Our basic research project supported by the French Agence Nationale de la Recherche from 2011 to 2015 aims: 

(1)    To document and analyze the past and present human perception of climate variability and change, vulnerability and resilience, adaptation strategies in coastal Greenland (in relationship with agriculture);

(2)    To place the recent and ongoing Greenland warming in the broader context of past changes in south Greenland land climate, vegetation, sedimentation and ice history (over the past 1500 years):

(3)    To expand a south Greenland atmospheric observation station to monitor current changes in atmospheric greenhouse gases and water vapor (with logistical support from the French Institut Polaire Paul Emile Victor) ;

(4)    To build a solid understanding of the large scale drivers of Greenland climate variability using observations, reconstructions, climate models, and detection / attribution statistical methods;

(5)    To develop innovative methodologies to model coastal Greenland climate and vegetation response;

(6)    To make research methodologies and results available for teachers, stakeholders and decision makers (including Greenlanders).

This project will combine a variety of already available data, methods and models with a regional focus on Greenland, and a transfer of methodologies previously developed for the French Alps to Greenland (with comparable subarctic climates for high latitude alpine sites and coastal south Greenland). It tackles the challenge of regional climate modeling in an particularly sensitive area (Greenland, with a large inter annual / decadal variability) where most coupled climate models fail to represent correctly regional synoptic weather patterns which are critical for heat and moisture advection.

Figure : last month surface temperature anomaly (°C)
Source : www.worldclimateservice.com

Sous-pages (1) : Objectifs