Green Design

Green Design is known as designing energy-efficient computers, servers, printers, projectors and other digital devices that are environmentally friendly. With that in mind, green design means designing with the whole life cycle of the product in mind (not just thinking about how the product performs). Green designers look at the entire chain of production, from mining and processing, to manufacturing, use, and disposal. They seek to eliminate or minimize the negative impacts and incorporate sustainable practices, like using materials that won’t become waste when the products are recycled, but can be “closed loop” recycled back into new products. This ends the traditional "Cradle-to-grave" life-cycle in favor of a greener "Cradle-to-cradle".

Green designed products are able to be reclaimed, renewed, and reused. 

Product Longevity is a important part in the design process. With goals of producing greener technology, one must strive to make the product lasts for as long as possible. Often the biggest use of resources come from making the product during the manufacturing process. It is more economical and eco-friendly to upgrade or modulate equipment, rather than produce a new one.

Size is another aspect of green design. The trend of technological components getting smaller, as well as faster, benefits the green initiative. Smaller form factors require less energy to function and less materials to build. An example of this would be flash drives and Solid state drives (SSDs) which use less electricity per gigabyte than hard drives.

Modularity is the how much a system can be broken down into separate parts and used to build, repair, or upgrade other systems. This is achieved through standardization of interfaces in production so that components are able to connect, interact, and exchange resources. Components are designed loosely coupled, meaning that the components are built with little to no definite system specifics in mind. This concept is used in green design to increase the product's ability to adhere to the practices of green design. 

EOL (End of Life) management must be considered in planning with environmentally friendly intentions. EOL management answers questions concerning when and what happens after the product reaches the end its life cycle; such as support, marketing, and maintenance. Backwards and forward compatibility are issues that should be decided , as well as continuing to address the market needs that the product addresses -- which might lead to the development of a new product.

Packaging that is made of recycled or renewable materials can cut down on waste and the amount of used resources. An example, would be using recycled paper in the packaging which would reduce the need to cut down more trees. Packaging can also be made lighter or of less materials all together to further decrease the product's impact on the environment.