Chickamauga, Chattanooga, Granger, Grant, and Grandpa

A memoir of the Civil War
Also available on Kindle
    The Battle of Chickamauga was a bloody disaster for both sides and a shaky victory for the South. By comparison, its aftermath, the Battle of Chattanooga, was one of the most picturesque battles of the Civil War and a glorious victory for the North. It was this third and decisive victory for the North (after Vicksburg and Gettysburg) that gave the Union the upperhand and turned the tide of the War. Henry Annis fought at both Chickamauga and Chattanooga, but years later when reflecting on his wartime adventures, he chose to write the account of his experience at Lookout Mountain overlooking Chattanooga, Tennessee, which he briefly introduced and summarized in the first two pages of his memoirs.

(See and hear Henry's account read by his great-great grandson, Todd Anderson)

"There was a battle above the clouds November 24, 1863 on the sides of old Lookout Mountain as a large army can and will testify. The battle really commenced in the clouds, but was finished above its clouds.
    "The officers commanding the Federal forces were: General Hooker; General Geary, Division of the 12th Army Corps; General Osterhaus, Division of 15th Army Corps; and General Whitaker's and General Grose's Brigades of the Fourth Army Corps, General Whitaker's Brigade having at that time ten regiments all engaged.
    "There certainly was a battle and somebody got hurt. Colonel W. F. Dowd of the 42nd Mississipi (Rebel) reported 199 killed and wounded from a total of 356. The 96th Illinois lost in killed and wounded, 26, largely wounded. General Whitaker's Brigade captured two pieces of artillery near the Craven House and a large number of prisoners. So there must have been a battle and we of the 96th Illinois, 8th Kentucky, and 40th Ohio of our Brigade were in the clouds at first. Else the sharpshooters on top of Lookout would have made sorry work for us a shooting down from behind the rocks.
    "The whole side of the Mountain was enveloped almost in darkness with thick clouds in the early part of the day. Before two o'clock we had reached the eastern side of the Mountain where we met the division of General Jackson (Confederate) who had come down off the Mountain to defend the Summerville Road and who gave Whitaker's men a hard fight. Soon the clouds settled down and we saw the rocks above us. We were getting out of ammunition. Myself and some others were sent down on the side of the Mountain towards Chattanooga to get some ammunition which had been brought on horseback as far as it could be. It was raining hard so that we got very wet and we could not see the Army that was below us.
"As it very seldom rains without there being clouds, I think we may safely say there was a battle above the clouds on old Lookout. As for myself, I was there and what's more, stayed there on top of the Mountain for eight days and nights and nearly froze to death. The wind would blow our fires out as fast as we could build them. We had left our knapsacks and blankets near Wauhatchie before we attempted to climb the mountain.
    "The regiments that stayed on the Mountain to fortify and guard it were the 96th Illinois and the 8th Kentucky whose flag was planted on the top of Lookout on the morning of the 25th, and showed to the army at Orchard Knob and Chattanooga boldly that they would not be shot in the back while charging on Mission Ridge.
    "I may truthfully say that it was not often the chance for a soldier, in the ranks or out, to be out of danger and have such a splendid sight of so grand a movement of so many soldiers moving on almost impregnable works of a brave and determined effort, as when the Union Army moved on Mission Ridge on the 25th of November, 1863. The view that the 96th Illinois and the 8th Kentucky had from the top of the historic Mountain may never and probably never will be repeated. May the Powers That Be grant that there will never be a necessity for it."
Henry Annis, Corporal, 96th Illinois
  Using Henry's memoir and the official reports and correspondence documented in the volumes of Official Records and The Rebellion Record, I have attempted to retrace Henry's wartime experience and reconstruct it in the larger context of this regiment, and of the battles themselves. I have also tried to trace the personal and military history of the man who told it the way he fought it, learn about his superior officers who controlled not only the outcome of the battles, but Henry's fate as well, and clarify his experiences with both a micro and macro account of the battles and the interim siege, striving for an overall picture of this part of the Civil War and Henry Annis's part in it......June Anderson
 About the authors
Henry Brown Annis 1831-1922
    On August 9, 1862 Henry Brown Annis was one month short of his 31st birthday when he enlisted in Company B, 96th Illinois to fight for the Cause of The Union on the battlefields of Chickamauga, Georgia and Chattanooga, Tennessee leaving behind his wife, Emma, to tend the farm and care for their four young children.
    The Battle of Chickamauga was a bloody disaster for both sides and a shaky victory for the South. By comparison, its aftermath, the Battle fpr Chattanooga, was a glorious victory for the North and a severe blow to the dying Confederate Cause. Years later, when reflecting on his Civil War adventure, Henry Annis wrote a stirring account of this heady battle in his memoir: "Our Experiences On Lookout Mountain, November 23, 24, 25, 1863."
June Irene Anderson
    One hundred years later Henry's great-granddaughter, June Anderson, came upon a copy of the faded yellow manuscript. Pondering its significance she researched the battles and the role her ancestor and the 96th Illinois had played in them, attempting to retrace Henry's wartime experience and reconstruct it in the larger context of his regiment and of the battles themselves. Chickamauga, Chattanooga, Granger, Grant, and Grandpa is Henry's story as told through the history books, the reports of Henry's commanding officers, and Henry, himself.

Available at
Banfill-Locke Center for the Arts in Fridley
Minnestalgia in McGregor
Eat My Words Bookstore in Minneapolis
Chickamauga, Chattanooga, Granger, Grant and Grandpa can be ordered directly from the author by mailing a check to:
                                      June Anderson

                                      1452 Ward Lake Drive

                                       Andover, MN 55304


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