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Patrick E. McKnight, Ph.D.

Patrick founded MRES upon arrival to George Mason University in 2005.  The group was initially an off-shoot of the EGAD - the Evaluation Group for Analysis of Data - founded by Lee Sechrest.  Patrick studied under Lee at the University of Arizona and learned more from the EGAD meetings and groups than in any other venue in graduate school.  He strives to maintain that same learning environment in MRES that he enjoyed n EGAD.

The following provides links to relevant websites and files for Patrick.  You can find his CV, publications, NIH biosketch, and other documents here.  


Journal Articles

  1. Erickson, J.R.,  Stevens, S., McKnight, P.E., & Figueredo, A.J. (1995). Willingness for treatment as a predictor of retention and outcomes.  Journal of Addictive  Diseases, 14(4), 135-150. (Times cited:  40)

  2. Sechrest,  L.,  McKnight,  P.,  & McKnight,  K.  (1996). Calibration of measures for psychotherapy outcome studies.  American  Psychologist, 51(10), 1065-1071. (Times cited:  98)

  3. Reed, R.L., Hepburn, K., Adelson, R., Center, B. & McKnight, P. (1999). Risk factors for development of stage 2 or greater  pressure  ulcers in hospitalized  older adults.   Journal  of  the  American  Geriatrics Society, 47(9), S4-S4. (Times cited:  0)

  4. Figueredo,  A.J.,  McKnight, P.E., McKnight,  K.M. & Sidani,  S. (2000).   Multivariate modeling of missing data  within  and  across assessment  waves.   Addiction, 95 (Supplement  3),  361-380.  (Times cited:  50)

  5. Baer, J.S., Kivlahan, D.R., Blume, A., & McKnight, P.E., Marlatt, G.A. (2001). Brief intervention for heavy drinking college students:  Four-year  follow-up and natural history.  American  Journal   of Public Health, 91(8), 1310-1316. (Times cited:  316)

  6. Schmaling, K.B.,  McKnight, P.E. & Afari, N. (2002).  A prospective daily study  of the  relationship of moods and stress  to pulmonary  function  among patients  with asthma.   Journal  of  Asthma,  39(6),

    501-510. (Times cited:  25)

  7. Doctor,  J.N.,  Wolfson, A.M., McKnight, P.E. & Burns,  S.P. (2003).  The effect of inaccurate  FIM instrument ratings  on  prospective payment:   A study  of clinician expertise  and  FIM rating  difficulty as contributing to inaccuracy.  Archives  of  Physical  Medicine  and  Rehabilitation, 84(1), 46-50. (Times cited:  2)

  8. Reed RL, Hepburn K, Adelson R, Center B, & McKnight P. (2003). Low serum albumin levels, confu- sion and fecal incontinence:  Are these risk factors for pressure ulcers in mobility-impaired hospitalized adults?  Gerontology 49(4), 255-259.  (Times cited:  40)

  9. McKnight, P.E. & Sechrest, L. (2003). The use and misuse of the term ’experience’ in contemporary  psychology:  A reanalysis of the experience-performance  relationship.   Philosophical  Psychology, 16(3),

    431-460. (Times cited:  10)

  10. Stroud,  M., McKnight, P.E. & Jensen,  M. (2004).  Assessment of Self-Reported  Physical Activity  in Chronic Pain Patients: Development of an Abbreviated  Roland-Morris Disability Scale. The  Journal   of Pain, 5(5), 257-263. (Times cited:  23)

  11. Conrad,  K.J.,  Wright,  B.D. & McKnight, P.E. (2004).  Comparing  Traditional and Rasch Analyses of the  Mississippi  PTSD  Scale:  Revealing Limitations  of Reverse-Scored  Items.   Journal  of  Applied Measurement, 5(1), 15-30. (Times cited:  21)

  12. Bayles, K.A., Tomoeda, C.K., McKnight, P.E., Helm-Estabrooks,  N., and Hawley, J.N. (2004). Verbal perseveration  in individuals  with Alzheimer’s disease. Semin Speech Lang, 25(4), 335-47. (Times cited:


  13. Babcock-Parziale,  J.,  McKnight, P.E. & Head, D.N. (2005).  Evaluating  the psychometric  properties of a clinical and a self-report blind rehabilitation outcome measure.  Journal  of Rehabilitation Research and Development,42(4):  487-498.  (Times cited:  8)

  14. McKnight,  K.M.,  Sechrest,  L.,  and  McKnight, P.E. (2005) Psychology,  psychologists,  and  public policy. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 1, 557-576. (Times cited:  9)

  15. Bayles, K.A.,Kim, E.S., Azuma, T., Chapman,  S.B., Cleary, S., Hopper, T., Mahendra,  N., McKnight, P.,  Rackley, A.,  Tomoeda,  C., and Zientz, J. (2005).  Developing Evidence-Based  Practice  Guidelines for Speech-Language  Pathologists Serving Individuals  with Alzheimer’s Dementia.  Journal  of Medical Speech-Language Pathology,  Vol 13(4), Dec 2005. pp.  xiii-xxv. (Times cited:  5)

  16. Schnyer, R, Conboy, L, Jacobson,  E, Mc  Knight, P, Goddard,  T, Moscatelli, F, Legedza, A, Kerr, C, Kaptchuk,  T,  and  Wayne,  P.  (2005).   Development  of a Chinese  Medicine Assessment  Measure: An Interdisciplinary Approach  using the  Delphi Method.   Journal  of Complementary and Alternative  Medicine, 11(6), 1005-1013. (Times cited:  22)

  17. Coan,  J.A.,  Allen, J.J.,  and  McKnight, P.E. (2006).  A capability  model of individual  differences in frontal EEG asymmetry.  Biological Psychology, 72(2), 198-207. (Times cited:  54)

  18. Caspi,  O.,  Mcknight,  P.,  Kruse,  L.,  Cunningham,   V.,  Figueredo,  A.J.,  and  Sechrest,  L.  (2006).

    Evidence-based  medicine:  discrepancy  between perceived competence  and actual  performance  among graduating medical students.  Medical Teacher,  28(4),318-325. (Times cited:  22)

  19. McKnight, P. and  Babcock-Parziale,  J.  (2007).   Respondent impact  on functional  ability  outcome measures in vision rehabilitation. Optometry and Vision Sciences, 84(8), 721-728. (Times cited:  5)

  20. Hofmann, S.G., Richey, J.A., Kashdan,  T.B., and McKnight, P.E. (2009). Anxiety disorders moderate the association  between externalizing  problems and substance  use disorders:  Data  from the National Comorbidity  Survey-Revised.  Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 23(4), 529-534. (Times cited:  9)

  21. Kashdan,   T.B.,  McKnight, P.E.,  Richey,  J.A.,  and  Hofmann,  S.G.  (2009). When  social anxiety disorder  co-exists  with  risk-prone,  approach  behavior:   Investigating  a  neglected,  meaningful  subset of people in the  National  Comorbidity  Survey-Replication.   Behaviour  Research  and  Therapy,  47(7),

    559-568. (Times cited:  18)

  22. McKnight, P.E. and  Kashdan,  T.B.  (2009).   The  importance  of functional  impairment  to  mental health  outcomes: A case for reassessing our goals in depression treatment research.  Clinical Psychology Review, 29(3), 243-259. (Times cited:  19)

  23. McKnight, P.E. and  Kashdan,  T.B.  (2009).  Purpose  in life as a system  that  creates  and  sustains health  and  well-being:  An integrative  testable  theory.  Review of General Psychology, 13(3), 242-251. (Times cited:  33)

  24. Kashdan,  T.B.  and  McKnight, P.E. (2010). The  darker  side of social anxiety:   When  aggressive impulsivity  prevails  over shy inhibition. Current  Directions  in  Psychological  Science,  19(1),  47-50. (Times cited:  8)

  25. Farr,  J.,  Going,  S.,  McKnight, P.E.,  Kasle,  S.,  Cussler,  E.,  & Cornette,   M. (2010). Progressive resistance  training  improves overall physical activity  levels in patients  with early osteoarthritis of the knee: A randomized controlled trial.  Physical Therapy,  90, 356-366. (Times Cited:  12)

  26. Kasle, S., Wilhelm, M.S., McKnight, P.E., Sheikh, S.Z., & Zautra,  A.J. (2010). Mutualitys  prospective bBeneficial effect on inflammation  in female rheumatoid arthritis patients.  Arthritis Care & Research,

    62(1), 92-100. (Times Cited:  NA).

  27. McKnight, P.E., Kasle, S., Going, S., Villanueva, I., Cornett, M., Farr,  J.,  Wright,  J.,  Streeter,  C., and  Zautra,  A. (2010).  A comparison  of strength  training,  self-management,  and  the combination  for early osteoarthritis of the knee.  Arthritis Care & Research, 62(1). 45-53. (Times Cited:  10)

  28. McKnight, P.E., Afram,  A., Kashdan,  T.B.,  Kasle, S., and Zautra,  A. (2010).  Coping self-efficacy as a mediator  between catastrophizing and physical functioning:  Treatment target  selection in an os- teoarthritis sample.  Journal  of Behavioral Medicine, 33, 239-249. (Times Cited:  1)

  29. Thompson,  J.C.,  Trafton,  J.G.,  and  McKnight, P. (2011).  The  perception  of humanness  from the movements of synthetic  agents.  Perception, 40, 695-704. (Times Cited:  NA)

  30. Renshaw,  K.D.,  McKnight, P., Caska,  C.M., and  Blais, R.K.  (2011).  The  utility  of the  relationship assessment scale in  multiple  types  of relationships.   Journal  of Social and Personal  Relationships,  28,

    435-447. (Times Cited:  2).

  31. Kashdan,  T.B.,  Adams, L., Savostyanova,  A., Ferssizidis, P., McKnight,  P.E.,  and Nezlek, J.B.  (2011).

    Effects of social anxiety  and depressive symptoms  on the frequency and quality  of sexual activity:   A

    daily process approach.  Behaviour Research and Therapy,  49, 352-360. (Times Cited:  5)

  32. Kashdan,  T.B.,  & McKnight,  P.E.  (2011).  Dynamic,  contextual  approaches  to studying  personality  in the social world.  Journal  of Personality,  79, 1177-1190. (Times Cited:  NA)

  33. Kashdan,  T.B.,  McKnight, P.E., Fincham,  F.D.,  & Rose, P.  (2011).   When  curiosity  breeds  inti- macy:  Taking  advantage  of intimacy  opportunities and  transforming  boring conversations.Journal of Personality,  79, 1369-1401. (Times Cited:  6)

  34. McKnight, P.E., Johns,  M.J.,  McGovern,  P.J.,  and  Najab,  J.  (2011).   The  pitfalls  of a tool-based science and  the  promise of a problem-focused  science.  Journal  of Methods and  Measurement  in the Social Sciences, 1, 1-14. (Times Cited:  NA)

  35. Voelkle, M.C. and  McKnight, P.E. (2011).   One size fits all?   Methodology:  European  Journal  of

    Research Methods for the Behavioral and Social Sciences, 8, 23-38. (Times Cited:  NA)

  36. Kashdan,  T.B.,  Young,  K.C.,  & McKnight, P.E. (2012).   When  is rumination an  adaptive  mood repair strategy?  Day-to-day rhythms  of life in combat  veterans  with and without  post-traumatic stress disorder.  Journal  of Anxiety Disorders.


  1. Bootzin,  R.R.  & McKnight, P.E. (Eds)  (2006) Strengthening Research  Methodology:   Psycholological

    1. Measurement and Evaluation.  Washington, APA. (Times cited:  6)

  2. McKnight, P.E., McKnight,  K.M., Sidani, S. & Figueredo (2007) Missing Data:  A gentle introduction.  New York, Guilford Press.  (Times cited:  76)

Book Chapters

  1. Wilhelm, O., Witthoeft,  M., McKnight, P., & Groessler, A. (1999). On the psychometric  quality of new ability tests administered using the WWW. In U.-D. Reips (Ed.), Current Internet  science - trends, techniques, results.   Aktuelle  Online-Forschung  - Trends,  Techniken,  Ergebnisse.   Zrich:  Online Press.   Available:  URL

  2. Sechrest, L., Davis, M.F., Stickle, T.R., and McKnight, P.E. (1999). Understanding  ”method”  variance. In L. Bickman (Ed.)  Research Design: Donald Campbell’s Legacy. Thousand  Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

  3. Wilhelm, O. and  McKnight, P.E. (2002).  Ability  and  achievement  testing  on the  World  Wide Web. In B. Batinic,  U.D. Reips, and  M Bosnjak (Eds.)   Online social sciences.  Goettingen,  Germany:  Hogrefe & Hubers Publishers,  Inc. (TImes  cited:  14)

  4. McKnight, P.E., McKnight,  K.M., and Figueredo,  A.J.  (2005) The nature  of a scientific legacy:  The case study  of Lee Sechrest.  In R. Bootzin and P.E.  McKnight (Eds.)  Strengthening Research Methodology: Psychological Measurement and Evaluation.  Washington, APA.

  5. McKnight,  K.M. and McKnight, P.E. (2009).  Measures for Improving Measures.  In Streiner,  D. L., & Sidani, S. (Eds.).  When Research Goes Off the Rails.  New York: Guilford Press.

  6. McKnight, P.E. and McKnight,  K.M. (2011).  Missing data  in archival research.  In Trzesniewski,  K.H, Donnellan,  M. B, Lucas, R. E. (Eds.).  Obtaining  and Analyzing Archival Data:  Methods and Illustrations. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

  7. McKnight, P.E. and McKnight,  K.M. (in press).  Missing Data  in Psychological Science. In J.S. Comer, Ph.D.  & P.C. Kendall (Eds.).  Oxford Handbook of Research Strategies  for Clinical Psychology