 (Istanbul); Kempinski Residences Astoria (Istanbul); Metrocity Millennium 2,3 (Istanbul); Sabanci Center (Istanbul); Selenium Twins (Istanbul); Şişli TAT Center (Istanbul); TAT Twin Towers (Istanbul); Tekstilkent Plaza (Istanbul); TOBB Towers (Ankara);  Trump Towers (Istanbul); Uphill Court (Istanbul). 


South American Twin Towers
A total of 6
Pillars of Hercules-like twin towers have been identified in South America thus far: Argentina: El Faro Towers (Buenos Aires); Renoir Towers (Buenos Aires); Mexico: Oficinas en el Parque Torre 2 (Monterrey); Residencial del Bosque 1 (Mexico City); Venezuela; Centro Simon Bolivar (Caracas); Parque Central Complex (Caracas).

Twin Towers
A total of 3
Pillars of Hercules-like twin towers have been identified in other countries thus far: Canada: Bankers Hall (Calgary, Alberta); Residences of College Park (Toronto, Ontario); and Tanzania: Bank of Tanzania (Dar es Salaam).